Conflicto palestino-israelí

Amos Oz, the Israeli writer who was also a founder of the Peace Now movement, was once asked by a Norwegian journalist why Jews and Palestinians couldn’t just live as equal citizens in a single state. Oz countered by asking why Norway and Sweden couldn’t just merge into a single state, too, as they had been for most of the 19th century.

“Clearly, Mr. Oz,” the journalist replied, “you know nothing about the Swedes!”

I heard Oz tell this story many years ago, so it might have been a Swedish journalist talking about Norwegians. But the point is the same: If Norwegians don’t want to share a state with Swedes, if Scots may not want to share a state with the English, or Catalans with Spaniards, then how can anyone imagine Israelis and Palestinians, with rivers of blood between them, joining hands in a common political enterprise?…  Seguir leyendo »

On Monday, the Democratic Platform Drafting Committee debated and voted on the party’s 2020 platform, which outlines the party’s ideals and plans for the country over the next four years. As Palestinian-Americans and delegates to the Democratic National Convention, we are deeply dismayed that the language on Israel-Palestine once again ignores reality and basic Palestinian rights, and falls far short of a fair and just policy and the stated values of the party. We are further disappointed and disheartened by a drafting and voting process that was anything but open, inclusive and democratic.

As in 2016, this year the DNC again refused to acknowledge the fundamental reality that millions of Palestinians have lived under brutal Israeli military rule for more than 53 years, omitting any reference to Israel’s “occupation” of Palestinian lands.…  Seguir leyendo »

Este mes se cumplen veinte años desde que el presidente estadounidense Bill Clinton invitó al primer ministro israelí Ehud Barak y al presidente de la Organización para la Liberación de Palestina Yasir Arafat a una cumbre para la paz en Camp David, en un audaz esfuerzo para solucionar uno de los conflictos más prolongados de la era moderna. Aunque no se logró ningún acuerdo, la cumbre, en la cual participé, no fue un fracaso: el marco que produjo se convirtió en la base sobre la cual el Clinton construyó sus «parámetros para la paz»: la interpretación más equitativa y realista de una solución con dos estados que se haya creado.…  Seguir leyendo »

El conflicto palestino-israelí desgarra Oriente Próximo desde hace más de 70 años. Mi país, Colombia, padeció una guerra similar, larga y encarnizada, que parecía eterna e imposible de resolver.

El camino a la paz exigió valor y magnanimidad. Como amigo de Israel, me preocupa profundamente ver que esos dos valores están totalmente ausentes de los planes de su Gobierno para anexionarse partes de Cisjordania.

Cuando yo era presidente de Colombia, el venezolano Hugo Chávez dijo que mi país era “el Israel de Latinoamérica”. ¡Lo recibí como un elogio! Israel, con su capacidad de resistencia, su espíritu emprendedor y su innovaciones tecnológicas, tiene mucho que admirar.…  Seguir leyendo »

Houses are pictured in the Maale Adumim settlement in the West Bank east of Jerusalem. The Israeli government has delayed plans to annex Jewish settlements in the West Bank and in the Jordan Valley. Photo: Getty Images

Observers of the Israel-Palestine conflict have been anticipating Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu’s, announcement to annex parts of the West Bank. It has been a tumultuous year for Israeli politics which has seen three inconclusive elections and resulted in a sharing of power between Netanyahu and Benny Gantz of the Blue and White party. However, since the coalition government was sworn in, Netanyahu has appeared to not lose any time in moving forward with his plans.

Annexation has long been Netanyahu’s political aspiration and was part of his recent re-election platform but the anticipated announcement from the Israeli government didn’t come straight away.…  Seguir leyendo »

Israeli soldiers interacting in the West Bank last month with a Palestinian woman protesting the demolition of an unapproved animal shed. Credit Abed Al Hashlamoun/EPA, via Shutterstock

I was 22 in 1993 when Yitzhak Rabin and Yasir Arafat shook hands on the White House lawn to officially begin the peace process that many hoped would create a Palestinian state alongside Israel. I’ve been arguing for a two-state solution — first in late-night bull sessions, then in articles and speeches — ever since.

I believed in Israel as a Jewish state because I grew up in a family that had hopscotched from continent to continent as diaspora Jewish communities crumbled. I saw Israel’s impact on my grandfather and father, who were never as happy or secure as when enveloped in a society of Jews.…  Seguir leyendo »

La anexión unilateral de partes de Cisjordania es una mala idea. Ni siquiera forma parte del plan de paz de Trump. Yo formé parte del equipo que elaboró el plan con los estadounidenses, así que lo conozco perfectamente. Una anexión unilateral supone una interpretación completamente errónea del plan Trump. Netanyahu se ha limitado a quedarse con las dos páginas del plan que más le convienen y está intentando impulsar lo que en ellas se dice. Es como tener un plan económico basado en el gasto sin tener ni idea de cómo conseguir el dinero.

