George P. Shultz

Nota: Este archivo abarca los artículos publicados por el autor desde el 1 de mayo de 2009. Para fechas anteriores realice una búsqueda entrecomillando su nombre.

A New Jersey woman who was questioned by police officers about possession of heroin. Credit Jessica Kourkounis for The New York Times

La guerra contra las drogas en Estados Unidos ha sido un fracaso que ha arruinado vidas, ha abarrotado las cárceles y ha costado una fortuna. Comenzó durante el gobierno de Nixon con la idea de que, dado que las drogas son malas para las personas, tiene que ser difícil conseguirlas. En consecuencia, se planteó una guerra contra el suministro.

Durante la epidemia del crack en la década de los ochenta, Nancy Reagan, la primera dama, trató de cambiar este enfoque. Sin embargo, su campaña para reducir la demanda, “Di no a las drogas”, tuvo un respaldo limitado.

El 25 de octubre de 1988, después de enfrentarse a las objeciones de una burocracia enfocada en el suministro de drogas, le dijo a una audiencia de las Naciones Unidas: “Si no podemos detener la demanda de drogas en Estados Unidos, habrá pocas esperanzas de evitar que los productores extranjeros satisfagan esa demanda.…  Seguir leyendo »

A New Jersey woman who was questioned by police officers about possession of heroin. Credit Jessica Kourkounis for The New York Times

The war on drugs in the United States has been a failure that has ruined lives, filled prisons and cost a fortune. It started during the Nixon administration with the idea that, because drugs are bad for people, they should be difficult to obtain. As a result, it became a war on supply.

As first lady during the crack epidemic, Nancy Reagan tried to change this approach in the 1980s. But her “Just Say No” campaign to reduce demand received limited support.

Over the objections of the supply-focused bureaucracy, she told a United Nations audience on Oct. 25, 1988: “If we cannot stem the American demand for drugs, then there will be little hope of preventing foreign drug producers from fulfilling that demand.…  Seguir leyendo »

Canadá, México y Estados Unidos pertenecen a un mismo vecindario norteamericano y los tres países se benefician de ser prósperos y fuertes.

Norteamérica está en una encrucijada, invadida de escepticismo sobre las virtudes del Tratado de Libre Comercio de América del Norte y la relación de Estados Unidos con sus vecinos. Ese escepticismo no toma en cuenta la considerable ventaja competitiva que el acuerdo le ha dado al mismo Estados Unidos y que, además, ha transformado a América del Norte en una fuerza global.

El TLCAN fue firmado en 1993, cuando la economía era más sencilla. Tenemos la oportunidad única de aprovechar que los tres países están reunidos en una mesa de negociación para modernizar el acuerdo y volverlo, de nuevo, un pacto comercial novedoso.…  Seguir leyendo »

Russia has taken over Crimea and threatens further aggression. Now is the time to act but also to think strategically. What basic strategic approach should the United States and its allies take, and how can that approach be implemented over time so that the tactical moves benefit our long-term interests? Is it possible to avoid the reemergence of a full-fledged Cold War psychology, which is encouraged by Russia developing an “I can get away with it” mentality?

Thankfully, nuclear weapons are not part of today’s conflict. Ukraine gave them up in 1994, partly in exchange for reassurance of its territorial integrity by the United States, Britain and Russia.…  Seguir leyendo »

It may seem difficult to believe, but the United States can fly an unarmed military reconnaissance aircraft anywhere over Russia and 32 other nations, with only 24 hours notice of the intended flight plan. The Russian Federation has a reciprocal right to conduct aerial photography flights over the United States and other treaty members. Over 840 of these reconnaissance missions have been flown over Europe, Russia and North America since 2002 under the auspices of the Open Skies Treaty.

Saturday marked the 20th anniversary of the signing of the Open Skies Treaty. First proposed by President Eisenhower in 1955 at the height of the Cold War, the initiative was resurrected by President George H.W.…  Seguir leyendo »

Republican presidents have long led the crucial fight to protect the United States against nuclear dangers. That is why Presidents Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush negotiated the SALT I, START I and START II agreements. It is why President George W. Bush negotiated the Moscow Treaty. All four recognized that reducing the number of nuclear arms in an open, verifiable manner would reduce the risk of nuclear catastrophe and increase the stability of America’s relationship with the Soviet Union and, later, the Russian Federation. The world is safer today because of the decades-long effort to reduce its supply of nuclear weapons.…  Seguir leyendo »

The Senate should promptly vote to approve the New Strategic Arms Reductions Treaty (New START) with Russia for one reason: It increases U.S. national security. This is precisely why Defense Secretary Robert Gates declared at the outset of Senate consideration of the treaty that it has “the unanimous support of America’s military leadership.”

The treaty reduces and caps the Russian nuclear arsenal. It reestablishes and makes stronger the verification procedures that allow U.S. inspectors to conduct on-site inspections and surveillance of Russian nuclear weapons and facilities. It strengthens international efforts to prevent nuclear terrorism, and it opens the door to progress on further critical nonproliferation efforts, such as reducing Russian tactical nuclear weapons.…  Seguir leyendo »

This has been a remarkable time for the Obama administration. After a year of intense internal debate, it issued a new nuclear strategy. And after a year of intense negotiations with the Russians, President Obama signed the New Start treaty with President Dmitri Medvedev in Prague. On Monday, the president will host the leaders of more than 40 nations in a nuclear security summit meeting whose goal is to find ways of gaining control of the loose fissile material around the globe.

New Start is the first tangible product of the administration’s promise to “press the reset button” on United States-Russian relations.…  Seguir leyendo »