Darfur

Violence against civilians in Darfur . Darker shades of red represent higher numbers of recorded instances of violence against civilians in a locality, while lighter shades represent fewer recorded instances of violence. The black bullets indicate instances of obstruction and/or intimidation of peacekeepers, while the shade of the localities in Darfur indicate the number of documented instances of violence against civilians between January 2008 and April 2009. (Figure from: Duursma, A. Obstruction and intimidation of peacekeepers: How armed actors undermine civilian protection efforts. Journal of Peace Research.)

Congolese rebels killed eight U.N. peacekeepers on Nov. 15. The same rebel group was responsible for the death of 15 peacekeepers in December 2017, the deadliest single assault on the U.N. peacekeeping mission in Congo in its 25 years of existence.

U.N. peacekeepers also face heavy armed resistance in places such as Mali, South Sudan and the Central African Republic. These serious attacks may obscure another crucial threat to peacekeeping missions: Government forces and rebels obstruct and intimidate peacekeepers to prevent them from fulfilling their civilian protection mandate.

For instance, government forces and the Kamuina Nsapu militia fought in Congo’s Kasai-Central province in March 2017.…  Seguir leyendo »

Yet another woman is attacked and killed in an isolated place outside her village in Darfur. The story line is terribly familiar, not only from 2003 when the genocide began in Sudan, but to this day. Beyond the village, who notices now? Where is it reported as news? How will justice come if it is not reported, if no one cares?

I care. The woman who was attacked and killed on Aug. 21, 2017, was my sister, Noi.

I care. I am angry. I cry out for justice for Noi.

I am the youngest of seven children, five of whom survived, until now.…  Seguir leyendo »

The ongoing crisis in Darfur has long since dropped out of public view, overshadowed by Syria and other more recent global crises. But Darfur is back in the headlines because the government of Sudan has just held a three-day referendum (11-13 April) on its political future. Voters were asked whether they wanted Darfur to become a single region or to continue to be administered as five separate federal states. Some 3.5 million people were registered to vote. Officials have claimed a high voter turnout, but witnesses on the ground have reported seeing many empty polling stations. The results are expected later in April.…  Seguir leyendo »

Darfur may have dropped out of international headlines, but that does not mean the region enjoys peace. Far from it. A renewed escalation of violence by the Sudanese government against non-Arab ethnic groups threatens to compound a humanitarian disaster that, according to United Nations estimates, over the past 13 years displaced more than 2.7 million people in Darfur and an additional 380,000 refugees to eastern Chad.

Darfur has become a focus again because the regime in Khartoum is desperate to end one of three active rebellions in the country, conflicts that have left its military badly overstretched while a failing economy is causing civil unrest.…  Seguir leyendo »

It is now a year since the guilty plea by BNP Paribas, the French banking giant, to charges by the Department of Justice that it had done clandestine business with the governments of Sudan, Iran and Cuba, countries that were subject to economic sanctions. Over the period covered in the indictment, from 2004 to 2012, the amount that was criminally laundered came to more than $8.8 billion, which determined the size of the penalty.

The bulk of these illegal transactions — about $6.4 billion, or more than 70 percent — involved Sudan, whose president, Omar al-Bashir, was indicted in 2009-10 by the International Criminal Court for multiple counts of crimes against humanity and genocide in Darfur.…  Seguir leyendo »

Le président sud-africain Jacob Zuma est dans la tourmente. Il a décidé de laisser filer Omar el Béchir, son homologue soudanais sous le coup d’un mandat d’arrêt de la Cour pénale internationale (CPI) pour crimes contre l’humanité et génocide commis sous ses ordres au Darfour. L’Afrique du Sud en tant qu’Etat parti de la CPI aurait dû procéder à son interpellation et le transférer à La Haye. Zuma s’est abrité derrière « l’immunité » des participants au XXVe sommet des chefs de gouvernements de l’Union africaine (UA) qui se tenait à Johannesburg. Cette décision est lourde de conséquences.

Et d’abord de mettre en échec la justice internationale qui a pourtant exercé de vives pressions pour que l’Afrique du Sud honore ses engagements.…  Seguir leyendo »

The Darfur genocide in western Sudan — the first genocide of the 21st century and the longest one in more than a century — is about to achieve another distinction. It will be the first genocide in which the victims will be abandoned. An international peacekeeping force designed to halt violence against civilians and humanitarians — the United Nations-African Union Mission in Darfur, or UNAMID — is on the verge of being gutted or perhaps eliminated altogether.

