Conflicto palestino-israelí

A member of Israeli security forces aims a stun grenade gun at Palestinian protesters in the Sheikh Jarrah neighbourhood of East Jerusalem on 17 July. Photograph: Ahmad Gharabli/AFP/Getty Images

A few months ago, the world’s attention was on Sheikh Jarrah, my neighbourhood in occupied Jerusalem. For decades, Israeli settlers, backed by their state, have been trying to displace us from our homes and colonise our neighbourhood. The UN called these forcible expulsions a war crime. I call this theft – because it is.

In May, our efforts to resist this takeover received a surge of solidarity from Palestinians across Jerusalem and further afield, in what became known as the Unity Uprising. Palestinians were subjected to Israeli violence across the eastern part of Jerusalem – not only in Sheikh Jarrah, but outside the Damascus gate (itself a focus of protests), and in and around the al-Aqsa mosque – which escalated into attacks on besieged Gaza.…  Seguir leyendo »

Workers unload a batch of 700,000 doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine sent by Israel, part of a vaccine swap between the two countries with Seoul to return the same number in coming months, at Incheon International Airport on July 7. (-/AFP/Getty Images)

The photo showed a chartered Israeli airplane on a South Korean runway and the freight it had just brought from the far end of Asia: crates containing 700,000 doses of the Pfizer vaccine against coronavirus. South Korea, facing a new surge of cases, needed more vaccines quickly. It will pay Israel back with the same number of doses, which it’s due to receive from Pfizer in the fall. Israel expects to need more by then — possibly to give third shots as boosters.

Think of this as a no interest loan, denominated in small, lifesaving vials. The cooperation in fighting the pandemic is reason to celebrate.…  Seguir leyendo »

A protester waves a Palestinian flag near a police checkpoint at the entrance to the Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood in East Jerusalem on Friday. (Ahmad Gharabli/AFP/Getty Images)

Israel’s annual Jerusalem Day march, postponed after last month’s fighting between Israel and Hamas, resulted in further clashes between right-wing marchers and Palestinian residents in Jerusalem in June.

In May, violent groups of Israeli right-wing extremists carried out attacks against Palestinians across Israel and the West Bank. Extremists tagged Palestinian neighborhoods with racist slogans, sometimes marking them for future attacks. They patrolled the streets of Israel’s “mixed cities” bearing arms, and some reportedly stabbed, beat and stoned Palestinian civilians and protesters.

Who is behind these attacks? Since April 22, when a group of Jewish Israeli extremists marched into the Old City of Jerusalem chanting “death to Arabs,” researchers have tallied more than 75 violent incidents of a similar nature.…  Seguir leyendo »

Israeli police patrol as Arabs, police and Jews fight in Lod, Israel, on May 12. (Heidi Levine/AP)

As the 11-day war between the Israeli army and Hamas escalated last month, Jewish and Palestinian Israelis clashed violently across Israel. In Lod, fighting between Jewish and Palestinian Israelis became so severe that Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu declared a state of emergency — the first time since 1966 that a Palestinian community in Israel was placed under emergency law. One resident of the mixed city of Ramle said, “It was like a war here,” while an Israeli police chief likened the violence to levels during the October 2000 Palestinian mass uprisings known as intifada.

“Mixed cities” in Israel denote cities shared by Jews and Palestinians with Israeli citizenship.…  Seguir leyendo »

Un déni d’exister à la source de la révolte des Israélo-Palestiniens

Une fois encore, le Proche-Orient s’embrase. Combat entre la branche armée du Hamas, « terroriste » pour les Occidentaux, qui trouve sa légitimité dans la défaite, et l’armée israélienne dans son « droit à se défendre ». Selon l’ONU, 1800 Palestiniens sont morts durant la dernière guerre de Gaza en 2014, dont 65 % de civils et 30 % au moins d’enfants. Même si moins dévastateurs, les tirs de roquettes n’en sont pas moins injustifiables. Michel Goya, militaire et historien français, a écrit : « les Israéliens préfèrent la sécurité provisoire à une paix véritable en réalité. Et le Hamas en profite également ».…  Seguir leyendo »

Salim Daw, Andrew Scott and Waleed Zuaiter in HBO's movie adaptation of the play, "Oslo."

