Canadá

On apprenait récemment que la mairesse de Longueuil et plusieurs de ses conseillers municipaux avaient reçu des menaces de mort en lien avec la décision débattue au conseil d’abattre plusieurs cerfs de Virginie dans un parc de la ville. Quelques semaines auparavant, nous avions déjà pris connaissance du fait que Verushka Lieutenant-Duval et plusieurs des 34 signataires d’une lettre de soutien à son endroit étaient eux aussi l’objet de menaces sérieuses sur les réseaux sociaux, au point que certains d’entre eux affirmaient craindre pour la sécurité de leurs familles. Un peu plus tôt, c’était une coiffeuse atteinte de la COVID-19, qui l’avait transmise en toute inconscience et avant d’être diagnostiquée à quelques-uns de ses clients hébergés en CHSLD, qui se voyait harcelée et menacée.…  Seguir leyendo »

Recommander plutôt qu’imposer la vaccination contre la COVID-19

L’idée de rendre obligatoire la vaccination contre la COVID-19 gagne du terrain au Canada. Selon un sondage récent, près de 45 % des Canadiens seraient favorables à cette mesure de santé publique. Au Québec, la vaccination obligatoire pourrait être imposée en vertu de l’article 123 de la Loi sur la santé publique. Ce dernier spécifie que le gouvernement ou le ministre peut ordonner la vaccination obligatoire de toute la population ou d’une partie de celle-ci pour la protéger d’une maladie contagieuse grave. Cette loi permet aussi à un juge d’ordonner qu’une personne soit conduite à un endroit précis pour être vaccinée contre son gré.…  Seguir leyendo »

Un âgisme systémique révélé par la pandémie

La pandémie de COVID-19 a provoqué un véritable âgicide, notamment chez les personnes aînées vivant en milieu collectif. Les plus de 70 ans ne constituent que 19 % des cas de COVID-19  ; or, 92 % des décès ont été constatés dans ce groupe d’âge. Pourtant, une telle hécatombe n’a pas suscité la colère de la population, ni celle de nos dirigeants. Pas de mouvement « Old Lifes Matter », pas de flambée d’indignation sur les réseaux sociaux, pas de limogeage de dirigeants, ni même de manifestation symbolique comme on en voit un peu partout à travers le monde. N’y a-t-il pas là un âgisme systémique latent que la pandémie a soudainement mis au jour ?…  Seguir leyendo »

Les limites de la liberté d’expression

Interrogé, à la suite de l’horrible assassinat du professeur français Samuel Paty, sur la republication en France des caricatures de Mahomet, Justin Trudeau a estimé que la liberté d’expression « n’est pas sans limites » et « qu’on n’a pas le droit par exemple de crier “au feu” dans un cinéma bondé ».

Outre que cet exemple choisi par le premier ministre du Canada constitue un sophisme, ainsi que le soulignait tout récemment le professeur de philosophie Jean-Sébastien Bélanger, on pourrait ajouter qu’il en faisait usage à contre-emploi. Aux États-Unis, en effet, l’exemple du cinéma bondé est invoqué en règle générale pour défendre une liberté d’expression (qui est très large au pays de l’oncle Sam et constitutionnellement garantie) en évoquant le principe selon lequel elle ne peut être limitée que dans des cas de force majeure qui demeurent tout à fait exceptionnels.…  Seguir leyendo »

DeAgostini/Getty Images Alborz Mountains, northern Tehran, Iran

I had no idea what we were doing was illegal.

I was six at the time.

And not well-versed in the milk pasteurization laws of Prince Edward Island.

And yet, there I was. With my grandfather and father. Three generations. Bandits all. Breaking the law.

My grandfather, for background, was born on his family’s farm in Sangsar, Iran, in 1911. In those days, the village had one street, one roundabout, narrow alleys, and small, clay-colored homes, all with brown doors.

That the village even existed was a miracle.

Two hours north were the lush green valleys and rainforests of Mazandaran Province on the southern coast of the Caspian Sea.…  Seguir leyendo »

Around the world, researchers are working tirelessly to develop a safe and effective coronavirus vaccine. At the same time, governments, businesses and civil society organizations are preparing massive production and distribution efforts so that when a vaccine candidate — or candidates — is cleared for use, it can be administered around the world as soon as possible.

Whether we will eventually get a vaccine isn’t in question. What is in question is who will have access to it, and when?