This is despite the fact that some 3 million people have been internally displaced or turned into refugees; almost 500,000 were displaced last year alone.…  Seguir leyendo »

George Clooney on Sudan’s Rape of Darfur

In the early 2000s, a brutal conflict in western Sudan between the government and rebels led to the deaths of hundreds of thousands of Darfuris, with millions displaced as refugees. In 2004, the United States declared Sudan’s actions a genocide.

After that spike in attention and concern, the world has largely forgotten about Darfur. Unfortunately, the government of Sudan has not.

Because Sudan’s government routinely blocks journalists from going into the Darfur region and severely restricts access for humanitarian workers, any window into life there is limited. The government has hammered the joint peacekeeping mission of the United Nations and African Union into silence about human rights concerns by shutting down the United Nations human rights office in the capital, Khartoum, hampering investigators of alleged human rights abuses and pressuring the peacekeeping force to withdraw.…  Seguir leyendo »

Des policiers ivres parcourant les rues en titubant et en tirant des coups de feu au hasard. Un garçon de 14 ans atteint par une balle perdue alors qu’il dînait avec sa famille. Deux garçons tués après que les objets qu’ils prenaient pour des jouets explosent. Une jeune fille de 17 ans enceinte enlevée par des miliciens armés, victime d’un viol collectif puis jetée sur la route. Cinq personnes, dont un enfant, qui faisaient la queue à un point d’eau, réduites à néant par les bombes du gouvernement. Razzias de villages par des centaines d’hommes de tribus munis d’armes que leur a fournies le gouvernement.…  Seguir leyendo »

If you had had the opportunity three months ahead of time to prevent Darfur’s genocide, what would you have done?

The world faces such an opportunity today. On Jan. 9, just 84 days from now, the people of southern Sudan and of the disputed region of Abyei — which straddles northern and southern Sudan — will vote in referendums on self-determination. If held freely and fairly, these votes will result in an independent, oil-rich Southern Sudan. If not, the catastrophic war between the north and the south that ended in 2005, after 2.5 million deaths, could resume.

Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, the man responsible for prosecuting both that war and the Darfur genocide, which has resulted in an estimated 300,000 deaths since 2003, doesn’t want to be the one who lost the south.…  Seguir leyendo »

No more excuses. No more denial. This week, the international criminal court issued an arrest warrant for three charges of genocide against the president of Sudan, Omar al-Bashir.

The world once claimed ignorance of the Nazi atrocities. Fifty years later, the world refused to recognise an unfolding genocide in Rwanda. On Darfur, the world is now officially on notice.

The genocide is not over. Bashir’s forces continue to use different weapons to commit genocide: bullets, rape and hunger. For example, the court found that Bashir’s forces have raped on a mass scale in Darfur. They raped thousands of women and used these rapes to degrade family and community members.…  Seguir leyendo »

While Ros Wynne-Jones does address some of the dangers that threaten Sudan’s 2005 comprehensive peace agreement, this year’s elections, and the 2011 referendum, she combines convoluted conflict histories with gloomy predictions, to present only the bleakest picture (Sudan’s new year of fear, 6 January).

Her claim, for example, that Darfur’s internally displaced population’s «fate is worse than death» relies on outdated stereotypes and ignores the fact that UN figures show Darfur’s mortality rate to be below the region’s pre-conflict level – and lower than the figures for sub-­Saharan Africa. Médecins Sans Frontières have noted that Darfuris are receiving better healthcare than people in other parts of Sudan, in some cases even better than those in Khartoum.…  Seguir leyendo »

Thirty Sudanese political leaders will meet in Washington today with 170 observers from 32 countries and international organizations, as well as four African former prime ministers, to confront the issues that are slowly pushing Sudan over a cliff. The United States ought to be in a commanding position to mediate in these negotiations, as it did in the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement that ended 22 years of civil war between Sudan’s North and South. But disputes within the Obama administration are inhibiting U.S. efforts to stop Sudan’s slide toward civil war at a time when unified American leadership is essential.

First, let’s consider the situation.…  Seguir leyendo »

Darfur: el estado de la situación humanitaria y de seguridad en 2009.

