Inmigración (Continuación)

Just over 10 years ago, United States Border Patrol agents were startled by an unexpected new development in their rear-guard battle to stop illegal immigration: Brazilians.

In 2005 thousands of them started streaming across the southwestern border. More than 31,000 were apprehended by the Border Patrol trying to make their way into the United States, a number surpassed only by Mexicans, Salvadorans and Hondurans.

And then, just as abruptly, the flow stopped. Under pressure from Washington, Mexico reimposed a tourist visa requirement on Brazil that it had eliminated five years before. This severed a trafficking route that started with an easy flight from Rio de Janeiro to Cancún and ended in a trek across the desert into southern Texas.…  Seguir leyendo »

Hace poco más de diez años, los agentes de la Patrulla Fronteriza de Estados Unidos se toparon con una sorpresa en su batalla contra la inmigración ilegal: un montón de brasileños.

En 2005 miles de ellos trataron de entrar de manera ilegal a Estados Unidos al cruzar la frontera desde México. Más de 31.000 fueron detenidos por la Patrulla Fronteriza mientras intentaban entrar a Estados Unidos, una cantidad solo superada por los mexicanos, salvadoreños y hondureños.

Y, de pronto, el flujo paró. Bajo presión de Washington, México volvió a imponer el requisito de visa de turista a Brasil, el cual había eliminado cinco años antes.…  Seguir leyendo »

I have a Masters in International Relations, speak four languages and served as a politician in my country, the Republic of Georgia.

I am also an immigrant.

I came to the United States in 2004, met my future wife and married in 2005. My path to citizenship was arduous, frustrating and expensive.

We had three lawyers over the span of 10 years. We hauled suitcases full of documents (including pictures, and letters addressed to both of us to prove we lived together). We stood in long lines for fingerprints, interviews and a medical exam. Make a typo on your application? Kicked back and lose six months.…  Seguir leyendo »

Building a wall to control immigration from Mexico is hardly a new idea. In October 2006, President George W. Bush signed the Secure Fence Act to authorize and partially fund the construction of 700 miles of steel fences and other hurdles along the Mexican border. “This bill will help protect the American people,” Bush said at the time. “This bill will make our borders more secure.”

A wall has an obvious appeal. It represents a concrete and visible effort to keep immigrants out; it carries great symbolic power. It is a perfect policy for allaying the concerns of an electorate who might see immigrants as a source of their economic misfortune or a threat to national security.…  Seguir leyendo »

Detrás de toda ideología se esconde una utopía: otro lugar, un pasado radiante o un futuro deseable. Es fundamental que la utopía sea lejana, para que haga soñar, pero que impida cualquier verificación. Tomás Moro, en 1516, fue pionero al situar su Utopía («El lugar que no está en ninguna parte») en una isla inaccesible. El hecho de que Cuba sea una isla ha contribuido, sin duda, a su función utópica. Hay otra isla, un archipiélago más bien, que hoy en día desempeña ese papel, pero para la extrema derecha: Japón. Desde su «descubrimiento» a finales del siglo XIX, Japón fascina a los occidentales por ser un lugar de fantasías eróticas (Madame Butterfly), literarias (Pierre Loti) y estéticas (Manet y las estampas).…  Seguir leyendo »

Pope Francis needs to take tougher action against the United States’ most influential Catholic in Rome, Cardinal Raymond “Breitbart” Burke. The renegade cleric is not only undermining Francis’s reformist, compassionate papacy, and gospel teaching as it applies to refugees and Muslims, but the rebel prince of the church is also using his position within the walls of the Vatican to legitimize extremist forces that want to bring down Western liberal democracy, Stephen K. Bannon-style. Simply put, the Vatican is facing a political war between the modernizing Pope Francis and a conservative wing that wants to reassert white Christian dominance.

Burke was reduced to a ceremonial patron role at the Knights of Malta after a power struggle at the ancient chivalric order, won by the pope last month, following a spat over its humanitarian wing’s alleged distribution of condoms.…  Seguir leyendo »

Las primeras decisiones de Donald Trump en relación con Oriente Próximo, prohibir la entrada a enteras poblaciones musulmanas e imponer sanciones a Irán, ponen en peligro el acuerdo nuclear. Sus nuevas sanciones por la reciente prueba de un misil en la República Islámica afectan a personas y entidades no solo iraníes, sino también de Líbano, Emiratos Árabes y China. Es evidente que la intención es que las empresas multinacionales se atemoricen y se resistan a hacer negocios con Irán.

