Conflicto palestino-israelí (Continuación)

A Palestinian man watching Israeli strikes in eastern Rafah, Gaza Strip, May 2024. Hatem Khaled / Reuters

On May 6, in an effort to forestall an all-but-certain Israeli operation in Rafah, Hamas leaders said that they might be prepared to accept a hostage-for-prisoners agreement with Israel. Coming after weeks of stonewalling by Hamas, the announcement raised hopes in Washington that some kind of deal might still be reached that could free dozens of hostages and bring about a pause in Israel’s offensive in the Gaza Strip. But even now, it remained unclear how committed Hamas was to carrying out this deal, or whether it was simply seeking a means to preserve its Rafah stronghold, where Israel believes its remaining brigades and Gaza-based leadership are holed up.…  Seguir leyendo »

Palestinians receive food rations at a donation point in Rafah in the southern Gaza Strip on February 2, 2024, as fighting continues between Israel and the Palestinian Hamas group. Photo: © Said Khatib / AFP

“You have to hear this to believe this. The International Criminal Court in the Hague is contemplating issuing arrest warrants against senior Israeli government and military officials, as war criminals. ” On 30 April 2024, Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu released a four-minute video statement addressing mounting speculation among international and Israeli media that senior Israeli officials could soon be subject to arrest warrants from the International Criminal Court (ICC). It is speculated that they will be accused, among other things, of deliberately depriving Gazans of food. On 3 May 2024, the Office of ICC Prosecutor Karim Khan put out a statement condemning any attempt to retaliate against the court for its investigations.…  Seguir leyendo »

Funeral of Polish aid worker Damian Sobol killed in Israeli airstrike in Gaza, in Przemysl Poland, April 20, 2024 / Photo: Reuters

Shaken by a Hamas-led blitz on Israeli communities last October, Israel says it is “determined to dismantle” the military and governance capabilities of the group in besieged Palestinian enclave, Gaza. Yet, this quest has been overshadowed by the war’s devastating effects, which Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has dismissed as “collateral damage”.

Israel’s military campaign has killed over 34,000 people and uprooted 2 million from their homes, out of a population of 2.2 million. The enclave’s northern half is facing the world’s worst famine, relative to population size, of the past few decades.

This is due not only to a shortage of aid, but also to the dangers of and restrictions on movement within Gaza.…  Seguir leyendo »

La policía de Nueva York se lleva arrestada a una persona que participaba en la protesta propalestina en la Universidad de Columbia,STEPHANI SPINDEL (EFE)

El día después de la toma del Hamilton Hall en la Universidad Columbia por parte de la policía, algunos cientos de profesores y estudiantes graduados nos manifestamos a las puertas de un campus cerrado, vaciado y ocupado. Es, era, nuestro campus. Ahora sus edificios históricos, su césped impoluto, su monumental escalinata central, no son sino una privilegiada escenografía al servicio de otros. Desde hace tiempo, pero decisivamente desde la comparecencia frente a un comité del congreso de Nemat Shafik, presidenta de la universidad del día 17 de abril, el campus es literal y simbólicamente tierra tomada. Ese mismo día algunos estudiantes acamparon en el césped delante de la biblioteca, de forma pacífica, en uno de los lugares precisamente designados para la protesta.…  Seguir leyendo »

A Palestinian man waits for news of his daughter as rescue workers search the rubble of a building hit during an overnight Israeli bombing in Rafah, seen in the southern Gaza Strip on April 21. Mohammed Abed/AFP via Getty Images

Investigative journalism published in April by Israeli media outlet Local Call (and its English version, +972 Magazine) shows that the Israeli military has established a mass assassination program of unprecedented size, blending algorithmic targeting with a high tolerance for bystander deaths and injuries.

The investigation reveals a huge expansion of Israel’s previous targeted killing practices, and it goes a long way toward explaining how and why the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) could kill so many Palestinians while still claiming to adhere to international humanitarian law. It also represents a dangerous new horizon in human-machine interaction in conflict—a trend that’s not limited to Israel.…  Seguir leyendo »

‘You don’t have to agree with everything or anything they are standing for, but if you believe in democracy, surely you believe in their right to stand for it.’ Photograph: Craig Ruttle/AP

Teaching an undergraduate class on democracy at Princeton University’s School of Public and International Affairs this semester has felt urgent and clarifying. In the classroom, we’ve been looking at backsliding and the slow corrosion of democratic norms in so-called democratic countries. Meanwhile, what’s been happening outside the classroom in more than 120 universities around the US and the world tells us a more ominous story about democracy.

For two weeks, we focused on the United States; there were lively discussions on political polarization, January 6 and the threat posed by supporters of Donald Trump, as well as how robust or fragile US democracy currently is.…  Seguir leyendo »

Le 18 avril, au Conseil de sécurité des Nations unies, les Etats-Unis ont mis leur veto à un projet de résolution recommandant à l’Assemblée générale d’admettre l’Etat de Palestine comme membre à part entière de l’organisation. Pour l’heure, la Palestine a un statut d’Etat observateur non membre, qui lui a été accordé par l’Assemblée générale des Nations unies en 2012. Pour devenir membre à part entière de l’ONU, la demande doit être approuvée par le Conseil de sécurité, puis par au moins les deux tiers de l’Assemblée générale.

