Buscador avanzado

The first plane of Ugandan Asian evacuees arrive at Stansted Airport on September 18, 1972.

The plane carrying 193 passengers circled down over London Stansted Airport, where a cluster of journalists were waiting to document its arrival. Stepping onto the tarmac under typically gray English skies, the families clutched their scant possessions in briefcases and boxes, saris flowing in the wind.

Five decades after the first evacuation flight of Ugandan Asians touched down in the United Kingdom on September 18, 1972, their story has been held up as a triumph of British generosity and migratory success.

But the back story is less heroic, as the British government first tried to send them anywhere else.

In early August 1972, Uganda's brutal military dictator Idi Amin ordered the expulsion of the country's entire Asian population -- including my grandparents.…  Seguir leyendo »

La guerra en Ucrania ha provocado el mayor éxodo en Europa desde hace décadas. Entre las personas que se desplazan, hay menores que viajan sin sus padres, acompañados de otras personas adultas. A su llegada a España, estos menores llegan en ocasiones indocumentados, por lo que no se puede comprobar su identidad y la relación con la persona con la que viajan. Estos menores se considera que están en situación de riesgo, son trasladados junto a la persona adulta con quien viajan a centros de acogida y se comunica su llegada a la Policía y a la Fiscalía, en tanto se obtiene más información.…  Seguir leyendo »

Ascension Island. Moldova. Morocco. Papua New Guinea. St. Helena. These are some of the far-flung destinations where the British government have considered sending asylum seekers once they have arrived in the UK or have been intercepted on their way here.

Such proposals are emblematic of externalization, a migration management strategy that has won increasing favour among countries in the Global North, denoting measures taken by states beyond their borders to obstruct or deter the arrival of foreign nationals lacking permission to enter their intended destination country.

The interception of asylum seekers travelling by boat, before detaining and processing them in offshore locations, is perhaps the most common form of this strategy.…  Seguir leyendo »

Refugees and migrants wait to be rescued after leaving Libya for Europe. May 6, 2018. (AP/Felipe Dana)

The global asylum and refugee system is no longer fit for purpose. As a beneficiary of that system, I do not make such a statement lightly. The reality is that it is outdated and can no longer cope with the challenges posed by mass violence and global migration today.

Following the displacement of European Jews during World War II, the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees was devised not out of idealism but as a practical, Eurocentric Cold War policy. It’s been argued that the convention’s architects intended it to provide a method of escape for those caught on the wrong side of the iron curtain.…  Seguir leyendo »

La evolución de la crisis de los refugiados

A la par de los festejos navideños, los alemanes también recuerdan a los muertos del atentado perpetrado hace un año en una feria navideña de Berlín por un migrante cuyo pedido de asilo fue rechazado. Ese incidente avivó el malestar público hacia la inmigración, y es probable que haya tenido que ver con el sorprendente hecho de que la canciller Angela Merkel no haya podido formar un nuevo gobierno de coalición tras la elección federal de septiembre. En el electorado alemán hay un difundido temor a ver el país inundado por otra oleada de inmigrantes como la que ingresó hace dos años.…  Seguir leyendo »

En octubre, el gobierno húngaro envió cuestionarios a los cuatro millones de hogares del país, para pedir la opinión de la gente sobre siete oraciones en las que describía mi presunto plan para inundar Europa, y en particular Hungría, con migrantes y refugiados musulmanes; siete afirmaciones hechas por el gobierno, respecto de lo que denomina “plan Soros”. Yo refuté todas y cada una, sobre la base de mis declaraciones públicas, o de la falta de declaraciones públicas que las respalden.

Ahora, el gobierno publicó los supuestos resultados de la “consulta nacional” respecto del plan que me atribuye, y asegura que la convocatoria fue un éxito sin precedentes.…  Seguir leyendo »

People taking part in a naturalization ceremony on July 4, 2017, at Mount Vernon. Credit Eric Thayer for The New York Times

Many Americans, and the American government itself, have expressed shock at the treatment of Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar. The Trump administration has also said it is concerned about persecuted religious minorities in the Middle East. For his part, the president has said he wants to defend the rights of the Castro regime’s opponents in Cuba.

Yet all these protestations will be for nothing if, as the deadline approaches for the White House to make its determination about the number of refugees to be admitted next year, the administration decides to decimate the United States refugee resettlement program. At stake are not just the lives of tens of thousands of victims of war and persecution who dream of starting a new life in America; at risk also are American values, the United States’ reputation and American interests around the world.…  Seguir leyendo »

El resurgimiento del nativismo y la xenofobia en muchos países del mundo ha creado un entorno muy desfavorable para las personas que huyen de crisis geopolíticas. Pero el mayor de los numerosos desafíos que deben enfrentar los refugiados mientras esperan poder reubicarse es cómo acceder a tratamiento médico y psicológico de calidad.

