Lucha antiterrorista

En documentales televisivos recientes sobre la lucha contra ETA se puede observar que se ha obviado, de forma inexacta, uno de los episodios clave para empezar a derrotar a la banda terrorista/delincuente que asolaba España en aquellos años ochenta; algunos de los cuadros de mando que aparecen ni siquiera habían acabado sus estudios en la Academia General Militar y menos en la Especial de la Guardia Civil, cuando poco después aparecieron, en Francia, de ‘ilegales’, destacados por Inchaurrondo, sembrando la confusión en los Servicios franceses, y en la relación con los españoles.

También se pueden escuchar afirmaciones, aún viniendo de políticos sensatos de primer nivel, que podrían restaurar la doctrina del Padre Mariana de que «todo es válido para matar al tirano», refiriéndose a la justificación de la lucha de ETA contra el Estado español dictatorial, como si a los terroristas les importara mucho el final de aquel periodo.…  Seguir leyendo »

These are the women who crushed the Caliphate

In early 2016, the first time a friend told Gayle Tzemach Lemmon the story of Kurdish Women's Projection Units in northeastern Syria -- also known as the YPJ -- she had two reactions. The first was fascination: How had no one else told the tale of these women, aligned with US forces (and later provided with support by the Trump administration) who were fighting the Islamic State -- a group which routinely kidnapped, raped and murdered women?

The second reaction, when an American friend of Lemmon's who had been working with the women's units, urged her, "Come on, you have to see it," was: "No."…  Seguir leyendo »

Jihadists of former al-Qaeda affiliate Hayat Tahrir al-Sham block demonstrators from approaching the Bab al-Hawa crossing between Turkey and Syria’s north-western Idlib province on 20 September 2019. Omar HAJ KADOUR / AFP

If the Biden administration is looking to correct Washington’s overly militarised foreign policy, one opportunity to redefine U.S. counter-terrorism strategy lies in Idlib, an area which U.S. officials once described as “the largest al-Qaeda safe haven since 9/11”. The north-western Syrian province is no longer that, for reasons explained below. But, in other respects, it remains what it has been for much of the Syrian war: a crowded refuge for three million civilians, the site of looming potential humanitarian disaster and a last stronghold of Syrian rebel groups. Its fate could also prove pivotal for the future of – and U.S.…  Seguir leyendo »

Les forces françaises de l'opération Barkhane au nord du Burkina Faso, en novembre 2019. Photo Michele Cattani. AFP

Huit ans après ses débuts au Mali en janvier 2013, l’intervention militaire de la France au Sahel s’est ensablée dans une guerre dont on ne voit pas la fin et qui rappelle l’enlisement des Soviétiques puis des Américains en Afghanistan. Le problème ne tient pas qu’aux défis de la lutte contre le terrorisme dans des territoires immenses, mais aussi à l’entêtement de dirigeants qui ne veulent pas perdre la face et qui refusent d’admettre publiquement leurs erreurs d’analyse.

L’Elysée n’a jamais annoncé clairement quel était «l’état final recherché», comme disent les militaires. Officiellement, les soldats de l’opération Barkhane n’ont pas pour objectif de rétablir l’ordre au Sahel.…  Seguir leyendo »

Supporters pay homage to slain history teacher Samuel Paty in October outside the Bois d'Aulne secondary school in Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, northwest of Paris. (Anne-Christine Poujoulat/AFP/Getty Images)

On Dec. 9, after much debate and international press coverage, the French government proposed a bill to parliament designed to curb what it calls “Islamist separatism.” In January, lawmakers will debate and likely adopt a version close to the one submitted by the government. This new bill has sparked intense reaction abroad, where President Emmanuel Macron’s efforts to counter Islamist extremism has led to much hostile(and sometimes misinformed) commentary. A healthy debate must start with a few cold-headed realities.

Macron and the government made a clear distinction between the majority of Muslims, peacefully observing their faith, and an Islamist minority upholding a radical political project.…  Seguir leyendo »

Los valores de la República y la libertad religiosa

La ley contra el “separatismo” presentada por el Gobierno francés quiere ser una respuesta a los atentados terroristas cometidos recientemente en el país. Parte de un presupuesto: que el terrorismo islamista es consecuencia de un “separatismo” causado por la expansión del islam radical en una parte de la población francesa. Por consiguiente, para eliminar el terrorismo, no solo hay que reprimir las manifestaciones del islam radical, sino imponer a toda la población (y sobre todo a los jóvenes) el respeto a unos “valores de la República” encarnados en el concepto de laicidad y, a más largo plazo, habrá que crear un cuerpo de imanes “moderados”, es decir, “ilustrados”, que se encarguen de propagar un islam bueno, compatible con los principios republicanos.…  Seguir leyendo »