Experts are warning that some countries are tilting toward “vaccine nationalism” — a focus on competing to take care of their own populations first rather than sufficiently cooperating with the global community, especially poorer countries, to ensure equitable access to a coronavirus vaccine.…  Seguir leyendo »

Pop-up injection site co-ordinator Sarah Blyth with an overdose naloxone kit in Vancouver's Downtown Eastside in January 2018. (JOHN LEHMANN/For The Washington Post)

In July, the Canadian province of British Columbia experienced its fifth straight month with more than 100 overdose deaths — and its third above 170 lives lost.

Globally, the World Health Organization reports approximately 500,000 deaths from drugs, over 70 percent of them tied to opioids. In Canada, from January 2016 through December 2019, more than 15,000 people died from apparent opioid-related causes. In 2019 alone, there were over 21,000 “suspected opioid-related overdoses” across nine provinces and territories, excluding Quebec (for which data wasn’t provided). The opioid crisis clearly persists at home and abroad.

The covid-19 pandemic has further complicated existing challenges, including ensuring users have access to a safe supply, stigma-free communities and treatment programs, should they wish to access them.…  Seguir leyendo »

A written message is seen attached to a pair of shoes as part of a memorial for drug overdose victims in Vancouver on Aug. 31. (Darryl Dyck/The Canadian Press, via AP)

This week, the Canadian province of British Columbia announced it would be tightening its covid-19 restrictions in response to a modest increase in deaths and infections. B.C.’s covid-19 numbers are among the lowest on earth, but health officials say an abundance of caution is still justified. The province’s nightclubs and banquet halls will close, while bars must shut down by 10 p.m. and quiet their music to limit spittle.

Such bossy demands, while hardly North America’s most draconian, stand in sharp contrast to the province’s generally passive approach to what is numerically a far more serious health crisis. May, June and July have been the worst months in B.C.…  Seguir leyendo »

It seems an awfully long time since Canadians were last lectured by the state on sexual behavior. Just as folks were headed out for Labor Day long weekend frolicking, Dr. Theresa Tam, Canada’s chief public health officer, warned fellow citizens to wear a mask while having sex and to avoid kissing people in order to prevent passing along a Covid-19 infection.

Tam, who also serves on a World Health Organization (WHO) international oversight committee, said «sex can be complicated» during the pandemic and that the lowest risk sexual activity during Covid-19 involves «yourself alone.»

The stern warning — echoed again on Tuesday by Dr.…  Seguir leyendo »

I was a missing Indigenous girl who beat the odds. Now I’m a journalist and I won’t shut up about a genocidal crisis happening in Canada.

I spent my childhood in and out of foster homes. It was a cold and lonely system.

At age 12 I ran away from a group home with two other girls. It was freedom, or so I thought. I don’t even remember exactly how many days I was missing for. Each day blurred into the next.

At one point two men in their late 20s held me hostage at a downtown apartment in Edmonton, Alberta, where they raped me several times.…  Seguir leyendo »

When Canada’s Liberal government announced the Canada Emergency Response Benefit (CERB) on March 25, it was the early days of the pandemic. That month, Canada lost more than 1 million jobs, and no one knew when, or if, those jobs were coming back. The $500-per-week CERB became a lifeline to more than 8 million Canadians. (All figures in this article are in Canadian dollars; 500 Canadian dollars is equivalent to $382 in U.S. money.) Most people whose income dropped below $2,000 per month and who made at least $5,000 in 2019 are eligible for the benefit.

Many have since called for CERB to be transitioned into some kind of universal basic income (UBI) lasting beyond the pandemic.…  Seguir leyendo »

First there was the secretive trip to the Bahamas in 2016 when Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and his family rode in a helicopter owned by the Aga Khan, the billionaire and Ismaili Muslim spiritual leader whose organization has received hundreds of millions of dollars in Canadian federal grants to advance its work overseas.

Then, some three years later, the Trudeau government was found to have pressured then-Attorney General Jody Wilson-Raybould to spare SNC Lavalin, one of Canada’s largest engineering companies, from prosecution for bribing Libyan officials in return for lucrative government contracts between 2001 and 2011.

After the Canadian ethics commissioner said Trudeau had violated federal conflict of interest rules, he said, «I assume responsibility for everything that happened in my office.»…  Seguir leyendo »

It came as close as possible to Canada’s Sandy Hook tragedy. On April 18, an unhinged man went on a 13-hour rampage in rural Nova Scotia and killed 22 people, including a veteran Royal Canadian Mounted Police officer. It was the worst mass killing in Canadian history and shocked an already traumatized nation dealing with the Covid-19 lockdown.

