Sábado, 12 de agosto de 2006

By Brian E. Humphreys. He served in Iraq as a Marine infantry officer in 2004 (THE WASHINGTON POST, 12/08/06):

From my first day in Iraq as a young infantry officer, I was struck by the huge perceptual gulf that separated us from the Iraqis. My first mission was to escort a civil affairs team assigned to supervise the rebuilding of a local school. After tea, smiles and handshakes, we departed and were promptly struck by a roadside bomb. Our modest efforts to close the perceptual gulf, exemplified in our smile-and-wave tactics and civil affairs missions, seemed to my mind well-intentioned but inadequate.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Juliette N. Kayyem, a lecturer in public policy at Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government, is the co-author of Protecting Liberty in an Age of Terror. She was a member of the National Commission on Terrorism (THE WASHINGTON POST, 12/08/06):

While many Americans may have an inferiority complex about things British -- the refinement, the style and, of course, those accents -- it would be a mistake to carry it over to the area of counterterrorism.

This week, soon after authorities in London announced the arrests of a group of people allegedly plotting to bomb a number of airliners, commentators and experts were marveling at how the British disrupted the attack and asking whether we needed to be more like them, with their less restrictive surveillance laws, a domestic intelligence agency, almost no rules against watching and tracking Muslims in mosques or community centers, and no First Amendment.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Alan Brody, Unicef’s representative in Swaziland from 1999 until May (THE NEW YORK TIMES, 12/08/06):

Florence, Italy

AT the International AIDS Conference, which begins tomorrow in Toronto, there are bound to be various commemorations of the discovery of AIDS 25 years ago — if one can ever commemorate something so horrific.

When I arrived in Swaziland in 1999, no one even wanted to call AIDS by its name. “Silwane,” people whispered, using a siSwati word for a fearsome animal, “Silwane got him.” Others said it was witchcraft.

In some measure, it was the failure of Swaziland to recognize the disease that gave it the world’s highest prevalence of H.I.V.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Chris Beyrer, a medical epidemiologist, directs the Center for Public Health and Human Rights at Johns Hopkins and Voravit Suwanvanichkij, a physician in Thailand, is on the faculty at Johns Hopkins (THE NEW YORK TIMES, 12/08/06):

Twenty-five years into the H.I.V. pandemic, there remain few developing countries that have had success in controlling the virus. Thailand is one of them.

In the late 1980’s, Thailand experienced the first H.I.V. epidemic in Asia, and one of the most severe. By 1991, 10.4 percent of military conscripts from northern Thailand were infected by the virus, the highest level ever reported among a general population of young men outside Africa.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Timothy William Waters, who teaches human rights in Bard College’s Globalization and International Affairs Program, was a researcher for the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (THE NEW YORK TIMES, 12/08/06):

SGT. TERRY LISK of Fox Lake, Ill., died fighting in Ramadi, Iraq, on June 26, killed by a 120-millimeter mortar. The combat has been intense, and whoever killed Sergeant Lisk may already be dead. But if not, what should happen to him? The Bush administration knows: It wants him prosecuted.

But killing American soldiers in Iraq is an act of war, not a crime, and the United States is wrong to oppose amnesty for the insurgents there.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Shami Chackrabarti, the director of Liberty (the National Council for Civil Liberties) (THE GUARDIAN, 12/08/06):

Dear home secretary:

Trust me, I really do get it. We face a significant terrorist threat from an international network that feeds on division, distrust, real and perceived injustice, and converts it into suicide and murder. You see the intelligence and hear "the chatter" on a daily basis. You carry responsibility for protecting lives and democratic institutions. You field criticism for domestic and foreign policy, and periodic opposition to particular measures which some think counter-productive . But don't make the mistake of confusing scrutiny with complacency or treachery.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Fouad Siniora, the prime minister of Lebanon (THE GUARDIAN, 12/08/06):