El 16 de octubre de 2020, Samuel Paty, un profesor universitario de los suburbios de París, fue degollado al salir de clase por un adolescente checheno, un inmigrante reciente que afirmaba ser islamista. Este asesinato debía castigar la ofensa contra Mahoma cometida por el profesor, que había ilustrado un curso sobre la libertad de expresión mostrando a sus alumnos una caricatura obscena del Profeta, anteriormente publicada por «Charlie Hebdo», una revista satírica. Resulta que, cinco años antes, ocho periodistas de «Charlie Hebdo» habían sido asesinados por un comando islamista que alegaba el mismo motivo. Cabe señalar que Paty tenía entre sus alumnos varios musulmanes, que habían denunciado a su profesor ante sus padres.…  Seguir leyendo »

When I first I arrived in Washington in June 2019, I discovered that many people had a lingering misunderstanding about the relationship between the state and religions in France — what we call laïcité (which cannot really be accurately translated just by the word “secularism”).

But recent events, including the horrible murders of Samuel Paty, a teacher in Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, and of three Catholic worshipers — Vincent Loquès, Simone Barreto Silva and Nadine Devillers — at a church in Nice, have generated reactions in social media and in the U.S. press that have been met with resentment in my country for being totally unfair and sometimes based on false information.…  Seguir leyendo »

The killing of al Qaeda deputy leader Abdullah Ahmed Abdullah, which multiple current and former U.S. officials have attributed to a team of Israeli agents, according to the Associated Press, was a big blow to the top tier of America's decades-long terrorist enemy. A long-standing member of al Qaeda's senior leadership who had been in Iran since 2003, his death was yet another victory in a US-led counterterrorism campaign that in recent months has killed the group's purported media chief in Afghanistan, according to an AP report, and a string of senior leaders based in Syria. Meanwhile, rumors persist that al Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri may also have recently died from natural causes.…  Seguir leyendo »

Il n’existe aucune justification à des exécutions cruelles telles que celles qui ont eu lieu récemment en France et en Autriche. Cette fois, c’était en Europe. À de nombreuses autres occasions, les citoyens d’autres régions du monde étaient visés. Tous les dirigeants à travers les continents et les régions doivent continuer à unir leurs forces pour lutter contre le discours de haine et contre le terrorisme.

Les récents attentats terroristes perpétrés en Europe visaient les fondements de nos sociétés. Ce n’est pas la première fois que les terroristes ont cherché à déchirer des sociétés. Comme par le passé, nous voulons unir nos forces avec tous nos partenaires pour lutter contre cette menace avec unité et détermination.…  Seguir leyendo »

«Nous sommes en guerre à la fois contre un ennemi extérieur et intérieur.» L’expression est lâchée par le ministre de l’Intérieur. En guerre «culturelle» contre un ennemi idéologique, l’islamiste, qui pénètre la société et manœuvre les consciences ; et en guerre tout court contre des ennemis immédiats, les terroristes. La rhétorique belliqueuse répond aux multiples appels lancés ces derniers jours à se donner «enfin» les moyens de lutter, quitte à «sortir du cadre», à «s’exonérer des lois de la paix», à adopter une «législation de guerre» et à «en finir avec l’Etat de droit». Ce serait le prix à payer pour juguler les menaces et apaiser les anxiétés.…  Seguir leyendo »

Figura 1. Ciclo de políticas públicas en P/CVE. Fuente: Peter Romaniuk (2015), “Does CVE work? Lessons learned from the global effort to counter violent extremism”, Global Center on Cooperative Security, p. 11.

Tema

Este Documento de Trabajo captura lecciones específicas extraídas de la experiencia de nuevos agentes de implementación en el desarrollo de marcos de evaluación de proyectos de prevención de la radicalización violenta a pequeña escala.

Resumen

La prevención de la radicalización violenta (comúnmente expresada en las siglas en inglés P/CVE, por preventing/countering violent extremism) es un campo de investigación y aplicación práctica todavía en proceso de construcción que ha atraído en los últimos años a profesionales de distintos ámbitos –la academia, el sector privado, la seguridad, la sociedad civil y la administración pública– con limitada experiencia directa en este campo.…  Seguir leyendo »

Soldados patrullan las calles del Distrito Aguablanca en Cali, Colombia, en mayo. Credit Ernesto Guzmán Jr./EPA vía Shutterstock

El campo puede ser un aliado del crimen. Allí la soledad y la lejanía colaboran cuando los violentos de cualquier bando deciden que las vidas de los demás les pertenecen. Algo así ocurrió el 22 de junio en Santa Cecilia, un caserío del Eje Cafetero colombiano, donde siete soldados violaron a una indígena de la etnia emberá katío y al menos uno de ellos ofreció dinero por su silencio. La impunidad no cuajó esta vez porque la familia de la chica, de 12 años, denunció la agresión enseguida. Desde 2016 el ejército de Colombia suma 118 investigaciones abiertas por abuso sexual de menores.…  Seguir leyendo »

Ministry of Defence, Whitehall on Feb 3, 2016 in London, UK. Photo: Getty Images.

