Jueves, 10 de agosto de 2006

By Richard Holbrooke, a former U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, writes a monthly column for The Post (THE WASHINGTON POST, 10/08/06):

Two full-blown crises, in Lebanon and Iraq, are merging into a single emergency. A chain reaction could spread quickly almost anywhere between Cairo and Bombay. Turkey is talking openly of invading northern Iraq to deal with Kurdish terrorists based there. Syria could easily get pulled into the war in southern Lebanon. Egypt and Saudi Arabia are under pressure from jihadists to support Hezbollah, even though the governments in Cairo and Riyadh hate that organization. Afghanistan accuses Pakistan of giving shelter to al-Qaeda and the Taliban; there is constant fighting on both sides of that border.…  Seguir leyendo »

By David Bemstein, the Washington director of the American Jewish Committee (THE WASHINGTON POST, 10/08/06):

When much of the world initially supported Israel's right to defend itself against the Hezbollah attacks, I wondered how long the international backing would last. Would Israel be given enough time to push Hezbollah out of southern Lebanon and cripple the terrorist organization before the world lost patience?

Alas, the international support lasted a mere two weeks. With the unfortunate but inevitable loss of life, calls for a cease-fire have reached a fevered pitch, threatening to end the operation before Israel's basic military objectives have been met and before an adequate international force can be mobilized and placed on the ground.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Eli Pariser, executive director of the MoveOn Political Action Committee (THE WASHINGTON POST, 10/08/06):

Ned Lamont's victory Tuesday night in Connecticut's U.S. Senate primary is great news for Democrats. And it's a watershed moment for the growing majority of Americans, in red states and blue, who want change.

For months, polls have warned that across the political spectrum people are fed up -- with the no-end-in-sight occupation of Iraq; with an energy policy that caters to oil giants while gasoline prices soar; with a health-care system that leaves more behind with every passing day. Lamont's victory is evidence that a long-awaited wave of voter sentiment on those issues has materialized.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Timothy Garton Ash (THE GUARDIAN, 10/08/06):

For anyone who has hoped and believed, as I have, that the British way of integrating Muslim citizens is more promising than the French one, the last year has been discouraging. Following the shock of the July 7 London bombings, perpetrated by young Muslims born and educated here, we now have the results of two recent opinion polls, an excellent TV documentary by Channel 4's Jon Snow, and the sombre warnings of Britain's most senior Muslim policeman. All convey the same message. Not only do many young British Muslims feel more alienated from the country they live in than their parents did - that's true of Muslims from immigrant families right across Europe - but the sense of not belonging seems to be even more acute in Britain than in France.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Ahmad Samih Khalidi, a senior associate member of St Antony's College, Oxford, a former Palestinian negotiator and the co-author, with Hussein Agha, of A Framework for a Palestinian National Security Doctrine (Chatham House, 2006) (THE GUARDIAN, 10/08/06):

As Lebanon is brought to its knees, and Israeli leaders promise yet more of the same, there is something truly extraordinary about the manner in which the war on Lebanon is being portrayed as a war for Israel's survival, as if it were the existence of the Jewish state that were at risk.Whatever else it may be, this is a war between palpable unequals: a giant nuclear-armed power with the most advanced western military hardware and a potential ground force of up to 650,000 trained men, against a tiny third-world guerrilla force of around 5,000 fighters, armed largely with second-hand former eastern bloc hardware (the first Katyusha rockets were developed in the early 1940s) and castoffs from Iran and Syria.…  Seguir leyendo »

Por Francesc de Carreras, catedrático de Derecho Constitucional de la UAB (LA VANGUARDIA, 10/08/06):

El pasado 20 de mayo se cumplieron doscientos años del nacimiento de John Stuart Mill, hoy todavía un referente clásico del liberalismo. Para conmemorar su aniversario, Pedro Schwartz, desde antiguo buen conocedor de su obra, publicó un artículo excelente glosando su personalidad y los aspectos más destacados de su pensamiento.

Ciertamente, tanto la obra como la vida de Mill siguen dando pie a reflexiones muy variadas. Entre ellas, la revisión del liberalismo clásico para hacerlo compatible con ciertas formas de socialismo o la defensa de la igualdad de derechos entre hombre y mujer.…  Seguir leyendo »

Por Carlos Mendo (EL PAÍS, 10/08/06):

Yerran los que creen que Hezbolá es un simple movimiento de resistencia a una ocupación israelí de Líbano, inexistente desde hace seis años. El Partido de Dios se ha convertido, desde la retirada israelí del año 2000, en un Estado dentro de un Estado, que amenaza, en primer lugar, a la estabilidad e independencia de Líbano, en cumplimiento de los designios del régimen de Teherán, con la complicidad de una Siria, que todavía no ha digerido su forzada salida de territorio libanés.

