Israel

Claire Anastas mantiene su tienda de souvenirs abierta todo el día. Pero son pocos los turistas que entran a comprar algunos de los productos de artesanía, tallados en madera de olivo, que ofrece. El comercio y su casa, que está encima, se encontraban en la orilla del histórico camino que conectaba Belén con Jerusalén. Pero ahora ya han quedado muy a trasmano. Las ventanas de la cocina tienen a solo cinco metros el muro que construyó Israel. Las ventanas de los dormitorios tienen a solo 10 metros el muro que construyó Israel. El negocio y la vivienda de Claire Anastas han quedado rodeados.…  Seguir leyendo » “Palestina e Israel sin cristianos”

Meir Kahane, American-born founder of the Jewish Defense League who was known for his extreme views, in Jerusalem in 1986. Credit David H. Wells/Corbis, via Getty Images

I was sitting in my family’s home in Haifa in 1984 when I watched a man who had just won a seat in the Knesset appear on television. In American-accented Hebrew, he reiterated the cornerstone of his campaign platform: All Arabs must be expelled from the land — by force, if necessary. In its televised campaign advertisement, his party had declared, “In the name of God and Israel, the Arabs must go.” I was 9 years old, Palestinian, Arab and a citizen of Israel. This man, Meir Kahane, wanted me gone.

Thirty-five years later, I am still here. Mr. Kahane’s party was banned by Israel’s High Court in 1988 and declared a terrorist organization in 1994.…  Seguir leyendo » “Netanyahu Opens the Doors of Power to Extremists”

A protester outside the BBC in London this month. Photograph: Penelope Barritt/Rex/Shutterstock

Those of us who make art and culture for a living thrive on free and open communication. So what should we do when we see culture becoming part of a political agenda? “Music unites,” says UK Eurovision entrant Michael Rice. What happens when a powerful state uses art as propaganda, to distract from its immoral and illegal behaviour? Everybody involved in the Eurovision song contest this year should understand that this is what is happening.

European broadcasters, including the BBC, are pushing ahead with plans to hold the contest in Tel Aviv this May, as if broadcasting a hugely expensive entertainment spectacle from an actively repressive apartheid-like state is no problem at all.…  Seguir leyendo » “Israel must not be allowed to use Eurovision as a propaganda tool”

Demonstrators carrying a B.D.S. sign, representing the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement that seeks to economically isolate Israel, protested American aid to Israel at a fundraising event for Hillary Clinton in 2016. Credit Robyn Beck/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

It happened again last month in Detroit. Pro-Palestinian demonstrators seized the stage of the National L.G.B.T.Q. Task Force’s marquee conference, “Creating Change” and demanded a boycott of Israel. “From the river to the sea, Palestine will be free,” they chanted — the tediously malign, thinly veiled call to end Israel as a Jewish state.

They were met with sustained applause by the audience at what is the largest annual conference of L.G.B.T.Q. activists in the United States. Conference organizers did nothing to stop the disruption or disavow the demonstrators.

For Tyler Gregory, neither the behavior of the protesters nor the passivity of the organizers came as a surprise.…  Seguir leyendo » “The Progressive Assault on Israel”

Hearing for US citizen detained by Israel

In response to: The Pro-Israel Push to Purge US Campus Critics, NYR Daily, December 15, 2018.

To the Editor:

In her essay, Katherine Franke of Columbia University shows a remarkably selective myopia. She seeks to persuade readers we have reached a significant turning point on public recognition of Israel’s suppression of Palestinian human rights—citing rising divestment efforts on American campuses, the election of a few pro-Palestinian voices to Congress, some actions by celebrities, even the behavior of global companies.

