Germany, South Korea, New Zealand, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Israel have been championed as countries that implemented an effective response to covid-19. What do these success cases have in common? They share similar electoral rules.
These countries have political systems that use proportional representation electoral rules — they assign legislative seats to political parties based on the proportion of the overall vote parties win. For example, in Germany, the Free Democratic Party won 10.7 percent of the vote in 2017, which gave the party 80 seats in the Germany’s 709-seat legislature.
Countries criticized for their coronavirus response — the United States, the United Kingdom and France — instead use majoritarian electoral rules.… Seguir leyendo »
In late February, the Constitutional Court of Thailand dissolved the Future Forward Party (FFP), the third-largest party in the Thai legislature. University students across the country began protesting, calling on the government to respect their vote and end corruption.
What is the FFP story, and what do students feel about their government? My survey research from earlier this year offers some answers.
The FFP is a relatively young party
Founded just two years ago, FFP quickly grew popular, attracting voters with its strong pro-democracy and anti-corruption stances – as well as the party’s unwillingness to engage in “old-style” politics, such as vote-buying and relying on local magnates.… Seguir leyendo »
As soon as the general elections in Britain were announced for Dec. 12, people started talking about alliances and tactical voting. Britain has similar electoral rules to the United States, but it also has more parties. This means that there is a bigger chance that strategic coordination among either parties or the electorate can change outcomes. Tactical voting seemed particularly important because British politics was divided by the issue of E.U. membership. Parties and voters who wanted to leave the European Union (pro-leave) might want to coordinate, but parties and voters who wanted to stay in the E.U. (pro-remain) had even stronger reasons to coordinate: early public opinion polls suggested that this was the only way they could beat the pro-leave Conservative Party.… Seguir leyendo »
Thailand’s March 24 elections produced a few surprises — including the success of a new party, the Future Forward Party (FFP). FFP is a left-of-center, liberal democratic party, arguably the first in the country’s recent history. The party has a strong commitment to democracy, and promised to reform the military-backed constitution and reduce the budget of the armed forces.
A young and charismatic billionaire named Thanathorn Juangroongruangkit is the FFP leader. But in the wake of the election, Thailand’s ruling military junta charged Thanathorn with sedition and other offenses related to his alleged support of anti-junta activists in 2015. The case dates to a period when military courts heard cases related to civilians, so Thanathorn is likely to face a military tribunal.… Seguir leyendo »