In the aftermath of the 9/11 terror attacks, the United Kingdom’s intelligence services were in several instances complicit in the use of torture by the CIA and other foreign agencies. Despite a series of inquiries since 2010, and some reforms of the system, questions remain about whether enough has been done to prevent future British involvement in the torture of detainees. Ben Horton speaks to Ruth Blakeley and Sam Raphael from The Rendition Project to find out more about what they describe as a ‘machinery of denial’ at the heart of the British state.  

Could you explain what you mean by complicity in torture? …  Seguir leyendo »

An article entitled “The Crusaders’ Worst Nightmare” in the ISIS newsletter al-Naba. Crisis Group downloaded the newsletter from the website Jihadology. The newsletter was originally distributed by ISIS’s messaging network.

As the COVID-19 pandemic swiftly reorders the priorities of policymakers and the public worldwide, conflicts that only recently occupied centre stage in the global policy and media debate are receding into the background. The fight against the Islamic State (ISIS) in Iraq, Syria and elsewhere is no exception.

But while UN Secretary-General António Guterres has argued that mankind faces a common enemy in COVID-19, and thus appealed for a “global ceasefire”, ISIS has made clear that it sees things differently. In a new editorial in its weekly newsletter, ISIS has told its membership that their globe-spanning war is to go on, even as the virus spreads.…  Seguir leyendo »

Military commanders inspect arms and ammunitions recovered from Boko Haram jihadists. Audu Marte/AFP via Getty Images

The Nigerian government recently announced that it had released about 1,400 Boko Haram suspects. The reason given was they had repented and were to be re-integrated into society. The government said the releases – which happened in three tranches – were part of its four-year old de-radicalisation programme called Operation Safe Corridor.

The announcement generated a lot of angst. Opposition leaders attacked the decision, as did soldiers fighting the terrorists.

These reactions mask a fundamental challenge facing governments in conflict situations: how does it deal with defectors? Simply executing combatants, or detaining them indefinitely, aren’t viable options. De-radicalisation and re-integration programmes therefore become unavoidable.…  Seguir leyendo »

Soldiers arrive home in the middle of the night to a snowstorm at Fort Drum in 2011.Credit...Damon Winter/The New York Times

Outside the headquarters of the Army’s 10th Mountain Division at Fort Drum stands a monument to the unit, the one most frequently deployed in the years since the attacks of 9/11. Two wiry soldiers, frozen in bronze, help each other ascend a crag with the help of a rope. Etched around the monument is the unit’s motto: “Climb to Glory.”

I walked around the stone and bronze, in the frigid darkness of upstate New York, for a good 20 minutes last month, as my old friend Capt. Richard Murphy stood just out of earshot and spoke on his phone about his looming deployment to Afghanistan and about suicide.…  Seguir leyendo »

Membre des forces de sécurité dans le désert de l'Aïr, région d'Agadez, Niger, février 2019. CRISISGROUP/Julie David de Lossy

Le 13 janvier à Pau, le président Macron et ses homologues du G5-Sahel (Mauritanie, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Tchad) discuteront de la situation dans le Sahel en présence du secrétaire général des Nations unies, du président de la commission de l’Union Africaine et du chef de la diplomatie européenne. Sauf surprise, cette réunion de haut niveau devrait se contenter de réaffirmer l’engagement des différents pays à lutter ensemble contre le terrorisme jihadiste qui gagne tant de terrain au Sahel. Pourtant, face à l’ampleur des insurrections, les opérations militaires menées par la France et les pays sahéliens ne peuvent constituer une réponse suffisante tant qu’elles n’appuient pas une réponse politique claire qui continue de faire défaut.…  Seguir leyendo »

On Nov. 29, London Bridge was the site of another terrorist attack. Usman Khan, a 28-year-old convicted on terrorism offences in 2012 and then released from jail last year, stabbed two people to death and injured three others. British police shot and killed Khan, and the Islamic State claimed responsibility for the attack the following day.

A week later, a Saudi trainee at a Navy base in Pensacola, Fla., murdered three sailors before military security shot him dead. The Navy grounded nearly 300 Saudi trainees while the FBI investigated the incident as a presumed terrorist attack.

These two acts jolted Western governments and security agencies to the risk of jihadist terrorism.…  Seguir leyendo »

Less than a month ago, London endured another terrorist attack. Wielding two knives and wearing a fake suicide vest, Usman Khan killed two people and injured three others. Khan had been imprisoned in 2012 for plotting attacks on the London Stock Exchange and Parliament, but was released “on license” (the British version of parole) in December 2018, subject to security measures including a government-run disengagement and desistance program and a GPS tag. He was considered, by some, a “poster boy” for rehabilitation.

While prison can rehabilitate some terrorists, it can further radicalize others. Unfortunately, experts are not very adept at assessing the risk — predicting who will return to terrorism, either after time in prison or returning from a conflict zone.…  Seguir leyendo »