Last Friday, in response to the shooting, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, in a sombre voice that has become habitual in his daily Covid-19 briefings, said: «Thirty years from now, an entire generation of Canadians will remember exactly where they were on Sunday, April 18, 2020.…  Seguir leyendo »

When Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced on Monday that the Canadian border would be closed to foreigners, reporters pelted him with questions on why Americans were exempt when experts said that the US could be on its way to mirroring the global coronavirus epicenter of Italy because they both had a delayed response to the virus.

However, on Wednesday, at a time when major coronavirus mitigation decisions are being made with mind-numbing speed by governments worldwide, US President Donald Trump tweeted that «we will be, by mutual consent, temporarily closing our Northern Border with Canada to non-essential traffic. Trade will not be affected.»…  Seguir leyendo »

At a news conference in front of his home on Friday, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, who is self-isolating after his wife tested positive for covid-19, announced new measures and recommendations to deal with the spread of the novel coronavirus. The fact that the prime minister is working from home has not caused general concern — in fact, the country’s institutions seem to be responding effectively, aided perhaps by the relative lack of partisan shenanigans.

Trudeau recommended that Canadians forgo unnecessary travel and said a fiscal stimulus package was forthcoming. The finance minister, Bill Morneau, announced a CAD $10 billion credit fund for businesses and a possible delay of tax filing.…  Seguir leyendo »

Indigenous leaders and others demonstrating against a pipeline project in Burnaby, British Columbia, in 2018.Credit...Ason Redmond/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

When Justin Trudeau became prime minister of Canada in 2015, he promised a new relationship with Indigenous people, “built on respect, rights and a commitment to end the status quo.” He promised funding for Indigenous cultural activities and education. He called for recognition of aboriginal land rights. But he has also continued to support the expansion of Canada’s fossil fuel industry onto new lands, an expansion that has always depended largely upon ignoring, if not flagrantly violating, the desires and rights of Native people.

The year Mr. Trudeau was elected, I went on a reporting trip to the oil sands of Alberta.…  Seguir leyendo »

When Frank Wucinski received a medical bill for his coronavirus-related quarantine after being evacuated from Wuhan last month, he did what many Americans do when they face a surprise medical bill: He started a GoFundMe. His costs were high: the emergency evacuation flight from China, emergency transportation to the hospital in the United States, X-rays and isolation, all amounting to thousands of dollars. After inquiries from reporters, hospital officials said they made a mistake in sending the physicians’ bill, but the other costs still had to be paid.

Wucinski did not have health insurance in the United States.

We Canadians have been watching the United States closely to see how the country, the only developed nation without universal health care, manages the crisis.…  Seguir leyendo »

Oh, Justin Trudeau, what crisis have you baked up for yourself now?

Fresh from a string of mini scandals and a humiliating election win, the photogenic Canadian Prime Minister has inadvertently handed his citizens another reason to ridicule him.

In what was probably an earnest attempt to satisfy the sweet tooth of his Liberal cabinet colleagues, Trudeau posted a photo of himself on Twitter Monday carrying several boxes of pastries from the Winnipeg gourmet doughnut shop, Oh Doughnuts. To make matters worse for loyalists of Canada’s popular, iconic, and non-gourmet doughnut chain, Tim Hortons, Trudeau referred to his doughnut haul as «some of Winnipeg’s best.»…  Seguir leyendo »

What was initially expected to be a diverse and dynamic race for the leadership of the Conservative Party of Canada is proving anything but. The number of interested candidates seems to be shrinking by the day.

As I’ve discussed previously, structural barriers play a significant role in keeping the Conservative bench so spare. The de facto rule that any person seeking the leadership of a Canadian political party — and thus the prime ministership — must be fluent in English and French is proving a particularly visible glass ceiling this time around. Some rare but useful public pushback on the role of bilingualism in Canadian politics has been the result.…  Seguir leyendo »

Tema

¿La experiencia canadiense ofrece lecciones que favorecen más a la causa federalista o unionista que a la independentista?

Resumen

A menudo, la experiencia canadiense es presentada como el referente internacional a la hora de abordar conflictos identitarios en el seno de un estado democrático. Sin embargo, es frecuente encontrar visiones idealizadas de dicha experiencia, ya sea en clave federalista o nacionalista, que tienden a magnificar ciertos elementos, olvidando algunos de los claroscuros que esta presenta. Dado que España no ha sido inmune a esta tendencia, en este análisis se pretende explorar algunos de los elementos de la experiencia canadiense que pueden ser de interés para modelos como el español, pues sus lecciones podrían ayudar a desarrollar políticas a través de las que conseguir un correcto acomodo de las diferentes sensibilidades territoriales, reduciendo el apoyo a la secesión y evitando la quiebra del sistema constitucional.…  Seguir leyendo »