Bonnie N. Field

Nota: Este archivo abarca los artículos publicados por el autor desde el 1 de mayo de 2009. Para fechas anteriores realice una búsqueda entrecomillando su nombre.

Catalans went to the polls on Thursday. These were the first regional elections since Catalonia’s Oct. 1 referendum on independence rocked Spain’s political system.

With most of the vote counted, three parties that support Catalan independence from Spain appear to have won a narrow majority of the seats in parliament — Together for Catalonia, led by deposed President Carles Puigdemont, the Catalan Republican Left and Popular Unity Candidacy. But they appear to have fallen short of winning a majority of the votes.

Of those parties that will gain representation in parliament, Citizens, a party that supports Spanish unity, won the most seats and votes.…  Seguir leyendo »

The regional government of Catalonia, one of the wealthiest regions of Spain, plans to hold a referendum on independence from Spain on Sunday. That’s a problem. Spain’s Constitutional Court has ruled that a regional government cannot call a referendum, because Spain’s constitution does not recognize the right to self-determination and establishes that sovereignty resides with Spanish citizens collectively.

Sunday’s referendum pits two competing claims of political legitimacy against one another. The Catalan government says that the Catalan people want a referendum, and the majority of the Catalan parliament supports it. The broader Spanish government insists that the referendum must not go forward because it goes against Spain’s democratic political institutions and its constitutional order.…  Seguir leyendo »

España no consigue formar gobierno desde que las elecciones generales de diciembre del 2015 transformaron radicalmente su sistema de partidos. La dificultad de formar gobierno está relacionada con los cálculos de los partidos sobre los posibles costes y beneficios de apoyar o no gobiernos distintos en términos de apoyo político de los votantes, conseguir sus prioridades en cuanto a políticas públicas y obtener cargos políticos. Las reglas para la formación y censura del gobierno afectan a estos cálculos.

Las reglas que España adoptó en la constitución de1978 son dramáticamente diferentes que las que rigieron durante su primera democracia, la Segunda República (1931-36), un golpe de Estado en contra de la misma llevó a una brutal guerra civil y décadas de un régimen autoritario bajo Francisco Franco.…  Seguir leyendo »