Miércoles, 6 de marzo de 2019 (Continuación)

Dissatisfied democrats | 34 African countries | 2016/2018 Figure shows % of respondents in each country who support democracy and reject authoritarian alternatives and are dissatisfied with their country’s performance. (Robert Mattes/Afrobarometer)

The bad and good news comes in almost daily. Increasingly authoritarian regimes clamp down on dissent in Tanzania and Zambia, and Togo’s Gnassingbe dynasty teeters as its opponents are bloodied in the streets. But democratic elections carried the day in the Gambia, where strongman Yahya Jammeh was forced to cede power without a shot being fired — and in Liberia, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf respected term limits and passed the torch. Meanwhile, in Uganda, Afro-beat pop star Bobi Wine has become a symbol for popular resistance and could threaten Yoweri Museveni’s three-decade rule. In Ethiopia, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed appears to be leading change with breathtaking speed, while Zimbabweans still wait — and demonstrate — for the democracy they were promised after Robert Mugabe was forced to step down.…  Seguir leyendo »

On Feb. 22, Sudan’s embattled president, Omar al-Bashir, declared a one-year, nationwide state of emergency. He subsequently issued five decrees to implement the declaration that collectively curtail fundamental rights to a degree that is unprecedented in the post-independence history of Sudan.

The state of emergency came during peaceful protests — started by the Sudanese people late last year, which now pose a credible threat to the 30-year rule of Bashir’s National Congress Party. Bashir, already wanted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for atrocities against his own people, clearly recognizes the precariousness of his position following his government’s conspicuous failure to stem the protests through use of excessive force.…  Seguir leyendo »

Ce qui se passe depuis quelques jours en Algérie est inédit. Tout d’abord du point de vue du sentiment subjectif des manifestants. A propos de la «peur». On ne cesse de dire que celle-ci a été vaincue, et que les Algériens seraient passés, quasiment du jour au lendemain, d’un sentiment d’angoisse à un courage héroïque. Rapporté aux mouvements collectifs qui ont lieu aujourd’hui en Algérie, le mot «peur» ne me semble pas approprié. Passons sur le fait que c’est un mot du pouvoir pour faire peur («l’Algérie peut devenir la Syrie», etc.). Il biologise et singularise à l’excès. Ce faisant, il dépolitise, non pas les manifestations et les revendications, mais les conditions de possibilité de l’irruption d’une multitude de souffrances privées, portées dans un espace public qui s’est trouvé défini et approprié comme tel précisément grâce à cette irruption collective des masses.…  Seguir leyendo »