Last Saturday, African leaders gathered in South Sudan’s capital, Juba, to witness the signing of the Juba Peace Agreement, which promises to end decades of conflict in Sudan’s restive Darfur, Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile regions. The agreement, brokered by South Sudan’s president, Salva Kiir, is yet another milestone in Sudan’s gradual transition to peace and democracy. And while Kiir deserves commendation for his successful mediation in Sudan’s conflict, his own management of South Sudan has been disastrous. Just last month, the Social Progress Imperative ranked South Sudan dead last on its 2020 Social Progress Index, at 163 out of 163.… Seguir leyendo »
Peter Biar Ajak
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After about a year of on-off negotiations between the government of South Sudan and rebels led by its former vice president, Riek Machar, the two sides have yet to make any meaningful progress.
The violence first erupted in December 2013 after a power struggle between Mr. Machar and the country’s president, Salva Kiir, which soon plunged the fledgling republic into civil war. Despite signing a cease-fire agreement in January 2014, and again in May, the two sides have continued to attack each other. Tens of thousands of people have been killed, and nearly two million people have been displaced. South Sudan now ranks first on the Fund for Peace’s Fragile States Index.… Seguir leyendo »
The government of South Sudan and rebels led by its former vice president, Riek Machar, are scheduled to begin a second round of negotiations on Friday. During the first round last month the parties agreed to a cease-fire, but the violence has not stopped and an agreement to end the rebellion has yet to be reached.
Yet even peace would be a partial solution, because it cannot address the underlying cause of the strife: the lack of competent institutions of governance in the fledgling republic.
The crisis began on Dec. 15, 2013, when fighting broke out within the Presidential Guards between forces loyal to the president, Salva Kiir, who belongs to the Dinka tribe, and supporters of Machar, a Nuer.… Seguir leyendo »