Louise Arbour

Nota: Este archivo abarca los artículos publicados por el autor desde el 1 de mayo de 2009. Para fechas anteriores realice una búsqueda entrecomillando su nombre.

In early 2009, as many as 40,000 civilians were killed in the final days of Sri Lanka’s civil war, having been herded into an area about the size of Central Park and subjected to relentless shelling. No one has been held accountable for these crimes, and even now the government in Colombo remains intent on burying the past. Only an international commission of inquiry stands any chance of rectifying this omission. So when the United Nations Human Rights Council meets Monday in Geneva, it should seek an investigation. It would be a decisive step toward justice and reconciliation in Sri Lanka.…  Seguir leyendo »

More than two generations of Colombians have suffered armed conflict, kidnappings, drug trafficking and violence. Now, a political solution to the Western Hemisphere’s oldest conflict may be in sight.

Peace negotiations between the Colombian government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) will start in Norway next week. The talks will continue in Cuba and may be extended to include another guerrilla group, the National Liberation Army (ELN).

It is the fourth time since the 1980s that the government and FARC have tried to find a way out of the armed conflict that has torn the South American country for almost 50 years.…  Seguir leyendo »

As Myanmar moves ahead with its ambitious reforms and abandons old ways of thinking, Western countries need to change their own mind-set and adopt a more subtle approach.

After decades of sanctions and self-imposed isolation, Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, is undergoing a remarkable and, so far, peaceful transition away from authoritarian rule. It is heading in the direction that its people and the international community both want.

The dramatic changes led by President Thein Sein have been endorsed by the opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi, who has said that the president is sincerely motivated.

Key political freedoms such as the right to organize, assemble, speak out and run for political office are being exercised in a way that was unthinkable even a year ago.…  Seguir leyendo »

South Sudan’s independence on Saturday will in some sense mark the welcome end of one of the most devastating conflicts of recent times. When decades of hostilities between North and South concluded with the signing of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement, several million people had already died as a result of the civil war, and millions more had lost their homes. As a culmination of that peace deal, independence would seem to be the last chapter of the story.

It is, however, anything but.

Saturday’s formal separation may have been an inevitable and even necessary step, but these two states will be tied together for many years to come.…  Seguir leyendo »

There is a hole in the map of Central Asia where Kyrgyzstan used to be. A country once considered an outpost of relative tolerance and democracy in a region of dysfunctional authoritarian regimes is today a deeply divided, practically failed, state. If the international response to its descent into political chaos is not swift and bold, the consequences will be disastrous.

After years of mismanagement and corruption President Kurmanbek Bakiyev was ousted in April by a provisional government that has not succeeded in establishing its authority over the country. An explosion of violence, destruction and looting hit southern Kyrgyzstan in June, killing hundreds and deepening the gulf between ethnic Kyrgyz and Uzbek communities.…  Seguir leyendo »

Pour être efficace, la justice pénale internationale ne peut être sélective. Alors que l’on célèbre le premier anniversaire de la fin de la guerre civile au Sri Lanka, la communauté internationale – en opposition totale avec sa ligne de conduite envers d’autres conflits – n’a pas encore pris les mesures nécessaires pour poursuivre les responsables des crimes de guerre commis au cours des derniers mois du conflit.

Le décalage entre la décision du Conseil des droits de l’homme des Nations unies d’envoyer une mission d’établissement des faits à Gaza l’an dernier et le silence assourdissant du monde, alors même que des milliers de civils étaient victimes de violations du droit humanitaire au Sri Lanka, ébranle sérieusement le projet de justice internationale.…  Seguir leyendo »

La tentative d’assassinat jeudi 3 décembre sur le capitaine Dadis Camara par son aide de camp Aboubacar “Toumba” Diakité illustre clairement l’implosion qui menace l’armée guinéenne et le risque de chaos qui pèse sur le pays, et qui pourrait affecter la région tout entière. La médiation Compaoré doit immédiatement reprendre les pourparlers avec le nouveau chef de la junte à Conakry pour négocier le transfert du pouvoir à une autorité civile, qui devra être soutenue par une mission militaire régionale.

Ces dernières années, l’Afrique de l’Ouest semblait se diriger vers la stabilité. Au Liberia et en Sierra Leone, la sortie de crise semble acquise.…  Seguir leyendo »

Ya hace 14 años que terminó la guerra de Bosnia, y hoy el país sigue sumido en un punto de inflexión. La mitad de él está estancado en una disputa con el gobernador internacional, el Alto Representante. Es hora de que la comunidad internacional elija entre reforzar la actual autoridad ejecutiva internacional en Bosnia o establecer un nuevo planteamiento, basado en una creciente integración en la Unión Europea y en la OTAN. El Consejo de Implementación de la Paz, organismo que supervisa la aplicación del tratado de paz de 1995, evitó una decisión en su reunión del 18 de noviembre. Pero es imperativo que se pronuncie antes de la siguiente reunión, el 25 de febrero de 2010.…  Seguir leyendo »