Antisemitismo (Continuación)

Les 21 et 22 février se tenait, à l’Ecole des hautes études en sciences sociales (EHESS, Paris), un colloque international consacré à la nouvelle école polonaise d’histoire de la Shoah, accompagné d’une conférence de l’historien américain d’origine polonaise Jan Gross au Collège de France. Quel ne fut pas l’étonnement de la très nombreuse assistance de voir une trentaine d’individus se réclamant de l’Eglise polonaise («Nous sommes catholiques ! Nous sommes polonais !») perturber le colloque en voulant imposer leur vision des relations judéo-polonaises pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Ils n’ont eu de cesse – certains étaient venus exprès de Pologne – de crier et d’interrompre les participants par des quolibets et insultes, les traitant de menteurs, tapant des mains de façon intempestive, exigeant de filmer les débats, y réussissant partiellement : des extraits du colloque ont été immédiatement mis en ligne avec des commentaires haineux.…  Seguir leyendo »

El sábado 16 de febrero, el filósofo francés Alain Finkielkraut fue insultado en las calles de París por integrantes del movimiento de los chalecos amarillos. Le lanzaron, entre otros improperios, “sucio judío”, “vete a Tel Aviv” o “sionista de mierda”. Después del incidente, en declaraciones para la cadena CNEWS, Finkielkraut —hijo de judíos polacos que huyeron a Francia escapando del nazismo— acertó a definir el tipo de odio del que fue víctima: “No es el resurgimiento del antisemitismo, es un nuevo antisemitismo, me gritaron ‘sionista’ y ‘Palestina”.

Ya en 2004, en una entrevista concedida al rotativo argentino La Nación, el filósofo había identificado el nuevo tipo de judeofobia que se estaba apoderando de las calles de Francia.…  Seguir leyendo »

El antisemitismo en Francia

Francia tiene una vieja tradición antisemita. El caso Dreyfus, que lleva el nombre del oficial francés acusado de traición por ser judío y absuelto tras la famosa carta Yo acusoque escribió Émile Zola, dividió a Francia y puso en evidencia el fondo racista y antisemita de la Tercera República. El drama se desarrolló de 1894 a 1906. Durante ese periodo, la cuestión judía estuvo en el centro de todos los debates y demostró que el judío seguía siendo el chivo expiatorio y objeto de prejuicios y fantasías.

Incluso después de que le declararan inocente, Alfred Dreyfus cargó hasta su muerte con la sospecha de traición.…  Seguir leyendo »

Demonstrators carrying a B.D.S. sign, representing the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement that seeks to economically isolate Israel, protested American aid to Israel at a fundraising event for Hillary Clinton in 2016. Credit Robyn Beck/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

It happened again last month in Detroit. Pro-Palestinian demonstrators seized the stage of the National L.G.B.T.Q. Task Force’s marquee conference, “Creating Change” and demanded a boycott of Israel. “From the river to the sea, Palestine will be free,” they chanted — the tediously malign, thinly veiled call to end Israel as a Jewish state.

They were met with sustained applause by the audience at what is the largest annual conference of L.G.B.T.Q. activists in the United States. Conference organizers did nothing to stop the disruption or disavow the demonstrators.

For Tyler Gregory, neither the behavior of the protesters nor the passivity of the organizers came as a surprise.…  Seguir leyendo »

El rabino Jonathan Sacks distingue tres etapas en la historia del antisemitismo:

1.- Durante la Edad Media, se odió al llamado «pueblo deicida» por su religión. En este sentido, la obra de Gonzalo de Berceo es ilustrativa. Sus Milagros de nuestra señora (siglo XIII) cuentan cómo los judíos de Toledo reviven la Pasión de Cristo con una figura de cera. La Virgen alerta a los cristianos, que en represalia arrasan la judería.

2.- En el siglo XIX y en la primera mitad del XX, proliferaron las teorías pseudocientíficas sobre la inferioridad de los judíos, a quienes se odió por su «raza».…  Seguir leyendo »

Hearing for US citizen detained by Israel

In response to: The Pro-Israel Push to Purge US Campus Critics, NYR Daily, December 15, 2018.

