Ernesto Zedillo

Nota: Este archivo abarca los artículos publicados por el autor desde el 1 de abril de 2009. Para fechas anteriores realice una búsqueda entrecomillando su nombre.

Back in July, it would have been impossible to predict that the talks to renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) would end as they did, first with a deal with Mexico on Aug. 27 and then with Canada on Sept. 30. Practically up until those dates, the United States had made outlandish demands, and while we will probably never know what motivated it to move away from its most recalcitrant positions, the important fact is that it did. Mexico and Canada did not cave to the U.S. government’s pretensions and preserved most of the important features of the old deal while the United States backed down.…  Seguir leyendo »

The United States and Mexico have a rich, shared history. For more than a century, people have moved back and forth at the border to work. Their toil and industry could have taken place within a well-regulated and mutually beneficial labor market. But in recent years much of their labor has occurred in a vast black market — harming workers, families, security and public finances in both countries.

There is justifiable disappointment at this outcome. We have watched with frustration, from the highest levels of government on each side of the border, as two neighbors have wasted opportunities to help each other.…  Seguir leyendo »

Estados Unidos y México comparten una rica historia. Durante más de un siglo, la gente ha ido y venido a través de la frontera para trabajar. Su trabajo arduo y dedicación podrían haber tenido lugar dentro de un mercado laboral bien regulado y ventajoso para ambos países. Sin embargo, en años recientes la mayor parte de la mano de obra se ha movido en un vasto mercado negro, afectando a los trabajadores, las familias, la seguridad y las finanzas públicas en ambos países.

Hay una decepción justificable ante este resultado. Hemos observado con frustración, desde los más altos niveles de gobierno de cada lado de la frontera, cómo los dos vecinos han desaprovechado las oportunidades de ayudarse mutuamente.…  Seguir leyendo »

Mexican soldiers stand guard outside Chilapa in the state of Guerrero, a combat zone for drug gangs, in May 2015. (Pedro Pardo / AFP/Getty Images)

Outdated drug policies around the world have resulted in soaring drug-related violence, overstretched criminal justice systems, runaway corruption and mangled democratic institutions. After reviewing the evidence, consulting drug policy experts and examining our own failures on this front while in office, we came to an unavoidable conclusion: The “war on drugs” is an unmitigated disaster.

For nearly a decade, we have urged governments and international bodies to promote a more humane, informed and effective approach to dealing with “illegal” drugs. We saw a major breakthrough a few years ago, when the United Nations agreed to convene a special session of the General Assembly to review global drug policy.…  Seguir leyendo »

El nerviosismo veraniego, que trajo a la mente recuerdos del angustiado otoño de 2008, ha dejado pocas dudas sobre lo frágil que ha sido la recuperación de la gran crisis y lo complicado que seguirá siendo el camino que nos aguarda. No es extraño, dada la magnitud de la sacudida que sufrimos en 2008-2009. Pero asimismo se debe, en gran parte, a que los líderes de las principales economías no han sido capaces de hacer realidad unos compromisos fundamentales para llevar a cabo acciones coordinadas.

El Grupo de los 20 se formó con el fin de tomar las medidas colectivas que se considerasen necesarias para abordar las causas originarias de las crisis económicas.…  Seguir leyendo »

The summer jitters, which brought memories from the panicky fall of 2008, have left little doubt about how fragile the recovery from the great crisis has been and how rocky the road ahead will continue to be. This should not be entirely surprising given the magnitude of the shock endured in 2008-2009. But it is also in good measure due to the failure by leaders of the major economies to deliver on key commitments to pursue coordinated action.

The Group of 20 was formed to undertake the collective responses deemed necessary to tackle the root causes of economic crises. At its summit meeting in November 2008, G-20 leaders themselves admitted that inconsistent and insufficiently coordinated policies propelled the catastrophe.…  Seguir leyendo »