Dinamarca (Continuación)

Copenhague, capital de Dinamarca, desea ser la primera ciudad en el mundo sin emisiones de CO2 para 2025. Sin embargo, igual que han descubierto muchas ciudades y países bien intencionados, reducir significativamente las emisiones de CO2 es más difícil de lo que parece, y puede que demande un poco de contabilidad creativa.

Lo que es más sorprendente es que los políticos de Copenhague han declarado con gran seguridad que reducir ahora las emisiones de CO2 hará en última instancia a la ciudad y a sus ciudadanos más prósperos, pues las inversiones actuales en energías ecológicas son muy rentables con respecto a un aumento de los precios de los combustibles fósiles.…  Seguir leyendo »

Much too often, diplomacy is behind the curve in struggling with developments unfolding in ways not foreseen.

But when the Arctic Council meets in Kiruna in northern Sweden in the next few days, it is a rare example of a framework set up to deal with events well before they really start to happen, thus making it possible to shape events rather than reacting to things that have already gone wrong.

The Arctic Council was set up between the eight Arctic states, with representatives of the indigenous peoples as permanent participants, in Ottawa in 1996. But in its first years it hardly registered on the international scene.…  Seguir leyendo »

With global warming rapidly melting Arctic sea ice and glaciers making valuable stores of energy and minerals more accessible, voices of doom are warning of inevitable competition and potential conflict — a new “Great Game” among the five Arctic coastal nations.

In fact, the Arctic states of North America, Europe and Russia, working with indigenous peoples and a number of non-Arctic states, already have taken steps to ensure just the opposite: that the Arctic remains a zone of cooperation, peace and stable, sustainable development.

The Arctic Council — the intergovernmental organization for the eight Arctic states: Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden and the United States — has created a forum for cooperation and momentum toward a responsible approach to the region’s issues.…  Seguir leyendo »

En septembre dernier, les Norvégiens ont élu leurs représentants locaux et les Danois ont renouvelé leur parlement. Ces deux scrutins ont été suivis avec le plus grand intérêt par l’ensemble des Européens. Allait-on observer un recul de l’extrême droite en réaction aux événements violents qui se sont produits cet été en Norvège ?

LE RECUL ATTENDU DE L’EXTREME DROITE

La réponse à cette question semble être positive, même s’il est probable que la baisse ne soit que temporaire. En Suède, de récents sondages montrent un recul significatif du soutien populaire aux Démocrates suédois, parti nationaliste qui est entré au parlement en 2010.…  Seguir leyendo »

Today the leaders of the five Nordic states are meeting to discuss the possibility of creating a Nordic federal state. Ever since the Kalmar Union of the kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden – reaching to Iceland, Greenland, the Faroe Islands, Shetland and Orkney – collapsed in 1523, the idea of reinstating some sort of a supra-national Nordic state regularly crops up. Now this old idea has resurfaced in a book the Swedish history professor Gunnar Wetterberg submitted to the Nordic Council in Reykjavik today.

Wetterberg argues that together the Nordics (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, with the three micro territories the Faroe Islands, Greenland and Aland), will be stronger and more stable and prosperous than they are on their own.…  Seguir leyendo »

The drastic climatic changes in the Arctic, viewed first-hand this week by an ‘alarmed’ UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon, are threatening to unleash not only environmental catastrophe on the rest of the world but a furious political struggle between competing regional governments.

The Arctic Five – the US, Russia, Norway, Canada and Denmark (Greenland) – are scrambling to secure territorial rights to disputed and hitherto unclaimed parts of the world’s last great wilderness. This is partly because the retreat of local sea ice is opening up to exploitation what many leading experts think could be massive reserves of petroleum- even as much as 13% of the world’s undiscovered oil and 30% of its undiscovered natural gas.…  Seguir leyendo »

La ‘Tierra Verde’, la isla más grande del mundo después de Australia, la región de clima polar cubierto de hielo, la lejana Groenlandia, descubierta por el vikingo noruego Erik el Rojo en el siglo X (982), bajo soberanía noruega desde 1261, redescubierta por Martin Frobisher y John Davis en el siglo XVI, colonizada por el misionero luterano noruego Hans Egede (el Apóstol de Groenlandia) dos siglos después, protectorado estadounidense en 1941 por su gran valor estratégico, provincia danesa a partir de 1953 y territorio autónomo con gobierno propio desde 1979 tras un plebiscito popular en el que el 70% de los votos fueron favorables, celebró elecciones el pasado 2 de junio.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Madeleine Bunting (THE GUARDIAN, 15/08/08):

One of my best friends is a Finn. She came to England at 16, but when it came to giving birth to her first baby 13 years later, there was no hesitation: she went home. When she returned, along with her stories of state of the art healthcare, she brought tangible evidence of the largesse of the Nordic welfare state: each new mother was given a box of exquisite new baby clothes and equipment. Everything was a perfect mint green and lavender. In contrast, when it was my turn several years later to give birth in the UK in an overcrowded, dirty hospital, a harassed nurse handed me a plastic bag stuffed with leaflets advertising baby products and a couple of free samples.…  Seguir leyendo »

By John B. Bellinger, the legal adviser to Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice (THE NEW YORK TIMES, 23/06/08):

With the Arctic ice melting, anticipated increases in Arctic shipping, tourism and economic activity, and Russia’s flag-planting at the North Pole last summer, there has been much talk in the press about a “race to the Arctic” and even some calls for a new treaty to govern the “lawless” Arctic region.

