Relaciones Transatlánticas

Federica Mogherini, the European Union’s high representative for foreign affairs and security policy, said the E.U. and the rest of the international community would preserve the Iran nuclear deal.CreditBorislav Troshev/EPA, via Shutterstock

After months of swaggering hesitation, President Trump finally announced the United States’ withdrawal from the nuclear deal with Iran, to which Britain, France, Russia, China, Germany and the European Union are also parties. This action tramples on European leaders, who urged Mr. Trump to exercise restraint in the interest of international security and multilateralism.

Federica Mogherini, the European Union’s high representative for foreign affairs and security policy, reacted to Mr. Trump’s announcement with a sharp statement. The European Union and the rest of the international community, she said, would “preserve this nuclear deal.” The question is how. Notwithstanding an abundance of kvetching, European powers have not yet shown Mr.…  Seguir leyendo »

El presidente norteamericano, Donald Trump, está cumpliendo con sus promesas de poner a “Estados Unidos primero” a través del proteccionismo comercial. ¿Cómo debería responder Europa?

Trump ha exceptuado temporariamente a Europa de sus aranceles recientemente impuestos a las importaciones de acero y aluminio. Pero su Espada de Damocles -altos aranceles a las importaciones- todavía pende sobre Europa. Por cierto, ya ha prometido imponer aranceles a los autos europeos -con la mira puesta, en particular, en BMW y Mercedes- para ayudar a los productores de autos norteamericanos, aunque esto también afecte a los consumidores estadounidenses. Como siempre, los consumidores son políticamente menos poderosos que los fabricantes, ya que sus pérdidas per capita son menores que las ganancias per capita de los productores, y enfrentan más barreras para una acción colectiva.…  Seguir leyendo »

US Ambassador to Russia Jon Huntsman and Russian President Vladimir Putin. Photo: Getty Images.

Since Donald Trump took office, Russia has come to hold a unique position in US internal and foreign affairs. It is not simply another ‘rogue state’ in the international arena, but has become a hot-button domestic issue, with ongoing investigations into alleged collusion with the Kremlin.

Trump’s personal deference to Vladimir Putin does not reflect the broader picture of tense US–Russia relations. The political and military establishment in Washington sees Russia as a threat, as outlined in the recently published National Security Strategy (NSS) and National Defence Strategy (NDS).

The NSS calls Russia a ‘revisionist power’ while the NDS proclaims the US is in ‘strategic competition’ with the Kremlin.…  Seguir leyendo »

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan of Turkey speaking at the Grand National Assembly in Ankara this week. Credit Adem Altan/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

Last week, a federal jury in New York convicted a Turkish banker, Mehmet Hakan Atilla of playing a role in an elaborate gold-smuggling scheme that involved bribing high-ranking Turkish government officials to help Iran evade American sanctions.

Making the case even more explosive, testimony at Mr. Atilla’s trial alleged that the scheme had the approval of Turkey’s president, Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

Mr. Erdogan, of course, is not pleased. The other day, he again voiced his longstanding claim that the Iran sanctions violation case is just the latest link in a chain of C.I.A.-orchestrated plots against him, including the 2013 protests in Gezi Park and the 2016 attempted coup.…  Seguir leyendo »

It has been almost a year since Donald Trump took office, and Germany is still debating what, exactly, his administration means for Europe. Is Mr. Trump just a hiccup in the American political system or an indicator of a chronic disease? Will the trans-Atlantic relationship ever be the same again or is it time Germany and Europe prepared for a post-Atlantic era? But rather than providing insight into the future of the United States, the debate is turning into a Freudian analysis of Germany’s own troubles.

It started in May, when Chancellor Angela Merkel, shocked by Mr. Trump’s first visit to Europe as president, said that “the times we can fully rely on others are somewhat over” and that Europe had to become more self-reliant.…  Seguir leyendo »

On 10 November, Donald Trump will arrive in Danang, central Vietnam, the same city where American combat troops first landed 52 years ago. He will need to move beyond half-century-old memories to demonstrate the United States’ continuing relevance, however. Today, for the disparate regimes in Southeast Asia, the US is two things above all: a provider of diplomatic and military leverage and a market. The presence of US Pacific Command and a small army of American diplomats in the region also allow them to balance their diplomatic relations between Beijing and Washington. On the economic side, the 10 members of ASEAN enjoy an annual goods-trade surplus with the US: it was $83 billion in 2016.…  Seguir leyendo »

Un an après l’élection du président Donald Trump, il serait trop facile de résumer le « trumpisme » à sa personnalité instable ou au décryptage quotidien de ses tweets. Le trumpisme n’est pas non plus une doctrine comme le suggèrent un certain nombre d’analyses, qui se traduirait par une imprévisibilité calculée, visant à déstabiliser ses adversaires aussi bien sur la scène politique qu’internationale.

L’hyper focalisation des médias et des commentaires politiques sur la personne de Trump confond en réalité la cause et l’effet. Le trumpisme doit être appréhendé comme le symptôme d’une transformation beaucoup plus profonde et durable de la société et de l’action extérieure américaines.…  Seguir leyendo »

It was one of the grandest banquets my family ever held. My mother slaved for two days, even hiring a cook to assist her. Lacquered folding-tables, laden with our best dishes, were set up. Then the guests of honor arrived: three American soldiers stationed in South Korea.

