Buscador avanzado

A painting by the artist Banksy, in 2015 in Gaza. Divorce between Israel and the International Criminal Court was consumed in Rome in 1998, when Tel Aviv refused to sign and ratify the Statute, following its recognition of the transfer of the civilian population as a war crime. © Mohammed Abed / AFP

To me, the subject of Israel and Palestine, the relations between the two entities and their peoples, as well as the role of third actors (international or not), including the International Criminal Court (ICC), has been of concern for many years. The so-called Palestine Situation before the ICC seems to put into perspective the meetings and dialogues I had more than twenty years ago. Professionally, I have devoted my energy for the past fifteen years to international criminal justice, both in teaching and research and in practice, where I have been able to work alongside the Prosecutor General of Israel, the defence and more recently, in the representation of victims of international crimes.…  Seguir leyendo »

In this piece, the author points out "the interminable circularity of ‘debate’ around declaratory and constitutive theories of international law – which is to say the whether a state exists exclusively by having satisfied some set of criteria, or whether a state exists when other states recognise it as such". © Mohammed Abed / AFP

In December 2019 the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) at the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it had concluded its preliminary examination into the Situation in Palestine, and was satisfied that it had competence to open a formal investigation. The announcement, however, came in the form of a Request to the Pre-Trial Chamber for confirmation that the OTP’s understanding of the scope of the Court’s jurisdiction over Palestine was correct.

Among the reasons the OTP gave for making the request was that “while the Prosecution wishes to obtain a ruling expeditiously, it would provide an opportunity for legal representatives of victims and the referring State to participate in the proceedings, if they wish.…  Seguir leyendo »

This summer’s war in Gaza was the latest episode in a cycle of mistrust, aggression and destruction. Yet again the world is counting the cost in lives, homes, hospitals, schools, factories and other civilian infrastructure. More than 2,100 Palestinians were killed in the conflict, at least half of them civilians and around a quarter of them children. Sixty-six Israeli soldiers also died, as well as five civilians, including one child.

This cycle of violence will only be broken when the international community insists upon greater accountability and ceases to turn a blind eye to the horrific human rights violations committed by both sides.…  Seguir leyendo »

Les civils de Gaza meurent par centaines sous le feu de l'armée israélienne et une question demeure sans réponse : qu'attendent donc les Palestiniens pour saisir la Cour pénale internationale (CPI) ?

Depuis que la Palestine a obtenu le statut d'Etat observateur à l'ONU, à l'issue d'un vote largement favorable en date du 29 novembre 2012, la voie d'accès à la justice pénale internationale lui est ouverte. L'offensive israélienne contre Gaza a pourtant pu démarrer et prospérer depuis le 8 juillet sans que la Palestine ait adhéré au statut de Rome, qui lui eût permis de saisir la juridiction pénale universelle.…  Seguir leyendo »

For three weeks, the world has watched war crimes apparently committed by both sides in Gaza: lethal attacks on schools and hospitals, rockets aimed at civilians, tunnels chillingly lined with syringes and ropes; and the dead and dying children. Now the call goes out from politicians and the UN secretary general for “accountability” and “justice”. That should mean a proper forensic investigation with criminal charges against commanders if the evidence warrants, heard in an international criminal court. It is important to understand why this could happen and why it probably will not – and why British diplomats have connived in making Gaza a legal black hole.…  Seguir leyendo »

Last week, the United Nations Human Rights Council adopted a resolution, S-21, creating a "commission of inquiry" to investigate human rights violations in the Gaza war. Nowhere does the resolution mandate that the commission conduct a fair, impartial and balanced investigation. This was not a drafting error.

S-21, without any fact-finding, renders a verdict against Israel. It declares that the Israeli military operations in the Gaza Strip have constituted "widespread, systematic and gross violations of international human rights and fundamental freedoms."

