Nils Muiznieks

Nota: Este archivo abarca los artículos publicados por el autor desde el 1 de Septiembre de 2008. Para fechas anteriores realice una búsqueda entrecomillando su nombre.

The Hungarian police standing guard this month along the border with Serbia as construction workers finished a border fence near Roszke, Hungary. Credit Sergey Ponomarev for The New York Times

At the recent European Union summit meeting in Bratislava, Slovakia, the divergent approaches of member countries on how to handle the influx of migrants exposed deep divisions. Among the countries most hostile to the European Union proposals on migration was Hungary. This comes as no surprise.

Hungary’s disengagement from human rights protections and the rule of law is not new. In recent years, its government has put pressure on the news media, eroded the independence of the judiciary and obstructed the work of nonprofit groups. But it is on migration that Hungary’s departure from human rights norms is most glaring.

Over the last year, sweeping legislative changes have made it virtually impossible for migrants to achieve refugee status in the country, weakened asylum safeguards and unjustifiably criminalized immigrants and asylum seekers.…  Seguir leyendo »

The protection of refugees is an integral part of the international order for safeguarding human rights that countries developed in the aftermath of the atrocities of World War II. It’s in that context that European nations agreed on an array of rules on human rights and the treatment of refugees, resulting in probably the world’s best-functioning system for protecting them.

Now, however, the refugee crisis unfolding along the borders of the European Union has elicited a chaotic response. There is a clear danger that the union and its member states are losing their way, and are at risk of backsliding on fundamental commitments.…  Seguir leyendo »

Europe Is Spying on You

When Edward Snowden disclosed details of America’s huge surveillance program two years ago, many in Europe thought that the response would be increased transparency and stronger oversight of security services. European countries, however, are moving in the opposite direction. Instead of more public scrutiny, we are getting more snooping.

Pushed to respond to the atrocious attacks in Paris and Copenhagen and by the threats posed by the Islamic State to Europe’s internal security, several countries are amending their counterterrorism legislation to grant more intrusive powers to security services, especially in terms of mass electronic surveillance.

France recently adopted a controversial law on surveillance that permits major intrusions, without prior judicial authorization, into the private lives of suspects and those who communicate with them, live or work in the same place or even just happen to be near them.…  Seguir leyendo »

Depuis de nombreuses années, les pays européens ont été avertis que leurs systèmes d’asile et d’immigration étaient inadaptés. Aujourd’hui, avec l’afflux croissant de réfugiés et les tragédies de plus en plus fréquentes, ce système révèle toutes ses faiblesses. Mais les arrivées de réfugiés ne sont pas la cause réelle de cet effondrement. La véritable raison en est politique.

Selon le Haut-Commissariat des Nations unies pour les réfugiés, un peu plus de 430 000 demandes d’asile ont été déposées dans les Etats membres de l’Union européenne (UE) depuis janvier. 40 % d’entre elles ont été déposées en Allemagne, tandis que la Hongrie s’est chargée d’un quart des demandes restantes.…  Seguir leyendo »

You’re Better Than This, Europe

During the last seven decades, European countries have painstakingly tried to rebuild a continent once shattered by war and atrocities according to the values of solidarity and human rights. We built institutions to prevent the crimes of the past and we made a commitment to help those in need of protection.

This process has now gone awry. Europe’s current response to refugees shows unmistakable backsliding on that commitment. Immigration has become such a contentious issue that it is tearing apart what remains of the European project and its facade of solidarity.

I have observed this regression in many countries. Spain recently adopted legislative amendments to enable border guards to repel without due process migrants arriving from Morocco at Ceuta and Melilla, Spanish territories in North Africa.…  Seguir leyendo »