We should all cool down. While there may be a need to expand cooperation in some areas, like search and rescue, there is already an extensive legal framework governing the region.…  Seguir leyendo »

Por Michael Taarnby, investigador asociado del Instituto Danés de Estudios Internacionales, en Copenhague, Dinamarca (REAL INSTITUTO ELCANO, 16/11/07):

Tema: Este análisis trata de Dinamarca como objetivo potencial de al-Qaeda. Intenta definir y comprender la naturaleza de la amenaza siguiendo la pista de las conexiones entre Dinamarca y al-Qaeda en el pasado y en la actualidad.

Resumen: Sucesos recientes como la crisis de las viñetas danesas y el despliegue de tropas en Irak y Afganistán en la lucha contra el terrorismo suelen citarse como causas específicas que han colocado a Dinamarca en el punto de mira de al-Qaeda. Aunque estos ejemplos son ciertamente relevantes en lo que se refiere a un análisis de la amenaza, necesitan ser completados por otros acontecimientos para comprender su alcance.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Ben Macintyre (THE TIMES, 17/08/07):

Standing in a Danish cornfield last week, a young Iraqi interpreter described to me what it feels like to be branded as a collaborator: the menacing stares, the neighbours who shun you in the street and spit as you pass, the threatening notes pushed under the door at midnight promising death to traitors, the isolation and the terror.

Like many university-educated Iraqis, this man began working as a translator for the coalition forces soon after the invasion of Iraq, and ended up on the payroll of the Danish Army. When the Danes pulled out last month, they took him with them, along with some 200 other Iraqis and their families who would otherwise face death at the hands of insurgent murder squads.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Scott Borgerson, who teaches maritime studies at the Coast Guard Academy, is an international affairs fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations (THE NEW YORK TIMES, 08/08/07):

Aboard Training Vessel Arctic Tern, off Newport, R.I.

Russia’s flag-planting caper at the North Pole last week captured the world’s attention. Harking back to the heady days of colonial imperialism and perhaps the success of Sputnik, a resurgent Russia dispatched from Murmansk a nuclear-powered icebreaker and a research vessel armed with two mini-submarines to stake a symbolic claim to the Arctic Ocean’s riches. Russia hopes that leaving its flag encased in titanium more than 13,200 feet beneath the frozen surface bolsters its 2001 claim that the Lomonosov Ridge is a geological extension of its continental shelf and thus the 460,000 square miles of resource-rich Arctic waters stretching from the North Pole to Eurasia fall under the Kremlin’s jurisdiction.…  Seguir leyendo »

Dra. Ulla Holm, Instituto Danés de Estudios Internacionales (REAL INSTITUTO ELCANO, 16/03/06):

“Era un bonito día de verano en la campiña, y el dorado trigo, la verde avena y las parvas de heno apiladas en los prados tenían un hermoso aspecto… Una pata se hallaba sentada sobre su nido, esperando a que su nidada saliese del cascarón… Al fin los huevos se abrieron uno tras otro. ‘¡Oh, qué grande es el mundo!’, dijeron los patitos… ‘¿Creéis acaso que esto es el mundo entero?’, preguntó la pata. ‘Pues esperad a ver el jardín; se extiende mucho más allá de esto, hasta el prado del pastor, aunque yo nunca me he alejado tanto…’ Por fin se rompió el único huevo grande, y un polluelo salió del cascarón.…  Seguir leyendo »

Por Walter Laqueur, director del Instituto de Estudios Estratégicos de Washington (LA VANGUARDIA, 24/02/06):

Dinamarca era mi paraíso de joven. Era posible visitar el país durante unos días o unas semanas y respirar algo de aire fresco, lejos del alcance de la dictadura de la Alemania nazi. Aprendí incluso un poco de danés para leer los periódicos. Durante la guerra y en años posteriores seguí los acontecimientos del país con interés y bastante de cerca. Aunque, al parecer, no lo bastante de cerca en estos últimos años. Leo en los artículos de la prensa mundial que en Dinamarca, sin que nadie se haya dado demasiada cuenta, la extrema derecha se ha hecho con el poder y puede que incluso se haya establecido un régimen semifascista.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Kiku Day, a danish musician living in London (THE GUARDIAN, 15/02/06):

Denmark has at last managed to catch the world’s eye, after so many years of failing to get credit for being at the cutting edge of liberalism. But the inelegant handling of the controversy over the cartoons of the prophet Muhammad is the result of a country that has been moving in the direction of xenophobia and racism – especially towards its Muslim inhabitants.

The world needs to realise that the Denmark that helped Jews flee from Nazi deportation is long gone. A new Denmark has appeared, a Denmark of intolerance and a deep-seated belief in its cultural superiority.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Martin Burcharth, the United States correspondent for Information, a Danish newspaper (THE NEW YORK TIMES, 12/02/06):

There seems to be some surprise that the Danish people and their government are standing behind the Jyllands-Posten newspaper and its decision to publish drawings of the Prophet Muhammad last fall. Aren’t Danes supposed to be unusually tolerant and respectful of others?

Not entirely. Denmark’s reputation as a nation with a long tradition of tolerance toward others — one solidified by its rescue of Danish Jews from deportation to Nazi concentration camps in 1943 and by the high levels of humanitarian aid it provides today — is something of a myth.…  Seguir leyendo »