Philippe Douste-Blazy

Nota: Este archivo abarca los artículos publicados por el autor desde el 1 de mayo de 2009. Para fechas anteriores realice una búsqueda entrecomillando su nombre.

Este mes, en las Naciones Unidas se discutirá un informe de alto nivel sobre las prioridades globales de desarrollo para la etapa que comenzará en 2015 al llegar a su término los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio (ODM). Una de las prioridades que los líderes mundiales asumirán será la calidad de la educación.

Mientras que la situación mundial en materia de salud (una cuestión clave dentro de los ODM) ha mejorado drásticamente estos últimos años, los avances en educación no han sido ni remotamente tan satisfactorios. Esto se debió a muchos motivos, entre ellos: que las inversiones en educación son muy complejas; que la gobernanza internacional es deficiente; y (por supuesto) que falta dinero.…  Seguir leyendo »

It has been three years since the collapse of Lehman Brothers and the start of a financial crisis that still casts a dark cloud over the global economy.

Governments, both rich and poor, urgently need a way to calm speculation in the financial markets and to raise revenue. On Wednesday, the European Commission president, José Manuel Barroso, proposed a tax on financial transactions. Such a measure, already supported by the German chancellor, Angela Merkel, and the French president, Nicolas Sarkozy, is long overdue.

Indeed, a tax of just 0.05 percent levied on each stock, bond, derivative or currency transaction would be aimed at financial institutions’ casino-style trading, which helped precipitate the economic crisis.…  Seguir leyendo »

Dans quelques jours, à New York, les dirigeants des 192 Etats de la planète se retrouveront pour une Assemblée générale des Nations unies consacrée, cette année, au bilan de la réalisation des Objectifs du millénaire pour le développement (OMD).

Or, force est de constater que, dix ans après l’adoption de ce plan le plus ambitieux jamais élaboré par la communauté internationale pour faire reculer de manière décisive l’extrême pauvreté, la faim, l’ignorance, la mortalité infantile et les grandes pandémies, les résultats sont loin d’être au rendez-vous. En l’état actuel des choses, l’échéance de 2015 pour atteindre les OMD ne pourra sans doute pas être tenue.…  Seguir leyendo »

The global economic crisis has claimed many victims – unemployed workers, flooded homeowners and bankrupt pensioners – but nowhere have the repercussions been as devastating as in the developing world.

The setback to the fragile gains of recent years, particularly in Africa, threatens to return millions of people to the extreme poverty from which they had just managed to escape. In addition to the prospect of enormous human suffering, severe economic, political, and social pressures now threaten to overwhelm and destabilise developing countries, triggering conflict on an unprecedented scale.

What makes the downward spiral particularly disheartening is that the economic crisis has hit at a time of the first glimmerings of progress, notably in healthcare.…  Seguir leyendo »

As leaders of the world’s largest economies gather today in Pittsburgh for the Group of 20 meeting, people in the world’s poorest countries will likely look on with a mix of hope and trepidation, wondering whether their needs will figure in the deliberations at all. The G-20 nations could help both the poor and the global economy by fully financing lagging efforts to fight poverty and disease worldwide, and the best way to do this would be to impose a very small tax on the prosperous foreign exchange industry.

The eight United Nations Millennium Development Goals — which include eradicating extreme poverty and hunger, establishing universal primary education, reducing child mortality, improving maternal health and combating AIDS, malaria and other diseases — are meant to be reached by 2015.…  Seguir leyendo »