Noruega (Continuación)

“Podemos ignorar la yihad, pero no podemos evitar las consecuencias de ignorar la yihad”. Esa fue la primera reacción de la bloguera antiislámica estadounidense Pamela Geller tras la noticia de los atentados terroristas en Noruega, y en su página web, Atlas Shrugs (Atlas se encoge de hombros), colocó el enlace a un vídeo anterior de una manifestación a favor de Hamás en Oslo. Cuando nos enteramos de que el asesino de masas no era un terrorista islámico sino un terrorista antiislámico, cuyo manifiesto de 1.500 páginas estaba lleno de citas de escritores como ella, Geller se encogió de hombros como Atlas: “Es un maldito asesino.…  Seguir leyendo »

Japan in March 2011 and Norway in July 2011: any comparison between the madness of nature and the pure madness of man in Norway may sound artificial. Yet, confronted with their respective tragedies, Japan and Norway displayed a very similar combination of qualities and flaws.

In both countries, civil society reacted to the events in a remarkable manner, with a sense of unity, dignity, and reaffirmed national cohesiveness. But, while citizens in both countries have emerged more confident in themselves and in their core values, the security authorities’ performance clearly fell short. As a result, Japanese and Norwegians might emerge more critical – and justifiably so – of their respective official bureaucracies.…  Seguir leyendo »

It is tempting to view Anders Behring Breivik, the self-described Christian crusader behind the July 22 massacre in Norway, as an isolated case of pure evil. Yet history has taught us that such acts of violence rarely occur independent of their social and cultural surroundings. The assassination of Sweden’s prime minister, Olof Palme, on a Stockholm street in 1986, like the January shooting of Representative Gabrielle Giffords outside a shopping mall in Arizona, took place at a time when caustic antigovernment rhetoric was widespread.

Mr. Breivik managed to commit two terrorist attacks in a single afternoon. But the hatred and contempt from which he drew his deranged determination were shared with many others throughout the international right-wing blogosphere.…  Seguir leyendo »

Hace unos días, antes de la masacre de Noruega, hablaba con un amigo sobre cómo van de la mano la alegría de vivir y la tristeza de ver que las cosas cambian. Que incluso el futuro más luminoso jamás puede compensar del todo el hecho de que ningún camino lleva de regreso a lo que había antes. A la inocencia de la niñez. Al primer amor. A la fragancia del mes de julio; al picor de la hierba en la espalda sudorosa en el instante en que uno salta desde un acantilado y, en un segundo, se ve envuelto por las gélidas aguas de un fiordo noruego y la nariz y el paladar se llenan de sabor a sal y glaciar.…  Seguir leyendo »

Norway, a nation far removed from the wickedness of the world, is now facing one of its greatest moral challenges: What to do with Anders Behring Breivik, the man who has confessed to massacring 76 people, many of them children. Norway does not allow for capital punishment, and the longest prison sentence a killer can usually receive there is 21 years. A country of such otherwise good fortune and peaceful intention is now unprepared — legally and morally —to deal with such a monstrous atrocity.

The United States, unfortunately, is much more familiar with this problem. Americans have spent several recent weeks in a vengeful fury over the acquittal of Casey Anthony, who partied for an entire month while her 2-year-old daughter, Caylee, was supposedly missing but might have actually been murdered — by Ms.…  Seguir leyendo »

America’s violent far right would have no difficulty recognizing the tell-tale signatures of Friday’s killing spree in Norway — and not just because they would see the confessed perpetrator, Anders Behring Breivik, as an ideological soul mate who, like their own heroes, thought he could trigger a white-supremacist revolution with bombs and bullets.

Breivik appears to have been more than simply inspired by American predecessors such as Timothy McVeigh, the Oklahoma City bomber: The materials he used, the way he planned and carried out his attacks, and his own writings all suggest he was deeply familiar with the actions of some notorious political killers on this side of the Atlantic.…  Seguir leyendo »

Nos quejamos con frecuencia de que nuestra sociedad es aburrida, pero estamos dispuestos a luchar con fuerza para defender nuestros valores de tolerancia.

Hasta el pasado viernes, Utøya tenía un sabor dulce para la mayoría de los noruegos. Pero esta isla de rocas y pinos, en la que crecen flores silvestres entre los caminos, era, en particular, un paisaje fundamental para los políticos que gobiernan Noruega.