It further states as fact that Israel engaged in "disproportionate and indiscriminate attacks" on civilians. For good measure, S-21 also recites every grievance of Palestinians, even the ones unrelated to human rights violations in the current Gaza conflict, from Palestinian prisoners to the occupation of the West Bank to East Jerusalem.…  Seguir leyendo »

At least 17 children and 14 women had been killed as of midafternoon July 20, in the 24 hours since Israeli forces had launched ground operations in the al-Sheja'iya neighborhood of Gaza City, the United Nations reported. Those numbers will rise: Many bodies are still in the rubble. Ambulances came under attack and couldn't reach the wounded, witnesses said, and survivors fleeing tank shells and airstrikes didn't know how many of their relatives had been killed.

At around that time, George Stephanopoulos of ABC's "This Week" asked U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry for his response to Palestinian statements accusing Israel of committing "a massacre and a war crime" in Sheja'iya.…  Seguir leyendo »

Nosotros tenemos un modo peculiar para calificar a los criminales de guerra. Siempre está basado en un perdedor. Puede haber ganado batallas, estar considerado un héroe por una parte notable de su pueblo fanatizado, pero al final resulta que ha perdido la última pelea ante un enemigo más poderoso y todas las glorias de antaño se reducen a filfa. No es una cuestión moral ni ética, es algo que se dirime entre estar con los ganadores o con los que han perdido. Un ejemplo: ¿por qué Mussolini, de haber sobrevivido a la brutal ejecución, hubiera sido juzgado como “criminal de guerra”, y Francisco Franco Bahamonde, asesino ejemplar, murió en la cama?…  Seguir leyendo »

On the night of Sept. 16, 1982, the Israeli military allowed a right-wing Lebanese militia to enter two Palestinian refugee camps in Beirut. In the ensuing three-day rampage, the militia, linked to the Maronite Christian Phalange Party, raped, killed and dismembered at least 800 civilians, while Israeli flares illuminated the camps’ narrow and darkened alleyways. Nearly all of the dead were women, children and elderly men.

Thirty years later, the massacre at the Sabra and Shatila camps is remembered as a notorious chapter in modern Middle Eastern history, clouding the tortured relationships among Israel, the United States, Lebanon and the Palestinians.…  Seguir leyendo »

A finales de 1980 decidí dar un curso sobre el conflicto israelo-palestino en la Universidad de Haifa. Al finalizar, y de acuerdo con sus preferencias, los estudiantes presentaron sus conclusiones en forma de proyectos o trabajos de investigación. Algún tiempo después, uno de aquellos estudiantes -Teddy Katz-, nacido en Haifa y miembro del kibutz Magal, decidió seguir investigando la suerte que corrieron varias aldeas palestinas -en particular la de Tantura- durante la guerra de 1948, y en 1998 presentó su tesis de maestría ante la Universidad de Haifa obteniendo como calificación un altísimo 97% (yo le hubiera dado un 100%). De las pruebas reunidas, Katz sacó una serie de conclusiones, entre otras que durante la ocupación de Tantura por las tropas judías unos 225 palestinos habían sido asesinados: 20 habrían muerto durante la batalla y el resto, civiles y no civiles desarmados, habrían sido ejecutados después de la rendición de la aldea.…  Seguir leyendo »

El juez Richard Goldstone ha sido condenado por muchos defensores de los derechos humanos en Israel por su conclusión de que Israel dirigió ataques intencionales contra civiles palestinos como política durante la guerra de Gaza de 2008-9. El informe de Goldstone, respaldado por las Naciones Unidas, acusó de crímenes de guerra tanto a ​​israelíes como a palestinos, y pidió a ambos bandos  investigar, enjuiciar y castigar a sus propios hombres.

