Conflicto palestino-israelí

The closed main entrance to the city of Nablus in the West Bank, Oct. 25, 2022. Samar Hazboun for The New York Times

This year, during the lead-up to the Israeli elections, I returned to my hometown, Nablus, in the occupied West Bank, to work on a research project and spend time with my family there. I had received a grant to study the impact on Palestinians’ health of Israel’s restrictions on Palestinians’ movement — such as checkpoints, travel permits (including those required for medical care), the separation wall spanning the West Bank and road closures.

My previous work and the existing research done on Palestinian health and well-being gave me a good sense of what I would find: multiple burdens in access to health care and predictably high rates of depression, stress, anxiety and insecurity.…  Seguir leyendo »

Israelis Have Put Benjamin Netanyahu Back in Power. Palestinians Will Likely Pay the Price

As the prime minister-designate Benjamin Netanyahu finalizes the formation of Israel’s most extreme right-wing government to date, I, along with other Palestinians in Israel and in the occupied territories, am filled with dread about what the next few years will bring.

Every day since the elections, Palestinians wake up with a what-now apprehension, and more often than not, there’s yet another bit of news that adds to our anxiety. The atmosphere of racism is so acute that I hesitate to speak or read Arabic on public transportation. Palestinian rights have been pushed to the back burner.

We Palestinians live knowing that a vast majority of Israeli politicians don’t support an end to Israel’s military rule over the West Bank and Gaza Strip nor equality for all of its citizens.…  Seguir leyendo »

‘The makeup of the Israeli political spectrum makes no difference to the future of Palestinians.’ Photograph: Abir Sultan/EPA

Benjamin Netanyahu has made an impressive comeback after his ousting in 2021 amid corruption allegations. In this week’s election, his party, Likud, received more votes than any other party and his far-right allies came third, paving the way for a Likud-led coalition government. Although forming a coalition isn’t an easy game – indeed, Netanyahu has failed in the previous four elections to do so – this time he’s expected to form a comfortable majority bloc with ultra-Orthodox and far-right parties.

Yet despite this prospect, for Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza the Israeli elections have not been at the forefront of political discussion, as they continue to resist and fight for their survival on ever-shrinking territory.…  Seguir leyendo »

El primer ministro israelí, Yair Lapid, en una conferencia en Dubai el año pasado. Reuters

El primer ministro israelí, Yair Lapid, ha intervenido en la Asamblea General de las Naciones Unidas para hablar sobre la situación del Medio Oriente. Lapid ha hablado de la importancia de la solución de dos Estados para el prolongado conflicto palestino-israelí.

Fue un discurso importante, aunque en este momento no estemos cerca de esa solución. No mientras los palestinos sigan educando a sus hijos con propaganda antiisraelí.

No mientras conviertan en mártires a los terroristas.

No mientras Hamás siga controlando Gaza y amenace con ganar más influencia en Cisjordania.

No mientras los palestinos se nieguen a iniciar negociaciones para cambiar la dinámica del conflicto.…  Seguir leyendo »

Palestinian protesters run from teargas fired by Israeli security forces near Nablus in the occupied West Bank, April 2021. Photograph: Jaafar Ashtiyeh/AFP/Getty Images

It was early April 1988, at the height of the first intifada, and the hills were awash with spring flowers. I took the professor and activist Noam Chomsky to visit the Palestinian village of Beita near Nablus. He wanted to speak to the villagers about a recent incident in which a group of Israeli settlers from Elon Moreh, 10km (6 miles) from Beita, had got into a confrontation with some villagers while out hiking. Two of the Palestinian villagers and one of the Israeli settlers were shot and killed. The army initially blamed the Palestinians for the settler’s death. It emerged later that she – like the two dead villagers – had been killed by a bullet fired by one of the men guarding the settlers.…  Seguir leyendo »

The office of Al-Haq, a human rights organization in the West Bank city of Ramallah. Nasser Nasser/Associated Press

Just after 3 a.m. on Aug. 18, Israeli soldiers blasted open the locked doors of Al-Haq, the oldest and largest human rights organization in the occupied Palestinian territories, for which I serve as general director. The soldiers ransacked the administrative and finance departments, the meeting room and my office. When they were done, the soldiers sealed the offices with a reinforced iron door welded into place. On the door, they posted a military order declaring that Al-Haq is an illegal group.

A few hours later, as I took in what was happening, my phone started beeping with messages that soldiers had also invaded and sealed off the offices of six other leading Palestinian organizations, including Defense for Children International-Palestine, the Union of Palestinian Women’s Committees, the Bisan Center for Research and Development and Addameer Prisoner Support and Human Rights Association.…  Seguir leyendo »

Algo cambió en la Franja de Gaza

La Franja de Gaza es una de las zonas más densamente pobladas y empobrecidas de Medio Oriente. También es uno de los lugares más castigados del planeta, gobernado por el movimiento islamista Hamás, aplastado bajo el peso de un bloqueo israelí (y egipcio) y consumido en enfrentamientos con Israel. Hasta ahora, los combates entre las milicias de la Franja e Israel no han hecho nada por generar avances en dirección a un acuerdo político que pueda liberar a los residentes de Gaza de lo que en la práctica es una prisión a cielo abierto.

