Martes, 22 de mayo de 2012

Tema[1]: Egipto se encuentra a las puertas de tres acontecimientos políticos de máxima importancia: las elecciones presidenciales, la transferencia del poder del Consejo Militar a un presidente democráticamente elegido y la redacción de la nueva constitución.

Resumen: Los 15 meses transcurridos desde la caída del ex presidente Hosni Mubarak debían ser el período de transición hacia un nuevo orden político y constitucional en Egipto. El Consejo Supremo de las Fuerzas Armadas (SCAF)[2] asumió el poder en la tarde del 11 de febrero de 2011 para asegurar que el país se encaminara hacia este nuevo orden y se estableciera un sistema de gobierno democrático.…  Seguir leyendo »

Últimamente Turquía ha estado en el primer plano de los debates internacionales de economía y política. Por un lado, a pesar de la crisis económica que envuelve a la vecina Europa, nuestro país sigue siendo la segunda economía de más rápido crecimiento después de China. Por otro lado, casi no hay tema en la agenda mundial -de Irak y Afganistán a Somalia, Irán y la Primavera Árabe, y del desarrollo sostenible a un diálogo entre las civilizaciones- en el que Turquía no tenga un papel visible.

Se trata de un fenómeno bastante nuevo. Hasta hace una década, nuestra nación era vista como poco más que un firme aliado de la OTAN.…  Seguir leyendo »

As Egyptians prepare for their milestone presidential election this week, thousands of activist youths who spearheaded the revolution — the very ones who made the election possible — will not be casting a vote. Instead, they are in prison, facing military trials.

On May 4, more than 350 protesters, including 16 women and 10 children, were arrested near Defense Ministry in the Abbaseya neighborhood of Cairo, adding to the approximately 12,000 political prisoners detained since the Revolution.

The Abbaseya protesters fortunate enough to be released from detention have revealed horrific stories of torture and abuse at the hands of military officers.…  Seguir leyendo »

When Iranian officials arrive at the next round of nuclear talks in Baghdad on May 23, they will seek to advance several of their own goals, while only making modest changes to their nuclear program.

Tehran’s goal is to engage with the United States. Although the meeting will involve six world powers — Russia, China, France, the UK, Germany and the United States — it is the only venue it has to speak to American officials.

Any breakthrough in talks with Washington might help ease mounting tensions with America’s allies in the Middle East, including the Gulf Arab States and even Israel.…  Seguir leyendo »

With the establishment last week of a broad national unity government in Israel – brought about by the Kadima Party’s bold decision to join Prime Minister Netanyahus government – I believe that Israel is on the crossroads of major positive change.

I have been the leading voice in Kadima advocating for this unity agreement, and I believe it provides Israel with an opportunity to make historic advances in several critical areas.

Consider our history. Over a brief 64-year period, the Jewish people have managed to gather their shattered pieces, re-establish sovereignty in their ancient homeland and build a thriving democratic Jewish state.…  Seguir leyendo »

It is fashionable these days for Western leaders to praise Indonesia as a model Muslim democracy. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton has declared, “If you want to know whether Islam, democracy, modernity and women’s rights can coexist, go to Indonesia.” And last month Britain’s prime minister, David Cameron, lauded Indonesia for showing that “religion and democracy need not be in conflict.”

Tell that to Asia Lumbantoruan, a Christian elder whose congregation outside Jakarta has recently had two of its partially built churches burned down by Islamist militants. He was stabbed by these extremists while defending a third site from attack in September 2010.…  Seguir leyendo »

The Mexican version of the old Soviet Politburo is poised to make a comeback, with potentially disastrous consequences for North America. In 2000, the world hailed the end of more than 70 years of rule by the Institutional Revolutionary Party, or PRI, as a sign of democratic transition. Today, the PRI’s presidential candidate in the July 1 election, Enrique Peña Nieto, threatens to bring back the authoritarian ways of the past.

The PRI has not cleaned up its act or modernized over the last 12 years. To the contrary, it has deepened its networks of corruption and illegality in the territories it still controls.…  Seguir leyendo »

Want to see a real «war on women?» Wait until 2014 when U.S and NATO forces effectively leave Afghanistan to the whims of the bloodthirsty Taliban.

The savagery will make the alleged Republican sins against women — as politically motivated Democrats have charged — pale in comparison. The Taliban’s strict enforcement of Sharia law, or Islamic law, has resulted in what can be described without exaggeration as a scourge against women.

The atrocities run from everyday humiliations such as the required wearing of turtle-shell burqas, to the denial of education and other rights, «honor» killings, public stonings, and rape.

In 1999, the United Nations detailed how the government enforced «official, widespread and systematic violations of the human rights of women.»…  Seguir leyendo »

Egypt’s presidential election this week is shaping up as a high-stakes, winner-takes-all contest for power in the absence of clearly defined rules.

Questions remain as to who should draft a new constitution, what authority the new head of state might have, particularly in relation to the legislative branch, and what role the military might play in the burgeoning political system. With candidates from the revolutionary movement, Islamists and members of the old guard vying for leadership, the election could be one final opportunity for Egypt’s de facto ruler, the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, to help usher in a genuine and safe political transition.…  Seguir leyendo »

Just a few days after Lady Gaga’s concert in Indonesia was canceled after protests by Islamic groups, I flew 1,370 kilometers from Jakarta to Padang, West Sumatra, and drove a further 130 kilometers, a four-hour journey along rough, winding roads, to Sijunjung, to visit an Indonesian atheist jailed for his beliefs.

Alex Aan, a 30-year-old civil servant, is a gentle, soft-spoken, highly intelligent young man who simply gave up his belief in God when he saw poverty, war, famine and disaster around the world.

He faces the possibility of up to six years in prison, charged with blasphemy, disseminating hatred and spreading atheism.…  Seguir leyendo »

Ten years ago, when the treaty creating the International Criminal Court took effect, the prospect of holding heads of state and powerful warlords to account for mass slaughter seemed like science fiction.

Today the signs carried by Syrian protesters demanding “Assad to The Hague” are powerful testimony that the court is making its presence felt.

But as the I.C.C.’s influence grows, its promise of impartial justice for the world’s worst crimes is at risk of being undercut by international politics.

The I.C.C. has committed its share of missteps. Some are performance problems of its own making. At the same time, it runs the toxic risk of appearing to be used to advance the political objectives of powerful states.…  Seguir leyendo »