For a month now, as the international community has vacillated, Israel has besieged and ravaged Lebanon, creating a humanitarian and environmental disaster and shattering our infrastructure and economy. In the name of the Lebanese people, I again demand an immediate ceasefire and withdrawal of Israeli troops. The international community has an obligation, under the UN charter, to defend Lebanon's sovereignty and protect our people under humanitarian law. Given the historic ties with our region, Lebanese look to Europe and Britain to take a lead through the UN in putting an end to this aggression.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Gabriel García Márquez, a Nobel prize-winning novelist. This is an edited extract of an article from the Cuban newspaper Granma. Fidel Castro is 80 tomorrow (THE GUARDIAN, 12/08/06):

His devotion is to the word. His power is of seduction. He goes to seek out problems where they are. The impetus of inspiration is very much part of his style. Books reflect the breadth of his tastes very well. He stopped smoking to have the moral authority to combat tobacco addiction. He likes to prepare food recipes with a kind of scientific fervour. He keeps himself in excellent physical condition with various hours of gymnastics daily and frequent swimming.…  Seguir leyendo »

Dan Plesch, a research associate at the Centre for International Studies and Diplomacy, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London (THE GUARDIAN, 11/08/06):

Popular trust in government is a necessary foundation of a society's defences against terrorism. We need to believe we are being told the truth and that our government is acting in good faith. Unfortunately there is now sufficient reason to be sceptical about who we should entrust our security to.The alleged plot to attack aircraft and passengers announced by Scotland Yard yesterday obviously concerns us all and, for the time being, we have to take it at face value.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Inayat Bunglawala, the assisant secretary-general of the Muslim Council of Britain (THE TIMES, 12/08/06):

The usual suspects have already made their usual noises. After the arrests of 24 British Muslims for allegedly plotting to bring down aircraft, the cry went up from certain quarters that the Muslim community must put its house in order.

For instance, yesterday’s Daily Telegraph published a leader column headlined “Only Muslim families can stop this infamy”. But what does this kind of chatter actually mean in practice? Does the paper not think that Muslims are already doing their bit?

It is a criminal offence to learn about a terrorist plot and then fail to report it to the authorities.…  Seguir leyendo »

Por Magdi Allam, un intelectual de origen egipcio, residente desde hace varios años en Italia, donde es reconocido como uno de los mayores expertos actuales en el mundo islámico (EL MUNDO, 12/08/06):

Todos deberíamos estar en guerra contra los «fascistas islámicos». No sólo Estados Unidos, el único país que ha tenido el coraje de declararlo abiertamente. No sólo Gran Bretaña, nación más afectada por las acciones terroristas de Al Qaeda que otros países europeos. Todos, ya que el descubrimiento de un plan para hacer explotar simultáneamente varios aviones pertenecientes a compañías americanas con el fin de provocar una matanza de proporciones inimaginables no hace más que confirmar que ese terrorismo está completamente globalizado y que Occidente se ha transformado en una fábrica de kamikazes islámicos.…  Seguir leyendo »

Por André Glucksmann, filósofo francés. Traducción de Martí Sampons (EL PAÍS, 12/08/06):

Me indigna la indignación de tantos indignados. Para la opinión pública mundial algunos muertos musulmanes pesan menos que una pluma, otros toneladas. Dos pesos, dos medidas. El crimen terrorista de una cincuentena de civiles cada día en Bagdad es relegado a la sección de sucesos, mientras que el bombardeo que mata a 28 habitantes en Cana es elevado a la categoría de crimen contra la humanidad. Sólo contadas personas como B. H. Lévy y Magdi Allam se extrañan de ello. ¿Por qué los 200.000 muertos de Darfur no despiertan ni un cuarto de la mitad de las reacciones de horror que despiertan las víctimas 200 veces menos numerosas del Líbano?…  Seguir leyendo »

Por Fernando Savater, catedrático de Filosofía de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid (EL PAÍS, 12/08/06):