Según el plan original, aplicar la soberanía israelí sobre el valle del Jordán y los principales bloques de asentamientos era parte de un proceso que culminaría con la creación de dos Estados que pudieran coexistir: un Estado palestino desmilitarizado y un Estado de Israel a salvo de la amenaza del terrorismo islamista.…  Seguir leyendo »

A Palestinian artist paints a mural protesting Israel's West Bank annexation plans in Rafah, in southern Gaza, on July 1. (Said Khatib/AFP via Getty Images)

The Israeli government may begin taking steps toward unilaterally annexing portions of the West Bank soon. This move would present a grave threat to any possibility of a future two-state outcome that allows Israelis and Palestinians to live in freedom and security, each in a state of their own. It would also shatter the paradigm that has governed resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict for decades. Israeli annexation would herald a new era of unilateralism, the consequences of which would be a policy shift on the Palestinian side of the equation as well.

Annexation is far from a foregone conclusion. Alternate Prime Minister Benny Gantz, Arab leaders, former Vice President Joe Biden and nearly every Democrat in Congress have voiced concern or outright opposition.…  Seguir leyendo »

Le Premier ministre israélien, Benyamin Nétanyahou, a fait part de sa détermination à annexer des territoires en Cisjordanie, une opération qui devait commencer dès le 1er juillet. Si les détails exacts de cette annexion demeurent flous, il est aujourd’hui indéniable que la politique menée par Israël contribuera à imposer aux Palestiniens un régime comparable à celui de l’apartheid en Afrique du Sud.

Nous avons subi la réalité de la ségrégation au XXsiècle, et nous ne pouvons rester indifférents à ce qui se profile comme son équivalent au XXIsiècle. Le but ultime de ceux qui planifient l’annexion israélienne est de diviser la Cisjordanie, donnant à Israël autant de territoires palestiniens que possible, avec aussi peu de Palestiniens que possible, anéantissant ainsi la possibilité même d’un Etat palestinien souverain aux côtés d’Israël.…  Seguir leyendo »

A Palestinian protester and an Israeli soldier during a rally against Israel’s plan to annex parts of the occupied West Bank, Haris, near Nablus, West Bank, June 26, 2020

From July 1, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has the power to bring to the Knesset a vote on whether to extend his country’s sovereignty over portions of the West Bank, in accordance with the Trump administration’s so-called peace plan, a 181-page document that, in essence, gives a US seal of approval to Israel’s expansionist agenda. Extending sovereignty, otherwise known as annexation, entails the further application of Israeli jurisdiction to territory that Palestinians had envisioned would make up part of their future state.

The Trump plan has given a green light to the integration into Israel of up to 30 percent of the West Bank, including more than two hundred Israeli settlements and settler outposts and the larger part of the Jordan Valley, removing the illusion that the occupation is temporary.…  Seguir leyendo »

I had to take a long walk. I needed to get away from the headlines, especially the ones about the impending Israeli annexation of part of the West Bank.

For days, I had compulsively clicked every update about David Friedman, the U.S. ambassador to Israel, meeting with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and his main coalition partner, Benny Gantz, to get them to agree on annexation. I read the leaked forecasts from Israeli generals that annexation could spark conflict in Gaza, the warnings from King Abdullah II of Jordan that it could destabilize the whole region, the precise argument from analyst Dahlia Scheindlin that annexation cracks the global order that prevents wars.…  Seguir leyendo »

Desde el final de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, la comunidad internacional ha adoptado un simple pero poderoso principio: Ningún país, por poderoso que sea, puede quitarle tierras a sus vecinos por la fuerza. Cuando Argentina invadió las Islas Malvinas en el año 1982, el mundo expresó pocas objeciones a la intervención militar del Reino Unido para retomar su territorio. Cuando Irak ocupó Kuwait en el año 1990, las Naciones Unidas autorizaron acciones militares para expulsar a los iraquís. Y, cuando Rusia anexionó a Crimea en el año 2014, la ONU impuso fuertes sanciones que permanecen vigentes en la actualidad.

Durante 53 años, los palestinos han depositado sus esperanzas en este principio.…  Seguir leyendo »

A demonstrator holding a Palestinian flag stands in front of a mural during a protest against Israel's plan to annex parts of the occupied West Bank, in Gaza City on Monday. (Mohammed Salem/Reuters)

Even though the Israeli occupation of Palestinian lands has gone on for decades, the only times that people have really erupted in opposition to Israel have been when they have lost hope.

In every decade, something happened that delayed Palestinian eruptions. In the 1970s, Palestinians expected salvation from Arabs. The 1973 war was followed by an Egyptian-led peace process. Even though Egypt was unable to produce Palestinian peace, the fact that a leading Arab country was engaging the Israelis gave people some hope.

But in the 1980s, the Israeli war against the Palestine Liberation Organization in Lebanon meant that Palestinians could no longer expect that PLO guerrilla fighters would be able to force Israel to withdraw from occupied territories.…  Seguir leyendo »

People gather in the Jewish settlement of Mitzpe Yeriho overlooking the West Bank city of Jericho on Jan. 26. (Oded Balilty/AP)

Israel is about to make one of the most fateful decisions in its modern history — a decision that will have a profound impact on its future as a Jewish democratic state and on the prospect for peace.