To the Editor:

In her essay, Katherine Franke of Columbia University shows a remarkably selective myopia. She seeks to persuade readers we have reached a significant turning point on public recognition of Israel’s suppression of Palestinian human rights—citing rising divestment efforts on American campuses, the election of a few pro-Palestinian voices to Congress, some actions by celebrities, even the behavior of global companies.

Consider events in the last few weeks. All ten chancellors of the University of California rejected the boycott of Israel (BDS) as antithetical to academic freedom.…  Seguir leyendo »

A lo largo de los siglos, los judíos han sido culpados de todo tipo de males en las sociedades cristianas y musulmanas, desde la Gran Plaga del siglo XIV hasta las crisis financieras de los tiempos modernos. En 1903, Los protocolos de los sabios de Sion, producido por la policía secreta de la Rusia imperial, “expuso” un plan judío diabólico para alcanzar el dominio mundial promoviendo el liberalismo –y se convirtió en un pretexto para el antisemitismo en Europa-. Estos relatos perduran hasta el día de hoy, sólo que ahora se proyectan en un solo judío: George Soros.

Los teóricos de la conspiración de derecha y antiglobalistas –un grupo que hoy incluye al presidente norteamericano, Donald Trump- demoniza a Soros, un judío adinerado que está profundamente comprometido con las causas liberales.…  Seguir leyendo »

Strasbourg's grand rabbi inspected graves desecrated with swastikas in a Jewish cemetery north of the French city on Dec. 14. (Vincent Kessler/Reuters)

Anti-Semitism is sometimes compared to a virus. While we can’t eliminate it, we at least know how to keep it under control. But what if we’re wrong? What if, like a virus, anti-Semitism has developed a new strain, unresponsive to all the traditional treatments?

The European Union’s Agency for Fundamental Rights’ (FRA) new report on discrimination and hate crimes against Jews in the E.U. is deeply disturbing. Anti-Semitism is “pervasive” and «has become disturbingly normalized,” it says. “The persistence and prevalence of antisemitism hinder people’s ability to live openly Jewish lives.”

FRA polled more than 16,000 Jews in 12 E.U. countries this year.…  Seguir leyendo »

A Palestinian rides a donkey-drawn cart past a mural on March 30, 2016, in Khan Yunis, in the southern Gaza Strip as Palestinians mark Land Day. On the annual Land Day, demonstrations are held to remember six Arab Israeli protesters who were shot dead by Israeli police and troops during mass protests in 1976 against plans to confiscate Arab land in the Galilee. / AFP / SAID KHATIB (Photo credit should read SAID KHATIB/AFP/Getty Images)

There are signs that we’ve reached a tipping point in US public recognition of Israel’s suppression of the rights of Palestinians as a legitimate human rights concern. Increasingly, students on campuses across the country are calling on their universities to divest from companies that do business in Israel. Newly elected members of Congress are saying what was once unsayable: that perhaps the US should question its unqualified diplomatic and financial support for Israel, our closest ally in the Middle East, and hold it to the same human rights scrutiny we apply to other nations around the globe. Global companies such as Airbnb have recognized that their business practices must reflect international condemnation of the illegality of Israeli settlements in the West Bank.…  Seguir leyendo »

The wall at the border between Israel and Lebanon in northern Israel.CreditCreditSebastian Scheiner/Associated Press

In 2002, Hassan Nasrallah, the secretary-general of Hezbollah, was said to have given a speech noting that the creation of the state of Israel had spared his followers the trouble of hunting down Jews at “the ends of the world.” The Lebanese terrorist group has prominent apologists in the West, and some of them rushed to claim that Nasrallah had uttered no such thing.