Consider events in the last few weeks. All ten chancellors of the University of California rejected the boycott of Israel (BDS) as antithetical to academic freedom.…  Seguir leyendo » “Israel and Academic Freedom: An Exchange”

PALESTINIAN-ISRAEL-CONFLICT-GAZA

Speaking recently to an audience in Tel Aviv via satellite from Moscow soon after the murder of the journalist Jamal Khashoggi in the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, National Security Agency whistleblower Edward Snowden alleged that Saudi Arabia had used Israeli-made spyware to track Khashoggi’s movements before his death. Snowden said that the Israeli cyber-intelligence company NSO Group Technologies had developed software known as Pegasus that was sold to the Saudis and allowed Khashoggi to be monitored by infecting the smartphone of one of his contacts, another Saudi critic, based in Canada.

This dissident, Omar Abdulaziz, filed a lawsuit in Israel in late 2018 alleging that the NSO Group had broken international law by selling its technology to oppressive regimes. …  Seguir leyendo » “Exporting the Technology of Occupation”

A Palestinian rides a donkey-drawn cart past a mural on March 30, 2016, in Khan Yunis, in the southern Gaza Strip as Palestinians mark Land Day. On the annual Land Day, demonstrations are held to remember six Arab Israeli protesters who were shot dead by Israeli police and troops during mass protests in 1976 against plans to confiscate Arab land in the Galilee. / AFP / SAID KHATIB (Photo credit should read SAID KHATIB/AFP/Getty Images)

There are signs that we’ve reached a tipping point in US public recognition of Israel’s suppression of the rights of Palestinians as a legitimate human rights concern. Increasingly, students on campuses across the country are calling on their universities to divest from companies that do business in Israel. Newly elected members of Congress are saying what was once unsayable: that perhaps the US should question its unqualified diplomatic and financial support for Israel, our closest ally in the Middle East, and hold it to the same human rights scrutiny we apply to other nations around the globe. Global companies such as Airbnb have recognized that their business practices must reflect international condemnation of the illegality of Israeli settlements in the West Bank.…  Seguir leyendo » “The Pro-Israel Push to Purge US Campus Critics”

The wall at the border between Israel and Lebanon in northern Israel.CreditCreditSebastian Scheiner/Associated Press

In 2002, Hassan Nasrallah, the secretary-general of Hezbollah, was said to have given a speech noting that the creation of the state of Israel had spared his followers the trouble of hunting down Jews at “the ends of the world.” The Lebanese terrorist group has prominent apologists in the West, and some of them rushed to claim that Nasrallah had uttered no such thing.

Except he had. Tony Badran of the Foundation for Defense of Democracies tracked down the original recording of the speech, in which Nasrallah carries on about “occupied Palestine” as the place appointed by Allah for the “final and decisive battle” with the Jews.…  Seguir leyendo » “When Anti-Zionism Tunnels Under Your House”

Rashida Tlaib, an incoming Democratic House member from Michigan. She and Ilhan Omar of Minnesota have said they support efforts to pressure Israel economically.CreditCreditCarolyn Kaster/Associated Press

On Monday, in an interview with The Intercept, Rashida Tlaib, a Michigan Democrat who in November became the first Palestinian-American elected to Congress, went public with her support for the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement, which seeks to use economic pressure on Israel to secure Palestinian rights. That made her the second incoming member of Congress to publicly back B.D.S., after Minnesota Democrat Ilhan Omar, who revealed her support last month.

No current member of Congress supports B.D.S., a movement that is deeply taboo in American politics for several reasons. Opponents argue that singling out Israel for economic punishment is unfair and discriminatory, since the country is far from the world’s worst violator of human rights.…  Seguir leyendo » “Anti-Zionism Isn’t the Same as Anti-Semitism”

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu at the weekly cabinet meeting in Jerusalem on Nov. 25.CreditCreditRonen Zvulun/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

This should have been the end of Benjamin Netanyahu’s career. His coalition is down to the minimum number of seats in the Knesset necessary to hold on to power, his ministers at war with one another and with him, and remarkably, the police have recommended indicting him on serious corruption charges three separate times, the most recent on Dec. 2.