Pero hay algunas razones para esperar que la última escalada de violencia (detenida ahora por un frágil alto el fuego) no haya sido como las demás.…  Seguir leyendo »

El Consejo de Derechos Humanos (CDH) es la institución con el nombre más inapropiado de toda la familia de organismos de la ONU. Porque en él están representados los más despiadados violadores de los derechos humanos (entre ellos Siria, Irán y China), algo que convierte al CDH actual en una burla a su propósito original.

La mayoría de las resoluciones del CDH giran de forma llamativa en torno al Estado de Israel. Nadie está sugiriendo que Israel deba estar más allá de la crítica. Pero en un mundo en el que existen enormes desafíos en materia de derechos humanos, llama la atención la persistencia del foco en Israel.…  Seguir leyendo »

An Israeli soldier stands guard during a demonstration by Palestinian and Israeli peace activists against settlement expansion in the occupied West Bank on July 27. (Jaafar Ashtiyeh/AFP via Getty Images)

When I read the headline about the Israeli Supreme Court’s latest decision on West Bank settlement, I was angry — at the court and at myself. The anger at the court was straightforward. A 4-3 majority allowed a settlement to stay on land privately owned by Palestinians, thereby giving judicial approval to theft.

As for being vexed with myself, I realized I had been holding onto a shard of hope that it was possible to fight the settlement enterprise, the core of the occupation, by bringing evidence and reasoning to the nation’s highest court. I’d been naive.

I learned this hope — I’ll say in my defense — from history, and from activists and commentators I respect.…  Seguir leyendo »

Durante décadas, el conflicto que caracteriza a Medio Oriente giró alrededor de un único término de la jerga diplomática: la «solución con dos Estados». Inicialmente este término se refería a una idea concreta: la creación de un Estado palestino soberano e independiente junto a Israel. Pero para la mayoría de los políticos desde hace mucho se trata de un cliché vacío, repetido por hábito sin mucho interés en lograrlo.

Consideremos la reciente comunicación entre el secretario de Estado de EE. UU. Antony Blinken y el presidente palestino Mahmoud Abás. Según la lectura del Departamento de Estado, Blinken «resaltó el compromiso estadounidense para mejorar la calidad de vida del pueblo palestino de manera tangible y el apoyo del gobierno [de Biden] a una solución negociada con dos Estados.…  Seguir leyendo »

En los 55 años que Israel ha ocupado tierras palestinas, ha habido dos intifadas, cuatro guerras en Gaza y una larga serie de iniciativas fallidas para negociar una solución de dos estados que siga vagamente las fronteras de Israel previas a 1967. Tal como están las cosas, verdaderamente la situación parece no tener esperanza.

La intransigencia de ambos bandos, que ningún presidente estadounidense ha podido superar, aunque prácticamente todos desde la Guerra de los Seis Días lo han intentado, nos ha llevado a este punto. Si bien los palestinos algunas veces han abrazado la diplomacia internacional, también han caído en periodos de obstinada resistencia.…  Seguir leyendo »

Bullet holes on a tree and a makeshift memorial mark where the Palestinian-American Al Jazeera journalist Shireen Abu Akleh was shot and killed in the West Bank city of Jenin in May. Majdi Mohammed/Associated Press

I first met the pioneering Palestinian American journalist Shireen Abu Akleh more than two decades ago. She was in the early days of her career at Al Jazeera, and I was at the start of my stint as a legal adviser to the Palestine Liberation Organization.

As a newcomer to the occupied West Bank, I was in awe of Shireen’s steeliness while reporting on Israel’s invasion of the Jenin refugee camp in 2002. On May 11, 2022, she was killed while covering an Israeli military raid in the city. Her producer was also wounded. Both were clearly identified as journalists, wearing body armor boldly marked “press” for all to see.…  Seguir leyendo »

Israeli security forces keep watch as Palestinians cross a checkpoint to reach Jerusalem to attend the last Friday prayers of Ramadan at the al-Aqsa mosque compound, on Apr. 29, 2022 in Bethlehem in the occupied West Bank. HAZEM BADER/AFP via Getty Images

For several decades, Palestinians and Israelis have been involved in a peace process from opposite sides of the divide. The two parties made efforts—some honest and some superficial—to find solutions to the main issues of the dispute: the delineation of the border between the two states, the future of Jerusalem, the fate of Israeli settlements, the return of Palestinian refugees, and the structure of cooperative security arrangements.

