Magnicidio

A demonstrator holds a poster with a picture of journalist Jamal Khashoggi outside the Saudi Arabia consulate in Istanbul, 2018. Photograph: Osman Örsal/Reuters

On this day four years ago, the world lost a brilliant thought leader, journalist, husband, father and grandfather: Jamal Khashoggi. As his widow, my loss was compounded by the obfuscation of exactly what happened in the days and weeks leading up to his premeditated murder.

Key pieces of evidence that hold these answers rest in Jamal’s personal devices: two mobile telephones, a laptop and a tablet. I believe those devices will reveal previously undisclosed details about Jamal’s murder that are critical to knowing the full truth and advancing the cause of justice. Those devices are in the possession of the government of Turkey.…  Seguir leyendo »

Investigators work at the site of a car bombing that killed Daria Dugina, daughter of Russian hard-liner Alexander Dugin, outside Moscow. (Investigative Committee of Russia/AFP)

On Saturday, a car bomb killed the daughter of one of Russia’s most notorious nationalist ideologues. Alexander Dugin was supposed to join his 29-year-old daughter, Daria, in their car for a ride home after an event outside of Moscow; his decision to take a different vehicle at the last minute appears to have spared his life — leading to speculation that the bomb was actually aimed at him. His daughter died instantly.

The Russian government is blaming Kyiv for the killing. The accusation implies that the Ukrainians targeted Dugin out of revenge, since he was a fanatical advocate of the notion that Moscow should place reconquering Ukraine at the heart of a new Russian empire.…  Seguir leyendo »

Al contrario de lo que se suele creer fuera de Rusia, Duguin no es ni asesor ni cerebro de Putin. No es alguien con acceso al Kremlin ni tampoco una figura con peso político propio en Rusia. Pero eso no significa que sea irrelevante. No lo es. Y el asesinato de su hija Daria, en un atentado probablemente dirigido contra el propio Duguin, augura tiempos agitados en Moscú.

No hay, de momento, ninguna certeza sobre la autoría del ataque. Pero, dada la proyección mediática de Duguin, han circulado todo tipo de hipótesis desde el mismo momento de producirse. Ninguna de ellas es, en mi opinión, particularmente tranquilizadora para el Kremlin.…  Seguir leyendo »

EL asesinato de Shinzo Abe, el pasado 8 de julio, aureola con la gloria del martirio a este ex primer ministro que, de hecho, aún ejercía el poder entre bambalinas. Abe, por supuesto, no es el primer líder político víctima de un asesinato; la lista es muy larga, desde la década de 1920. Pero estos atentados, en general, eran perpetrados por militantes de extrema derecha o de extrema izquierda. Esta vez, falta el mensaje; el asesino no tenía motivo, un signo de los tiempos: los videojuegos violentos han reemplazado a las ideologías. Sin embargo, no faltaban razones para estar resentido con Abe.…  Seguir leyendo »

In the past 50 years, three Japanese leaders have become global leaders in their own right: Nakasone Yasuhiro (in office from 1982-87); Koizumi Junichiro (from 2001-06) and Abe Shinzo (from 2006-07 and 2012-20). Of these, history will view Abe as the most consequential. He transformed Japan’s post-war political identity, foreign policy role and strategic mission. Nowhere has this been more evident than in Abe’s response to the rise of China, whose challenge arguably became the organising principle of his prime ministership.

Abe led the creation of the concept of a “free and open Indo-Pacific”, subsequently adopted as the mantra of both the Trump and Biden administrations.…  Seguir leyendo »

Former Japanese prime minister Shinzo Abe with Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) candidate Keiichiro Asao after delivering a campaign speech in Yokohama, Tokyo just two days before he was assassinated. Photo by YOSHIKAZU TSUNO/AFP via Getty Images.

While direct attacks on politicians are not unknown in postwar Japan, they are comparatively rare – it has been decades since politicians with a national standing as prominent as Abe have been the subject of such assassination attempts.

Just two days on from the tragic shooting of Japan’s former prime minister, the country’s Upper House elections delivered a decisive victory for the governing Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) which, together with its coalition partner Komeito, now has 146 seats in the 245 seat House of Councillors.

Together with two smaller conservative parties – the Japan Innovation Party and Democratic Party for the People (DPF) – the government has more than two-thirds of the seats required for constitutional revision, a policy priority long-favoured by Abe, although it is too early to know whether this result represents a public endorsement of his approach.…  Seguir leyendo »

Santuario de Yasukuni en Tokio. Sean Pavone/Alamy

Nuestra reacción al conocer la noticia del atentado contra el exprimer ministro japonés Shinzo Abe fue de conmoción e incredulidad a partes iguales. Lo que siguió fue un frenesí al intentar reconstruir las noticias y los rumores para dar sentido a los acontecimientos, hasta que se anunció su muerte unas horas más tarde.