Aunque el trazo grueso y la exageración truculenta son el pan nuestro de cada día en los comentarios políticos de los medios de comunicación españoles, las descalificaciones que ha recibido la proyectada asignatura de Educación para la Ciudadanía superan ampliamente el nivel de estridencia habitual. Los más amables la comparan con la Formación del Espíritu Nacional franquista y otros la proclaman una "asignatura para el adoctrinamiento", mientras que los feroces sin complejos hablan de "educación para la esclavitud", "catecismo tercermundista" y lindezas del mismo calibre.…  Seguir leyendo »

Dan Plesch es investigador asociado del Centro de Estudios Internacionales y Diplomacia de la Universidad de Londres (EL MUNDO, 12/08/06).

La confianza del pueblo en el Gobierno es imprescindible en la defensa de la sociedad contra el terrorismo. Desgraciadamente, en estos momentos hay razones para mostrar escepticismo acerca de las personas en las que deberíamos confiar nuestra seguridad.

La conspiración para atentar contra aviones anunciada por Scotland Yard nos afecta a todos y, de momento, debemos tomárnosla tal y como nos la cuentan. Hasta ahora se ha registrado algún éxito de los servicios de seguridad, que han conseguido llevar a juicio a algunos terroristas.…  Seguir leyendo »

Por Salustiano del Campo, presidente del Instituto de España (ABC, 12/08/06):

EL 21 de mayo de 1706 un despacho real ordenó que se reuniese por primera vez el Cabildo de la que en adelante sería conocida como «la ciudad de San Roque donde reside la de Gibraltar». Con ella nació también el Campo de Gibraltar, una comarca gaditana singular que, a pesar del lastre que le supone albergar la última colonia de Europa, se ha convertido en la segunda mitad del siglo XX en una de las más cargadas de futuro de toda España.
En agosto de 1704 se produjo el éxodo de la población gibraltareña hacia la ermita de San Roque, tras capitular ante el Príncipe de Hesse y ser inesperadamente puesta la plaza bajo la soberanía de la Reina Ana de Inglaterra por el almirante Rooke.…  Seguir leyendo »

Gerard Baker es analista del diario británico ‘The Times’ (EL MUNDO, 12/08/06):

Hay una ceremonia sobradamente conocida tras cada operación en la que se desbarata un supuesto ataque terrorista. Tras las expresiones públicas iniciales de expresar alivio y de considerar entre escalofríos lo que podría haber ocurrido, un coro cada vez más numeroso de escépticos se hace dueño de la situación con una retahíla de interrogantes e hipótesis.

¿Era de verdad una conspiración terrorista de gran calado o se trataba simplemente de una pandilla de musulmanes imberbes, desorientados, no integrados socialmente, que van por ahí haciendo el tonto con un juego de química y un móvil?…  Seguir leyendo »

By Rosemary Righter (THE TIMES, 12/08/06):

Had the first of what could have been a “wave” of attacks on long-haul flights from this country not been averted, it would have been a hideous tragedy for thousands of victims and their family members. It would have sent a shiver through millions more and caused costly but probably short-lived economic disruption.

A second or third set of assaults would have been far more serious. Had the suicide-murderers pulled off the same deadly trick a few days or weeks later, when security services were still at maximum alert, the psychological impact would have been many times greater than the physical and economic damage inflicted.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Matthew Parris (THE TIMES, 12/08/06):

Some will see this as a good week to bury liberal scruples. Prepare yourself for the distinct possibility of a flight home by the Prime Minister, a recall of Parliament, one of those impassioned rallying speeches at which Tony Blair excels, and for renewed talk that “the rules of the game have changed”. Prepare yourself for a crude conflation of Israeli war aims with the security of the West, and of Hezbollah with al-Qaeda and Sunni insurgency. Prepare for a Reid-fest on the airwaves, and for renewed muttering about arrest withouttrial, house arrest and shifting the burden of evidence.…  Seguir leyendo »