Au Conseil de sécurité, les Etats-Unis n’eurent guère d’alliés : seuls le Royaume-Uni et la Suisse se sont abstenus, tous les autres membres du Conseil, soit douze sur quinze, ont voté pour.…  Seguir leyendo »

Smoke billows from the site of an Israeli airstrike on the southern Lebanese village of Majdel Zoun on April 15, 2024, amid ongoing cross-border tensions. AFP/Getty Images

An eerie relative calm has descended on the Middle East — Gaza obviously excluded — since a highly alarming exchange of missile, rocket and drone attacks by Israel and Iran in recent weeks. Fears of an imminent regional war have subsided, with both sides suggesting that, for now at any rate, they believe they have restored deterrence strategically and bolstered national morale enough to offset criticism from hawks and hardliners.

For the meanwhile, it appears that neither Israel nor Iran wants a direct war with each other, and both appear ready to consider the recent exchange of attacks, although not their underlying causes, resolved.…  Seguir leyendo »

Prohibido por Alemania

Hace tres semanas, me prohibieron entrar a Alemania. Cuando les pregunté a las autoridades alemanas quién había tomado la decisión, cuándo y con qué argumento, recibí una respuesta formal de que, por razones de seguridad nacional, mis preguntas no recibirían ninguna respuesta formal. De pronto, mi mente se remontó a otra época cuando tenía diez años y pensaba en Alemania como un refugio del autoritarismo.

Durante la dictadura fascista de Grecia, estaba prohibido escuchar emisoras de radio extranjeras. De modo que, cada noche, alrededor de las nueve, mis padres se acurrucaban debajo de una manta roja con una radio de onda corta, intentando escuchar la emisión griega dedicada de la Deutsche Welle.…  Seguir leyendo »

Our decision to resume feeding in Gaza is both the hardest and the simplest one we could make.

Hardest because barely a month has passed since Israeli forces killed seven of our World Central Kitchen family, despite knowing their location, movements and the nature of their essential work. Our colleagues risked everything to feed people they did not know.

Yet it’s a simple decision for us because the need is so great. We cannot stand by while so many people are so desperate for the essentials of life. Food is a universal human right, and we will not cease until those basic human rights are respected.…  Seguir leyendo »

Israeli soldiers patrolling Gazan-Israeli border, April 2024. Amir Cohen / Reuters

Until last month, the war between Iran and Israel was largely fought in the shadows. The Iranians decided to take it out of the shadows, openly attacking Israeli territory directly, from Iranian soil, for the first time in the Islamic Republic’s history. Some observers have argued that Iran’s April 13 drone and missile assault on Israel was a symbolic gesture. Yet given the quantity of drones and missiles fired at Israel and their payloads, Iran clearly meant to inflict serious damage.

Israel’s defenses were nearly flawless, but it did not repel Iran’s attack entirely on its own. Just as Iran’s assault was unprecedented, so was the direct military intervention of the United States and a number of its allies, including some Arab states.…  Seguir leyendo »

On April 9th, on the eve of the Eid al-Fitr holiday, the Indonesian Air Force conducted an airdrop of humanitarian aid in Gaza. In practical terms, this aid was just a drop in the ocean of horror and deprivation to which Gaza has been reduced lately. However, this gesture carried great symbolic value for the people of Indonesia and for me as their president-elect: it was a message of shared grief and pain, of solidarity and support, to our brothers and sisters in Gaza.

Over the past six months we have watched in horror as Gaza and its people have been subjected to a harsh campaign of collective punishment, in violation of international laws and norms.…  Seguir leyendo »

Pro-Israel activists counterdemonstrate at a Pro-Palestinian rally in New York on Oct. 13. (Stephanie Keith/Getty Images)

The Biden administration must do whatever it can to protect the Palestinian people in Gaza and the West Bank. It must also do whatever it can to protect Israelis. That means both pausing military assistance to the Israeli government until Palestinian civilians in Gaza have sufficient food, water, medicine and shelter to survive the war, and guaranteeing the Israeli people that the United States and its allies will do all they can to protect them from further attack.

The key to this dual policy is focusing on the lives of the people on both sides rather than on supporting or withdrawing support for a state.…  Seguir leyendo »

Pro-Israel activists counterdemonstrate at a Pro-Palestinian rally in New York on Oct. 13. (Stephanie Keith/Getty Images)

The Biden administration must do whatever it can to protect the Palestinian people in Gaza and the West Bank. It must also do whatever it can to protect Israelis. That means both pausing military assistance to the Israeli government until Palestinian civilians in Gaza have sufficient food, water, medicine and shelter to survive the war, and guaranteeing the Israeli people that the United States and its allies will do all they can to protect them from further attack.

