Homosexualidad

Protesters hold umbrellas while lying on the ground next to a barrier guarded by police men during a demonstration in front of the Sejm building in Warsaw, Poland, on July 20, 2017. (Bartlomiej Zborowski/EPA)

In late February, the mayor of Warsaw issued a declaration combating discrimination against LGBT people by providing better sex education in schools and creating a city shelter for LGBT individuals kicked out by their families.

This brought a furious backlash from Poland’s governing populist Law and Justice party and other social conservatives ranging from soccer fans to Church representatives. For now, the backlash has taken the form of toxic public rhetoric, notably by politicians mobilizing for upcoming elections. But in a country where a mayor known for supporting gay rights and other liberal causes was recently stabbed at a televised charity event, such rhetoric can be explosive.…  Seguir leyendo »

«Creo que Polonia será un espacio libre de LGTB”, declaró una importante diputada del partido en el Gobierno, Ley y Justicia (PiS), recapitulando la consigna principal del bloque gobernante ante las próximas elecciones europeas. En el sexto país más grande de la Unión Europea, la orientación sexual dominaba la política.

Y bajo ningún concepto se trata de tolerar o incluir, sino de la estigmatización de la diferencia, algo que para los habitantes de Europa Occidental seguro que es difícil de entender. Ley y Justicia, contando con que conseguirán revertir la tendencia desfavorable en los sondeos, ha iniciado una persecución sin precedentes a las personas con otra orientación sexual, asustando a los polacos con el pernicioso impacto de la “propaganda LGTB” en los jóvenes: “Quitad las manos de nuestros niños”, tronaba el líder del partido Jaroslaw Kaczynski.…  Seguir leyendo »

In St. Louis on Feb. 26, 2019, Ed Rowe, left, Rebecca Wilson, Robin Hager and Jill Zundel react to the defeat of a proposal that would allow LGBT clergy and same-sex marriage within the United Methodist Church. (Sid Hastings/Associated Press)

The United Methodist Church voted recently to continue its long-standing church bans on ordaining openly LGBTQ clergy and on performing same-sex marriages. Methodist delegates from around the world approved what was called the “Traditional Plan” and rejected an alternative proposal, backed by Methodist bishops, that would have allowed individual churches to decide for themselves on both issues. Many American Methodists — 60 percent of whom say homosexuality should be accepted — were dismayed by the decision and began talking of secession from the global church.

However, my research suggests that Protestant opinion on LGBTQ issues in the “Global South” — particularly in Africa — may be more malleable than it seems.…  Seguir leyendo »

Los jerarcas homosexuales del Vaticano

Asombrado ante el misterioso santuario que explora su nuevo libro, el periodista francés Frédéric Martel escribe que “ni el distrito Castro de San Francisco tiene tantos homosexuales”.

Se refiere al Vaticano. Y así deja caer una bomba.

Aunque los editores del libro lo han mantenido en estricta reserva, obtuve un ejemplar antes de su lanzamiento del jueves 21 de febrero. Se publicará en ocho idiomas y en veinte países con el título Sodoma, en Europa occidental, y como In the Closet of the Vatican en Estados Unidos, el Reino Unido y Canadá.

En él se afirma que aproximadamente el 80 por ciento de los miembros del clero católico romano que trabaja en el Vaticano, cerca del papa, son homosexuales.…  Seguir leyendo »

Tanzania’s president, John Magufuli: policing women’s bodies. Photograph: Emmanuel Herman/Reuters

In Tanzania, teenage girls who become pregnant are not allowed back in school; female MPs are forbidden from wearing fake eyelashes and nails; now, a senior government official has called on the public to report gay people so that they can be punished.

This infantilisation of women and homophobia is all part of President John Magufuli’s “morality crusade”. When he was elected in 2015, he was seen as a decisive figure determined to run a frugal government, stamp out corruption and deliver better services in the east African country.