It's both poignant and fortuitous that the HBO film "Oslo," based on the award-winning play of the same name, is being streamed starting this weekend, days after the end of the worst round of Israeli-Palestinian conflict and violence in recent years.

Poignant -- even tragic -- because the film's subject stunningly highlights the importance of political will, skill, partnership and above all leadership that defined the Oslo breakthrough, all of which have been remarkably absent in recent decades of attempted peacemaking.

Fortuitous because even against the grim toll of the recent violence, the film evokes a world in which empowered Israeli and Palestinian negotiators could actually recognize one another's humanity and create a pathway through which each side's national aspirations might be realized and secured.…  Seguir leyendo »

Real Peace Depends on Recognizing Israel’s Right to Exist

At a news conference recently President Biden made a statement that might have seemed unremarkable: “Let’s get something straight here,” Mr. Biden said. “Until the region says unequivocally, they acknowledge the right of Israel to exist as an independent Jewish state, there will be no peace.”

In those 28 words, Biden described in a nutshell the entire Middle East peace process, past, present and future. With that statement, the president was not setting a condition for a peace agreement or referring to a clause carefully drafted by jurists that includes this acknowledgment of the right of Israel to exist. Instead, he was articulating a principle that is too often overlooked: Achieving peace will require a sincere and genuine internalization by everyone in the region, including the Palestinian national movement, of Israel’s legitimacy as a Jewish state.…  Seguir leyendo »

Estados Unidos, derechos humanos y la guerra de Israel contra Palestina

El intento de Israel de justificar su reciente ataque brutal a Gaza suena hueco para cualquiera que esté familiarizado con los acontecimientos en Israel, donde el gobierno del primer ministro Benjamin Netanyahu, respaldado por racistas antiárabes, ha violado de manera sistemática, cruel y persistente los derechos humanos básicos de la población árabe. Human Rights Watch, una ONG global con muchos líderes judíos, recientemente ha condenado a Israel por crímenes de lesa humanidad.

El comportamiento de Israel coloca bajo el foco a la administración del presidente norteamericano, Joe Biden, que profesa una política exterior basada en los derechos humanos. Si ese compromiso es genuino, la administración debería respaldar una investigación independiente por parte de las Naciones Unidas de las violaciones israelíes de derechos humanos contra la población árabe y suspender la ayuda militar a Israel hasta que la investigación se finalice y los derechos humanos de los palestinos estén garantizados.…  Seguir leyendo »

There Is a Solution to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict

The first meetings of peace negotiations between Israel and the Palestinian Authority back in 2007 were very emotional.

Each of us — I, as Israel’s chief negotiator, and Ahmed Qurei, known as Abu Ala, the former Palestinian prime minister — tried to convince the other who has more rights to the land: the Jewish people or the Palestinians.

Unsurprisingly, we left these sessions frustrated and unconvinced. After two such meetings, we agreed that these discussions would lead us nowhere and that any peace agreement would not determine which narrative prevailed, and instead we should focus only on how to establish a peaceful future.…  Seguir leyendo »

A woman holds the Palestinian flag at a pro-Palestinian rally in Louisville on Sunday. (Jon Cherry/Getty Images)

This week, Secretary of State Antony Blinken visited the Middle East to bolster the cease-fire between Israel and Hamas and to lay the groundwork for the resumption of long-stalled peace talks. Blinken took the opportunity to express support for a “two-state solution,” which is what much of the international community also, at least rhetorically, calls for.

But a much-discussed alternative is the “one-state solution” — i.e., encouraging Israelis and Palestinians to coexist as citizens in one state, with equal rights and responsibilities. This notion is constantly dismissed. During a recent online discussion, Tzipi Livni, a former Israeli foreign minister, declared the one-state solution was “something that we cannot afford.”…  Seguir leyendo »

Mi abuelo compró una casa en Gaza con sus ahorros, pero quedó destruida tras un ataque aéreo israelí

El 15 de mayo, un ataque aéreo israelí destruyó Burj Al-Jalaa, una torre de departamentos de doce pisos en Gaza que albergaba las oficinas de Al Jazeera y The Associated Press. Ver las imágenes de la caída del edificio me dejó impactada. Se derrumbó como una de las muchas torres que mis hijos hacen con fichas magnéticas o bloques de Jenga. Desapareció en segundos.