Yet despite all this, polling concurs that Mr. Netanyahu is on course to win a fifth election next year and surpass David Ben-Gurion, Israel’s founding father, as the country’s longest-serving leader. Meanwhile, he has more power than ever. When Avigdor Lieberman resigned on Nov.…  Seguir leyendo » “The Invincible Benjamin Netanyahu”

The Jerusalem-Tel Aviv rail line has run off and on since 1892.CreditCreditCorinna Kern for The New York Times

Last month, the first section of a new high-speed rail line opened in Israel. When it’s fully operational a few months from now, passengers will board fire-engine-red carriages in Tel Aviv and be whisked on electrified track over the country’s longest bridge, then over its highest, and through the longest tunnel, and finally into a new station 260 feet under Jerusalem. The trip, about 35 miles, will take less than 30 minutes, making it, by a wide margin, the fastest way to get between the country’s two most important cities.

The line, more than a decade and many delays in the making, is the new Israel.…  Seguir leyendo » “A Train Ride Back to the Old Israel”

A Jéricho, en Cisjordanie, en 2012. La clé symbolise le droit au retour des Palestiniens. Photo Valentine Vermeil

Quelle est, à mes yeux, la motivation de la récente loi de l’Etat-nation mettant l’accent sur le caractère juif de l’Etat d’Israël et instaurant l’hébreu comme langue officielle unique, tout en confirmant de nouveau la singularité et l’exclusivité des localités juives déjà établies et à construire ? Pourquoi fallait-il provoquer la colère du camp progressiste qui persiste en Israël, non seulement parmi les membres de l’opposition au Parlement qui se sont élevés énergiquement contre cette nouvelle loi bizarre, mais aussi celle de nombreux universitaires qui la considèrent comme une loi nationaliste menant Israël à un apartheid flagrant, non seulement dans les Territoires palestiniens de Cisjordanie mais au sein même d’Israël ?…  Seguir leyendo » “Vers un apartheid dans les Territoires palestiniens mais aussi en Israël”

On July 19, after years of contentious debate, Israel’s Knesset approved a new Basic Law defining the State of Israel unequivocally as “the national home of the Jewish People.” In the weeks since its passage, this “nation-state law” has been hailed by its supporters as a major historical breakthrough, by Israel’s secular left and Arab minority as a tragedy, and by some scholars as a largely symbolic and inconsequential action.

Much of the public debate over the law hinges on how it will affect the delicate balance Israel has long straddled as a Jewish and democratic state, and whether its uncertain application will firmly alter this balance at the expense of political and social equality.…  Seguir leyendo » “A new law in Israel complicates future peace talks”

Israeli youths held national flags on Jerusalem Day in the Old City in May.CreditThomas Coex/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

Israel is no stranger to criticism. Both within our country and outside of it, there is no shortage of opportunity to debate and disagree. Recently, even many outsiders who claim to love Israel have taken to criticizing it. In these very pages, Ronald Lauder, the president of the World Jewish Congress, wrote recently about his concerns about what is happening to Israel, apparently reflecting the worries of others in the Jewish diaspora when he suggests that Israel is somehow too Jewish or that its democracy is under threat.

So let me be clear: We Israelis are proud of who we are.…  Seguir leyendo » “Israel Is Proud of Who We Are”

Israel, This Is Not Who We Are

For many Israelis, Jews and supporters of Israel, the last year has been a challenging one. In the summer of 2017, Israel’s government withdrew from an agreement that would have created an egalitarian prayer area at the Western Wall and proposed a strict conversion law that impinges on the rights of non-Orthodox Jews. This summer the Knesset passed a law that denies equal rights to same-sex couples. A day later came the nation-state law, which correctly reaffirms that Israel is a Jewish state, but also damages the sense of equality and belonging of Israel’s Druze, Christian and Muslim citizens.