However, in a flash, he turned from cracking down on corrupt government officials to evoking redundant colonial laws in order to police women’s bodies, reinforce discrimination against girls and now, in this latest move, to hunt down homosexuals.…  Seguir leyendo »

Pensar que la Iglesia ha estado durante más de 2.000 años con escamas en sus ojos respecto de la homosexualidad y enviar desde el Vaticano al Encuentro Mundial de las Familias de Dublín al P. James Martin, un reputado jesuita gay, a quitar esas escamas, además de provocador sólo significa la deriva ideológica de reforzar los postulados de la comunidad LGTB, alejada de la castidad y proclive a la promiscuidad. La normalización y vindicación de la homosexualidad activa en la Iglesia nos hablaría de un supuesto escenario de dominación y represión secular que ahora, con un nuevo pontificado, la ideología barrería de un plumazo desde la resistencia de un lobby que quiere transformar ese gobierno despótico y equivocado de la Iglesia.…  Seguir leyendo »

Celebrating the Indian Supreme Court’s decision to strike down a colonial-era ban on gay sex, in Mumbai.CreditCreditIndranil Mukherjee/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

In a landmark ruling this week, the Indian Supreme Court didn’t simply strike down Section 377, the odious British-introduced law criminalizing homosexual acts — it did so in a judgment of remarkable scope and eloquence.

The judgment opens with a quote from Goethe: “I am what I am, so take me as I am.” It relies on knowledge from psychology and science to support its reasoning, even giving a nod to rainbow symbolism (“different hues and colours together make the painting of humanity beautiful”). Most of all, it is a heartfelt discourse from the justices to their nation on the importance of human rights and diversity, an invitation to move “from bigotry to tolerance,” to serve “as the herald of a new India.”

Originally imposed in the 19th century, Section 377 was provisionally invalidated in 2009, prompting many Indians to cautiously begin coming out.…  Seguir leyendo »

People rally against Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, which made homosexuality illegal, in a June 28, 2009, parade in New Delhi. (Gurinder Osan/AP)

India has been bruised lately by bitter, divisive public discourse, disturbing headlines about lynchings of Muslim cattle traders, and controversial arrests of dissenters and left-leaning writers and activists. We badly needed some good news.

This week, a historic Supreme Court judgment reaffirmed India as a liberal democracy. The country’s judiciary finally washed out a 157-year-old colonial stain on the fabric of Indian democracy — a British-era law that made it a crime to be homosexual.

“Majoritarian views and popular views cannot dictate constitutional rights” said Chief Justice Dipak Misra, locating the legalization of same-sex relations within the framework of individual liberty and equality.…  Seguir leyendo »

Pope Francis at the holy shrine in Knock, Ireland on Sunday.CreditCreditCharles McQuillan/Getty Images

Pope Francis must resign. That conclusion is unavoidable if allegations contained in a letter written by Archbishop Carlo Maria Viganò are true. Archbishop Viganò, the Vatican’s ambassador to the United States from 2011 to 2016, says that Pope Francis knew Cardinal Theodore McCarrick had abused seminarians, but nonetheless lifted penalties imposed on Cardinal McCarrick by Pope Benedict XVI.

No matter what Francis does now, the Catholic Church has been plunged into all-out civil war. On one side are the traditionalists, who insist that abuse can be prevented only by tighter adherence to church doctrine. On the other side are the liberals, who demand that the church cease condemning homosexual acts and allow gay priests to step out of the closet.…  Seguir leyendo »

Mariela Castro, diputada e hija del expresidente Raúl Castro, ha sido la figura política que más ha apoyado los derechos LGTB en Cuba. Credit Guillermo Nova/Picture Alliance, vía Getty Images

“Quisiera ver Cuba antes de que cambien las cosas” es una frase que escucho con frecuencia en boca de amigos y colegas. Pero las cosas ya han cambiado y las transformaciones llevan más de una década, desde que Raúl Castro asumió la presidencia en 2006 tras la enfermedad de su hermano Fidel. Desde entonces se ha legalizado la propiedad privada y el trabajo por cuenta propia; el turismo ha ido en aumento, lo que ha beneficiado a miles de cubanos que alquilan habitaciones o sirven comidas en sus casas, y, en La Habana, galerías y espacios independientes presentan exposiciones y conferencias para un público local e internacional.…  Seguir leyendo »

