Anders Fogh Rasmussen

Nota: Este archivo abarca los artículos publicados por el autor desde el 1 de diciembre de 2008. Para fechas anteriores realice una búsqueda entrecomillando su nombre.

La OTAN tiene dos aniversarios este año: el 70.º aniversario de su fundación y el 20.º aniversario de su primera ampliación al otro lado de la antigua Cortina de Hierro. En retrospectiva, el hecho de que la OTAN sea el proyecto de paz más exitoso de la historia es reflejo no sólo de su poderío militar, sino también de su capacidad para ofrecer esperanza a países aspirantes a ingresar en ella. No hay duda de que la perspectiva de pertenencia a la OTAN (y a la Unión Europea) ha sido una fuerza motora para la democratización y la liberalización en los países excomunistas de Europa central y del este.…  Seguir leyendo »

La Unión Europea es altamente dependiente del petróleo extranjero. De cada 100 litros que se consumen en la UE, 90 son importados. Al mismo tiempo, la producción local de petróleo cayó más del 50% a lo largo de la última década. La Agencia Internacional de la Energía estima que a menos que la UE cambie de rumbo y aumente su producción de formas de energía alternativas (incluidos los biocombustibles, una opción que la UE desatendió por mucho tiempo), en 2030 más o menos el 95% del petróleo que consuma provendrá de fuentes extranjeras.

La situación actual es el talón de Aquiles de la UE, porque implica dependencia de importaciones procedentes de regímenes inestables y autoritarios.…  Seguir leyendo »

Hace poco las autoridades rusas amenazaron con dirigir misiles nucleares a barcos de guerra daneses si Dinamarca se une al sistema de defensa antimisiles de la OTAN, en lo que evidentemente es una escandalosa amenaza contra un país sin intención alguna de atacar a Rusia. También refleja un factor más fundamental de la política exterior del Kremlin: la desesperación por conservar su influencia estratégica en tiempos de un cuestionamiento sin precedentes a su autoridad.

Por supuesto, los líderes rusos saben muy bien que las defensas antimisiles de la OTAN no se dirigen a su país. De 2009 a 2014, el periodo en que fui Secretario General de la OTAN, recalcamos una y otra vez que su fin era defender a los miembros de la Alianza ante  amenazas que pudieran proceder del área euroatlántica.…  Seguir leyendo »

Russian authorities recently threatened to aim nuclear missiles at Danish warships if Denmark joins NATO’s missile-defense system. This was obviously an outrageous threat against a country that has no intention of attacking Russia. But it also reflects a more fundamental factor in the Kremlin’s foreign policy: desperation to maintain Russia’s strategic influence at a time of unprecedented challenges to its authority.

Of course, Russia’s leaders know very well that NATO’s missile defense is not directed at their country. When I served as NATO secretary general from 2009 to 2014, we repeatedly emphasized that the purpose was to defend alliance members from threats originating outside the Euro-Atlantic area.…  Seguir leyendo »

El ataque a la revista francesa Charlie Hebdo fue un atentado contra la democracia, la libertad y los ideales que apuntalan a todas las sociedades libres. Al enfrentar a las fuerzas del extremismo y el terror, debemos tener el coraje de alzar la voz en defensa de esos ideales y de salvaguardar el derecho a decir lo que creemos. Pero también tenemos que preocuparnos por respetar el hecho de que los demás tienen el mismo derecho.

Charlie Hebdo no es la primera publicación que ha sufrido por publicar imágenes que algunos percibían como ofensivas contra el Islam. En 2005, cuando yo era primer ministro de Dinamarca, el periódico danés Jyllands-Posten provocó una polémica internacional al publicar doce bocetos del profeta Mahoma.…  Seguir leyendo »

Today’s Europe is an island of stability in a sea of conflict. To the east, Russia has added its own military forces to the separatist conflict that it manufactured in Ukraine. To the south, growing instability and extremism are fuelled by fragile states and sectarian strife.

Nato greatest responsibility is to guard and defend our allies the 28 member states against any attack. We also need to strengthen our capacity to deal with crises, and to operate with partners to preserve the international rules-based order.