A primera vista, el magnicidio de Abe nos traslada a las décadas de 1920 y 1930, cuando los asesinatos de primeros ministros y exprimeros ministros (Hara Kei, Hamaguchi Osachi, Inukai Tsuyoshi, Takahashi Korekiyo, Saitō Makoto) eran una característica de la política japonesa. No asociamos fácilmente el asesinato político y la violencia con el Japón democrático y pacifista de la posguerra mundial.…  Seguir leyendo »

Japón está en estado de shock tras el asesinato de Shinzo Abe. En un país en el que la posesión de armas de fuego está fuertemente controlada, su uso para cometer cualquier tipo de crimen es una rareza. El asesinato de Abe seguramente no haga sino cimentar el legado del primer ministro más longevo en la historia de Japón.

Abe sirvió como primer ministro entre 2006 y 2007 y de nuevo entre 2012 y 2020. Durante su segundo mandato, impulsó tres políticas de gran calado para entender el presente y el futuro de Japón.

En primer lugar, Abe lanzó Abenomics, una estrategia para impulsar el crecimiento económico basado en las llamadas tres flechas: expansión monetaria, estímulo fiscal y reformas estructurales.…  Seguir leyendo »

The Postwar Japan That Shinzo Abe Built

In January 2007, only a few months after he was elected, at 52, as Japan’s youngest prime minister of the postwar era, Shinzo Abe delivered a speech outlining his policy priorities after the opening ceremony of the 166th session of Japan’s Diet, the country’s parliamentary body.

Most of the speech was a mundane laundry list of proposals, but one line proved especially revealing about the character of the man. “My mission is none other than to draw a new vision of a nation that can withstand the raging waves for the next 50 to 100 years”, Mr. Abe said.

I have regularly returned to this line — over the course of my writing about the former prime minister and as I reflected on his assassination on Friday — because it provided insight into what animated Mr.…  Seguir leyendo »

Friday was a day of shock, sadness and anger in Japan and around the world following the assassination of former prime minister Shinzo Abe. But when the grieving has subsided and the history books are written, Abe will be remembered above all for his early and crucial contribution to the world’s long-term response to the challenges posed by China’s rise.

The condolences pouring in from world leaders reflect the international respect Abe earned during his long political and diplomatic career, which included two stints as prime minister, a post he held longer than anyone in Japan’s history. Many of these testimonials recognized Abe’s commitment to bolstering the international order that had provided for regional peace, prosperity and security in East Asia since the end of World War II.…  Seguir leyendo »

Shinzo Abe, exprimer ministro de Japón.

Tradicionalista, nacionalista, militarista, populista, conservador. Todos estos adjetivos se pueden aplicar al político más importante, el que más tiempo gobernó, del país del Sol Naciente desde la Segunda Guerra Mundial.

Shinzo Abe (o Abe Shinzo, como se le conocía en su país, donde el apellido precede al nombre siguiendo la tradición oriental) no sólo relanzó Japón para recobrar su poderío económico mundial, como aseguran sus defensores. También utilizó todos los recursos a sus alcance para restituir el honor perdido tras la humillante derrota ante Estados Unidos. Incluso negando las evidencias históricas.

La vocación política le viene a Abe de familia. Su abuelo materno era conocido como el rey económico de la China ocupada, ejerció como viceministro y acabó encarcelado como criminal de guerra.…  Seguir leyendo »

Llegaron tarde

«En una época de engaño universal, decir la verdad es un acto revolucionario». Lo dijo George Orwell, pero podía haberlo dicho Lucía Barrera, una empleada de limpieza que fue torturada psicológicamente por decir la verdad. Una sencilla verdad, que hizo temblar a los poderosos: ¡Nada más y nada menos que al F.B.I.! Parece ficción, pero es realidad. David contra Goliath, versión siglo XX.

Sucedió en 1989, en El Salvador. Lucía fue testigo del asesinato de un grupo de sacerdotes, que la habían acogido junto a su marido y su hija, cuando necesitaron ayuda para sobrevivir, por culpa de la guerra. Uno de aquellos sacerdotes era Ignacio Ellacuría, español, quien había sido estrecho colaborador y consejero de Monseñor Romero, también asesinado poco antes y canonizado en 2018 por el Papa Francisco.…  Seguir leyendo »

Iraqi Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi poses in his office during an interview with the Associated Press in Baghdad on July 23. (AP Photo/Khalid Mohammed, File)

Even by the brutal political rules of Baghdad, the recent attempt to assassinate Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi appears to have shocked many Iraqis — and undermined the Iranian-sponsored militias who had been trying to drive him from power.

The “cowardly” attack, as Kadhimi described it, has been condemned by the United Nations, the Biden administration, a wide range of Iraqi politicians — and even Iran, a prime suspect in the strike by three drones early Sunday morning. Two of the drones were shot down, but one hit Kadhimi’s residence, a small villa decorated with modern art where I met with him just a few months ago.…  Seguir leyendo »

Otra vez, el encubrimiento de JFK

Reflexionemos juntos sobre la última demora en poner a disposición del público los registros completos sobre el asesinato del presidente John F. Kennedy, en Dallas el 22 de noviembre de 1963. Fue hace 58 años. Ya transcurrió más tiempo desde el 26 de octubre de 1992 —cuando el Congreso determinó que se pusieran a disposición del público, completa e inmediatamente, casi todos los registros sobre el asesinato de JFK— que entre el atentado y la aprobación de esa ley.