He trabajado para Al Jazeera durante los últimos trece años. Junto con las familias que vivían en los 60 departamentos de la torre, mis colegas tuvieron que tomar decisiones difíciles sobre qué llevarse y qué dejar mientras se apresuraban a ganarle a la bomba.…  Seguir leyendo »

Manifestación en favor de los palestinos, el pasado 15 de mayo en Nantes, Francia.LOIC VENANCE / AFP

La provocación comenzó en Jerusalén, aunque se tratara solo de los síntomas de causas más profundas. Intentos de desalojar por la fuerza a familias de Sheikh Jarrah, ataques contra fieles palestinos en el recinto de la mezquita de Al Aqsa, e incluso contra palestinos cristianos impidiéndoles celebrar la Pascua en el Santo Sepulcro, sumado todo ello a una manifestación cargada de odio, en coordinación con la policía y apoyada por varios políticos israelíes, de centenares de sionistas religiosos cantando “muerte a los árabes”, crearon el contexto del que hoy somos testigos, incluso en lo que concierne a Gaza.

Pero, una vez más, no se equivoquen.…  Seguir leyendo »

Israel's Iron Dome antimissile system intercepts rockets from the Gaza Strip, as seen from Ashkelon, Israel, on May 12. (Amir Cohen/Reuters)

Secretary of State Antony Blinken is making the diplomatic rounds in the Middle East, and the cease-fire in Gaza and Israel appears to be holding, as millions in the region and around the world mourn this latest spasm of death and destruction. Next: accountability for it.

Shooting unguided explosives toward civilian populations violates all the norms of warfare. It is unquestionably a war crime, as Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-Minn.), no apologist for Israel, correctly noted on Twitter May 19. From the moment Hamas fired the conflict’s first shots on May 10, ostensibly in response to Israeli police aggression at the al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem, until the fighting stopped roughly 11 days later, the Gaza-based Islamist organization launched more than 4,000 rockets toward Israel.…  Seguir leyendo »

Thousands of people attend an emergency rally in solidarity with the Palestinian people outside Downing Street, on 11 May 2021 in London, United Kingdom. Photo by Mark Kerrison/In Pictures via Getty Images.

Statements by UK officials during the 11-day conflict between Israel and Hamas did little to inspire confidence among Arab partners and their publics, most of whom expected Prime Minister Boris Johnson and Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab to do more than reach for worn-out idioms. There is a growing expectation that as Global Britain emerges from the shadows of the EU and seeks to deepen economic ties and sign trade deals, especially with partners old and new, it will also develop a more robust foreign policy.

However, in the case of the Israel-Hamas conflict, it left many partners feeling disappointed – even disillusioned – as it offered nothing new.…  Seguir leyendo »

Y a pesar de todo...

Érev tov, masa’a el kheir, buenas noches.

Permítanme dedicar mis palabras de esta noche a los niños de los pueblos israelíes limítrofes con la Franja de Gaza, a los niños de Gaza y a todos los niños que han sufrido en su carne y su espíritu la guerra que acaba de terminar. El frenesí de cada uno de los dos bandos por “grabar en las conciencias” su propia victoria se ha traducido en pequeñas derrotas. Una generación entera de niños, en Gaza y en Ashkelon, crecerá y vivirá con el trauma de los disparos, las explosiones y las sirenas.

A vosotros, niños, que sois verdaderamente conscientes de las quemaduras del conflicto, os digo: siento la necesidad de pediros perdón porque no hemos conseguido crear para vosotros una realidad mejor y más benévola, esa realidad a la que todos los niños del mundo tienen derecho.…  Seguir leyendo »

A Gazan’s View on Hamas: It’s Not Complicated

When I was 9 years old, I was shot by the Israel Defense Forces. Most people I grew up with in Gaza have a story like this: a near miss, a face-to-face confrontation with a fatal bombing, a massacre. Mine is nothing special.