The key to this dual policy is focusing on the lives of the people on both sides rather than on supporting or withdrawing support for a state.…  Seguir leyendo »

A protest in support of Palestinians near the Israeli embassy in Amman, Jordan, March 2024. Alaa Al-Sukhni / Reuters

Since Hamas’s October 7 attack on Israel, the Middle East has been rocked by mass protests. Egyptians have demonstrated in solidarity with Palestinians at great personal risk, and Iraqis, Moroccans, Tunisians, and Yemenis have taken to the streets in vast numbers. Meanwhile, Jordanians have broken long-standing redlines by marching on the Israeli embassy, and Saudi Arabia has refused to resume normalization talks with Israel, in part because of its people’s deep fury over Israel’s operations in the Gaza Strip.

For Washington, the view is that none of this mobilization really matters. Arab leaders, after all, are among the world’s most experienced practitioners of realpolitik, and they have a record of ignoring their people’s preferences.…  Seguir leyendo »

A Palestinian laborer performing his afternoon prayers at an housing project construction site in the Jewish neighborhood of Har Homa, East Jerusalem, 2009. David Silverman/Getty Images

At the start of last October over 200,000 Palestinians worked in Israel. Mostly they labored in construction and, to a lesser extent, in agriculture: leaving their homes in the morning, showing their work permits at checkpoints, building houses and roads, harvesting fruit and vegetables, then returning in the evening. At least 150,000 were from the West Bank, where wages are three times as low as in Israel; at least 18,500 were from Gaza, where wages were as much as ten times lower and more than half the population was unemployed. According to the International Labor Organization, an additional 35,000 West Bank Palestinians labored in the settlements.…  Seguir leyendo »

Grupos de palestinos regresaban el jueves al campo de refugiados de Al Nusairat tras la retirada del ejército israelí de la zona, al sur de la franja de Gaza.MOHAMMED SABER (EFE)

Hace un par de semanas, vi el monólogo con el que el cómico egipcioestadounidense Ramy Youssef empezó Saturday Night Live. Cuando estaba a punto de acabar, dijo que rezaba a Dios “para que detenga la violencia” y “libere al pueblo de Palestina”, y el público rompió a aplaudir. Como soy un israelí lleno de hastío, diagnostiqué que los miembros de la entusiasta multitud eran neoyorquinos progresistas y propalestinos. Ahora, un segundo después, Youssef dijo que también rezaba por la liberación de todos los rehenes y el público reaccionó con un aplauso igual de fuerte. Entonces comprendí que, a diferencia de lo que veo en las redes sociales, donde hay una clara división entre quienes aman a Israel y quienes lo odian, la gente es, en su mayor parte, muy humana: cuando ve a una joven israelí aterrorizada mientras la llevan a rastras a Gaza, quiere que la liberen; cuando ve a una familia palestina hambrienta y acurrucada bajo una tienda improvisada, llorando a sus muertos, quiere que deje de sufrir.…  Seguir leyendo »

La guerra de Gaza se globaliza

Con el ataque iraní de drones y misiles sobre Israel la noche del 13 de abril, la guerra en Oriente Medio ha adquirido una nueva dimensión. Por años, el conflicto entre Irán e Israel había sido una “guerra en la sombra” en la que ambos bandos evitaban ataques militares directos en territorio del otro. En su lugar, el conflicto llegaba subrepticiamente a las calles de Teherán con asesinatos de científicos e ingenieros nucleares iraníes y en áreas asoladas por la guerra como Siria, el Líbano, Yemen y Gaza. En estos puntos calientes, el llamado Eje de la Resistencia -compuesto por Hizbulá (en el Líbano), Hamas (en Gaza) y los hutíes (en Yemen)- recibe un amplio apoyo en la forma de dinero, armamento y entrenamiento iraníes.…  Seguir leyendo »

Nasser hospital after the withdrawal of Israeli forces, Khan Younis, Gaza, April 7, 2024. Mohammed Talatene/Picture Alliance/Getty Images

I was born in the spring of 1999 in the village of Khuza’a, east of the city of Khan Younis, in the Gaza Strip. My family comes from a village called Salama, near Jaffa on the Palestinian coast, from which they were displaced by Zionist forces in 1948. Khuza’a was a place of green fields and flowers, far from the city center and close to the border fence that separates Gaza from Israel. Most of its residents worked in agriculture or made traditional crafts, but our family ensured that us five siblings—three sisters, a brother, and myself—received a good education.

We grew up among wars: 2008, 2012, 2014, 2021.…  Seguir leyendo »

When Russia invaded Ukraine in 2022, newsrooms across the world scrambled to send their reporters to the front lines. Journalists gave the international public firsthand experience of the conflict. Air raid sirens blared during live on-air reports. Reporters flinched at nearby explosions. They brought the world to the heart of the fighting: “20 Days in Mariupol”, a documentary that showcased an Associated Press report on the attack on the city, won an Oscar last month. That report, among other things, helped debunk Russian claims that the bombing of a maternity hospital, in which three people were killed, was “staged”.

No such international coverage has been possible a thousand miles away in Gaza, where war has claimed the lives of more than 33,000 Palestinians, according to local health officials, since the Oct.…  Seguir leyendo »