Except he had. Tony Badran of the Foundation for Defense of Democracies tracked down the original recording of the speech, in which Nasrallah carries on about “occupied Palestine” as the place appointed by Allah for the “final and decisive battle” with the Jews.…  Seguir leyendo »

Rashida Tlaib, an incoming Democratic House member from Michigan. She and Ilhan Omar of Minnesota have said they support efforts to pressure Israel economically.CreditCreditCarolyn Kaster/Associated Press

On Monday, in an interview with The Intercept, Rashida Tlaib, a Michigan Democrat who in November became the first Palestinian-American elected to Congress, went public with her support for the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement, which seeks to use economic pressure on Israel to secure Palestinian rights. That made her the second incoming member of Congress to publicly back B.D.S., after Minnesota Democrat Ilhan Omar, who revealed her support last month.

No current member of Congress supports B.D.S., a movement that is deeply taboo in American politics for several reasons. Opponents argue that singling out Israel for economic punishment is unfair and discriminatory, since the country is far from the world’s worst violator of human rights.…  Seguir leyendo »

Far-right marchers passed by the Reichstag in Berlin this month on the 80th anniversary of the Kristallnacht pogrom against Jews. CreditCreditOmer Messinger/EPA, via Shutterstock

Paris. Toulouse. Malmo. Copenhagen. Brussels. Berlin.

For most people, they are lovely cities where you might happily take a holiday. But for the world’s Jews, they are something else, too. They are place names of hate.

Paris for us doesn’t mean just baguettes and Brie but also this year’s murder of a Holocaust survivor in her apartment in the 11th arrondissement and the 2015 siege of a kosher supermarket during which four people were killed. Toulouse is the place where in 2012 three Jewish children and a teacher were murdered at school.

Malmo doesn’t call to mind the Swedish coast so much as fire bombs planted outside a Jewish burial chapel.…  Seguir leyendo »

Al grito de: “¡Todos los judíos deben morir!”, Robert Bowers abrió fuego en la sinagoga El Árbol de la Vida de Pittsburgh, donde segó la de once congregantes que celebraban la fiesta del Shabbat, hiriendo a otros tantos.

La matanza del sábado 29 de octubre se suma a una fatídica lista de tiroteos masivos, una plaga social específicamente estadounidense y de dimensiones monstruosas —solo en 2018 hubo más de 1.800 muertos por violencia armada—. Pero en las discusiones sobre la insuficiente seguridad de las instalaciones o la aparente aleatoriedad de estos crímenes, queda desdibujada la naturaleza específica de esta matanza: la motivación antisemita y su indiscutible significado en la era de la política incendiaria y divisiva del presidente Donald Trump.…  Seguir leyendo »

Demonstrators gathered near the Tree of Life synagogue during President Trump’s visit there on Tuesday.

I want to tell you what it is like when your neighborhood becomes the scene of a mass murder.

The first thing you should know is that when your phone pings with a text from your youngest sister saying, “There is a shooter at tree of life,” your brain will insist that it is not true, that it is a hoax.

But your fingers will write back immediately, unthinking: “is dad there.”

Your mouth will turn to cotton while you wait for your mom to confirm that your father, who goes to one of Squirrel Hill’s synagogues every Shabbat morning, was not in the building.…  Seguir leyendo »

L’horreur de Pittsburgh est un nouveau rugissement de la « bête immonde » de Brecht, aujourd’hui bien réveillée. C’est en cela que cette tuerie par un extrémiste de droite était malheureusement prévisible dans le contexte américain actuel de peurs et de crispations identitaires. Car, comme l’Europe, l’Amérique est de plus en plus confrontée aux conséquences de ces crispations et de l’engrenage mortifère qu’elles alimentent. Et ce massacre illustre, sans grande surprise, deux grands enseignements de l’expérience historique.

