Exploración espacial (Continuación)

By Martin Rees. Lord Rees of Ludlow is Astronomer Royal and president of the Royal Society (THE TIMES, 14/02/08):

It is more than 35 years since Harrison Schmidt and Eugene Cernan, the last men on the Moon, returned to Earth. The Apollo programme now seems a remote historical episode: children all over the world learn that America landed men on the Moon, just as they learn that the Egyptians built the Pyramids; but the motivations seem almost as bizarre in the one case as in the other.

The recent film In the Shadow of the Moon depicted these historic – indeed heroic – events, but to today’s young audiences the outdated gadgetry and the “right stuff” values seemed almost as antiquated as a traditional Western.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Charles Krauthammer (THE WASHINGTON POST, 05/10/07):

Fifty years ago this week, America was shaken out of technological complacency by a beeping 180-pound aluminum ball orbiting overhead. Sputnik was a shock because we had always assumed that Russia was nothing but a big, lumbering and all-brawn bear. He could wear down the Nazis and produce mountains of steel but had none of our savvy or sophistication. Then one day we wake up and he has beaten us into space, placing overhead the first satellite to orbit the Earth since God placed the moon where it could give us lovely sailing tides.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Sergei Khrushchev, senior fellow at The Watson Institute for International Studies at Brown University © (THE GUARDIAN, 02/10/07):

Fifty years ago, on October 4 1957, my father, the Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev, was waiting for a call from Kazakhstan: the designer, Sergei Korolev, was due to report on the launch of the world’s first satellite. My father was in Ukraine, on military business, and that evening he dined with Ukrainian leaders. I sat at the end of the table, not paying attention to their conversation. Around midnight my father was asked to take a phone call. When he came back, he was smiling: Sputnik’s launch had been successful.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Tony Haymet, director of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California at San Diego, Mark Abbott, dean of the College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences at Oregon State University and Jim Luyten, acting director of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in Woods Hole, Mass (THE WASHINGTON POST, 10/05/07):

Decades ago, a shift in NASA priorities sidelined progress in human space exploration. As momentum gathers to reinvigorate human space missions to the moon and Mars, we risk hurting ourselves, and Earth, in the long run. Our planet — not the moon or Mars — is under significant threat from the consequences of rapid climate change.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Carolyn Porco, a planetary scientist, the leader of the Imaging Science Team on the Cassini mission and director of the Cassini Imaging Central Laboratory for Operations (THE NEW YORK TIMES, 20/02/07):

AFTER years of spending our nation’s space budget building an orbiting space station of questionable utility, serviced by an operationally expensive space shuttle of unsafe design, NASA has set a new direction for the future of human spaceflight. Once again, we have our sights on the Moon … and beyond. We are finally, bodily, going to make our way into space, this time to stay.

It is an opinion long and widely held within the space-exploration community that the Nixon administration’s termination of the program that built the Saturn V Moon rocket was a gargantuan mistake.…  Seguir leyendo »

By Ben Macintyre (THE TIMES, 08/12/06):

The Moon was always the reflection of our dreams. Only in the most recent fraction of human history have we known that it is a place, a rock, a thing, rather than an idea, a phenomenon or a god.

The moon was a veiled ghost, the deity of time and madness. It pulled the tides, measured out our months and perhaps too the ovulation of woman, the origin of human life itself.

We gave the Moon names, in every culture, and for every season: Harvest Moon, Blue Moon, Strawberry Moon. The Sun has no equivalent adjectival richness.…  Seguir leyendo »