En nuestras conversaciones sobre cotilleos políticos es frecuente oír anécdotas sucedidas en Utøya en el pasado. En esa isla recibieron nuestros ministros socialistas sus primeros besos, tuvieron noviazgos adolescentes y debates de los de “quedarse levantados toda la noche salvando el mundo”.…  Seguir leyendo »

A few days ago, before the bombing here and the shootings on Utoya Island, a friend and I were talking about how the joy of being alive always seems to go hand in hand with the sorrow that things change. Not even the brightest future can make up for the fact that no roads lead back to what came before — to the innocence of childhood or the first time we fell in love.

There is no road back to the scent of the Julys when I was young and leapt from a boulder into the ice-cold meltwater of a Norwegian fjord.…  Seguir leyendo »

«Soy un caballero templario, masón. Llamo a hacer la guerra contra los marxistas y los islamistas…». Esta breve declaración que Anders Behring Breivik difundió por las redes sociales horas antes de acometer su masacre en la isla de Utoya y en el centro de Oslo, podría esconder el hilo maestro del que tirar si queremos comprender su verdadera personalidad. Estamos ante un temperamento de hielo, elaborado sobre el convencimiento de que su fin -la liberación de Europa de la «guerra demográfica» islámica y lo que él llama la permisiva cultura marxista- ha justificado la muerte de más de 90 personas, la mayoría jóvenes de entre 14 y 19 años.…  Seguir leyendo »

“Isn’t it kind of scary that one man could wreak this kind of hell?” Timothy J. McVeigh said of the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing, which killed 168 people. Indeed, it is.

Automatic weapons and potent bombs allow the deranged and begrudged to slaughter scores of innocents in mere seconds. Witness the shootings at the University of Texas in 1966 (14 killed), Columbine High School in 1999 (13 killed), Virginia Tech in 2007 (32 killed), or, for those with a sense of history, see Bath School disaster of 1927 in which an angry school board member blew up 38 children and 6 adults in Michigan.…  Seguir leyendo »

¿Qué tipo de trastorno mental y moral lleva a un joven a acabar con el corazón de la vida política de una nación pacífica y a ejecutar una matanza de más de 90 personas en un campamento juvenil? Un psicólogo amigo me comentó, cuando el horror todavía estaba teniendo lugar, que «esto parece algo así como un parricidio final, el modo de proceder de alguien que se ha sentido traicionado por las autoridades de su infancia y que ha desarrollado un odio extremo hacia todo tipo de autoridades». En estos momentos, ya se han filtrado las últimas noticias acerca de la «autoridad de su infancia»: su padre recibió la noticia de los crímenes de su hijo cuando leía noticias en internet en su casa del sur de Francia.…  Seguir leyendo »

Like every other citizen of Oslo, I have walked in the streets and buildings that have been blown away. I have even spent time on the island where young political activists were massacred. I share the fear and pain of my country. But the question is always why, and this violence was not blind.

The terror of Norway has not come from Islamic extremists. Nor has it come from the far left, even though both these groups have been accused time after time of being the inner threat to our “way of living”. Up to and including the terrifying hours in the afternoon of 22 July, the little terror my country has experienced has come from the far right.…  Seguir leyendo »

Today the leaders of the five Nordic states are meeting to discuss the possibility of creating a Nordic federal state. Ever since the Kalmar Union of the kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden – reaching to Iceland, Greenland, the Faroe Islands, Shetland and Orkney – collapsed in 1523, the idea of reinstating some sort of a supra-national Nordic state regularly crops up. Now this old idea has resurfaced in a book the Swedish history professor Gunnar Wetterberg submitted to the Nordic Council in Reykjavik today.

Wetterberg argues that together the Nordics (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden, with the three micro territories the Faroe Islands, Greenland and Aland), will be stronger and more stable and prosperous than they are on their own.…  Seguir leyendo »

¡Salarios iguales ya! ¡Salarios iguales ya!”, se oían los gritos desde la ventana de mi hotel en Oslo, mientras los huelguistas y sus partidarios se manifestaban ante el Parlamento noruego. ¿Cómo era posible? ¿Hay huelgas hasta en el paraíso?