El difunto senador John Glenn, de Ohio —un héroe-astronauta de la época de Kennedy—, escribió la ley de 1992. Esa ley estipula que «se debe suponer que todos los registros gubernamentales relacionados con el asesinato [...]…  Seguir leyendo »

A police car filled with civilians and policemen drives up the Jalousie township where men accused of being involved in the assassination of President Jovenel Moise, have been arrested on July 8, 2021 at the Jalousie township in Haiti. Valerie Baeriswyl / AFP

What’s the state of the investigation into President Moïse’s killing?

The circumstances behind President Jovenel Moïse’s assassination remain opaque, and conflicting theories as to the culprits abound. According to Haiti’s National Police, a squad of 28 mercenaries carried out the murder in the early hours of 7 July. The police have already killed three alleged suspects and arrested a further twenty, including eighteen Colombian former soldiers and two Haitian Americans. Five are missing. Authorities in Haiti proceeded to capture Christian Emmanuel Sanon, a Florida-based doctor, and accused him of plotting the killing through a security company headquartered in Miami. On 13 July, the police issued arrest warrants – listing charges of “murder and armed robbery” – for former Senator John Joël Joseph, an opponent of Moïse’s Tèt Kale Party, businessman Rodolphe Jaar and Joseph Félix Badio, an official who had worked for the country’s anti-corruption unit and was recently sacked.…  Seguir leyendo »

This video image from July 9 shows several men in custody, suspected of being part of the 28-member hit squad accused in the assassination plot of Haitian President Jovenel Moïse. (AFP/Getty Images)

Last week’s assassination of Haitian President Jovenel Moïse has reopened controversies about the global market for force. Many of those implicated in the assassination were involved in or became engaged via the private security sector.

Though details are still emerging around Moïse’s assassination, it seems a Florida-based security company, CTU Security, helped connect Colombian operatives with those interested in changing the Haitian government. At least some of those involved claimed they were deceived — they believed they were contracting to protect important people or, perhaps, to further the mission of the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration. Authorities are investigating possible connections inside Haiti’s security forces.…  Seguir leyendo »

The assassination of President Jovenel Moïse of Haiti on Wednesday will force a reluctant Biden administration to focus more carefully on its next steps concerning the troubled country. Credit Andres Martinez Casares/Reuters

For years, the United States has adopted a wary tolerance of Haiti, batting aside the horror of kidnappings, murders and gang warfare. The more convenient strategy generally seemed to be backing whichever government was in power and supplying endless amounts of foreign aid.

Donald Trump supported President Jovenel Moïse mainly because Mr. Moïse supported a campaign to oust President Nicolás Maduro in Venezuela. And in February, the Biden administration accepted Mr. Moïse’s tenuous argument that he still had another year to serve despite opposition calls for his departure and large street protests. Mr. Moïse, though initially elected to a five-year term due to end in 2021, did not take office until 2017, thus his claim to an extra year as president.…  Seguir leyendo »

In a devastating development in Haiti's constitutional standoff, a group of gunmen allegedly posing as agents of the Drug Enforcement Agency forcibly entered President Jovenel Moïse's private residence and assassinated him in the early hours of Wednesday. The macabre act will prolong the uncertainty as Haiti tries to avert pandemonium.

A history of political upheaval, dictatorship and weak institutions, as well as endemic corruption have wracked Haiti for decades and stymied the consolidation of democratic rule and good governance. The country was already on edge following a protracted political crisis centered around the constitutionality of Moïse's presidential term and a controversial proposal to overhaul the country's constitution.…  Seguir leyendo »

Eduardo Dato, miembro del Partido Conservador y exministro de Gobernación.

Nos recordaba Roger Scruton, el gran filósofo británico que se nos fue hace un año, que el sovietólogo Robert Conquest era de la opinión de que todo el mundo es conservador en las cosas que conoce bien. Un conservadurismo que no es simple aferramiento al pasado sino respeto a la experiencia de quienes nos precedieron en la dirección de cualquier sociedad.

Viene esto a cuento porque hoy 8 de marzo se cumplen cien años del asesinato, en Madrid, de Eduardo Dato Iradier, cuando era presidente del Consejo de Ministros. Unos pistoleros anarquistas, venidos de Barcelona, lo ametrallaron en la Puerta de Alcalá cuando el coche en el que viajaba aminoró la marcha para entrar en la calle Serrano.…  Seguir leyendo »

El coche en el que viajaba Eduardo Dato, presidente del Consejo de Ministros, cuando fue tiroteado.

8 de marzo de 1921. Eduardo Dato Iradier, presidente del Consejo de Ministros, fue tiroteado en la plaza de la Independencia de Madrid, cuando viajaba en la parte trasera de una limusina Marmon 34. Había salido del Senado a las ocho de la tarde y se dirigía a su domicilio, en el número 4 de la calle Lagasca. En la plaza de la Independencia, dos jóvenes anarquistas le dispararon varios tiros desde una moto Indian con sidecar. Tres de esas balas le produjeron heridas mortales en el cráneo, en el lado izquierdo de la cara y en la cavidad torácica. Tenía 64 años.…  Seguir leyendo »