Michael F. Harsch

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Thursday, in a landmark decision, the European Union’s top court invalidated the Privacy Shield, a key mechanism that businesses use for transferring personal data across the Atlantic. It also set clear limits on the other main tool that businesses use to transfer data: standard contractual clauses (SCCs). The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) found that the Privacy Shield did not protect European citizens against U.S. surveillance and suggested that contractual clauses would work only for transfers of data to jurisdictions that had equivalent privacy protections to the European Union. This means trouble for Facebook and other similar companies that rely on these data flows as part of their business model, as well as other big companies.…  Seguir leyendo »

Somali soldiers at the scene of a suicide car-bomb attack on a police station in Mogadishu last month. The explosion killed five people and wounded 10. (Mohamed Abdiwahab/Agence France-Presse via Getty Images)

The United States is getting more involved in Somalia, the nation in the Horn of Africa that has been wrestling with violent conflict and political instability for nearly three decades. Since June, the United States has conducted multiple military operations against al-Shabab militants in the country, pledged $126 million in humanitarian assistance, and announced plans to reestablish  permanent diplomatic representation in the capital in hopes of helping to stabilize the government.

Somalia’s central government’s failure has continued for years — despite hosting a large African Union peacekeeping force and many international military advisers, and receiving a significant amount of development aid.…  Seguir leyendo »