Jueves, 9 de agosto de 2007

By Simon Tisdall (THE GUARDIAN, 09/08/07):

The dire prospect of a state of emergency being declared in Pakistan – a possibility floated and denied in the past 24 hours – will concentrate minds in Washington and London. That is probably what General Pervez Musharraf intended.

Pakistan’s president has had an «annus horribilis», as the Queen might say, and it is not over yet. In addition to a flood of domestic political criticism, a humiliating defeat at the hands of the supreme court, and escalating confrontation with Islamist militants, Musharraf has faced growing pressure from his main ally, the US.

After President Bush joined forces with Democratic presidential ingénu Barack Obama in threatening unilateral military action against Taliban and al-Qaida elements based on Pakistani soil, Musharraf seems to have drawn a line.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Princeton N. Lyman, a former ambassador to Nigeria and South Africa, the adjunct senior fellow for Africa policy studies at the Council on Foreign Relations and an adjunct professor at Georgetown University. Patricia Dorff, the director of publications at the Council on Foreign Relations. This article is excerpted from a new CFR Book, Beyond Humanitarianism: What We Need to Know About Africa and Why It Matters (THE WASHINGTON POST, 09/08/07):

Africa has risen steadily in importance to the United States in recent years. Traditionally, Africa has been thought of primarily as an object of humanitarian concern. That perception has been highlighted by popular figures, such as Bono, Bob Geldof, George Clooney and others, focusing public attention on Africa’s poverty, conflicts and major diseases.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Jack Jacobs, a retired Army colonel and a military analyst for MSNBC (THE NEW YORK TIMES, 09/08/07):

BY now, most Americans know the story of Cpl. Pat Tillman. He bravely chose military service rather than the National Football League, and he was killed in Afghanistan in 2004 by fire from his comrades.

My own units in Vietnam were occasionally the victims of errant rifle fire, mortar rounds and bombs — indeed, the very success of an infantry attack is dependent on leaning forward into friendly supporting fires.

But, after the fact, the Tillman death played out differently. His unit reported that he was killed in a ferocious engagement with the enemy, and the truth was hidden by the chain of command until, as is almost always the case, the truth escaped.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Seumas Milne (THE GUARDIAN, 09/08/07):

Whatever else they might disagree about, Iraqis, Americans and Britons have something crucial in common: large majorities in all three countries oppose the occupation of Iraq by US and British troops and want them brought home. Recognition that the war has been a political and human catastrophe is now so settled that politicians are obliged to pay at least lip service to the pervasive mood for withdrawal. Gordon Brown’s studiedly suggestive remarks on the White House lawn about plans to move British troops from «combat to overwatch» in Basra, where two more British soldiers have been killed this week, were clearly aimed at anti-war opinion in Britain.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Helen Epstein (THE GUARDIAN, 09/08/07):

When scientists first identified the HIV virus in 1984, they expected to have a vaccine in two years. Twenty-three years later, we are still waiting. Meanwhile various partially effective means of prevention have been developed. Consistent condom use reduces the likelihood of HIV transmission, as does male circumcision, in those with the condition. But people seldom use condoms consistently, and male circumcision is still rare in the most highly Aids-affected countries.

What can be done? One thing that we can do is explore what happened in places where the epidemic did turn around. I’ve been thinking about this for nearly 15 years, and it’s become increasingly clear to me that the key to fighting Aids lies in something for which public health has no name or programme.…  Seguir leyendo »