Política Exterior

El parque nacional de Thingvellir, unos 50 kilómetros al este de Reykjavik, es el sitio histórico más importante de Islandia. Es el lugar donde los vikingos fundaron el primer parlamento democrático en el año 930, y donde la República de Islandia proclamó su independencia de Dinamarca en 1944. También está asentado sobre una enorme fractura geológica, donde la pequeña placa Hreppafleki forma una ruptura estrecha entre las placas tectónicas de Norteamérica y Eurasia. En el entorno geopolítico actual, el simbolismo es potente.

Sin duda, existe una ruptura entre Estados Unidos y Europa. La placa Hreppafleki puede representar a China, que ha reclamado su posición en el máximo nivel de las potencias globales -una situación para la cual Estados Unidos y Europa parecen no haber coincidido en una respuesta-.…  Seguir leyendo »

Yemeni women and children wait during food distribution in the province of Hodeida on May 30, 2018. Hodeida port, Yemen's largest entry point for aid, is now in the crosshairs of the Saudi-led coalition which is intent on cutting off the Huthi rebels from alleged Iranian arms shipments. The United Nations has warned that any operation aimed at seizing Hodeida itself would disrupt the entry of aid shipments to Yemen, 70 percent of which flow through the rebel-held port. / AFP PHOTO / ABDO HYDER

After more than three years of fighting, Yemen is teetering on the cusp of an even fiercer war. The Saudi Arabian-led coalition is poised for an offensive on the Red Sea port of Hodeidah that could plunge Yemen into greater turmoil, deepen its humanitarian crisis, and provoke a surge in cross-border missile attacks by the Houthi rebels.

The European Union and its member states have a chance to stop the conflict from sliding into a lethal new stage; now is the time to take action. All sides have declared a readiness to engage in talks (with various conditions), but they need to be nudged towards the table before a full-fledged battle for Hodeidah breaks out.…  Seguir leyendo »

En un contexto en que se alzan demasiadas voces a favor del nacionalismo económico, Europa y América Latina tienen la oportunidad de convertirse en los principales defensores de la integración económica internacional.

La voz de ambas regiones a favor de la apertura es de enorme significado frente al auge de la retórica proteccionista. Los próximos meses serán decisivos para que Europa y América Latina demuestren su apuesta por el comercio y la inversión, y por un crecimiento económico capaz de ser inclusivo y sostenible. Actualmente se encuentran sobre la mesa distintos procesos de negociación de la Unión Europea (UE) con países latinoamericanos, todos ellos cruciales.…  Seguir leyendo »

La retirada de Donald Trump del Plan de Acción Integral Conjunto (PAIC) con Irán y la reimposición de las sanciones estadounidenses a aquel país son una amenaza a la paz mundial. La seguridad de Europa depende de defender el acuerdo con Irán contra la retirada estadounidense. Para eso es necesario que Europa (junto con Rusia, China y otros estados miembros de Naciones Unidas) garantice un normal desarrollo de las relaciones económicas con Irán, lo cual sólo será posible en la medida en que confronte, y en definitiva revierta, las sanciones extraterritoriales de Estados Unidos, que pretenden disuadir a otros países de mantener actividades comerciales y financieras con Irán.…  Seguir leyendo »

Preparations are made for European leaders to meet with Iranian representatives in Brussels on 15 May. Photo: Getty Images.

US President Donald Trump’s decision to withdraw from the 2015 Iran nuclear deal, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), will severely degrade regional and global security. His decision has increased the risk of war and a nuclear arms race in the Middle East and beyond. He has undermined attempts to limit the proliferation of nuclear weapons through multilateral diplomacy, as unilateral withdrawal equals non-compliance with a legally-binding UN Security Council resolution. This is a rejection of the UN as arbiter of international peace and security, as well as of international law as a lynchpin of international relations.

The steps that Europeans now take will have serious consequences for their alliance with the US, for security in the Middle East, as well as for their relations vis-à-vis China, Russia and the wider world.…  Seguir leyendo »

Federica Mogherini, the European Union’s high representative for foreign affairs and security policy, said the E.U. and the rest of the international community would preserve the Iran nuclear deal.CreditBorislav Troshev/EPA, via Shutterstock

After months of swaggering hesitation, President Trump finally announced the United States’ withdrawal from the nuclear deal with Iran, to which Britain, France, Russia, China, Germany and the European Union are also parties. This action tramples on European leaders, who urged Mr. Trump to exercise restraint in the interest of international security and multilateralism.

