Les 376 membres du Comité central du parti communiste chinois se sont réunis du 9 au 12 novembre avec la volonté affichée de délibérer des réformes économiques et sociétales à venir. Comme il se doit, le président Xi Jinping a lu un «rapport de travail» dans lequel il a prononcé quelques phrases contradictoires telles que : «La fonction du marché est décisive dans l’allocation des ressources» et pourtant «nous devons maintenir le rôle dominant de notre système de propriété collective et donner un rôle directeur à une économie dirigée par l’Etat. «
Quoiqu’il en soit, il faut » maintenir la direction du parti», ce qui résume le tout.… Seguir leyendo »
Few people understand the predicament of Chen Guangcheng, the blind human rights activist who sought and then gave up American protection in Beijing, as well as I do. No matter what he has decided, whether to stay in China or to leave, he has made both the right choice and the wrong choice. I faced a similarly difficult situation.
In March 1979, I was arrested and spent more than 14 years in solitary confinement for promoting freedom and democracy, and denouncing Deng Xiaoping’s attempts to create a new type of dictatorship in China.
In September 1993, one week before the International Olympic Committee voted on Beijing’s (ultimately unsuccessful) bid for the 2000 Summer Olympics, the Chinese government released me, six months ahead of schedule.… Seguir leyendo »
On April 3, the Chinese Communist authorities secretly detained the well-known artist Ai Weiwei. Neither his family nor friends were notified of what happened to him, why he was seized or where he was. Like everyone else, they have now learned from the Xinhua News Agency that he is under investigation for “economic crimes.”
This action against one of China’s most well-known cultural figures recalls the opening shots of the Cultural Revolution, when the Maoist regime removed ideologically inconvenient artists, writers and intellectuals from the scene at will without any pretense to legal procedures.
After the long march toward the rule of law China has been tentatively treading since the end of the Mao era, this return to outright lawlessness is shocking even to a hardened dissident like me.… Seguir leyendo »
Nine months before Nelson Mandela was released from prison in South Africa, the Chinese police cracked down on demonstrators in Tiananmen Square, and in August 1989 I was sent to Hebei Prison for incitement to overthrow state power. My cellmates, like so many Chinese people at the time, were pessimistic about China’s future. “Why do you persist?” they would ask me. “Democracy and freedom are good, but there is not much hope for them in China.” The prison guards would tell me, “We have guarded many political prisoners before. The smarter ones have been promoted by the Communists to ranks as high as ‘political consultant’; the ones who persisted in defiance never ended well.”… Seguir leyendo »
Vendredi 25 décembre, un réformiste modéré, Liu Xiaobo, a été condamné à onze ans de prison par le gouvernement chinois au simple motif qu’il avait fait circuler et signé une pétition, la Charte 08, qui réclame les réformes politiques et les droits humains fondamentaux dont une grande partie du monde bénéficie déjà.
Il s’agit d’un message clair à l’adresse de tous ceux qui demandent de la retenue à une Chine dotée d’une puissance toute neuve, et qui occupe désormais une place de premier rang dans les réunions de la gouvernance mondiale : «Puisque vous avez réclamé à grand bruit la libération de Liu après son arrestation, nous le punirons encore plus sévèrement.… Seguir leyendo »
The whole world is suffering from an economic crisis. Some in the West, like a desperate drowning man clutching at a straw, have said the Chinese Government has a lot of money, let us beg them to save us from the crisis. But they do not realise that the Government in Beijing does not know how to save itself.
China has a $2 trillion foreign currency reserve but it also suffers from a huge disparity between the rich and poor: while 0.4 per cent of the people hold 70 per cent of the wealth of the country, a fifth of the population – more than 300 million Chinese – have daily incomes of less than one dollar.… Seguir leyendo »
As what the Dalai Lama has called «cultural genocide» goes on in Tibet, it is wholly unacceptable that Jacques Rogge, the head of the International Olympic Committee, refuses to take a stand against the Beijing government’s current crackdown on Tibetan protesters. In fact, this is completely at odds with the «spirit of the Olympics.»
Far more than Steven Spielberg, who quit his advisory role for the Summer Games because of China’s unwillingness to pressure the Sudanese government on genocide in Darfur, the IOC has a special obligation to act. Since promised improvements in China’s human rights were a quid pro quo for awarding the Games to Beijing, how can it proceed as if nothing happened when blood is flowing in the streets of Lhasa?… Seguir leyendo »