The Israeli cabinet is on the verge of unilaterally annexing territories in the West Bank. This is not a technical issue. It is a question that has a direct bearing on the very nature of the state of Israel — its identity, its values and its future.

Our country is deeply divided over competing visions of our national fate that lead us in starkly different directions.…  Seguir leyendo »

Israeli security forces stand guard near the West Bank city of Hebron on June 14. (Hazem Bader/AFP/Getty Images)

Determined to advance a realistic solution to the conflict with the Palestinians, Israel’s prime minister laid out his vision of peace in a speech to the Knesset. The Palestinians, he said, would have “less than a state,” Israel would retain security control over the Jordan Valley “in the broadest meaning of that term,” Jerusalem would remain united under Israel’s sovereignty, and settlement blocs in Judea and Samaria would become part of lsrael.

Those words were not spoken recently by Benjamin Netanyahu but by then-Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin in 1995, when he defended the Oslo peace process he had initiated two years earlier with President Bill Clinton and Yasser Arafat and for which he would be assassinated one month later.…  Seguir leyendo »

A painting by the artist Banksy, in 2015 in Gaza. Divorce between Israel and the International Criminal Court was consumed in Rome in 1998, when Tel Aviv refused to sign and ratify the Statute, following its recognition of the transfer of the civilian population as a war crime. © Mohammed Abed / AFP

To me, the subject of Israel and Palestine, the relations between the two entities and their peoples, as well as the role of third actors (international or not), including the International Criminal Court (ICC), has been of concern for many years. The so-called Palestine Situation before the ICC seems to put into perspective the meetings and dialogues I had more than twenty years ago. Professionally, I have devoted my energy for the past fifteen years to international criminal justice, both in teaching and research and in practice, where I have been able to work alongside the Prosecutor General of Israel, the defence and more recently, in the representation of victims of international crimes.…  Seguir leyendo »

In this piece, the author points out "the interminable circularity of ‘debate’ around declaratory and constitutive theories of international law – which is to say the whether a state exists exclusively by having satisfied some set of criteria, or whether a state exists when other states recognise it as such". © Mohammed Abed / AFP

In December 2019 the Office of the Prosecutor (OTP) at the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced that it had concluded its preliminary examination into the Situation in Palestine, and was satisfied that it had competence to open a formal investigation. The announcement, however, came in the form of a Request to the Pre-Trial Chamber for confirmation that the OTP’s understanding of the scope of the Court’s jurisdiction over Palestine was correct.

Among the reasons the OTP gave for making the request was that “while the Prosecution wishes to obtain a ruling expeditiously, it would provide an opportunity for legal representatives of victims and the referring State to participate in the proceedings, if they wish.…  Seguir leyendo »

A wounded Palestinian demonstrator being helped during a protest against Israeli settlements, near the town of Beita in the Israeli-occupied West Bank on March 11. Credit Mohamad Torokman/Reuters

Thanks to the Trump administration’s “Peace to Prosperity” plan, the topic of Israel annexing parts of the West Bank has moved from the fringe to the center of Israeli politics. The apparent noninvolvement of the United States State Department in the issue has prompted Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to state his confidence that annexation will happen within “a few months,” or before the American presidential election in November.

I am not someone who frets over the Israeli “occupation” of the West Bank: in my view, the Palestinians long ago would have enjoyed self-rule had they stopped murdering Israelis. I ignore the Clinton Parameters, the former American president’s compromise formula to resolve the Palestinian-Israeli conflict two decades ago.…  Seguir leyendo »

The Dome of the Rock is seen in the background as a Palestinian woman prays on the compound known to Muslims as al-Haram al-Sharif and to Jews as Temple Mount [Ammar Awad/Reuters]

Apart from its many other faults and its overall one-sidedness, and despite its authors’ claims to the contrary, the US plan for Israel-Palestine, unveiled at the end of January, proposes perilous changes to the historical status quo at Jerusalem’s Holy Esplanade.

The 14-hectare (35-acre) compound, known to Jews as Temple Mount and to Muslims as al-Haram al-Sharif, is Judaism’s holiest site and Islam’s third-most sacred after Mecca and Medina. The contested site, which is home to both the Dome of the Rock and Al-Aqsa Mosque, is currently supervised by Jordan’s Islamic Waqf according to an unwritten Ottoman-era arrangement. Per the arrangement, Muslims are allowed to pray at the site, while non-Muslims are only allowed entry as tourists.…  Seguir leyendo »

Como europeos dedicados a promover el derecho internacional, la paz y la seguridad en todo el mundo, expresamos nuestra profunda preocupación por el plan del presidente Trump para Oriente Próximo, llamado Paz para la Prosperidad. La iniciativa contradice los parámetros acordados internacionalmente para el proceso de paz en Oriente Próximo, las resoluciones pertinentes de Naciones Unidas, incluida la Resolución 2334 del Consejo de Seguridad, y los principios más fundamentales del Derecho Internacional. En lugar de promover la paz, corre el riesgo de alimentar el conflicto, a expensas de los civiles israelíes y palestinos por igual y con graves consecuencias para Jordania y la región en su conjunto.…  Seguir leyendo »