Federica Mogherini, the European Union’s high representative for foreign affairs and security policy, reacted to Mr. Trump’s announcement with a sharp statement. The European Union and the rest of the international community, she said, would “preserve this nuclear deal.” The question is how. Notwithstanding an abundance of kvetching, European powers have not yet shown Mr.…  Seguir leyendo »

Diplomats from countries that brokered the 2015 Iran nuclear agreement met in Vienna in March and declared that it was working.CreditJoe Klamar/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

This article has been updated to reflect recent developments.

There are few things more worrisome to imagine than the situation we have today in the Middle East. One, however, would be the current situation in the Middle East with nuclear-armed states.

So far, the international regime of nonproliferation has effectively kept the number of nuclear-armed states at bay, even within the context of the continuing regional cold war between Saudi Arabia and Iran.

The most important and promising step taken toward nonproliferation in the past 20 years — the one with the most impact — is known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.…  Seguir leyendo »

When former Russian double agent Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia were poisoned in Salisbury, England, by a Novichok nerve agent, the British government investigated — and called the Russian state responsible for the chemical attack.

The European Union also issued a strong statement and expressed “unqualified solidarity with the United Kingdom in the face of this grave challenge to our shared security.”

Austria signed on to the E.U. statement, but then held back when the United Kingdom, United States and a number of E.U. countries subsequently expelled some 100 Russian diplomats.

Vienna’s decision not to follow suit move drew heavy criticism from other E.U.…  Seguir leyendo »

Jean-Claude Juncker, the president of the European Commission, has just set a new low for Europe’s standing in the world. In the wake of Russia’s sham presidential election on Sunday, Juncker sent the victorious Vladimir Putin a message of unctuous praise. “Congratulations on your re-election,” Juncker tweeted. “I have always argued that positive relations between the EU and Russia are crucial to the security of our continent.”

Juncker also made a point of signaling his enthusiasm for the Kremlin’s demands for a new Europe-wide security architecture, a proposal ultimately designed to split Europe from the United States and inevitably weaken NATO.…  Seguir leyendo »

Irán necesita más que nunca el apoyo de Europa, y la UE se juega en Teherán su credibilidad como actor internacional. El ultimátum lanzado por Donald Trump a Bruselas para que exija nuevas condiciones a Irán antes de que en mayo EEUU vuelva a examinar el acuerdo nuclear alcanzado con el régimen de los ayatolás tras años de arduas negociaciones, debe ser el revulsivo que impulse una política exterior europea propia. La UE y el Gobierno del reformista Hasan Rohaní pusieron todo su empeño en ese acuerdo, alcanzado en el 2015, que limita el programa nuclear iraní a cambio del levantamiento de las sanciones internacionales.…  Seguir leyendo »

It’s become an article of faith that the U.S. is withdrawing from the world, and a reflex to blame Donald Trump for it. It’s also largely fictitious. Some 34,000 U.S. troops are in the Gulf, at least 14,000 in Afghanistan, 70,000 or so in North East Asia, and roughly 62,000 in Europe. Many of those numbers are growing under his presidency, alongside the list of countries in which the U.S. wages counterterrorism military operations. The picture President Trump presented in his State of the Union was not, in fairness, that of a detached America. It was of a chest-thumping America that wishes to free itself of the shackles supposedly hindering an already aggressive war on ISIS.…  Seguir leyendo »

Figura 7. Índice CPIA de calidad institucional y de la gestión pública

Tema

El desempeño de las economías africanas tras el fin del boom de las materias primas ha estado marcado por una creciente heterogeneidad. La cooperación de la UE debe adaptarse a las nuevas realidades vigentes en el continente. Sobre todo, debe reconocer la especificidad de las condiciones políticas en cada país, y actuar en consecuencia.

Resumen

En los años 2000 la mayoría de las economías africanas lograron recuperarse de la profunda crisis de los 80 y 90, impulsadas por mejoras en sus políticas internas y unas condiciones económicas globales más favorables. A pesar de un movimiento gradual hacia un ambiente político más democrático, la calidad institucional no ha acompañado al crecimiento económico, e incluso se han visto algunos retrocesos, especialmente entre los países dependientes de los recursos naturales.…  Seguir leyendo »

Europe’s silence

It’s tempting to say that Europe’s leaders lack the courage of their convictions. But that would imply that they have convictions. The evidence suggests those days are gone.

In particular, Europe’s leaders have been conspicuously unmoved by the spectacle of Iranians, day after day, taking to the streets in dozens of cities and towns, risking arrest, torture and death to protest their oppression and impoverishment by a religious class that has been Iran’s ruling class for almost two generations.

