Martes, 30 de enero de 2007

Por José Antonio Martín Pallín, Magistrado emérito del Tribunal Supremo (EL PERIÓDICO, 30/01/07):

El Tribunal Supremo de Israel, en sentencia del 13 de diciembre del 2006, acaba de consagrar como dignos, justos y saludables los asesinatos selectivos de personas, en prevención de que sus mentes decidan optar por el ataque criminal contra los ciudadanos y los intereses del Estado de Israel.
Los que ingenuamente pensábamos que solo era posible justificar la legítima defensa en los casos de agresión inminente, grave, con respuestas proporcionadas y en ausencia de provocación por parte del que utiliza de forma razonable sus instrumentos de defensa, nos encontramos, sin demasiada sorpresa, esta sentencia que da cobertura jurídica a los asesinatos selectivos, con ligeras matizaciones.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Scott Rosenberg, a co-founder of Salon.com and the author of “Dreaming in Code: Two Dozen Programmers, Three Years, 4,732 Bugs, and One Quest for Transcendent Software” (THE WASHINGTON POST, 30/01/07):

Today, Microsoft finally offers consumers Windows Vista, the version of its operating system that’s been gestating for five years. When Microsoft’s engineers started this project, U.S. troops hadn’t yet invaded Iraq, Google was still a relatively small private company, and my now-7-year-old twins were just learning to talk in sentences.

Why did it take the world’s biggest and most successful software company so long to revamp its flagship product — the program that controls the basic operations of roughly 90 percent of the country’s personal computers?…  Seguir leyendo »

By Selig S. Harrison, who covered Afghanistan as South Asia bureau chief of The Post and is the author of “Out of Afghanistan: The Inside Story of the Soviet Withdrawal.” He is director of the Asia program at the Center for International Policy (THE WASHINGTON POST, 30/01/07):

The British Raj learned the hard way a century ago that the Pashtuns, Afghanistan’s largest and historically dominant ethnic group, will unite to fight a foreign occupation force simply because it is foreign. Applying this lesson to the Afghan crisis today, British generals have been attempting in vain to change a high-profile U.S.-NATO military strategy that is helping the Taliban consolidate Pashtun support in southern Afghanistan.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Richard G. Lugar, a Republican from Indiana, is the ranking minority member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee (THE WASHINGTON POST, 30/01/07):

Since President Bush announced that he would send more American troops to Iraq, the debate on Iraq policy has reached new levels of stridency. Opponents of the war have rallied against what they see as an unjustified escalation, while the administration has dismissed opposition as defeatism. Vice President Cheney went so far as to say a withdrawal would show that Americans “don’t have the stomach for the fight.”

Military action in Iraq, however, defies orthodox notions of victory and defeat.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Gio Batta Gori, an epidemiologist and toxicologists, is a fellow of the Health Policy Center in Bethesda. He is a former deputy director of the National Cancer Institute’s Division of Cancer Cause and Prevention, and he received the U.S. Public Health Service Superior Service Award in 1976 for his efforts to define less hazardous cigarettes (THE WASHINGTON POST, 30/01/07):

Smoking cigarettes is a clear health risk, as most everyone knows. But lately, people have begun to worry about the health risks of secondhand smoke. Some policymakers and activists are even claiming that the government should crack down on secondhand smoke exposure, given what “the science” indicates about such exposure.…  Seguir leyendo »

Aboubakr Jamai fue, hasta principios de enero, director del semanario Le Journal. Traducción de Martí Sampons (EL PAÍS, 30/01/07):

Cuando, en diciembre de 2000, el régimen marroquí cerró de un plumazo tres semanarios (Le Journal, Assahifa y Demain) alegó que la “línea editorial” de estas publicaciones atentaba contra las “causas sagradas” de la nación. No aludió a nada concreto, tampoco se refería a ninguna calumnia, ni a la publicación de noticias falsas. No. Estaba en contra de una “línea editorial”, una manera de ver el mundo que no compartía.

En resumen, y así lo confesó, sancionaba el delito de opinión. La ingenuidad de esa declaración no era una prueba de su honestidad, sino más bien la demostración palpable de su autoritarismo aún en ciernes.…  Seguir leyendo »

Por Predrag Matvejevic, es escritor croata, profesor de Estudios Eslavos en la Universidad de Roma. Traducción de María Luisa Rodríguez Tapia (EL PAÍS, 30/01/07):

Lo que está sucediendo hoy en los Balcanes, en la estela de una tragedia que dura ya más de 16 años, podría ocurrir mañana en el Cáucaso o en varios países de Oriente Próximo, pero también en las difíciles relaciones con las minorías de diversos Estados, como los kurdos, los chechenos, y otros muchos. Desde que acabó la guerra fría no sabemos exactamente qué nombre dar a estos nuevos conflictos, que han surgido tras un reguero de contradicciones.…  Seguir leyendo »

Por Albert Branchadell, profesor de la Facultad de Traducción e Interpretación de la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona y presidente de Organización por el Multilingüismo (EL PAÍS, 30/01/07):