Last month, a Conservative rabbi was detained for the alleged crime of performing a non-Orthodox wedding ceremony in Israel.…  Seguir leyendo » “Israel, This Is Not Who We Are”

Un tremblement de terre est tranquillement en train de secouer le monde juif. Lorsque le premier ministre israélien, Benyamin Nétanyahou, choisit de soutenir Donald Trump avant et après l’élection présidentielle américaine de 2016, certains pouvaient encore donner à ce dernier le bénéfice du doute. Certes, Trump s’était entouré de gens comme Steve Bannon dont émanaient des relents antisémites, certes, il refusait aussi de condamner sa base électorale sympathisante du Ku Klux Klan, mais personne n’était encore sûr de la direction que prendrait sa nouvelle présidence.

Les événements de Charlottesville, en août 2017, n’ont plus permis le doute. Les manifestants néonazis commirent des actes de violence contre des contre-manifestants pacifiques (tuant une personne en fonçant dans la foule avec une voiture), mais Trump condamna de la même façon opposants modérés et manifestants néonazis.…  Seguir leyendo » “Israël contre les juifs”

J’ai lu attentivement les propos de M. le député [Ahmad] Tibi, publiés ici même sous le titre provocateur « Israël est devenue “un régime d’apartheid” » (Le Monde du 1er août). J’ai été à la tête de la commission parlementaire en charge de la préparation du texte de loi relatif à la « loi Etat-nation du peuple juif ». Je suis fils d’immigrants marocains, juif fier de ses racines, député homosexuel élu dans le cadre d’un parti de droite, sioniste engagé.

Soixante-dix ans après la naissance de l’Etat d’Israël, nous sommes parvenus à achever le troisième volet de notre Loi fondamentale, qui avait jusqu’à présent fait défaut.…  Seguir leyendo » “Israël assure la liberté et le respect à ses minorités”

La igualdad no es una “recompensa”

La capacidad de dividir y hacer daño de la nueva ley sobre el Estado-nación del pueblo judío es tan evidente que la obstinación del primer ministro en no modificarla hace sospechar que tiene otra intención oculta: la voluntad de mantener abierta la herida de las relaciones entre el Estado y la minoría árabe que vive en él. Abierta, reavivada y amenazadora.

¿De dónde puede emanar esa voluntad? ¿Por qué tendrán ese deseo el Gobierno y el primer ministro? No podemos hacer más que conjeturas: ¿quizá porque una minoría herida es más vulnerable y manipulable, es blanco fácil del odio, el terror y la desintegración, más propicio para la política del “divide y vencerás”?…  Seguir leyendo » “La igualdad no es una “recompensa””

Qu’on le veuille ou non, Benyamin Nétanyahou aura marqué de son empreinte l’histoire d’Israël d’une façon décisive. L’homme n’attire pas la sympathie. Même en Israël, sa popularité est incertaine. Mais il dégage une impression de puissance qui force l’admiration.

En face de lui, les Palestiniens sont défaits, entre le régime vieillissant et corrompu de Mahmoud Abbas et la violence sans stratégie du Hamas.

Quant au monde arabe, il détourne son regard et laisse faire. Il a d’autres soucis, en Syrie, en Irak, au Yémen, en Libye, mais surtout avec l’Iran qui avance ses pions de façon menaçante.

Benyamin Nétanyahou peut donc faire son marché sans être dérangé et profiter tout à loisir de la présence de Donald Trump à la Maison Blanche.…  Seguir leyendo » “Israël, l’Etat-nation du peuple juif ?”

Two weeks ago, after Palestinian gunmen killed an Israeli soldier, Israel launched one of the fiercest aerial assaults on Gaza since the 2014 war. The hostilities followed months of tension, including Palestinian rocket fire against Israeli communities and waves of Israeli airstrikes on Hamas positions in Gaza. After three wars in the past 10 years, many believe a fourth war between Israel and Hamas looms. With the peace process at an impasse, the conflict seems intractable.

But new research suggests a possible way forward. In a new working paper, Saumitra Jha of Stanford’s Graduate School of Business and Moses Shayo of Hebrew University found that giving Israelis a short, intensive opportunity to trade stocks made them much more willing to negotiate with the Palestinians.…  Seguir leyendo » “If you want Israelis to favor peace negotiations, let them trade stocks”