It was 1992, during the first intifada, and I was coming home from the afternoon shift at an overcrowded school for refugees. In those days, there were regular scenes of defiance and confrontation outside the school entrance, between the Israeli militarized vehicles doing their rounds and the kids from the secondary school nearby. To my 9-year-old self, the clashes were a huge inconvenience.…  Seguir leyendo »

Un niño palestino transporta a otro en un carrito en Gaza, el pasado 14 de mayo.MOHAMMED SALEM / REUTERS

De nuevo centenares de cohetes disparados contra ciudades israelíes; de nuevo el iracundo analista militar en el estudio de Canal 12 exigiendo una respuesta contundente. De nuevo ciudadanos aterrados diciendo al corresponsal enviado a la zona que esta vez tenemos que atacar con toda nuestra fuerza y acabar con esto, como si estuviéramos viviendo un acontecimiento extraordinario, salido de la nada, que nos ha cogido a todos por sorpresa. Basándonos en las crónicas e informaciones publicadas, esto ha sido algo tan único e inesperado que ni siquiera nuestros encomiados servicios secretos militares pudieron preverlo y avisarnos; no se ha tratado de algo que ya hemos vivido tres veces antes con operaciones militares en Gaza, y que, si miramos más allá del alto el fuego, será algo por lo que probablemente volveremos a pasar dentro de uno o dos años.…  Seguir leyendo »

Many are still scrambling to understand how we got to this point in the Gaza conflict, to process the scope of violence and pinpoint the triggers that sparked it.

But what is already painfully clear is that even when the current warfare subsides, the endgame will remain elusive and while civilians lose their lives, the fundamental problems will still remain and the conflict will only deepen.

Israeli top political and military brass insist that the goal of the current offensive in Gaza is to achieve “long-term quiet,” as Benny Gantz, the defence minister, put it.

For now, Israeli leaders appear to hope to reach that goal through the exclusive use of force.…  Seguir leyendo »

Palestinians celebrate after a cease-fire between Israel and Gaza fighters went into effect early Friday. (Haitham Imad/EPA-EFE/Shutterstock)

On Friday, across the occupied Palestinian territories, and especially in the cities and towns of the Gaza Strip, Palestinians are taking to the streets in celebration — honking horns, shooting fireworks and sharing sweets. They’re celebrating a belated Eid, the holiday marking the end of the holy month of Ramadan, and one they were deprived of this year because of the brutal violence unleashed on Gaza by the Israeli military. They are able to do this because of the cease-fire that took effect Friday morning at 2 a.m., putting a halt to the Israeli airstrikes.

For my friends and family in Gaza, the cease-fire represents the end of 11 days of extreme and pervasive violence that killed at least 243 Palestinians, including 66 children.…  Seguir leyendo »

Photo d’illustration : des Palestiniens inspectent leur maison détruite par des raids israéliens à Rafah, dans la bande de Gaza, le 16 mai. Saïd Khatib/AFP

Bien que je sois laïque, il y a deux célébrations religieuses auxquelles je ne manque jamais de participer chaque année dans la Vieille Ville arabe de Jérusalem-Est : le samedi saint (« sabt el-nour ») à la veille des Pâques orthodoxes, au Saint-Sépulcre, et la nuit du destin (« laylat el-qadar »), au Haram ech-Charif. Mais cette année, la nature festive et pacifique de ces événements a été transformée en champ de bataille par les provocations des colons juifs zélotes et l’agression de l’armée israélienne contre les participants palestiniens.

Alors qu’on lui demandait pourquoi il avait empêché les musulmans de se rendre à la mosquée al-Aqsa lors de la nuit la plus animée du ramadan, Mir Barakat, l’ancien maire de Jérusalem, a répondu : « Dès lors que nous avions interdit l’accès du mont du Temple aux colons juifs, nous avons dû en faire de même pour les musulmans ! …  Seguir leyendo »