The theocrats have used the nation’s oil wealth, in addition to the billions of dollars that have filled Iranian coffers thanks to sanctions relief, to support fighters in Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Yemen and Gaza.…  Seguir leyendo »

Si bien es un hecho que la UE y sus Estados miembros se hallan comprometidos con los derechos humanos, las actuales políticas no son quizá las más adecuadas. Tienen carencias importantes para el día de hoy y no son suficientes para la Europa del mañana. Ante los desafíos surgidos en 2016 y 2017, migraciones, Brexit y ascenso al poder de Donald Trump incluidos, las instituciones y gobiernos europeos (especialmente algunos de estos) han dado marcha atrás en lo que a los valores esenciales se refiere.

Los años 70 a 90 protagonizaron el creciente interés de las instituciones europeas por los derechos humanos, y el Parlamento asumió un papel relevante.…  Seguir leyendo »

On a crisp morning in Vienna two summers ago, hours before concluding the nuclear deal with the United States, the European Union and five other world powers, I took to Twitter to write that the landmark accord was “not a ceiling but a solid foundation.”

Unfortunately, for the past 11 months, the response to Iran’s good faith has been tantrums from the Trump administration. But the unreliability of the United States — from climate change to Palestine— has become predictable. Our main concern now is cautioning European countries against wavering on issues beyond the scope of the nuclear agreement and following in lock step behind the White House.…  Seguir leyendo »

The pundits in Washington say that Secretary of State Rex Tillerson is on his way out. On the day of his departure many of his enemies will undoubtedly rejoice. But few European diplomats will be among them.

Tillerson has just landed in Europe, where he will hold meetings in Brussels, Vienna and Paris. In all of these places, he will be received with the customary friendliness and attention. Why?

To Europeans, Tillerson’s policies generally sound reasonable and balanced. He doesn’t tweet out anti-Muslim screeds. He sees a need for diplomacy in handling the North Korean situation. He speaks highly of NATO and the mutual defense commitments that it entails.…  Seguir leyendo »

There is no doubt that Brussels policymakers and many European leaders recognize the need to move the EU’s relationship with Africa away from the ‘traditional’ donor–recipient dynamic, towards a genuinely fresh and respectful relationship. The two continents are close neighbours, with many shared interests and shared problems. Forging such a new partnership was the emphasis in the run up to the African Union-European Union summit, held in Côte d’Ivoire on 29–30 November.

The European Parliament invited a wide range of Africans to a pre-summit conference in Brussels. However, at a parallel pre-summit gathering in Abidjan, African concerns were manifest: that, even as it talks of partnership, the EU continues to set the agenda, often fails to consult its African partners and remains stuck in a post-colonial mentality.…  Seguir leyendo »

Two former colonial powers of the European Union, France and the United Kingdom, have long shaped the bloc’s approach to Africa. France kept the EU’s focus on West Africa and the Sahel, while the UK made sure that the Horn of Africa and East Africa would not be ignored. After Brexit, that may all be about to change.

The UK provides almost 15 percent of the budget for the European Development Fund, which runs until 2020, and through which the African Union’s peace and security activities are funded. Somalia, which has close ties to Britain, is by far the continent’s greatest recipient of this funding.…  Seguir leyendo »

La Unión Africana y la Unión Europea acaban de celebrar su 5.ª Cumbre en Abiyán, en Costa de Marfil. Ocurre diez años después de la Estrategia Conjunta África-UE, por la que hemos cooperado en cuestiones que revisten importancia a ambos lados del Mediterráneo y para el resto del mundo.

Para ambas partes, colaborar es lo más lógico. Lo que ocurre en África afecta a Europa y lo que ocurre en Europa afecta a África. Juntos representamos a 83 países, en los que residen 1.700 millones de personas. Estamos vinculados por la geografía, la historia y la humanidad. Compartimos los mismos valores y principios, así como la creencia en un orden mundial basado en normas.…  Seguir leyendo »

Le 5e sommet Union africaine-Union européenne (UE) se tient à Abidjan, en Côte d’Ivoire, les 29 et 30 novembre. Cette occasion historique se présente dix ans après l’adoption de la stratégie commune UE-Afrique, qui nous a permis de coopérer sur des enjeux qui revêtent une importance majeure, sur les deux rives de la Méditerranée comme dans le reste du monde.

Cette coopération tombe tout simplement sous le sens pour les deux parties. En effet, ce qui se passe en Afrique a des répercussions en Europe et vice versa. Ensemble, nous représentons 83 pays où vivent 1,7 milliard de personnes. Nous sommes liés par la géographie, l’histoire et l’humanité.…  Seguir leyendo »