La reciente aprobación del Real Decreto 1513/2006, por el que se establecen las enseñanzas mínimas de la Educación primaria, ha armado un considerable revuelo en Cataluña. Según se deduce de este Real Decreto, a partir de ahora las escuelas de primaria de Cataluña deberán impartir la asignatura de lengua castellana a razón de tres horas semanales, en lugar de las dos que eran habituales hasta este momento. ¿Por qué el Ministerio dirigido por Mercedes Cabrera ha optado por forzar este cambio de criterio?…  Seguir leyendo »

By Milton Viorst, the author of “Storm from the East: The Conflict Between the Arab World and the Christian West.” (THE NEW YORK TIMES, 30/01/07):

PRESIDENT BUSH seems not to have noticed, but what stands between hostile sectarian forces and the resumption of all-out civil war in Lebanon is the Arab League, whose diplomacy 17 years ago put an end to a conflict in which tens of thousands of Lebanese died. Is there not a lesson here, for the president and the Democratic Congress, that is applicable to Iraq?

The Beirut face-off is the follow-up to last summer’s war, in which Hezbollah, the Shiite party supported by Syria and Iran, held off the more powerful Israelis long enough to achieve a United Nations cease-fire on favorable terms.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Paul B. Stares, vice president for conflict analysis and prevention at the United States Institute of Peace (THE NEW YORK TIMES, 30/01/07):

OF all the crises facing the new United Nations secretary general, Ban Ki-moon, the fraying nuclear nonproliferation system is arguably the most consequential. Mohamed ElBaradei, head of the International Atomic Energy Agency, has warned of 30 “virtual new weapons states” on the horizon. Obviously, the more countries that possess the bomb, the higher the risk of a nuclear accident, the theft of a weapon, sales of technology and hardware, and a serious miscalculation leading to nuclear war.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Ali Ansari, director of the Iranian Institute at the University of St Andrews (THE GUARDIAN, 30/01/07):

The honeymoon is over. Iran’s controversial president, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, has finally come unstuck. His popularity with the Iranian electorate – the subject of much incredulous analysis in 2005 – seems to be falling back at last, and the country’s latest exercise in populism seems to be reaping the rewards of unfulfilled promises bestowed with little attention to economic realities.Those realities have sharpened with the onset of UN sanctions. Ahmadinejad’s casual dismissal of the sanctions has apparently earned him an unprecedented rebuke from the supreme leader, Ayatollah Khamenei – reflecting growing concerns among the political elite, including many conservatives, who are increasingly anxious at Iran’s worsening international situation.…  Seguir leyendo »

By George Monbiot (THE GUARDIAN, 30/01/07):

George Bush proposes to deal with climate change by means of smoke and mirrors. So what’s new? Only that it is no longer just a metaphor. After six years of obfuscation and denial, the US now insists that we find ways to block some of the sunlight reaching the earth. This means launching either mirrors or clouds of small particles into the atmosphere.The demand appears in a recent US memo to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. It describes “modifying solar radiance” as “important insurance” against the threat of climate change. A more accurate description might be important insurance against the need to cut emissions.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Simon Tisdall (THE GUARDIAN, 30/01/07):

Overshadowed by President George Bush’s controversial, last-chance bid to salvage American honour in Iraq, the US is mounting a parallel military and reconstruction “surge” in Afghanistan ahead of an anticipated Taliban spring offensive. But Washington is also encountering some familiar Iraq-style obstacles: reluctant allies, meddlesome neighbours, a weak central government and the realisation that time is not on its side.The US secretary of state Condoleezza Rice underscored the administration’s newfound sense of urgency at a hastily convened Nato foreign ministers meeting in Brussels last Friday. “Every one of us must take a hard look at what more we can do to help the Afghan people and to support one another,” Ms Rice said.…  Seguir leyendo »

Por Ignacio Sánchez Cámara, catedrático de Filosofía del Derecho Universidad de La Coruña (ABC, 30/01/07):

La situación política española suscita tristeza y perplejidad. Es de buen tono, de una impecable corrección política, deplorar el declive de la cortesía, el partidismo rampante y ramplón, la falta de sentido cívico y de responsabilidad, y la apoteosis del fanatismo sectario. Y queda bien repartir mandobles admonitorios a diestra y siniestra, y exigir la recuperación del diálogo y la concordia entre los dos grandes partidos, y su acuerdo en los grandes asuntos de Estado. Pero lo que ya empieza a resultar impertinente es indagar a quién le corresponde la responsabilidad principal, a menos, eso sí, que uno, aunque sea faltando a la verdad, eche la culpa a la derecha de toda la vida que, como siempre, termina por echarse al monte antidemocrático.…  Seguir leyendo »

Por Ferran Requejo, catedrático de Ciencia Política en la UPF y director del Grup de Recerca en Teoria Política (LA VANGUARDIA, 30/01/07):

¿Qué se quiere decir cuando desde distintos sectores políticos, sociales y culturales se aboga por la integración de los inmigrantes? Se trata de un término tan repetido como habitualmente poco definido con precisión por parte de sus defensores. A grandes rasgos, podemos hablar de la existencia de al menos tres modelos normativos e institucionales básicos (el tercero subdividido en dos submodelos) en el modo de tratar la cuestión de la inmigración en las democracias liberales: el modelo asimilacionista, el modelo de hegemonismo cultural y el modelo de pluralismo cultural (subdividido en los modelos multicultural e intercultural).…  Seguir leyendo »