Tugba Bozcaga

Nota: Este archivo abarca los artículos publicados por el autor desde el 1 de julio de 2009. Para fechas anteriores realice una búsqueda entrecomillando su nombre.

Turkey’s recent referendum, which ended its parliamentary system by transferring all executive powers to the president, has been a source of contention within its borders, as well as outside them. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s Justice and Development Party, or AKP, along with his government ministers and MPs, led active “Yes” campaigns in an array of European countries. Those rallies and public meetings targeted not only active AKP supporters, who are the overwhelming majority of Turkish immigrant populations in Europe, but all Turks eligible to vote.

Governments in Europe expressed displeasure with what they viewed as the one-sidedness of the rallies and the tensions they provoked, including violent clashes between supporters and opponents outside the Turkish embassy in Brussels.…  Seguir leyendo »