António Guterres

Este archivo solo abarca los artículos del autor incorporados a este sitio a partir del 1 de diciembre de 2006. Para fechas anteriores realice una búsqueda entrecomillando su nombre.

Una niña, en una escuela primaria financiada por Unicef en Douala, Camerún. Unicef

La lucha de los últimos 50 años por los derechos de las mujeres es una historia de progreso.

Las mujeres y las niñas han derribado barreras, desmantelado estereotipos y fijado el rumbo hacia un mundo más justo e igualitario. Los derechos de las mujeres se reconocieron finalmente como derechos humanos fundamentales y universales. En todo el mundo hay cientos de millones más de niñas en las aulas. Y las líderes pioneras han hecho añicos el techo de cristal en distintas partes del mundo.

Aun así, el progreso se ve amenazado, y la igualdad total se muestra aún como un horizonte lejano.…  Seguir leyendo »

Why Israel Must Reconsider Its Gaza Evacuation Order

Thursday night’s order by the Israel Defense Forces to Palestinians in Gaza to evacuate their homes within 24 hours was dangerous and deeply troubling. Any demand for a mass evacuation on extremely short notice could have devastating humanitarian consequences.

The evacuation order applies to approximately 1.1 million people. It applies to a territory that is already besieged, under aerial bombardment and without fuel, electricity, water and food. It applies to a territory that has suffered critical damage to roads and infrastructure in the past week, making the act of evacuating nearly impossible in the first place. It applies to United Nations staff members and more than 200,000 people sheltering in U.N.…  Seguir leyendo »

À la mi-novembre, le cap des 8 milliards d’habitants sur Terre sera franchi, ce qui témoigne des progrès scientifiques et des avancées en matière de nutrition, de santé publique et d’assainissement. Mais à mesure que notre famille humaine s’agrandit, elle est aussi de plus en plus divisée.

Des milliards de personnes souffrent ; des centaines de millions sont touchées par la faim, voire la famine. Elles sont plus nombreuses que jamais à se déplacer pour trouver des moyens de s’en sortir et à fuir les dettes et les privations, les guerres et les catastrophes climatiques.

Sauf à combler le gouffre qui sépare les nantis de la planète des plus démunis, nous nous dirigeons vers un monde de 8 milliards d’habitants tiraillé par les tensions et la méfiance, gangréné par les crises et les conflits.…  Seguir leyendo »

Les inégalités de genre représentent l’injustice la plus criante de notre époque et le plus grand défi à relever en termes de droits humains. Mais l’égalité des genres peut aussi apporter des solutions à certains des problèmes les plus épineux de notre temps. Partout, les femmes sont moins bien loties que les hommes, pour la simple et bonne raison qu’elles sont des femmes. La réalité des femmes issues de minorités, des femmes âgées, des femmes handicapées, des migrantes et des réfugiées est pire encore.

Ces dernières décennies, les droits des femmes ont énormément progressé dans certains domaines: pensons à l’abolition de lois discriminatoires, ou encore à l’augmentation du nombre de filles qui vont à l’école.…  Seguir leyendo »

En la víspera de la Cumbre sobre la Acción Climática de Naciones Unidas, celebrada en septiembre, millones de jóvenes se movilizaron y transmitieron el siguiente mensaje a los dirigentes del mundo: “Nos están fallando”. Tienen razón.

Las emisiones globales van en aumento al igual que las temperaturas. Las consecuencias, ya de por sí funestas, que eso conlleva para los océanos, los bosques, las condiciones meteorológicas, la biodiversidad, la producción de alimentos, el agua, los puestos de trabajo y en última instancia, para la vida misma, irán empeorando.

La ciencia no engaña, pero en muchos lugares la gente no necesita de mapas o gráficos para entender lo que está pasando, les basta con asomarse a la ventana.…  Seguir leyendo »

Large numbers of migrants transit through the city of Zakany in Hungary on their way to seek work in Germany and other European nations in 2015. | GETTY IMAGES

Managing migration is one of the most profound challenges for international cooperation in our time.