En cuanto a la orden ejecutiva de Trump, erróneamente titulada Para proteger a la nación de la entrada de terroristas extranjeros en Estados Unidos, pone de relieve no solo la islamofobia y la incompetencia del círculo más cercano al presidente, sino también su desprecio por los derechos humanos y las normas internacionales.…  Seguir leyendo »

President Donald Trump’s executive order for the extreme vetting of visitors from seven Muslim-majority countries is deeply troubling, and for all the reasons many have outlined. It’s un-American to deny entry to the United States based on a person’s religious or ethnic background, whether they are doctors, filmmakers, businessmen or tourists.

While the vetting of our visitors should be taken seriously, this program was ill-conceived, at best. But at worst, it puts some of the world’s most vulnerable in even worse peril than ever before.

Syrian refugees, one of the seven groups Trump has designated for extreme vetting and possibly indefinite barring, have miraculously survived a modern-day genocide perpetrated by their own government, proxy governments and Islamic terrorist groups who have seized on the chaos in the region.…  Seguir leyendo »

When Justin Trudeau was elected prime minister of Canada — with a majority Liberal government, no less — it marked the hopeful end of nearly a decade of Conservative rule. “Sunny ways,” Mr. Trudeau said in his acceptance speech. “This is what positive politics can do.”

His victory received fawning international coverage: The son of another popular prime minister, and conventionally good-looking, he managed to say all the right things about climate change and feminism. Remember when he achieved gender parity with his cabinet appointments? Swoon.

The stereotype, inside and outside of Canada, is that Canadians are so polite and accepting that nothing like the bitter populism of Donald J.…  Seguir leyendo »

The day I left Yemen for the United States this past fall was a fairly typical one. On my way to the airport in Sanaa, I could hear the explosions of airstrikes. Out the car window, I could see people standing in long lines to get water and gunmen stationed at security checkpoints.

It had been a year and a half since Yemen’s war broke out. Somehow everyone I saw that morning had managed to survive the violence up to that point. More than 10,000 civilians had not.

On my first morning in California — where I am attending Stanford University — I woke up to the sound of birds chirping.…  Seguir leyendo »

Here is an interesting question for President Donald Trump: Who deports more Central American migrants, the United States or Mexico? The answer is Mexico by a long shot.

In 2015, Mexico, without a wall — but with better surveillance in collaboration with the U.S.-deported 165,000 migrants from the Northern Triangle countries of Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador. The United States deported 74,478 Central Americans the same year.

So antagonizing the people of Mexico and the government of President Enrique Peña Nieto with a constant refrain of, “You will pay for the wall” may not be the best way for Trump to lower the number of migrants crossing the southwest border into the U.S.…  Seguir leyendo »

In Mexico’s so-called drug war, cartel gunmen have often used their violent power to demand money from innocent people. It’s a heinous crime that scars communities and blights growth, and it has provoked terrorized villages to rise up to chase out the extortionists. Now Mexico finds itself facing the biggest shakedown of all from north of the Rio Grande, as the United States president demands $12 billion to $15 billion to pay for a border wall.

This is not meant to be a jokey comparison. President Trump’s insistence that he will force Mexico to pay is the definition of extortion: obtaining un-owed money through coercion.…  Seguir leyendo »

En la llamada Guerra contra las Drogas de México, muchas veces los hombres armados de los carteles han demostrado su poder con gran violencia para exigir dinero a gente inocente. Se trata de un delito deplorable que lacera a las comunidades y hace languidecer el crecimiento, además de provocar reacciones viscerales, pues se ha visto a poblados enteros levantarse y dejar acorralados a los extorsionadores. Ahora, México enfrenta la mayor intimidación, un ataque desde el norte del río Bravo: el presidente estadounidense exige el pago de 15 mil millones de dólares para construir un muro a lo largo de la frontera.…  Seguir leyendo »

Refugees are men, women and children caught in the fury of war, or the cross hairs of persecution. Far from being terrorists, they are often the victims of terrorism themselves.

I’m proud of our country’s history of giving shelter to the most vulnerable people. Americans have shed blood to defend the idea that human rights transcend culture, geography, ethnicity and religion. The decision to suspend the resettlement of refugees to the United States and deny entry to citizens of seven Muslim-majority countries has been met with shock by our friends around the world precisely because of this record.