Introducción:

Según datos de principios de 2009, el conflicto en Sudán ha provocado hasta este momento el asesinato de unas 300.000 personas, que 4,7 millones dependan de la ayuda humanitaria y que 2,7 millones de ellas hayan tenido que abandonar sus hogares, convertidos en desplazados y refugiados, hacinándose en alguno de los 200 insalubres, superpoblados y peligrosos campamentos de refugiados instalados tanto en el propio Darfur como en Chad, país al que esta situación plantea graves problemas. Por si fuera poco, Darfur es una de las regiones más pobres del mundo, sufre una inexorable desertización que obliga a luchar por cada gota de agua y sus líderes padecen una crónica y patética ansia de poder personal que les hace indiferentes a los sufrimientos de los seres humanos que de ellos dependen.…  Seguir leyendo »

Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir was predictably defiant yesterday in response to the International Criminal Court’s decision to issue an order for his arrest because of his war in Sudan’s western Darfur region. More than four years ago, the United States correctly called Khartoum’s action in Darfur «genocide.» But the Bush administration did nothing to stop the killings. Now this ongoing nightmare competes with the ailing economy for U.S. attention. But prioritizing Darfur would make clear that the Obama administration can rally international cooperation to resolve thorny security problems.

President Obama, Vice President Biden, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and U.N.…  Seguir leyendo »

Abyei is just one charred town of thousands across Sudan, a place where fire is almost welcome, erasing the visible horrors of war. But it stands at the crossroads of the future of a country, even a continent.

Abyei is in the south of Sudan, a region that until four years ago was ravaged by Africa’s longest war, 40 years of ethnic cleansing, counterattack, and atrocities beyond imagination. Then, four years ago this month, the Arab Muslim north and the tribal African animist south signed the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, or CPA, paving the way for a fragile peace unknown to a generation.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Simon Tisdall (THE GUARDIAN, 05/01/09):

A leading political rival of Omar al-Bashir, Sudan’s embattled president, is to hold talks with President George Bush in Washington today, in what will be seen by ruling circles in Khartoum as further evidence of US attempts to foment regime change in Sudan.

Salva Kiir, a former rebel leader in the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA)who is now president of semi-autonomous southern Sudan, will discuss implementation of the 2005 north-south Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) and other issues during a White House meeting, officials said.

Kiir, who also serves as vice-president in Khartoum’s national unity government, is widely expected to run against Bashir for the presidency in CPA-mandated national elections scheduled for later this year.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Simon Tisdall (THE GUARDIAN, 30/09/08):

The apparent failure of Sudan to block the formal indictment of its president for war crimes is threatening to plunge the country into renewed internal conflict, provoke a break with the UN and end cooperation of African Union countries with the international criminal court.

Tribunal judges are expected to rule within the next two months on a request by the international criminal court chief prosecutor, Luis Moreno-Ocampo, for an arrest warrant for Omar al-Bashir concerning war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide allegedly committed in Darfur. Although action on the most serious allegation of genocide may be deferred, the other charges are almost certain to go ahead.…  Seguir leyendo »

By E. J. Dionne Jr. (THE WASHINGTON POST, 08/08/08):

When you put the Olympics in the hands of a dictatorship, the results are predictable. Yet the Chinese government still found a way to surprise even its critics — not so much by behaving oppressively but by doing so in a foolish and entirely unnecessary way.

By revoking the visa of 2006 Olympian Joey Cheek at the very last moment because he had the nerve to speak out about Darfur and the Chinese government’s support for Sudan’s barbarous regime, Chinese authorities guaranteed that the opening of these Games would focus as much on politics as on sports.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Mark Lattimer, the director of Minority Rights Group International and co-editor with Philippe Sands of the book Justice for Crimes Against Humanity (THE GUARDIAN, 16/07/08):

Justifying his move this week to seek an arrest warrant for the president of Sudan, Omar al-Bashir, the international criminal court’s prosecutor, said: «I don’t have the luxury to look away. I have the evidence.» It was a characteristic riposte from Luis Moreno-Ocampo to a barrage of warnings last weekend that the prosecutor should not interfere with the difficult situation in Darfur and damage any last chances of a peace deal (not that in four years Bashir has ever attended the Darfur peace talks).…  Seguir leyendo »