Es un desafío que demanda más atención, no sólo de médicos, enfermeros, organizaciones no gubernamentales y otros actores pertinentes, sino también de los ingenieros, que pueden hacer aportes indispensables para la salud pública mundial, y especialmente importantes para los refugiados.

Además de construir puentes y crear artilugios varios, los ingenieros pueden ayudar a mejorar la calidad y accesibilidad de la atención médica en todo el mundo, mediante el desarrollo de métodos más rápidos de diagnóstico de enfermedades y provisión de servicios médicos.…  Seguir leyendo »

Pour les autorités d’asile suisses, les renvois vers les villes de Kaboul, Herat et Mazar-i-Sharif sont exigibles, lorsque les personnes disposent d’un réseau social et familial. Mais l’Office suisse d’aide aux réfugiés (OSAR) qui estime que la situation sécuritaire s’est encore aggravée depuis 2016 demande une suspension des renvois.

Tous les rapports convergent : les attentats et les combats armés entre les forces de sécurité, les Talibans et les autres factions armées (Al-Qaida et Etat islamique) continuent de provoquer des déplacements de population et de nombreuses victimes civiles dont un nombre croissant d’enfants.

Mieux protéger les requérants afghans en Suisse

En 2016, 3’229 personnes originaires d’Afghanistan ont déposé une demande d’asile en Suisse.…  Seguir leyendo »

Toward new Global Compacts and the Emergence of an International Migration Regime

Global human mobility, in all its variety and complexity, presents enormous challenges for national policy-making and international relations in the twenty-first century. Migration and forced displacement have become increasingly politicized under present conditions of globalization and technological revolution, changes in the nature of work and gender relations, widening inequality among and within nations, protracted conflicts, and climate change.

From the standpoint of international governance, there is a sharp distinction between those people who are forced to move due to persecution —and thus qualify for protection as refugees– and all other sorts of migrants.…  Seguir leyendo »

La institución del asilo entró de lleno en el derecho internacional en la segunda mitad de los años sesenta, cuando el Protocolo de Nueva York eliminó los límites geográficos y temporales de la Convención de Ginebra, circunscrita a dar refugio a aquellos europeos obligados a huir de sus hogares en fechas anteriores a su aprobación, el año 1951. Estos instrumentos internacionales no nacieron para resolver las causas del desplazamiento forzoso, sino para abordar sus consecuencias y evitar ulteriores sufrimientos a las víctimas, acogiéndoles de modo tal que la palabra casavolviese a evocar protección y fuese un lugar desde el que reconstruir la dignidad, la confianza y una nueva esperanza de futuro.…  Seguir leyendo »

An armed man walks with a woman inside an internally displaced refugee camp in northern Aleppo countryside, Syria October 10, 2016. REUTERS/Khalil Ashawi - RTSRNWA

US President Donald Trump has issued a new version of his travel ban, which will prevent citizens of six Muslim-majority countries from entering the United States for a period of 90 days.

The original order banned citizens of Syria, Iraq, Iran, Sudan, Somalia, Libya and Yemen from entering the US, halted any refugees admissions for 120 days and banned Syrian refugees indefinitely. Iraq has been left off the new list, and Syrian refugees will be banned for the same 120 days as other refugees.

The new order follows a month of confusion after the initial ban – signed on January 27 with immediate effect – caused chaos and uncertainty in the US and around the world.…  Seguir leyendo »

President Donald Trump's executive order for the extreme vetting of visitors from seven Muslim-majority countries is deeply troubling, and for all the reasons many have outlined. It's un-American to deny entry to the United States based on a person's religious or ethnic background, whether they are doctors, filmmakers, businessmen or tourists.

While the vetting of our visitors should be taken seriously, this program was ill-conceived, at best. But at worst, it puts some of the world's most vulnerable in even worse peril than ever before.

Syrian refugees, one of the seven groups Trump has designated for extreme vetting and possibly indefinite barring, have miraculously survived a modern-day genocide perpetrated by their own government, proxy governments and Islamic terrorist groups who have seized on the chaos in the region.…  Seguir leyendo »

Angelina Jolie at a camp for Syrian refugees in Jordan, in September. Credit Jordan Pix/Getty Images

Refugees are men, women and children caught in the fury of war, or the cross hairs of persecution. Far from being terrorists, they are often the victims of terrorism themselves.