As we gather for our summit in Wales subsequent week, our response to Russia aggression and to the crisis in Iraq will be crucial topics on the agenda.…  Seguir leyendo »

Rota, en la costa atlántica española, es la primera vez que un barco de la Armada de Estados Unidos equipado con el avanzado sistema de defensa antimisiles Aegis estará estacionado en Europa en forma permanente.

El USS Donald Cook es el primero de cuatro destructores de la marina estadounidense que, con alrededor de 1200 marineros y otros miembros del personal, cumplirán un papel central en el sistema de defensa antimisiles de la OTAN. Pero la misión de estas naves no se agota allí: también participarán en operaciones de seguridad marítima, ejercicios conjuntos (bilaterales y multilaterales) y otras operaciones y despliegues de la OTAN, entre ellos el Grupo Marítimo Permanente de la OTAN.…  Seguir leyendo »

As secretary general of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, I travel often to Washington. Every time I do, I hear voices expressing concern about burden-sharing in the trans-Atlantic alliance. Their message is clear: the Europeans do too little.

I can understand this view, but it’s not the full picture. As a European, I have always admired the America that did so much to save my Continent from tyranny in the 20th century. I am also proud that following the 9/11 attacks, in America’s hour of need, Europe responded by invoking Article 5, NATO’s self-defense clause. And all European allies stand shoulder-to-shoulder with the United States in Afghanistan, where they are making significant contributions in blood and treasure.…  Seguir leyendo »

From my first day in office as NATO secretary general, I have made clear that NATO-Russia cooperation remains of strategic importance. We share common security interests and face common challenges. And since our NATO-Russia summit meeting in Lisbon a year ago, we have come a long way in tackling new threats with new thinking.

We are bringing stability to Afghanistan, and stemming the flood of narcotics out of the country — together. We are fighting terrorism in our cities and our airspaces — together. We are combating piracy off the Horn of Africa — together. This cooperation benefits all of us.…  Seguir leyendo »

The dramatic developments across North Africa and the Middle East remind me of the fall of the Berlin Wall and the end of the Cold War. From Tunis to Cairo to Benghazi, people overcame fear to embrace freedom. Some governments in the region have taken important steps to meet the rightful demands of their citizens. Others realized their time was up and moved aside. But I was appalled to see that in some countries, and especially in Libya, the call for freedom and dignity has been met with state violence.

NATO’s reaction to the crisis in Libya has been quick and resolute.…  Seguir leyendo »

Libya has rightly dominated the headlines in recent weeks. Many views have been expressed, including those who favor doing nothing and those who accuse the international community — and NATO as part of it — of not doing enough.

It is quite right that we should have this debate. A free and open media is an essential characteristic of democratic societies and is, ultimately, one of the values we are battling to help secure for the Libyan people.

These disparate views in the newspaper headlines underscore the fact that it is never easy to forge a broad-based agreement to take military action.…  Seguir leyendo »

NATO’s Lisbon summit meeting last month made historic strides to increase the security of all NATO allies. We reinforced our commitment to collective defense. We renewed NATO’s strategy and vision. We also revitalized our relationship with Russia. There is another step that would contribute directly to increased security in Europe: ratification of the New Start treaty.

As a former member of the Danish Parliament, I know better than to tell U.S. senators what to do. But I do want to highlight the importance of the treaty from a NATO perspective.

At Lisbon, the United States and its 27 NATO allies adopted a new “Strategic Concept” to serve as NATO’s road map for the next decade.…  Seguir leyendo »

A Lisbonne, les 19 et 20 novembre, les dirigeants des pays de l’OTAN se réuniront pour décider si l’Alliance doit bâtir une défense antimissile pour l’Europe. Ils prendront cette décision importante en fonction des réponses à certaines questions essentielles.

Existe-t-il une menace ?

En un mot : oui. Les missiles représentent une menace grandissante pour nos populations, notre territoire et nos forces déployées. Plus d’une trentaine de pays possèdent ou acquièrent actuellement des missiles qui pourraient être utilisés pour emporter non seulement des charges conventionnelles, mais aussi des armes de destruction massive. Certains de ces missiles sont déjà en mesure d’atteindre des villes européennes, et le problème va s’aggraver.…  Seguir leyendo »

To most people in Europe, the threat of missile attack is rarely on their radar. Of those who do think about it, some wonder about the cost; or about whether there really is a threat; or about whether missile defense actually works.