Mariela Castro, diputada e hija del expresidente Raúl Castro, ha sido la figura política que más ha apoyado los derechos LGTB en Cuba. Credit Guillermo Nova/Picture Alliance, vía Getty Images

“I want to go there before things change” is a phrase I hear often from friends considering a trip to Cuba. But change has been underway for over a decade, from the day Raúl Castro became president after his brother Fidel fell ill in 2006. Since then, private property and self-employment have been legalized; tourism has boomed, benefiting thousands of Cubans who rent out rooms or serve meals in their apartments; and a lively art scene has sprouted in Havana, where artist-run spaces host exhibitions and lectures.

Reforms have been slow and gradual, but they have added up over the years and have transformed the country: The economic despair of the 1990s, when the collapse of the Soviet Union and the loss of its aid plunged the country into the worst recession in its history, has been left behind, and many Cubans, especially those who are self-employed, now enjoy a modest prosperity.…  Seguir leyendo »

Homosexual sex is a crime in India, but the country has boisterous Pride marches and L.G.B.T. film festivals.CreditRebecca Conway for The New York Times

Five judges on India’s Supreme Court are hearing a challenge to a law that criminalizes homosexual sex — Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, introduced by British colonial authorities in 1861 and kept on the books in independent India.

The Indian government told the court, which began hearings last Tuesday, that it would leave it to the wisdom of the judges to decide whether Section 377 violates fundamental rights to life, liberty and personal security as long as it does not get into broader issues like marriage, inheritance and adoption. But these are inevitable. Menaka Guruswamy, a lawyer for the plaintiffs against Section 377, argued that it was love that needed to be “constitutionally recognized” and not just sex.…  Seguir leyendo »

Este año el Día del Orgullo Gay ha tenido un significado especial pues, en 2018, se cumplen cuatro décadas de la despenalización de la homosexualidad en España. Igual que una reliquia, guardo en mi biblioteca un Diccionario de la Lengua Castellana de 1855, que define “Maricón” como “El hombre afeminado y cobarde”.

Un siglo después, un cambio legislativo convertiría a los homosexuales en “vagos y maleantes”, abriendo para ellos celdas como las de Carabanchel. Max Aub decía que la generación anterior a la suya había sido de “putañeros fenomenales”, y que luego vendría otra de “ilustres maricas”. Uno de ellos, Gil de Biedma, tenía tatuados en el alma los tres estigmas perseguidos durante el franquismo: gay, poeta y comunista.…  Seguir leyendo »

Manifestations pour des droits légaux de la communauté LGBT, en juin 2009 à Caracas. Photo UIG via Getty Images

Au Venezuela, la communauté LGBTQI, qui vit avec le virus de l’immunodéficience humaine (VIH) est en danger imminent à cause de l’absence d’antirétroviraux, indispensables au traitement de la maladie. L’urgence humanitaire s’est considérablement accentuée. Plus de 77 000 personnes vivant avec le VIH sont abandonnées à leur sort.

Chrismar Landáez est l’une des milliers de victimes d’une tragédie plus qu’annoncée. Elle doit faire face à deux défis. En tant que femme trans, elle doit lutter pour être reconnue et respectée dans un pays où les droits des personnes LGBTQI ne sont pas garantis. Par ailleurs, face à l’impossibilité de trouver les médicaments dont elle a besoin pour contrôler le virus, elle n’a jamais autant craint pour sa vie qu’aujourd’hui.…  Seguir leyendo »

Andrea de Silva/Reuters

On April 12, outside the Hall of Justice in downtown Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, the streets were alive with office workers going about their business, vendors hawking everything from CDs to shaved ice—the usual hubbub on a hot morning in the middle of the dry season. And yet, something unusual was taking place inside the Hall of Justice, and, as a result, over a hundred people had gathered on the steps outside, myself included. In 2017, a gay Trinbagonian man named Jason Jones had challenged the so-called “buggery law” of Trinidad and Tobago, the statute that had criminalized same-sex intimacy for more than four decades.…  Seguir leyendo »

La FIFA debe exigir a Rusia el respeto a los derechos LGBT en el Mundial

La FIFA, el órgano rector del fútbol mundial, tenía un problema de reputación. En 2015, Sepp Blatter, el entonces presidente de la organización, y otros altos funcionarios enfrentaban cargos de corrupción y, después de otorgar los mundiales de 2018 a Rusia y de 2022 a Catar, recibieron una respuesta pública negativa por el mediocre historial de esos países en materia de derechos humanos.

