En septiembre de 2016, con el acuerdo para desarrollar el proyecto Hinkley Point C, se inicia en el Reino Unido un nuevo ciclo inversor en reactores nucleares de tercera generación que el gobierno británico prevé conducirá a un parque de generación nuclear del orden de 14 Gw en 2035. En este documento de trabajo se examina este programa nuclear, en gran medida una singularidad en Europa Occidental, desde una perspectiva limitada a la política energética británica y, más concretamente, desde el nuevo marco para la política energética en el sector eléctrico que representa la “reforma eléctrica” incluida en la Energy Act 2013.… Seguir leyendo »
Last month, the British government signed off on what might be the most controversial and least promising plan for a nuclear power station in a generation.
Why did it do this? Because the project isn’t just about energy: It’s also a stealth initiative to bolster Britain’s nuclear deterrent.
For years, the British government has been promoting a plan to build two so-called European Pressurized Reactors (EPR) at Hinkley Point C, in southwest England.
It estimates that the facility will produce about 7 percent of the nation’s total electricity from 2025, the year it is expected to be completed. The EPR’s designer, Areva, claims that the reactor is reliable, efficient and so safe that it could withstand a collision with an airliner.… Seguir leyendo »
By Robert Davies, the UK representative of the Areva nuclear energy company (THE GUARDIAN, 23/05/06):
The debate around nuclear power is coming to a head and many questions are being asked. However, the suggestion that nuclear power is somehow uneconomic, that its costs preclude it from serious consideration, does not match the facts (Leader column, A decision that should not be rushed, May 18).
The Guardian stated that "the most obvious objection is cost: nuclear power is expensive, especially when compared with gas". However, most international studies show that nuclear can compete with gas - even before the carbon costs are taken into account.… Seguir leyendo »
By Polly Toynbee (THE GUARDIAN, 19/05/06):
To launch a political hot potato like a new nuclear energy policy at a CBI dinner was no way for Tony Blair to start this debate. Gifting business this apparent sweetener looked like the final scenes of Animal Farm: the other Labour animals were obliged to press their noses against the CBI window hoping to overhear this vital conversation as their leader caroused with the farmers. It was yet another example of his defiant take-it-or-leave-it, jumping-the-gun policy making. It is not a way to persuade doubters.
Nuclear power may or may not be necessary, but it has always been clear that Tony Blair intended to put himself on the nuclear side.… Seguir leyendo »
By Joan Ruddock, labour MP for Lewisham Deptford (THE TIMES, 19/05/06):
THE PRIME MINISTER wants to persuade us that Britain has no alternative but to build a new generation of nuclear power stations. He is wrong.
The focus on nuclear distorts the energy debate. Securing energy supplies and reducing greenhouse gas emissions are rightly at the top of the political agenda, but they have to be considered in relation to the whole energy mix and not just to the 8 per cent provided by nuclear power. The Prime Minister says the facts are stark, and contrasts past self-sufficiency in gas with future dependence on imports.… Seguir leyendo »
By Tom Burke, a visiting professor at Imperial College London and University College London, and a co-founder of E3G, Third Generation Environmentalism (THE GUARDIAN, 18/05/06):
The prime minister has a taste for pre-emptive strikes and dodgy dossiers. He pre-empted his own white paper on energy policy with the energy review. He has now pre-empted the review by declaring that Britain needs new nuclear power stations. In so doing he has confirmed the suspicion that the review will be economical with the facts.
This precipitate action has accomplished the intended headlines. Whether it has made new nuclear power stations likely is more questionable.… Seguir leyendo »