Paul Collier

Nota: Este archivo abarca los artículos publicados por el autor desde el 1 de mayo de 2009. Para fechas anteriores realice una búsqueda entrecomillando su nombre.

Elizabeth Sizar, a new arrival from South Sudan and mother of two, poses for a photo with her youngest son in front of their home in the Kalobeyei settlement. (Samuel Otieno/UNHCR)

Every June 20, on World Refugee Day, the headlines invariably focus on numbers. But numbers are not the issue; only about 0.3 percent of the world’s population are refugees. The real challenge comes from unequal geographical concentration.

Most refugees will never come to the United States or Europe. Around 85 percent end up in low and middle-income countries like Lebanon, Pakistan and Uganda, and just 10 such countries host 60 percent of the world’s refugees. This means refugee protection is primarily a developing world issue, and there is a lack of global responsibility-sharing.

Refugees stay in these safe haven countries for decades.…  Seguir leyendo »

Nigeria ha estado recibiendo mucha mala prensa últimamente, en gran medida debido al rapto por el grupo militante islamista Boko Haram de más de doscientas estudiantes en abril, como parte de una brutal campaña de secuestros, atentados y asesinatos. Pero, si bien estas cuestiones ciertamente ameritan la preocupación internacional, no se debe permitir que oscurezcan los recientes logros de Nigeria, ni que alienten al resto del mundo a darle la espalda al país.

Lo que se deja de lado en la mayoría de las discusiones actuales sobre Nigeria es el sólido historial económico que ha establecido durante la última década. De hecho, un reciente estudio sobre el país, al cual el McKinsey Global Institute (MGI) dedicó un año, mostró que Nigeria tiene potencial para convertirse en una de las principales economías del mundo en los próximos 15 años.…  Seguir leyendo »

Although the Group of Eight has often been used for gestures, it affords a rare opportunity for common action by the governments of major countries. Manifestly, there have been serious deficiencies in global economic governance. By addressing them the G-8 can help not only ourselves, but the people struggling in the world’s poorest countries. This has been Britain’s agenda as host of this year’s G-8.

At the top of the agenda has been taxation. Tax cooperation has not kept pace with the internationalization of business and the innovations of corporate lawyers and accountants. Treaties designed to avoid double taxation now deliver double non-taxation.…  Seguir leyendo »

En el próximo decenio, la extracción de petróleo, gas y minerales no transformados constituirá la oportunidad económica más importante, con mucha diferencia, de la historia de África. Este continente es la última frontera para el descubrimiento de recursos, por haber estado durante mucho tiempo relativamente desatendido por las compañías mineras y otras dedicadas a la extracción de recursos, en vista de las difíciles condiciones políticas existentes en él, pero el aumento de los precios de los productos básicos está venciendo su renuencia y las prospecciones están brindando una infinidad de nuevos descubrimientos.

En vista de que la extracción de recursos por kilómetro cuadrado en África representa el 20 por ciento de la media de la OCDE, el volumen total de extracción podría fácilmente multiplicarse por cinco.…  Seguir leyendo »

The news that Afghanistan has $1 trillion in unmined mineral deposits has been met with some pessimism. Now, it is said, the country will be transformed from its present condition into the next Congo, whose new wealth from gold, copper and other minerals has brought mainly corruption and violence.

Indeed, security in Afghanistan could easily deteriorate as a result of the discoveries, as it has not only in Congo but also in Nigeria (rich in oil) and Sierra Leone (diamonds). Afghanistan’s huge veins of iron, copper, cobalt, gold and lithium and other metals could end up financing more tribal and ideological warfare.…  Seguir leyendo »

In an astonishing outpouring of generosity, nearly half of American households have donated money to help Haiti recover from the recent earthquake. The United States government and other governments around the world, for their part, have sent thousands of relief workers and have pledged $1 billion so far. But Haitians need something more fundamental than relief from the present situation; they need jobs that they can count on for years ahead. For this, the private business sector is essential. Luckily, business leaders are meeting now in Davos, Switzerland, and Haiti is prominent on their agenda.

Haiti is by far the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, and yet it need not be so, because unexploited economic opportunities abound there.…  Seguir leyendo »