El informe Chilcot finalmente se dio a conocer este mes, siete años después de que el gobierno británico lo encomendara para «identificar lecciones» de la participación del Reino Unido en la guerra de Irak. Pero con el foco frenético en los errores de criterio del ex primer ministro Tony Blair y el proceso de hacer entrar al Reino Unido en esa guerra junto con Estados Unidos, se corre el riesgo de que las verdaderas lecciones nunca se aprendan.
Para muchos críticos, el fracaso de la guerra de Irak demuestra que las políticas exteriores intervencionistas de Occidente son inútiles e inmorales. Pero las intervenciones nunca se deberían evaluar en base al éxito o fracaso de la última.… Seguir leyendo »
The policy conundrum of the moment here is how to react to Russia’s intervention in Syria. Many policy makers and pundits bemoan the lack of an earlier and tougher American presence there and conclude that the opportunity to marginalize Russia’s role has passed.
What has caught less attention is Russia’s evident intent to expand its influence further — into Iraq. The United States can still try to prevent that, through both political and military intervention. But time is short.
Early last month, the United States made clear that it did not want Iraq to open its airspace to Russian flights transporting military equipment and personnel to Syria, but the Iraqis ignored the request.… Seguir leyendo »
Secretary of state John Kerry tried to suppress publication of the CIA torture report, citing fears of a blowback against US targets in the Middle East. But the truth is that the region barely flinched in response to the publication of the 528-page document.
Almost all state-run media in the region ignored the report entirely, keen to play down their complicity in rendition programmes and their own rampant use of torture in domestic prisons. And the public in Arab countries took the revelations simply as confirmation of facts that they had long believed to be true. That the report has prompted such uproar in the US is comic to a region that expects dastardly behaviour from the US.… Seguir leyendo »
The Obama administration must help the Iraqi government retake the city of Mosul from Islamists and stem their march toward Baghdad. But military aid will not be enough. For lasting success, the United States must compel Iraq’s divisive leadership to pursue government by reconciliation just as vigorously as it pursues battlefield victory.
We have learned the hard way that military counterinsurgencies that do not address political grievances always fail. Unless the Shiite-led Iraqi government adopts radical reforms that address the complaints of Iraq’s Sunni minority, an influx of American weapons will only add fuel to the fire consuming the country.
On Tuesday, Mosul, Iraq’s second largest city, fell to Islamist militants led by a breakaway group of Al Qaeda, the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, or ISIS.… Seguir leyendo »
Nobody wants another civil war in Iraq, yet events are propelling it in that direction. War can be averted only by a new political understanding among three main groups — Sunni Arabs, Shiite Arabs and Kurds — but Prime Minister Nuri Kamal al-Maliki has become too divisive to deliver it.
So the United States, together with Iraq’s neighbors, must press Mr. Maliki to resign so he can be replaced with a more conciliatory figure.
Last week, Iraq experienced the most serious escalation of violence since 2006, when it slid into civil war. Now it risks being sucked into a catastrophic vortex of regional violence centered on Syria.… Seguir leyendo »
The next president of the United States must fundamentally reassess America’s broken relationship with Iraq.
Under two American presidents now, the regime of Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki has operated in an atmosphere of immunity while the United States government focused on pacifying Iraq and finding its way to leave. Fearful of how criticisms of Iraq reflect on American policy, and now resolutely opposing any re-entanglement in Iraqi affairs, Washington’s approach has been simply to look the other way while Iraq runs roughshod over America’s strategic interests in the region.
The current clash of interests is over Syria. It is both right and in the interests of the United States that Bashar al-Assad’s brutal reign there comes to an end.… Seguir leyendo »
Just over the partition separating hundreds of female Hezbollah supporters from their male counterparts, a heated discussion is being held. A teenage security guard, identified as Hezbollah-approved by a green card badge safety-pinned to his T-shirt, wants to pray without leaving the large square in south Beirut where the Iranian president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad is due to speak.
The only thing he can find to pray on, however, is one of the A4 posters of Ahmadinejad that had been laid out on endless seats to be raised in adulation at the appropriate time. A discussion ensues between the teenager and a couple of security guards.… Seguir leyendo »