But next month, NATO’s leaders will meet in Lisbon and decide whether the alliance should build a missile defense for Europe. They will make that important decision based on the answers to some fundamental questions.

•Is there a threat?

In a word: yes. Missiles pose an increasing threat to our populations, territory and deployed forces. Over 30 countries have or are acquiring missiles that could be used to carry not just conventional warheads, but also weapons of mass destruction.…  Seguir leyendo »

We all remember the horror of the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center, the Pentagon, and in Pennsylvania nine years ago. The images and experiences of that day have been burned into the collective memory of the world.

Sept. 11, 2001, also taught us some very clear lessons. We learned that ignoring an unstable situation that seems so far away — as we did after the Soviet Union left Afghanistan — can have lethal long-term consequences at home. We learned that we cannot hide from international terrorism; it will seek us out. And we learned that defense in the 21st century cannot begin and end at our borders.…  Seguir leyendo »

Kaboul, la capitale afghane, va accueillir un événement unique. Il s’agit d’une conférence internationale sur l’Afghanistan qui réunira plus de 70 pays, des organisations internationales et régionales, ainsi que des institutions financières, et dont le but est d’appuyer un plan en faveur du développement de la gouvernance et de la stabilité.

Cette conférence permettra de définir des orientations claires pour la transition vers une prise en main par les Afghans de leur destin ainsi que des responsabilités qui leur incombent. En bref, cette conférence marquera une étape du processus à l’issue duquel les Afghans seront finalement les maîtres chez eux.

Cette nouvelle dynamique politique n’est pas le fruit du hasard.…  Seguir leyendo »

El nuevo tratado de reducción de  armas estratégicas (START, por su sigla en inglés) que el presidente ruso, Dimitri Medvedev, y el presidente norteamericano, Barack Obama, acaban de firmar en Praga es un logro histórico, y una inspiración para un futuro progreso en materia de control de armas a nivel global.

La proliferación de armas de destrucción masiva y sus medios de distribución es una amenaza tanto para los aliados de la OTAN como para Rusia. Más de 30 países tienen o están desarrollando capacidades misilísticas. En muchos casos, esos misiles podrían llegar a amenazar las poblaciones y territorios de Europa.…  Seguir leyendo »

Next week in Prague, Russian president Dmitry Medvedev and US president Barack Obama will sign a new strategic arms reduction treaty (Start). That agreement is an historic achievement, and an inspiration for further progress in global arms control. But at the same time, here and now, we must also prepare to defend against another, less encouraging trend.

The proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery is a threat to both the Nato allies and Russia. A look at current trends shows that more than 30 countries have or are developing missile capabilities. In many cases, these missiles could eventually threaten Europe’s populations and territories.…  Seguir leyendo »

International conferences are ten a penny; many deliver little more than long communiqués and longer speeches. Today, almost 70 world leaders will meet in London to take forward the international effort to bring peace to Afghanistan — and this conference must and will be different. It must deliver results.

The urgency is clear. A few weeks ago 36 countries in the Nato-led Isaf (International Security Assistance Force) mission agreed to send 37,000 more forces, on top of the 80,000 soldiers in Afghanistan. Right now thousands of international forces are flowing in. This is an important demonstration of solidarity with the Afghan people, and a strong rebuttal to anyone who suggests that our nations are looking for the door.…  Seguir leyendo »

For decades, Europeans have heard an enduring message from the United States: Do more. Carry your weight. Don’t make America do all the heavy lifting. And this message has been delivered, loud and clear, once again, on Afghanistan.

An honest assessment would conclude that over the years these complaints have occasionally had some foundation. The United States has played a central role in defending the values and the security of the Euro-Atlantic community — something for which Europeans are grateful.

But that honest assessment would also conclude that Europe can pull its weight. That Europe can deliver and can be a real partner for the United States.…  Seguir leyendo »