Como parte de su maniobra de limpieza, la FIFA aceptó solicitar un mínimo de estándares de derechos humanos a los países que buscaran albergar competencias futbolísticas, entre ellas la tolerancia cero hacia la discriminación por orientación sexual.

La primera prueba para estas nuevas políticas llegará el 14 de junio, cuando arranque el Mundial de Rusia, un país que es abiertamente hostil hacia la comunidad LGBT.…  Seguir leyendo »

Will FIFA Force Russia to Make the World Cup Friendly to L.G.B.T. People

FIFA, the governing body of international soccer, had a reputation problem. In 2015, Sepp Blatter, the organization’s president at the time, and other top executives were facing corruption charges and, after awarding the 2018 and 2022 World Cups to Russia and Qatar, a public backlash over those countries’ poor human rights records.

As part of cleaning up its act, FIFA agreed to require minimum human rights standards for countries that apply to host soccer competitions, including zero tolerance for discrimination based on sexual orientation.

The first test of these new policies will come on June 14 as the 2018 FIFA World Cup opens in Russia, a country openly hostile to L.G.B.T.…  Seguir leyendo »

What I Learned From Gay Conversion Therapy

On Saturday, a group of Christians will gather in Washington for the Freedom March, an event that organizers describe as “a celebration of freedom from homosexuality and transgenderism.” The march will feature speakers like Elizabeth Johnston, the woman behind the Activist Mommy, a right-wing Facebook page with over 500,000 followers. And it’s gaining attention because Luis Javier Ruiz, a survivor of the Pulse shooting in Orlando, Fla., in which Omar Matteen killed 49 people at a gay nightclub in 2015, will be in attendance.

In a Facebook post, Mr. Ruiz says: “I should have been number 50! Going through old pictures of the night of Pulse, I remember my struggles of perversion, heavy drinking to drown out everything and having promiscuous sex that led to H.I.V.…  Seguir leyendo »

Una pareja en una manifestación en California en 2015 Credit David McNew/Getty Images

A principios de la década de los 2000, cuando estudiaba la secundaria en Florida, me sometieron a un trauma que tenía como propósito borrar mi existencia como bisexual recién salido del clóset. Mis padres eran misioneros bautistas sureños que creyeron que la práctica peligrosa y desacreditada de la terapia de conversión podría curar mi sexualidad.

Me senté en un diván durante dos años y aguanté sesiones emocionalmente dolorosas con un orientador. Me dijeron que mi congregación rechazaba mi sexualidad, que yo era la abominación de la que habíamos escuchado hablar en la escuela dominical, que yo era la única persona homosexual en el mundo, que era inevitable que contrajera VIH y tuviera sida.…  Seguir leyendo »

La lucha democrática por los derechos de las lesbianas

Las lesbianas latinoamericanas todavía enfrentan un desafío elemental: tener los mismos derechos que el resto de los ciudadanos. Factores distintos, pero muy presentes en América Latina, conspiran en contra de la libertad de las mujeres homosexuales: la religión, los valores morales heredados y las exigencias de los modelos familiares. Para las lesbianas aún no es posible vivir su elección sexual y afectiva sin violencia ni coacción.

Un estudio traza un mapa de los logros y retos en materia jurídica en la región. De México a Argentina hay condiciones distintas. Por un lado, hay países —Brasil, Argentina, Uruguay y Colombia— en los que se conceden derechos civiles plenos (matrimonio, seguridad social, legislación favorable, fertilización asistida y adopción) a la comunidad homosexual, pero hay otros —Chile, Ecuador y Guyana Francesa— en donde solo existe la figura legal del concubinato.…  Seguir leyendo »