Yukiya Amano

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El terrorismo nuclear es, en palabras del Presidente estadounidense Barack Obama, “el más grave peligro al que nos enfrentamos”. Si bien pocos cuestionarían este modo de formularlo, el mundo tiene tareas pendientes sobre cómo abordar esta amenaza. Una década después de que los líderes mundiales acordaran hacer enmiendas al hito que significó en 1987 la Convención sobre la protección física de los materiales nucleares (CPPNM, por sus siglas en inglés) para dificultar que los terroristas obtengan acceso a materiales nucleares, sigue pendiente que entren en vigencia las nuevas medidas. Es urgente hacer frente a la vulnerabilidad que causa esta situación.

En julio de 2005 los firmantes de la CPPNM acordaron enmendar la Convención para hacer frente al riesgo del terrorismo de manera más eficaz.…  Seguir leyendo »

World leaders have devoted increasing attention in recent years to the risk of terrorists obtaining nuclear or other radioactive material. That’s the good news. But all of us need to act with greater urgency in translating good intentions into concrete action.

The risk of nuclear or other radioactive material falling into the wrong hands is all too real. There have been embarrassing security lapses at nuclear facilities, and sensitive material is often inadequately secured. Indeed, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) records numerous cases of theft and other unauthorized activities involving nuclear and radioactive material every year. Most of these incidents are fairly minor, but some are more serious.…  Seguir leyendo »

The International Atomic Energy Agency is aware of more than 2,000 confirmed cases of illicit trafficking and other unauthorized activities involving nuclear and other radioactive material in the past 18 years. In a sting operation in Moldova last year, police seized a quantity of highly enriched uranium — material that can be used in a nuclear weapon — from an individual who was trying to sell it.

Most cases of attempted trafficking do not involve nuclear materials but, rather, radioactive materials of the sort held in hospitals, factories and many other locations worldwide that are generally not as well protected as nuclear facilities.…  Seguir leyendo »

Cancer is an enormous – and growing – global public-health problem. And, of the 7.6 million cancer deaths every year, 4.8 million occur in the developing world. A disease formerly considered more pervasive in affluent countries now places its heaviest burden on poor and disadvantaged populations.

In some African countries, fewer than 15% of cancer patients survive for five years following diagnosis of cervical and breast cancer, diseases that are highly curable elsewhere in the world. These are shocking statistics, with huge implications for human suffering, health-care systems (and budgets), and the international drive to reduce poverty. So they should be treated as a call to action.…  Seguir leyendo »

The Post's Lally Weymouth talked to Yukiya Amano, director general of the International Atomic Energy Agency, last week in Vienna. Excerpts:

Q. Many believe that Iran carried out nuclear weapons research in the past, including work on weaponization. . . . Do you agree with this?

A. We receive information from various countries and collect information from our own sources that give us concern over the possible use of nuclear materials for military purposes - in the past and perhaps now.

How is Iran complying with the IAEA? Your last report indicated some frustration.

We ask them to declare - we ask about their activities.…  Seguir leyendo »