Omar G. Encarnación

Nota: Este archivo abarca los artículos publicados por el autor desde el 1 de Septiembre de 2008. Para fechas anteriores realice una búsqueda entrecomillando su nombre.

The performance of the Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party (PSOE) in last month’s Spanish general election, in which the party won a plurality of seats in the lower house of parliament and a majority in the upper house, was not just a remarkable recovery in fortunes for Spanish Socialists. By limiting the gains of Vox, a far-right party whose opposition to immigration, feminism, and LGBT rights echoes the values that prevailed during the Franco dictatorship, the PSOE’s victory has also lifted the spirits of social-democratic parties across Europe as they battle rising nationalism, secessionism, and skepticism about European integration.

By far the most enthusiastic response has come from neighboring France, where the Socialist Party has been in complete disarray since the end of François Hollande’s administration in 2017.…  Seguir leyendo »

Algunos simpatizantes de la extrema derecha española se reunieron a principios de febrero de 2019 en la Plaza de Colón, en Madrid, para protestar contra el gobierno del presidente Pedro Sánchez. Credit Óscar del Pozo/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

Cualquiera que busque evidencias de lo irracional que puede ser la política que vea el caso de Cataluña en este momento.

A principios de este mes, los separatistas catalanes del Parlamento español votaron en contra de la propuesta de presupuesto nacional de 2019 del presidente del Gobierno español, el socialista Pedro Sánchez, por lo que se organizaron elecciones parlamentarias anticipadas, que se celebrarán a finales de abril. Los separatistas estaban tomando represalias contra Sánchez porque no aceptó el referendo por la independencia catalana. El último referendo, organizado en octubre de 2017 —declarado ilegal por el Tribunal Constitucional de España y boicoteado por quienes se oponían a la independencia—, hundió a España en su crisis política más severa desde la muerte del general Francisco Franco en 1975.…  Seguir leyendo »

Gianni Ferrari/Cover/Getty Images El Valle de los Caídos, the war memorial and mausoleum of General Franco built, in part, by Republican prisoners in the mountains near Madrid, Spain, 1976

Few dictators have enjoyed the reverential afterlife of Generalissimo Francisco Franco, who ruled Spain with an iron fist from the end of the Spanish Civil War in 1939 until his death in 1975. Franco’s resting place, El Valle de los Caídos (or the Valley of the Fallen), on the outskirts of Madrid, is Spain’s grandest public monument, completed in 1959 to mark the twentieth anniversary of the end of the civil war. It features the world’s tallest memorial cross and an underground basilica consecrated by Pope John XXIII in 1960, which is one of the largest in all Christendom. A grand esplanade offers a view of the majestic Sierra de Guadarrama mountains.…  Seguir leyendo »

El drama entre el gobierno español en Madrid y el gobierno proindependentista en Cataluña, que ha ido escalando en tensión en particular desde el viernes, cuando las autoridades separatistas catalanas declararon la independencia, ha incluido a dos personajes que les resultan familiares a los estudiantes de política española: el mártir y el dictador.

Carles Puigdemont, quien hasta el viernes era el presidente del gobierno catalán, se ha autoasignado el papel del mártir. En las semanas que siguieron al referendo del 1 de octubre, en el que cerca del 90 por ciento de los catalanes que votaron eligieron la independencia, Puigdemont ha representado el papel de la víctima de la malvada administración madrileña.…  Seguir leyendo »

The drama between the Spanish government in Madrid and the pro-independence government in Catalonia, which reached a new stage of tension Friday when the separatist government in Barcelona declared independence, has featured two characters familiar to students of Spanish politics: the martyr and the strongman.

Carles Puigdemont, who was until Friday the Catalan government’s president, has suggestively cast himself in the role of the martyr. In the weeks since the Oct. 1 referendum, in which some 90 percent of voters chose independence, Mr. Puigdemont has portrayed himself as the victim of a villainous Madrid administration. Never mind that the referendum was unconstitutional and that only 41.5…  Seguir leyendo »

When King Juan Carlos abdicated the Spanish throne earlier this week, Spaniards were caught off-guard. As recently as April, Juan Carlos, who is one of the modern era’s most successful monarchs — he assumed the throne in 1975 following the death of General Francisco Franco and is widely considered to be the father of Spanish democracy for having orchestrated a widely-praised democratic transition that became a model for many other countries — was shutting down rumors that his transfer of some responsibilities to his son, 46-year-old Prince Felipe, was a sign that he might step down. “Abdication is not an option,” said a royal spokesman at the time.…  Seguir leyendo »