El gobierno israelí reaccionó con furia ante los esfuerzos de Goldstone. Ahora está siendo condenado por algunos críticos del historial de violaciones de los derechos humanos de Israel por retractarse de su afirmación de que hubo intencionalidad.…  Seguir leyendo »

"Si hubiera sabido entonces lo que sé ahora, el Informe Goldstone habría sido totalmente diferente". Así comienza el juez Richard Goldstone su muy discutido artículo en el diario The Washington Post. Yo, por mi parte, estoy convencido de que si el redactor jefe hubiese valorado mejor ese texto la frase inicial hubiera sido algo así como: "Si llego a saber que este informe se utilizaría para tacharme a mí, precisamente a mí, de "judío que odia a los judíos", no solo ante los ojos de mi adorado Israel, sino también ante los ojos de la comunidad judía sudafricana -que es la mía-, nunca hubiera redactado este informe".…  Seguir leyendo »

We know a lot more today about what happened in the Gaza war of 2008-09 than we did when I chaired the fact-finding mission appointed by the U.N. Human Rights Council that produced what has come to be known as the Goldstone Report. If I had known then what I know now, the Goldstone Report would have been a different document.

The final report by the U.N. committee of independent experts — chaired by former New York judge Mary McGowan Davis — that followed up on the recommendations of the Goldstone Report has found that “Israel has dedicated significant resources to investigate over 400 allegations of operational misconduct in Gaza” while “the de facto authorities (i.e.,…  Seguir leyendo »

Desde su fundación, Israel tuvo que enfrentarse con países que no reconocían su existencia y que buscaban su desaparición. Los israelíes los denominaban países "enemigos" y no países "terroristas". En 1948 Jordania sitió Jerusalén y la bombardeó durante varios meses. Pero Israel nunca tildó a Jordania de país terrorista. Igualmente, Siria estuvo años bombardeando las poblaciones israelíes del valle del Jordán y de Galilea; sin embargo, Israel nunca llamó a Siria "Estado terrorista". En la guerra que estalló entre israelíes y palestinos tras la partición establecida por la ONU murieron muchos civiles de ambos lados y ciudades enteras (la mayoría, palestinas) fueron arrasadas y sus ciudadanos tuvieron que huir o exiliarse; pero ni israelíes ni palestinos denominaron a esa guerra una "guerra terrorista".…  Seguir leyendo »

La commission dirigée par Richard Goldstone était mal partie. Sous pression des pays de l’Organisation de la conférence islamique, le mandat initial donné par les Nations unies était d’enquêter sur les crimes perpétrés uniquement par les forces israéliennes durant le conflit de Gaza l’hiver dernier. Mais l’ex-procureur du Tribunal pénal international pour l’ex-Yougoslavie (TPIY) s’est intéressé aux violations graves du droit international, indépendamment de la nationalité de leurs auteurs. Au final, le rapport de 575 pages n’épargne ni les forces armées israéliennes, ni le Hamas et autres groupes armés palestiniens, tous - à des degrés divers - accusés de crimes de guerre, voire de crimes contre l’humanité.…  Seguir leyendo »

The UN Human Rights Council (HRC) has earned a poor reputation for impartiality when it comes to addressing the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, but it now has an unprecedented opportunity to begin to shed that reputation by endorsing the entirety of the Goldstone report on the conflict in Gaza and its recommendations.

Arab members of the HRC – Egypt, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Djibouti, Bahrain, and Qatar – can play a pivotal role in assuring such an outcome by stressing the need for accountability for all those responsible for committing war crimes, Palestinians as well as Israelis.

This will require a sharp shift from past behaviour, when Arab members of the HRC have refrained from acknowledging responsibility of Palestinian armed groups for attacks on Israeli civilians while passing a number of resolutions condemning Israel's violations of international law.…  Seguir leyendo »

Israel intentionally went after civilians in Gaza — and wrapped its intention in lies.

That chilling — and misguided — accusation is the key conclusion of the United Nations investigation, led by Richard Goldstone, into the three-week war last winter. “While the Israeli government has sought to portray its operations as essentially a response to rocket attacks in the exercises of its right to self-defense,” the report said, “the mission considers the plan to have been directed, at least in part, at a different target: the people of Gaza as a whole.”

The report has produced a storm of outraged rejection in Israel.…  Seguir leyendo »