En premier lieu, c’est par un engrenage, nourri par un extrémisme identitaire, qu’une société peut accoucher des pires crimes, étape par étape, de l’exclusion mentale à l’exclusion sociale voire légale et jusqu’à la violence de masse.…  Seguir leyendo »

Au-delà du choc et de l’émotion profonde suscitée par le massacre de onze personnes, tuées en tant que juives, dans un lieu de culte à Pittsburgh, le 27 octobre 2018, un élément de l’enquête nous interpelle. Pourquoi au moins deux « posts » antisémites mis en ligne par le meurtrier, avant la fusillade, accusent-ils une agence juive américaine de secours aux réfugiés ? Comment se combinent haine antijuive et sentiment xénophobe à l’égard des immigrants ? Faut-il inscrire cette réaction viscérale dans une rhétorique faisant écho aux partisans de l’extrême droite américaine qui décèlent chez les réfugiés, comme par le passé, une menace de subversion et un danger pour la préservation de la société américaine ?…  Seguir leyendo »

A few days ago, on the Media Diversified website, a writer called Nafeez Ahmed accused me of promoting genocide. I was apparently the “acceptable face” of “far-right extremist ideology” which remains “inspired by antisemitic ideology” and promotes “stereotypical negative tropes about Muslimised foreigners and minorities”.

Ahmed seized upon a piece I had written about the truly genocidal antisemitism coursing through the Islamic world. For stating that the Jews would defend themselves I found myself, as a Jewish person, accused of promoting genocide. This is as obscene as it is unhinged. For Jews are the principal targets of genocidal white supremacists.

Last Saturday a man called Robert Bowers allegedly walked into a Pittsburgh synagogue where the congregation was celebrating the sabbath and opened fire screaming: “All Jews must die.”…  Seguir leyendo »

Jakiw Palij, a former Nazi concentration camp guard, is carried on a stretcher as he is deported to Germany on Aug. 20. (ABC/AP)

As the United States deports a former Nazi concentration camp guard to Germany, the world has been reminded again of the popular image of the Holocaust as one of impersonal mass slaughter. In the death camps, Jews and other victims died at the hands of murderers who didn’t know their victims but were filled with anti-Semitic hate.

But by the time that the death camps’ gas chambers became operational, approximately half of the Jews who would perish in the Holocaust were already dead. Many of these Jews were tortured or killed by “ordinary” non-Jews at close quarters: in apartments, in streets, in the woods and anywhere else Jews could be found.…  Seguir leyendo »

Por qué el antisemitismo está regresando a Alemania

Aunque el escándalo de antisemitismo del Partido Laborista británico ha dominado los titulares últimamente, hay un debate más profundo sobre el mismo tema que está transcurriendo en Alemania. Más preocupante aún, los principios fundamentales del vergangenheitsbewältigung –el proyecto colectivo de hacer las paces con el pasado de la Segunda Guerra Mundial del país- están cambiando.

Este reconocimiento histórico se ganó con mucho esfuerzo. Durante la era temprana de posguerra, Alemania pasó por varias etapas de negación de los horrores cometidos durante el régimen nazi. Pero en 1968, estalló una guerra cultural intergeneracional, en tanto los hijos del nazismo enfrentaban las responsabilidades de sus padres, que culminó en los excesos violentos de la Facción del Ejército Rojo.…  Seguir leyendo »

Christopher Furlong/Getty Images A Campaign Against Antisemitism protester outside the Labour Party headquarters, London, April 8, 2018

Earlier this week, I got a direct message from a US columnist I’ve worked with in the past. It read: “Has Labour lost its mind? Was the party always this anti-Semitic or is it just blind fealty to Corbyn? Everything about his support within the party is bewildering to me.” Well, quite.

Almost simultaneously, The New Yorker published Sam Knight’s latest letter from London, which was his take on “Jeremy Corbyn’s Anti-Semitism Crisis”—though, as luck would have it, the magazine must have gone to press just before the latest convulsion in that crisis, which occurred last Friday when The Daily Mail published photographs of Corbyn in 2014, the year before he became Labour Party leader, apparently involved in a wreath-laying ceremony at a memorial in Tunis for members of the Palestinian Black September terrorist group that carried out the infamous 1972 attack on the Israeli Olympic team in Munich.…  Seguir leyendo »