El racismo es un ingrediente atípico en la historia del populismo, pero hoy en Estados Unidos el populismo es claramente racista. Por esta razón, el trumpismo es una novedad radical. Su relación y carácter analógico con un pasado fascista que muchos pensaban superado es claramente preocupante.
Populismo y racismo no son lo mismo e incluso durante la mayor parte de su historia, el populismo justamente se distinguió por su rechazo a la violencia política y la práctica racista. El caso del fascismo es diferente pues el racismo ha sido una condición constitutiva de todo régimen fascista. ¿Hace esta característica racista al gobierno de Trump?… Seguir leyendo »
Last week’s mysterious death of federal prosecutor Alberto Nisman, who was found dead with a gunshot wound to the head, has drawn international attention to the troubling connections between Argentina’s security-state past, and its present.
Nisman died one day before one of the most important days of his life. On Jan. 19, he was due to present to the Argentine congress evidence for his accusations against the country’s president Cristina Fernandez. Nisman accused her of offering the Iranian government a free pass for its alleged role in the bombing of a Jewish center in Buenos Aires in 1994. In exchange for the fabrication of “innocence,” Nisman said shortly before his death, the president asked for Iranian oil.… Seguir leyendo »
Earlier this month, the president of Russia, Vladimir V. Putin, and the president of Argentina, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, took part in a video conference to celebrate a new television partnership. Under the terms of the deal, the Russian-owned channel RT (formerly known as Russia Today) will soon begin broadcasting Spanish-language news in Argentina. Mrs. Kirchner hailed the development as a means for Argentines “to understand the real Russia,” as well as to help Russians learn about “the real Argentina, unlike the way the international media and the so-called national media portray us.”
Buenos Aires currently enjoys warm relations with Moscow for a variety of reasons.… Seguir leyendo »
Authoritarian populism, long associated with Latin American regimes, is generally considered a thing of the past in Europe. But this view is misleading. While countries like Argentina and Venezuela have slowly begun to move away from the Kirchners’ brand of Peronist politics and Hugo Chávez’s cult of personality, a dangerous right-wing brand of populism is returning to Europe. Indeed, the rise of movements like Greece’s neo-fascist Golden Dawn party, and the violence and assassinations that have accompanied it, are far more worrying than the residual authoritarianism that pervades Latin American politics.
Broadly speaking, populist movements, which tend to gain traction following the implementation of austerity measures, are an attempt to redress perceived crises of representation in government.… Seguir leyendo »
Jorge Rafael Videla, leader of Argentina’s dictatorial junta from 1976 to 1981, died in prison on May 17, but his historical legacy is far from settled.
Although in his day he was lionized by some Cold War warriors as a savior of his nation, his crimes are no longer in question, and many young Argentines who never lived under his murderous grip regard him as a symbol of evil. The debate that persists is whether he in fact waged a “dirty war,” implying two sides, or whether, as many professional historians agree, he simply unleashed state-sponsored terrorism.
Under the junta’s rule, even a five-year-old knew his name.… Seguir leyendo »
On July 18, 1994, a van filled with explosives blew up outside the Jewish community center in Buenos Aires, killing 85 people and injuring hundreds. It was the worst terrorist attack ever in Argentina, which has Latin America’s largest Jewish population, and one of the deadliest anti-Semitic attacks since the Holocaust.
In 2007, after more than a decade of investigations, Argentine prosecutors obtained Interpol arrest warrants for six suspects and formally blamed Hezbollah for staging the attack and Iran for financing it.
But bizarrely, Argentina’s president, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, abruptly switched course last month and reached an agreement with the Iranian government that would set up a “truth commission” of international legal experts to analyze evidence from the bombings.… Seguir leyendo »