Burkina Faso

Demonstrators gathering in Ouagadougou to show support to the military hold a picture of Lieutenant Colonel Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba the leader of the mutiny and of the Patriotic Movement for the Protection and the Restauration (MPSR) on 25 January 2022 Olympia DE MAISMONT / AFP

Que sait-on de ce coup d’Etat et de celui qui l’a mené?

La journée du 22 janvier 2022 a été marquée par de violentes manifestations à Ouagadougou et à Bobo Dioulasso, les deux plus grandes agglomérations du pays, avec pour mot d’ordre le rétablissement de la sécurité. Ces mouvements de protestation ont été suivis, à l’aube du dimanche 23 janvier 2022, par des tirs dans plusieurs casernes militaires de Ouagadougou, notamment aux camps Sangoulé Lamizana et Baba Sy, ainsi que dans deux villes du nord, Kaya et Ouahigouya. Depuis le camp Sangoulé Lamizana, un groupe de soldats en colère a présenté une liste de six revendications, dont le remplacement du chef d’état-major et du directeur de l’Agence nationale de renseignement (ANR), jugés incompétents ou corrompus.…  Seguir leyendo »

Demonstrators in Ouagadougou, the capital of Burkina Faso, hold a picture of Lt. Col. Paul-Henri Damiba, the leader of the recent mutiny by the armed forces. (Olympia De Maismont/AFP/Getty Images)

On Monday evening, the people of Burkina Faso were met with what has become a telltale sign of a coup — a group of soldiers in fatigues appearing on the national television station. By this point the statement of a military takeover by a group calling itself the Patriotic Movement for Safeguard and Restoration (MPSR) did not come as a surprise to most, given the significant signs of military unrest in the previous 36 hours.

Burkina Faso has one of the highest coup and mutiny rates on the continent, giving many citizens a sense of deja vu this week. The revolt came in the midst of the country’s struggle to combat attacks by Islamist armed groups.…  Seguir leyendo »

Burkina Faso et Niger des élections à l’épreuve des insurrections

Dans quel contexte politique s’inscrivent ces élections?

Le Burkina Faso et le Niger, deux pays cruciaux pour la stabilité du Sahel central, se dirigent vers des élections présidentielles et législatives, respectivement les 22 novembre et 27 décembre 2020, alors que la sous-région traverse une période d’instabilité politique – marquée notamment par le coup d’État au Mali – et de violences insurrectionnelles. Si le vote devrait avoir lieu sans trop d’accrocs dans les capitales, il sera très certainement perturbé dans certaines zones rurales où la tenue des scrutins s’inscrit dans un contexte de tensions socioéconomiques et politiques et d’insécurité chronique. Les favoris des scrutins, le président burkinabè sortant Roch Marc Christian Kaboré et l’ancien ministre nigérien de l’Intérieur Bazoum Mohamed, semblent vouloir continuer à donner la priorité aux réponses sécuritaires.…  Seguir leyendo »

Burkina Faso is in the grips of a dangerous threat from armed Islamist fighters who are murdering civilians and threatening to destabilize other West African countries. But the government’s abusive counterinsurgency strategy, notably the summary execution of suspects, risks inflaming the conflict by driving more people into the hands of Islamist militant recruiters.

Since 2017, I have documented the alleged extrajudicial execution by the security forces of more than 150 men accused of supporting or harboring terrorists. I cannot confirm whether any of the executed men supported armed Islamists. But all of the victims were last seen in the custody of government security forces and found hours later shot in the head or chest.…  Seguir leyendo »

Burkinabé soldiers patrol the army's headquarters in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, on 3 March 2018, a day after dozens of people were killed in twin attacks on the French embassy and the country's military. AFP/Ahmed Ouoba

What do we know about the 2 March attacks in Ouagadougou?

The attacks represent an alarming escalation for Burkina Faso in terms of organisation, lethality of armaments and length of engagement. The attacks were claimed on 3 March by the Group to Support Muslims and Islam, known by its Arabic acronym JNIM, which is part of a wider coalition in the Sahel linked to al-Qaeda.

Operations were carried out by two groups of at least four to five assailants each. While the incidents were confined to the city center, they hit two symbolic targets at the heart of power in the country: the army headquarters and the French Embassy.…  Seguir leyendo »

The long-ruling president of Burkina Faso, Blaise Compaoré, was corrupt, exclusionary and increasingly autocratic before his abrupt fall from power late last month. But he did have the law on his side in his showdown with the street demonstrators who ultimately pushed him from office — and that fact reveals flaws in African democracy that affect the lives of hundreds of millions of people across the continent.

Legally, the protesters did not have much to stand on. Not only did the president’s attempt to extend his term in office by changing the Constitution follow legal procedures, but his decision late last month to renounce that effort and promise to resign at the end of his mandate in November 2015 seemed to address the demonstrators’ original concerns.…  Seguir leyendo »

Burkina Faso se encuentra en el corazón del Sahel, lo que significa que es uno de los países más vulnerables del mundo en cuanto al cambio climático. Puede que sus campesinos entiendan poco las causas del calentamiento global, pero conocen sus efectos, como las sequías a inundaciones producidas por la enorme variabilidad de los patrones de lluvias, que causan crisis alimentarias, la pérdida de cosechas y la erosión de las tierras de pastoreo.

Desde hace varios años el concepto de agricultura sostenible se ha ido afianzando en el mundo y en Burkina Faso, apareciendo en el discurso político y convirtiéndose en un enfoque clave para el desarrollo agrícola global.…  Seguir leyendo »