Noruega es, de acuerdo con casi todos los parámetros, algo muy parecido a un paraíso terrenal. En renta per cápita es uno de los países más ricos del mundo. Es también uno de los más igualitarios. Posee un sistema de bienestar que es la envidia de todos los socialdemócratas. Las madres tienen 10 meses de permiso de maternidad con el sueldo completo.…  Seguir leyendo »

A proud nation of peace, Norway has traditionally been one of the staunchest supporters of UN peacekeeping. But this is now turning, as Norway may pull the plug on the entire UN peacekeeping commitment in Chad. By recalling the entire Norwegian medical contingent starting on 15 May, the fate of nearly a 250,000 refugees – many from the Darfur region – will be left uncertain.

The UN force in Chad is essential for the stability of the Darfur region. In eastern Chad on the border with Darfur, the famine would be greater and the violence no doubt more extensive without the many escorts and patrols of UN peacekeepers.…  Seguir leyendo »

In the struggle to reveal details of the waste dumping in Ivory Coast, the Guardian and the BBC are not alone in attracting the attentions of Trafigura’s lawyers brandishing gags. Here in Norway, at the national broadcaster, we too were issued with stern legal warnings. And so we published.

Norway has an important, if little reported, role in the Trafigura scandal. Back in 2006, as the Probo Koala tanker ship delivered waste to Ivory Coast, her sister ship, Probo Emu, was preparing for the same journey. But when controversy emerged in the west African state, Trafigura redirected the vessel to a tank facility in Norway.…  Seguir leyendo »

Jens Stoltenberg, the recently re-elected Prime Minister of Norway, could not have been more frank. Asked if entry into the European Union was on his government’s agenda, he replied — almost with pride — that Norway was the only country that had twice rejected Brussels’ embrace. There were, he said, no plans to hold a third referendum. “I was there the last time it was defeated . . . and I don’t seek new defeats.”

He might have added that half of his “coalition of workers, farmers and dreamers” was against membership in principle and that, since Norway benefits from an agreement with the EU that provides the benefits of free trade without the threat of federalism, only diehards want to argue about going right in or staying right out.…  Seguir leyendo »

La Norvège est généralement connue comme un pays où prévalent la cohésion sociale et le consensus autour de valeurs telles que la solidarité et le refus de l’exclusion. Pourtant, lors des dernières élections législatives, un parti populiste, sinon d’extrême droite, le Parti du progrès, y a obtenu 22,9% des suffrages, ce qui en fait le deuxième parti norvégien, et ceci pour la deuxième fois consécutive. Ne faut-il pas attribuer ce résultat précisément à ce qui devait prémunir la Norvège contre toute poussée extrémiste : la constante préoccupation, non seulement des principaux acteurs politiques, mais de la société, d’éviter à tout prix les conflits ouverts, qu’ils soient publics ou privés ?…  Seguir leyendo »

The drastic climatic changes in the Arctic, viewed first-hand this week by an ‘alarmed’ UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon, are threatening to unleash not only environmental catastrophe on the rest of the world but a furious political struggle between competing regional governments.

The Arctic Five – the US, Russia, Norway, Canada and Denmark (Greenland) – are scrambling to secure territorial rights to disputed and hitherto unclaimed parts of the world’s last great wilderness. This is partly because the retreat of local sea ice is opening up to exploitation what many leading experts think could be massive reserves of petroleum- even as much as 13% of the world’s undiscovered oil and 30% of its undiscovered natural gas.…  Seguir leyendo »

Por Juan Herreros, arquitecto y ganador del proyecto para el nuevo Museo Munch de Oslo (EL PAÍS, 30/04/09):

Como ya hiciera con el Kursaal de Rafael Moneo y el MUSAC de Mansilla y Tuñón, el premio Mies van der Rohe ha vuelto a reconocer la capacidad de la arquitectura, de un sólo edificio, para desplazar el centro de gravedad de una ciudad. La Ópera de Oslo firmada por el estudio Snøhetta es la primera pieza de una operación que transformará completamente la lectura y el uso de un enclave que quiere reivindicarse a sí mismo como Fijord city. Y es que, como tantas ciudades desarrolladas a espaldas del mar, Oslo depositó en las riberas de su fiordo las instalaciones portuarias cerrando a sus habitantes el contacto con el agua.…  Seguir leyendo »