The global refugee crisis and the threat from terrorism make it entirely justifiable that we consider how best to secure our borders.…  Seguir leyendo »

In the short time since his inauguration, President Donald Trump has suspended the entire US refugee resettlement programme and barred the admission of citizens from a number of Muslim-majority countries that produce significant numbers of refugees, including Syria, Somalia and Iraq. This comes at a time when the international community is striving to ensure an effective follow-up to a September 2016 UN Summit on the refugee issue. The main outcome of that meeting was the New York Declaration, a document that ‘expresses the political will of world leaders to protect the rights of refugees, to save lives and share responsibility for large movements on a global scale.’

The UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has suggested that the Declaration constitutes ‘a minor miracle’, given the highly contentious nature of the refugee issue.…  Seguir leyendo »

América Latina no reacciona. Ya pasó una semana desde que el señor Trump lanzó su ofensiva contra México y no hay respuestas significativas. Los gobiernos de Argentina, Perú y Colombia pronunciaron unas palabras cuidadosas, que aludían al problema sin nombrarlo; solo el boliviano Morales y el ecuatoriano Correa fueron más explícitos. Pero no parece que los países del continente preparen políticas comunes frente a la amenaza.

Es cierto que hay elementos que complican las cosas. México siempre tuvo una relación particular con los Estados Unidos: sus tratos privilegiados por el TLCAN, los 35 millones de mexicanos y estadounidenses de origen mexicano viviendo y trabajando —legales y no tanto— en sus estados, la frontera común.…  Seguir leyendo »

As tens of thousands of people across the United States rushed to airports and took to the streets to protest Donald Trump’s executive order banning immigration by Muslims from seven countries, and refugees generally; as four federal judges issued emergency orders to prevent immediate deportations and sixteen state attorney generals made a rare joint statement calling the president’s action “unconstitutional, un-American, and unlawful”—we recalled a refugee we’d met not long ago from Nepal, where he’d spent more than a decade in a refugee camp. Resettled in New Hampshire, he was working several jobs, having already learned English and gotten a degree as a surgical technician.…  Seguir leyendo »

Apenas ha pasado una semana del régimen de Trump y Putin, y ya nos está costando trabajo llevar la cuenta de los desastres. ¿Recuerdan el berrinche de Trump sobre la multitud vergonzosamente escasa de su toma de protesta? Ya lo vemos como una cosa del pasado.

Pero me gustaría hacer una pausa, solo por un minuto, en la historia que acaparó las noticias el jueves, antes de ser superada, a lo Trump, por el escándalo en torno a prohibir a los refugiados la entrada al país. Como tal vez recuerden —o tal vez no, con tanta cosa descabellada sucediendo tan rápido— la Casa Blanca primero pareció decir que impondría aranceles del 20 por ciento a las importaciones de México, pero tal vez estaba hablando de un plan fiscal propuesto por los republicanos del congreso que no implica un arancel a productos mexicanos; después dijeron que era solo una idea para luego olvidarse del tema, al menos por ahora.…  Seguir leyendo »

It has been just over a week since President Trump took office, and he already has a diplomatic mini-crisis on his hands. First, he demanded that Mexico pay for his wall along our mutual border — on the very day when Mexican diplomats were to meet with White House officials. When President Enrique Peña Nieto of Mexico rejected that idea out of hand, Mr. Trump tweeted that he should consider calling off a planned visit to Washington next Tuesday. Which is just what Mr. Peña Nieto did.

For Mexico, the cancellation, and the rise in tensions with the United States, are a sad and serious affair.…  Seguir leyendo »

En un ensayo emblemático titulado La muralla y los libros, el escritor argentino Jorge Luis Borges escribió acerca de Shih Huang Ti (también conocido como Qin Shi Huang), el emperador chino que de 220-206 a. C. construyó la Muralla China original. Borges señala que el mismo emperador que implementó el proyecto también prohibió que hubiera libros en su imperio. Su intención era clara: el objetivo de la muralla era defender a su pueblo de incursiones enemigas, y quemar toda la literatura significaba que todo recuerdo del pasado debía borrarse. Para Shih Huang Ti, la historia comenzaba con él mismo.

En los últimos días, Donald Trump parece cada vez más un emperador.…  Seguir leyendo »