Craig Venter

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A microbiologist extracts Listeria bacteria for genome sequencing in a lab at the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta. Nov. 25, 2013. (David Goldman/AP)

Recent leaps in the biosciences, combined with big data analysis, have led us to the cusp of a revolution in medicine. For the first time, humans can intervene in changing our genetic code — and the disease genes embedded in it — that took biological evolution 3.5 to 4 billion years to produce.

Not only have we learned to read and write the genetic code; now we can put it in digital form and translate it back into synthesized life. In theory, that gives our species control over biological design. We can write DNA software, boot it up to a computer converter and create unlimited variations of the gene sequences of biological life.…  Seguir leyendo »