Over the years, constructive proposals for addressing all of these issues have been offered—both by third parties (such as former U.S. President Bill Clinton’s parameters from December 2000 and U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry’s proposals from 2014) and by Palestinians and Israelis in their official and unofficial capacities (such as the understandings between Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas and one of us in 1995; the Geneva Initiative of 2003; and the short Ami Ayalon-Sari Nusseibeh agreement, also in 2003).…  Seguir leyendo »

‘Even in our grief, Israeli forces unleashed violence against the mourners and pallbearers.’ Photograph: Maya Levin/AP

I am writing these words having just returned from the funeral of Shireen Abu Aqleh in Jerusalem. It is hard to describe the exact emotions which every Palestinian is feeling. One thing is certain: this has been the most incredible outpouring of emotion I’ve seen in Palestine.

Shireen was known to every Palestinian household. During the second intifada – a formative experience for many Palestinians – she was the face that delivered us the news. The TV screen became a window to everything going on: the F16 strikes, the Apache helicopter strikes, the tanks on the streets. And Shireen was out there, bringing the news to our homes.…  Seguir leyendo »

Israeli police carry a wounded Palestinian demonstrator outside Jerusalem's Al-Aqsa mosque compound on April 22. (Ahmad Gharabli/AFP/Getty Images)

At the break of dawn on April 15, Israeli police attacked Palestinian worshipers at the holy site of Al-Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem. They used stun grenades, tear gas and rubber-coated steel bullets, wounding more than 150. Since then, Israeli forces have launched new incursions, detaining more than 300 Palestinians at the Al-Aqsa compound and blocking Palestinian Christians from entering the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. This carefully calculated violence comes as Palestinian Muslims enter the last days of Ramadan.

When looking at the footage of what happened, the dynamic is obvious: forces with gear and guns versus worshipers kneeling in prayer.…  Seguir leyendo »

A man stands with an Israeli flag before another person, holding up a Palestinian flag, in East Jerusalem on Feb. 25. (Ahmad Gharabli/AFP/Getty Images)

If all the plans for how Israelis and Palestinians can peacefully divide or share their homeland were printed and shelved, they could overflow the vast Library of Alexandria. And yet, the latest one deserves attention, and not just for what it states explicitly.

While the world is watching the war in Ukraine, it’s worth remembering those persistently working to make peace elsewhere. The Holy Land Confederation plan comes from Hiba Husseini, former legal adviser to Palestinian negotiators; Yossi Beilin, one of the Israeli architects of the Oslo process; and a team of other Palestinian and Israeli experts.

The key word in the title is “confederation.”…  Seguir leyendo »

A Palestinian demonstrator stands in front of an Israeli soldier during a protest of Israel's separation barrier in the West Bank in 2013. (Majdi Mohammed/AP)

Last week, I found myself with a group of friends hiding from the chill of Ramallah, West Bank, to discuss Amnesty International’s recent report designating Israel an apartheid regime. And even though we welcomed it, we couldn’t hide our frustration.

With the release of a 278-page report compiled over a period of four years, Amnesty joined Human Rights Watch and the Israeli rights group B’Tselem in laying out how Israel is committing the crime of apartheid against Palestinians.

Israeli representatives — after failing to stop Amnesty from publishing the report — were quick to denounce it, calling it radical and antisemitic.…  Seguir leyendo »

Como dijo un sabio, el antisemitismo no es un conjunto de creencias, sino un conjunto de contradicciones. Antes del Holocausto, los judíos eran odiados porque eran pobres y porque eran ricos. Porque eran comunistas y porque eran capitalistas. Porque se mantenían en guetos y porque se infiltraban en todos los círculos. Porque se aferraban a creencias religiosas arcaicas y porque eran cosmopolitas sin piedad que no creían en nada.

El antisemitismo es un virus que sobrevive gracias a sus constantes mutaciones. Hoy, se odia a los judíos gracias a su floreciente Estado nación: Israel. La nueva cepa ha hecho que el antisionismo sea el nuevo antisemitismo.…  Seguir leyendo »

Watch list 2022. Middle East & North Africa. Israel-Palestine: Getting Beyond Business as Usual

Crisis Group’s Watch List identifies ten countries facing deadly conflict, humanitarian emergency or other crises in 2022. In these places, early action, driven or supported by the EU and its member states, could save lives and enhance prospects for stability.

Since a wave of violence swept through Israel and the Palestinian territories in April-May 2021 and grabbed international attention, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has again largely fallen off the world’s radar. Prospects for a viable peace process remain out of sight, and rhetorical commitments to a two-state solution by outside actors like the European Union (EU) and its member states seem more removed than ever from the steadily evolving reality on the ground.…  Seguir leyendo »

En toda Europa se debate si las acciones que el Gobierno israelí está llevando a cabo en los territorios palestinos ocupados se pueden calificar de apartheid según el derecho internacional. En mi condición de ex fiscal general de Israel, he dedicado mi carrera a analizar las cuestiones jurídicas más acuciantes que afectan a mi país. La ocupación israelí de Cisjordania, Gaza y Jerusalén ha sido un dilema fundamental durante mi ejercicio del cargo y también después.

La actual ocupación israelí de estos territorios es una gran injusticia que debe ser rectificada con urgencia. También debo concluir con enorme tristeza que mi país se ha hundido en un abismo moral y político tal que en estos momentos es un régimen de apartheid.…  Seguir leyendo »