Migration powers economic growth, reduces inequalities and connects diverse societies. Yet it is also a source of political tensions and human tragedies. The majority of migrants live and work legally. But a desperate minority are putting their lives at risk to enter countries where they face suspicion and abuse.

Demographic pressures and the impact of climate change on vulnerable societies are likely to drive further migration in the years ahead. As a global community, we face a choice. Do we want migration to be a source of prosperity and international solidarity, or a byword for inhumanity and social friction?…  Seguir leyendo »

While the world applauds the recent agreement on chemical weapons in Syria as a step toward peace, there is no time for false comfort. For the millions of Syrians who have been uprooted from their homes, the more pressing questions of life and death stem from basic concerns: food, water, shelter and medicine. And with the onset of winter, the challenge to survive grows even more daunting.

Winter’s bitter cup will add to the suffering and grief that wreak havoc among the 2.2 million Syrian refugees in neighboring countries. In the coming months, more than a million displaced children will find themselves in sub-zero temperatures.…  Seguir leyendo »

Enough. Enough.

After more than two years of conflict and more than 70,000 deaths, including thousands of children. ... After more than five million people have been forced to leave their homes, including over a million refugees living in severely stressed neighboring countries ... After so many families torn apart and communities razed, schools and hospitals wrecked and water systems ruined ... After all this, there still seems to be an insufficient sense of urgency among the governments and parties that could put a stop to the cruelty and carnage in Syria.

We, leaders of U.N. agencies charged with dealing with the human costs of this tragedy, appeal to political leaders involved to meet their responsibility to the people of Syria and to the future of the region.…  Seguir leyendo »

On Wednesday, my colleagues will register the one millionth Syrian refugee. A milestone in human tragedy. And a figure that should, after two years of death and destruction, stir the level of political action needed to put an end to this war before more lives are lost, more people forced to flee and the conflict destabilizes the region.

The exodus from Syria has accelerated dramatically in recent weeks. In early December, some 20 months after the crisis began, refugee figures stood at 500,000. It has only taken three months for that number to double. As violence in Syria spirals out of control, more than 7,000 people arrive in Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey and Iraq every single day.…  Seguir leyendo »

For many people, Timbuktu has long represented the essence of remoteness: a mythical, faraway place located on the boundaries of our collective consciousness. But like many of the myths associated with colonialism, the reality is very different.

Medieval texts show that Timbuktu has stood for centuries as a center of Islamic culture and learning, at the juncture of trade routes spanning thousands of miles across the Sahara, north to Morocco and Europe, east to Ethiopia and the Arabian peninsula. For Ali Farka Touré, the legendary musician who fused Malian traditions with the blues, Timbuktu — his birthplace — was the “heart of the world.”…  Seguir leyendo »

I recall vividly the intoxicating feeling of freedom and promise brought about by the “Carnation Revolution” in my native Portugal in 1974. I was 25 years old. Five decades of dictatorship had led us into economic stultification and costly, indefensible colonial wars. Suddenly there was democracy, or at least a plausible possibility of it, together with the stabilizing and enriching prospect of greater integration into Europe.

The success of Portugal’s revolution was not inevitable. There was a significant period of political instability, social unrest and economic dislocation, and there were even efforts to hijack the revolution and take the country down an anti-democratic path.…  Seguir leyendo »

Le Haut-Commissariat aux réfugiés (HCR) est encore bouleversé par le récent assassinat de son agent Zill-e Usman, tué par balles dans le camp de Katcha Gari sur la frontière des zones tribales sous administration fédérale dans la province frontière du nord-ouest au Pakistan. Un autre membre du personnel, Ishfaq Ahmad, a été blessé lors du drame du 16 juillet. Un garde au service du Commissariat pour les réfugiés afghans, une institution financée par le gouvernement, a également été tué. Quatre ou cinq hommes auraient ouvert le feu sur M. Usman alors qu’il allait du bureau administratif du camp vers sa voiture, au cours d’une visite de routine sur le site.…  Seguir leyendo »