I’m proud of our country’s history of giving shelter to the most vulnerable people. Americans have shed blood to defend the idea that human rights transcend culture, geography, ethnicity and religion. The decision to suspend the resettlement of refugees to the United States and deny entry to citizens of seven Muslim-majority countries has been met with shock by our friends around the world precisely because of this record.

The global refugee crisis and the threat from terrorism make it entirely justifiable that we consider how best to secure our borders.…  Seguir leyendo »

In Iraq, the World Food Programme (an important recipient of US funds) has been obliged to halve the food rations provided to 1.4 million displaced people. Photo by Getty Images.

In the short time since his inauguration, President Donald Trump has suspended the entire US refugee resettlement programme and barred the admission of citizens from a number of Muslim-majority countries that produce significant numbers of refugees, including Syria, Somalia and Iraq. This comes at a time when the international community is striving to ensure an effective follow-up to a September 2016 UN Summit on the refugee issue. The main outcome of that meeting was the New York Declaration, a document that ‘expresses the political will of world leaders to protect the rights of refugees, to save lives and share responsibility for large movements on a global scale.’…  Seguir leyendo »

A Syrian refugee and her family in the apartment complex where they now live, Sacramento, California, November 16, 2015

As tens of thousands of people across the United States rushed to airports and took to the streets to protest Donald Trump’s executive order banning immigration by Muslims from seven countries, and refugees generally; as four federal judges issued emergency orders to prevent immediate deportations and sixteen state attorney generals made a rare joint statement calling the president’s action “unconstitutional, un-American, and unlawful”—we recalled a refugee we’d met not long ago from Nepal, where he’d spent more than a decade in a refugee camp. Resettled in New Hampshire, he was working several jobs, having already learned English and gotten a degree as a surgical technician.…  Seguir leyendo »

To a lot of commentators, Canada looks like a sanctuary for progressive thinking on immigration, an exception to the nativist wave sweeping the United States and Europe.

A recent cover of the Economist put a maple leaf crown on the Statue of Liberty and proclaimed Canada “an example to the world.” Famously, on election day, the Canadian immigration website crashed because of the number of Americans reportedly considering a move to their northern neighbor as Donald Trump won the presidency. Year after year, polls show that Canadians are, by far, more open and more optimistic about immigration than the citizens in any other Western country.…  Seguir leyendo »

Governments tend to dislike being called torturers. That’s why the George W. Bush administration went through such legal contortions to exclude waterboarding from the definition of torture. That this relied on a definition too idiosyncratic for anyone outside the Republican Party hardly mattered because it allowed President Bush to say, “the United States does not torture”, with a straight face.

So on one level, when Amnesty International reported last week that Australia’s system of offshore detention — in which asylum seekers heading to Australia by boat are intercepted and sent to camps in Nauru or Papua New Guinea indefinitely — “essentially amounts to torture”, the Australian government’s response was entirely predictable.…  Seguir leyendo »

Dos mil quinientos chalecos salvavidas utilizados por refugiados durante la travesía entre Turquía y la isla griega de Chios expuestos frente al parlamento británico en Londres el 19 de septiembre de 2016 durante una acción para recordar el número de personas fallecidas en el mar tratando de llegar a Europa. Daniel Leal-Olivas/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

Muchos líderes mundiales se reunirán en Nueva York esta semana para participar en la Asamblea General de las Naciones Unidas, y el primer punto en su agenda es una crisis de refugiados que ha alcanzado un nivel de urgencia no visto desde la Segunda Guerra Mundial. La Cumbre de las Naciones Unidas sobre Refugiados y Migrantes y la Cumbre de Líderes sobre Refugiados del presidente Obama representan un momento decisivo que pone bajo los reflectores internacionales la necesidad de una respuesta efectiva a una crisis humanitaria en aumento.

Nuestra perspectiva compartida está basada en una conciencia fría sobre los peligros que enfrentamos.…  Seguir leyendo »

conocen-a-tindar

Tindar es un artista italiano, nacido en 1986 en Roma, obsesionado por el tema de la marca y la huella.

Dadme un amigo, parece decir. Un encuentro fortuito.

Un galerista, un coleccionista que me encargue una obra, un familiar. Lo que me interesa es su huella.

Es esa señal de identidad que teóricamente constituye, en las sociedades modernas, su huella digital.

De esa huella capturada sobre una sencilla hoja de papel blanco, Tindar se ha acostumbrado a hacer docenas, a veces cientos de copias, que después recorta para mezclarlas con otras huellas tomadas de otros individuos, y que pincha sobre unas diminutas varillas metálicas, fijadas a su vez, una al lado de otra, sobre una tela previamente cubierta de pintura acrílica que imita la tierra.…  Seguir leyendo »