Agosto de 2014 (Continuación)

Abou Bakr Al-Baghdadi est sans doute devenu aujourd’hui l’homme le plus dangereux du monde. Ce n’est pas faute de l’avoir écrit, répété, martelé bien longtemps avant ce funeste mois de juin où les commandos djihadistes ont mis en déroute l’armée irakienne à Mossoul, la principale ville du nord du pays. Al-Baghdadi et son « Etat islamique » n’ont alors pas seulement mis la main sur un arsenal considérable – offert par les Etats-Unis à ses alliés locaux –, ils ont saisi près de 500 millions de dollars (373,5 millions d’euros) dans les banques de Mossoul.

A titre de comparaison, Oussama Ben Laden avait chiffré publiquement à 500 000 dollars le coût global de préparation et d’exécution des attentats du 11 septembre 2001 à New York et Washington.…  Seguir leyendo »

La prise de contrôle le 10 juin de la ville de Mossoul par les forces djihadistes de l’Etat islamique en Irak et au Levant (EIIL) et la menace directe qui pèse aujourd’hui sur Bagdad est le dernier signe d’une dégradation brutale de la situation sécuritaire en Irak et plus généralement de l’instabilité croissante de la région.

Vu de Washington, cette tragédie est aussi une autre manifestation d’un revirement sans précédent de la stratégie américaine sous la présidence de Barack Obama. Certes, l’Irak souffre toujours des décisions désastreuses prises par l’Autorité provisoire de la coalition, mise en place juste après l’invasion de 2003 : le processus de « débaasification » et le démantèlement de l’armée ont aliéné une partie importante de la population sunnite, nourri une insurrection et une guerre civile aux plaies durables.…  Seguir leyendo »

By the time you read this, who knows how many people will have been killed in Israel’s latest onslaught in the Gaza Strip? As I write, some 1,400 mostly civilian Palestinians have been killed, including hundreds of children. Also, 59 Israelis have been killed, 56 of them military personnel.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu complains that the media show pictures of “telegenically dead” Palestinians. It’s true. My Facebook feed looks like a perverse beauty contest for dead babies and traumatized kids. There are the “before” shots: Essam Ammar, 4, from Gaza City wears a yellow check shirt and holds a somewhat bedraggled flower; Hind Shadi abu Harbeid, 10, from Beit Hanoun has clearly been playing with her mother’s nail varnish — she rests her chin on paint-tipped fingers and gazes away from camera, a small smile lighting up her eyes.…  Seguir leyendo »

The images of destruction after the battle between the Israel Defense Forces and Hamas that began July 20 in the Shajaiya neighborhood in the Gaza Strip have caused many to declare, in a now-frequent refrain, that the IDF is behaving “disproportionately.” Some commentators are simply dressing up in sophisticated language their belief that Israel is using excessive force, but others clearly mean to accuse Israel of violating the laws of war — specifically, of violating the doctrine of proportionality. These accusations have no merit.

Shajaiya was not just another neighborhood in Gaza, but rather a crown jewel of Hamas’ effort to intertwine civilians and terrorists to complicate Israel’s ability to defend itself.…  Seguir leyendo »

When John F. Kennedy came to the University of Michigan to campaign for president in the fall of 1960, Africa was plagued with trade and governance challenges far more daunting than those it faces today. The young senator recognized that African nations — like other countries emerging from colonialism — were preoccupied with developing basic literacy and manpower. And so he urged students to go abroad and help them. The spirited response resulted in one of America’s greatest gifts to the world: the Peace Corps.

Next week, President Obama is convening a U.S.-Africa Leaders Summit in Washington; the stated objective is “Investing in the Next Generation.”…  Seguir leyendo »

At a time when Libya urgently needs help from its allies, most countries, including the United States, are evacuating their embassies or drastically downsizing. Weeks of inter-militia fighting have killed hundreds in Tripoli and Benghazi while disrupting food, water and fuel supplies to civilians.

While diplomatic security is understandably a top priority, representatives of the international community must not leave the country. Instead, they must maintain contact with Libya’s major political actors — the Muslim Brotherhood and the National Forces Alliance, and the leaders of the warring militias from Misurata and Zintan — if they wish to mediate a solution to the conflict.…  Seguir leyendo »