Laurent Fabius

Nota: Este archivo abarca los artículos publicados por el autor desde el 1 de mayo de 2009. Para fechas anteriores realice una búsqueda entrecomillando su nombre.

La adopción de un Pacto Mundial por el Medio Ambiente, liderado por la comunidad internacional de juristas, no es una iniciativa reciente. Sin embargo, la aprobación en septiembre de 2015 de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible (ODS), seguidos de la adopción, en diciembre de 2015, del Acuerdo de París, han dado un nuevo impulso a la idea de un Pacto Mundial. La gravedad de las agresiones al medio ambiente ha reforzado la conciencia y la necesidad de impulsar iniciativas de calado. Ha llegado el momento de dar un paso decisivo de apoyo a un Pacto Mundial, en cuyo contenido se refundirán en un único texto los grandes principios que guían la acción medioambiental.…  Seguir leyendo »

Toward the end of this year, France will host the 21st United Nations climate conference. The aim? To reach a universal agreement that will limit the rise in average global temperatures to 2 degrees Celsius, compared to the pre-industrial period, by the end of the century. There is real hope for success, but it is an enormous task.

As the president of the conference, known as COP21, my role will be to facilitate an ambitious compromise between 195 states (196 parties when we include the European Union). In the negotiations, the differences among countries that are at distinct stages of development necessitate differences of approach.…  Seguir leyendo »

Depuis le palais où il est reclus, Bachar Al-Assad ne se contente plus de faire la guerre à son propre peuple : il a lancé une démarche d’auto-réhabilitation. Dans les médias occidentaux, il tente de profiter de l’effroi suscité par les extrémistes pour se présenter en rempart contre le chaos. Certains paraissent sensibles à ce discours : face à la terreur, disent-ils, l’injustice et la dictature seraient préférables au désordre.

En réalité, Bachar représente à la fois l’injustice, le désordre et la terreur. Et nous, France et Royaume-Uni, nous disons non aux trois.

D’où notre scepticisme lorsque Bachar Al-Assad prétend accepter la proposition faite par l’envoyé des Nations unies, Staffan de Mistura : un arrêt pendant six semaines des bombardements sur la population civile d’Alep.…  Seguir leyendo »

In November 2013, after many months of negotiations, the E3+3 (France, Germany and Britain, together with the United States, Russia and China, a partnership also referred to sometimes as the P5+1) and Iran reached an interim agreement on Iran’s nuclear program. This agreement has had three main benefits.

First, it has stopped the progress of the most sensitive elements of Iran’s nuclear program. Under the Joint Plan of Action agreed to by Iran and the six partners in the talks, which are being coordinated by the European Union, Iran has ceased production of its most highly enriched uranium, limited its production of new centrifuges for enriching uranium and refrained from installing additional centrifuges.…  Seguir leyendo »

Stopped at the last minute in Kobane, the terrorist group known in the Arab world as Daesh — we do not use Islamic State, because the group is neither truly Islamic nor a state — is dispatching its murderers to other points along the Syrian-Turkish border. And at the end of the road lies Aleppo, the bastion of the moderate opposition.

Syria’s second-largest city and part of humanity’s ancient heritage, Aleppo is the martyred center of the resistance to Syrian dictator Bashar al-Assad, having been under constant bombardment by his forces since 2012. Now Aleppo is caught between the regime’s “barrel bombs” and Daesh’s cutthroats.…  Seguir leyendo »

Few democratic societies are as rich in populations of diverse origins as France’s. This is one of the many traits France shares with the United States. Both are countries of immigrants where citizenship is universal and does not depend on one’s ethnic or religious origins.

In that mix of populations, a rich Jewish culture has always been a key component of France’s fabric. During the French Revolution, France was the first European country to grant Jews full citizenship. The Jewish community in France, at half a million, is the world’s third largest, after those in Israel and the United States. And it is thriving, with a lively social and communal life and many citizens of Jewish background contributing to French arts, science and politics.…  Seguir leyendo »

Ha sido preciso esperar más de 2 años y 120.000 muertos en Siria para que el uso del derecho de veto dejara de paralizar el Consejo de Seguridad de las Naciones Unidas y para que este organismo se decidiera a tomar una decisión.

Francia otorga una importancia capital al multilateralismo y a su centro neurálgico, la Organización de las Naciones Unidas, que constituye la principal herramienta de regulación política mundial al servicio de la paz y la seguridad. Ahora bien, una parálisis de la ONU durante dos años, con sus dramáticas consecuencias humanas, es inaceptable para la conciencia universal.

Sin duda, la 68ª Asamblea General de las Naciones Unidas que acaba de reunirse ha permitido algunos avances.…  Seguir leyendo »

It has taken more than two years and 120,000 deaths in Syria for the United Nations Security Council to finally cease being paralyzed by vetoes and make a decision.

France is dedicated to multilateralism and to the organization at its heart, the United Nations; this institution represents the main instrument of global political regulation in favor of peace and security. But a United Nations stalemate that lasts for two years, entailing dramatic human consequences, cannot be accepted by the global conscience.

Progress has certainly been made during the 68th session of the United Nations General Assembly, which is currently under way.…  Seguir leyendo »

La defensa efectiva de los derechos humanos ha sido un camino a veces tortuoso, con altos y bajos, paradas en su trayectoria e incluso retrocesos. Pero, poco a poco, ha ido consolidándose todo un corpus jurídico que hoy ya nadie o casi nadie pone en duda y que constituye la mejor garantía de los derechos universalmente reconocidos.

Una de las etapas más azarosas de ese camino está resultando ser la abolición universal de la pena capital. Hace ya más de dos siglos que el padre del Derecho Penal contemporáneo, Beccaria, afirmaba que “si llego a demostrar que la muerte no es ni útil ni necesaria, habré ganado la causa de la humanidad”.…  Seguir leyendo »

Plus de 70 000 morts et d’un million de réfugiés, la destruction systématique d’un pays : le deuxième anniversaire du déclenchement de la révolution syrienne est un anniversaire de sang et de larmes. Les milices du régime frappent indistinctement hommes, femmes, enfants. Les corps ensanglantés, allongés sur des lits d’hôpitaux, de trois enfants – 7, 9 et 11 ans – tués par un tir de missile sur le village d’Abou Taltal, dans la province d’Alep, sont devenus un des symboles de ce peuple qu’on assassine. Ceux qui survivent voient disparaître leur passé et leur avenir, anéantis par la mécanique meurtrière d’un clan.…  Seguir leyendo »

At the last NATO summit in Chicago, very soon after he took office, President François Hollande set out his vision of our country’s place in the Atlantic alliance: France is an ally that exercises its responsibility as a founding member and is committed to promoting common values but does not hesitate, if necessary, to air its differences honestly. This position is in line with the one the Socialist Party took in particular during the debate in 2009 on France’s return to the integrated command: allied yes, aligned no.

France is a key partner within the alliance at the military, political and financial levels, and it intends to remain so.…  Seguir leyendo »