Para los ayatolás iraníes, la consolidación de un Líbano secular, próspero y democrático constituye un anatema.…  Seguir leyendo »

Por Pedro Zerolo, responsable de Inmigración del PSOE (EL PAÍS, 10/08/06):

Ya han pasado cuatro años desde la publicación de Ante el dolor de los demás. Susan Sontag señala en las páginas de ese libro que las imágenes que más nos conmueven, "por la intensidad de su intimidad", son aquellas vinculadas al amor y a la muerte. Efectivamente, hay pocas cosas tan democráticas como esas dos, pero las hay. Por ejemplo, la esperanza. Por ejemplo, en los cayucos.

Cualquiera que observe detenidamente esas imágenes podrá concluir que si compleja es la gestión de las políticas migratorias, no lo son menos nuestros sentimientos respecto a las migraciones.…  Seguir leyendo »

Por Josep Fontana, catedrático de Historia y director del Instituto Universitario de Historia Jaume Vicens i Vives de la Universitat Pompeu Fabra de Barcelona (EL PAÍS, 10/08/06):

El día 8 de agosto de 1936, hace setenta años, un grupo de falangistas fue a buscar a Daniel González Linacero a la casa de Arévalo en que pasaba las vacaciones con su familia y lo asesinó. Su partida de defunción dice, con elocuente simplicidad, que falleció "a consecuencia del Movimiento Nacional existente". Tenía treinta y tres años y dejaba esposa, que vive todavía, y tres hijas de corta edad. La casa fue cerrada y saqueada.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Stephen L. Sass, a professor of materials science and engineering at Cornell, is the author of “The Substance of Civilization: Materials and Human History From the Stone Age to the Age of Silicon.” (THE NEW YORK TIMES, 10/08/06):

IN the wake of the closure of a BP oil field in Prudhoe Bay, Alaska, oil prices shot up to $77 a barrel on Wednesday, and the chorus of doomsayers concerned about the dire consequences of our fossil fuel dependency has reached a crescendo. If oil hits $100 a barrel, the impact on our economy and lifestyle could be catastrophic, the handwringers warn.…  Seguir leyendo »

Por Leopoldo Calvo-Sotelo Ibáñez-Martín, ex subsecretario del Ministerio del Interior (ABC, 10/08/06):

HAY un diario de la mañana cuyos editorialistas realizan esfuerzos cada vez más laboriosos para convencer a sus lectores (y, quizá, para convencerse a sí mismo) de que las acciones del partido que nos gobierna responden a un esquema racionalmente concebido. Hasta hace poco tiempo, una de sus líneas argumentales preferidas en lo que hace al nuevo Estatuto de Cataluña, que ayer entró en vigor, podía resumirse así: el Estatuto es bueno porque sirve para que un partido antisistema como Esquerra Republicana se integre en las instituciones constitucionales.…  Seguir leyendo »

Por Ricardo García Cárcel, catedrático de Historia Moderna. Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona (ABC, 10/08/06):

DE la Ley de Memoria histórica que se viene gestando desde hace tiempo, una primera evidencia se impone: la frivolidad en el uso del propio término memoria histórica. Sensu stricto, la memoria es el recuerdo específico del pasado vivido por los testigos directos de ese pasado. La historia no tiene límites de tiempo en su mirada al pasado, es global y colectiva, no individual y no sólo se limita a reproducir el pasado sino también a interpretarlo. Si asumimos el término memoria histórica en un sentido lato, es obvio que todos los historiadores aplicamos nuestro oficio cotidiano a recuperar la memoria histórica: desde los arqueólogos que se ocupan de los tiempos más remotos a los contemporaneístas.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Thomas Catan, Madrid correspondent of 'The Times' (THE TIMES, 10/08/06):

COMMUNISM always seemed far more appealing in the Cuban setting of sun, sea and salsa than it did in Siberia. And Fidel Castro is incomparably more charismatic than the succession of ailing party apparatchiks who ruled the Soviet Union before Mikhail Gorbachev came along.

This helps to explain why the Cuban leader retains his share of admirers around the world despite 47 years of authoritarian, one-party rule. But has the Cuban experience of communism really been any different to that of the Soviet Union? What is the record of the world’s longest active ruler?…  Seguir leyendo »

By Camilla Cavendish (THE TIMES, 10/08/06):

SO THE HOME SECRETARY has called for a “mature discussion” on immigration. “We have to get away from this daft, so-called politically correct notion that anyone who wants to talk about immigration is somehow a racist,” he said. Shame Labour didn’t take that view at the last election.

It is hard to think of another issue over which there has been such concerted and effective censorship. For years, this Government has systematically underestimated the numbers of people coming in, selectively picked data to overstate migrants’ net economic contribution, dismissed questions about those figures as scaremongering and ordered the bewildered burgers of the big cities to rejoice at the new rainbow world in which they found themselves.…  Seguir leyendo »