Anne-Marie Slaughter (Continuación)

Henry Kissinger recently argued against intervention in Syria [The perils of intervention in Syria] on the grounds that it would imperil the foundation of world order. His analysis was based on a straw man, one put forward by the Russian and Chinese governments, that outside intervention would seek to “bring about regime change.”

The point of an intervention in Syria would be to stop the killing — to force Bashar al-Assad and his government to meet the demands of the Syrian people with reforms rather than guns. If the killing stopped, it is not clear what shape the political process would adopt, how many millions would take to the streets or whom different factions would support.…  Seguir leyendo »

La semana próxima, los 28 miembros de la OTAN se reunirán en Chicago para celebrar su cumbre anual. Sesenta y dos años después de que se firmara el Tratado del Atlántico Norte, que obligaba a los Estados Unidos, al Canadá y a diez Estados europeos a considerar un ataque a todos el que afectara a uno de ellos, la OTAN está transformándose en una organización mundial de seguridad del siglo XXI. El resultado será un mundo más seguro.

En 1949, el mundo estaba dividiéndose rápidamente en dos bloques político-militares principales, el Este y el Oeste, junto a un gran “movimiento de países no alienados”.…  Seguir leyendo »

La opinión generalizada la semana pasada sobre si Siria cumpliría el plan de cese el fuego del ex Secretario General de las Naciones Unidas Kofi Annan era la de que dependía de Rusia. Estábamos volviendo a la política de la Guerra Fría, en la que Occidente era reacio a recurrir a la fuerza y Rusia estaba dispuesta a seguir armando y apoyando a su satélite. Así, pues, Rusia tenía la mejor baza: la de elegir la presión que estaba dispuesta a ejercer sobre el Presidente de Siria, Bashar Al Asad, para que cumpliera el plan.

Si esa opinión fuese correcta, no cabe duda de que el Irán tendría una baza igualmente importante.…  Seguir leyendo »

El Consejo de Seguridad de las Naciones Unidas se reunió el 1 de febrero para analizar la propuesta de la Liga Árabe de cese a la violencia en Siria. La secretaria de Estado, Hillary Clinton, iba en representación de los Estados Unidos. A mitad de su discurso comenzó a dirigirse no al embajador sirio, que estaba en el sala, o siquiera al gobierno sirio, sino al pueblo sirio directamente. Dijo que el cambio en ese país requería del trabajo conjunto de todos los sirios de cualquier religión y etnia, en el que se velara por la protección y el respeto de los derechos de las minorías.…  Seguir leyendo »

Foreign military intervention in Syria offers the best hope for curtailing a long, bloody and destabilizing civil war. The mantra of those opposed to intervention is “Syria is not Libya.” In fact, Syria is far more strategically located than Libya, and a lengthy civil war there would be much more dangerous to our interests. America has a major stake in helping Syria’s neighbors stop the killing.

Simply arming the opposition, in many ways the easiest option, would bring about exactly the scenario the world should fear most: a proxy war that would spill into Lebanon, Turkey, Iraq and Jordan and fracture Syria along sectarian lines.…  Seguir leyendo »

Alors que le monde assiste à l’anéantissement de la ville syrienne de Homs et que la crise déborde sur le Liban voisin, il est temps de se demander ce qui distingue les grandes des petites puissances. La Turquie a vu son étoile internationale s’élever de manière régulière ces dernières années, son premier ministre Recep Tayyip Erdogan est adulé dans de nombreux pays du Moyen-Orient et de l’Afrique du Nord, et son ministre des Affaires étrangères Ahmet Davutoglu parcourt la planète comme le représentant d’une puissance de plus en plus influente. En effet, la Turquie et l’Indonésie ont rejoint les pays des BRIC (Brésil, Russie, Inde et Chine) sur la liste des plus importants acteurs globaux en pleine ascension.…  Seguir leyendo »

The West and Iran are playing a dangerous game. In the past ten days, Iran threatened to close the Strait of Hormuz and warned the United States against sending an aircraft carrier back into the Persian Gulf. The US predictably responded that its aircraft carriers could and would patrol wherever necessary to promote freedom of navigation. Iran then announced that it would conduct naval exercises in the Strait.

In the game of “chicken,” two cars drive straight at each other at top speed; either one driver “chickens out” and swerves, or they collide in a fireball. Governments around the world cannot stand by and watch that game play out across the world’s energy lifeline.…  Seguir leyendo »

President Obama says the noose is tightening around Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi. In fact, it is tightening around the Libyan rebels, as Colonel Qaddafi makes the most of the world’s dithering and steadily retakes rebel-held towns. The United States and Europe are temporizing on a no-flight zone while the Organization of the Islamic Conference, the Gulf Cooperation Council and now the Arab League have all called on the United Nations Security Council to authorize one. Opponents of a no-flight zone have put forth five main arguments, none of which, on close examination, hold up.

It's not in our interest. Gen. Wesley K.…  Seguir leyendo »

For the fifth anniversary of President Bush’s declaration of the end of “major combat operations” in Iraq, the Op-Ed page asked nine experts on military affairs to identify a significant challenge facing the American and Iraqi leadership today and to propose one specific step to help overcome that challenge.

1.- Right the Wrong

By Nathaniel Fick, a Marine infantry officer in Iraq and Afghanistan and a fellow at the Center for a New American Security.

With eight months left in office, President Bush has the power to shape his successor’s inheritance in Iraq. And the over-arching imperative right now, as articulated by Gen.…  Seguir leyendo »

To mark this week’s fifth anniversary of the invasion of Iraq, the Op-Ed page asked nine experts on military and foreign affairs to reflect on their attitudes in the spring of 2003 and to comment on the one aspect of the war that most surprised them or that they wished they had considered in the prewar debate.

Where Was The Plan?

Fifteen months before the 9/11 attacks, the bipartisan National Commission on Terrorism, on which I served as chairman, reported to the president and the American people that we faced a new and terrible threat: the nexus between states that supported terrorism and killers who wanted to murder Americans by the thousands and were prepared to die doing it.…  Seguir leyendo »

A joint sting operation by the CIA and officials from the Republic of Georgia foiled an attempt by a Russian man to sell nuclear-bomb-grade uranium on the black market last summer. This event, only made public in January, was the latest in a series of alarming incidents that remind us of the severity of the threat posed by nuclear terrorism.

To build a nuclear weapon, terrorists must acquire materials from a state. National governments are unlikely to cooperate with terrorists because they fear retaliation from the victim of such an attack and its allies, but rogue scientists, generals or other individuals can work with criminal networks to deliver nuclear weapons to the highest bidder.…  Seguir leyendo »