As a child of around 9 years old, in the late 1980s, I didn’t understand the event’s significance. Only later did I learn that it was common for South Korean families to host members of the American military in a show of appreciation. Women would set themselves to making their most succulent galbijjim (braised short ribs) and their crispiest mung bean cakes for our great defenders against the Communists up north.…  Seguir leyendo »

The United States Consulate General in Istanbul. The United States has suspended the processing of nonimmigrant visas for Turks, and Turkey is doing the same to Americans. Credit Erdem Sahin/European Pressphoto Agency

The detention of a Turkish employee at the United States consulate in Istanbul, the subsequent United States decision to suspend the processing of nonimmigrant visas for Turks, followed by Turkey doing the same to Americans, has sunk United States-Turkish relations to a low point.

It is important for the Turks and the Americans to question who stands to benefit from further deterioration of their strategic partnership. To ensure that the current crisis isn’t exploited by geopolitical rivals and strategic interests of the United States and Turkey don’t suffer, it is necessary to use diplomacy and pull the United States-Turkish relations out of their present impasse.…  Seguir leyendo »

For the past 16 years, whenever the United States has been faced with the reality of a failing war in Afghanistan, it has blamed Pakistan. Efforts to bring freedom to the valleys of Afghanistan, this narrative claims, have been thwarted by a double-dealing “ally” that takes American aid while supporting its enemies.

The narrative inadvertently casts American presidents, generals, diplomats, spies and others who have been part of the war effort as credulous dupes and casts poor light on the American military, stuck in a quagmire despite having the world’s most advanced weapons and largest financial resources. It also assumes that Pakistan has a clear interest in harming both the United States and Afghanistan.…  Seguir leyendo »

I last visited Russia in October to do research for a study of American-Russian relations. I returned home just before the election of President Trump, recognizing that the relationship was in terrible shape and heading steadily downhill. It continues on that trajectory, with Russia’s demand that the American diplomatic mission reduce its staff by 755 employees, in response to new sanctions imposed by Congress that were signed last week by President Trump.

That October trip and succeeding events raise important questions: Where does the United States want this to go? What is our vision of an acceptable end point? More than six months into the Trump administration, there are no answers.…  Seguir leyendo »

While trade and tax remain at the heart of the difficult economic conversations between Europe and the US, a new issue has emerged as a potential source of even greater friction: data.

Growth in the traditional global trade in goods and services has levelled off, but cross-border data flows continue to expand rapidly and the challenges of developing policies that protect privacy, security and innovation are already tremendous. For example, data analytics are driving dramatic productivity gains in industry, particularly for large and complex installations whose safety and efficiency will increasingly depend on flows of those data across jurisdictions. Meanwhile, ‘fintech’ (financial technology) start-ups and large banks alike are testing new modes of accumulating, analysing and deploying customer data to provide less expensive services and manage the risk profile of their businesses.…  Seguir leyendo »

The leaking of sensitive information about the investigation into Monday’s terrorist attack on the Manchester Arena, including forensic images of bomb apparatus, to United States media caused dismay and anger among British officials. The prime minister, Theresa May, went so far as to raise the issue directly with President Trump when they met at Thursday’s NATO conference in Brussels.

To modify George Bernard Shaw’s maxim, Britain and America appear to be two countries divided less by a common language than by common secrets. While British investigators jealously guard detailed information about their operations, seeking to run their leads to ground before they are exposed to view, their American counterparts seem more willing to put what they know directly into the public domain.…  Seguir leyendo »

The summit between US President Donald Trump and China’s President Xi Jinping at Mar-A-Lago on 6-7 April was never likely to produce a new strategic vision for bilateral relations. Such a thing has eluded the two countries since the end of the Cold War, which supplied a common enemy in the Soviet Union.

Instead, the last three decades have chiefly been about managing the relationship, with growing economic interdependence sitting alongside geopolitical differences. Last week’s summit showed that some of this dynamic is set to continue under President Trump. Despite encouraging signals on trade cooperation, Trump’s authorization of a missile strike in Syria in the middle of the summit clearly highlights the gulf between the two countries’ leaderships on how to handle global security issues.…  Seguir leyendo »

This week Secretary of State Rex Tillerson is making his first diplomatic visit to Russia, where he’s likely to press Moscow on its handling of Syria, which he has called “incompetent.”

But Mr. Tillerson should recognize that Russia’s involvement in Syria is only one example of the increasingly active, and disruptive, role that President Vladimir Putin has been playing on the world stage since Donald Trump’s inauguration.

In January, Russia-backed separatists in eastern Ukraine, most likely at the direction of Mr. Putin, ramped up their fight against Ukrainian government forces, bringing the violence there to its highest level in a year and a half.…  Seguir leyendo »

Chinese President Xi Jinping will meet US President Donald Trump for the first time on April 6 and 7 at the latter’s Mar-a-Lago resort in Palm Beach. On the agenda are a number of contentious issues that the two leaders are unlikely to resolve.

Trump has already noted that the meeting is going to be “very difficult”. The first face-to-face meeting between the two leaders will likely not be ideal for reaching consensus on issues such as trade, the North Korean nuclear crisis and the one-China policy.

Human rights and “one China”

Traditionally, the United States has paid much attention to human rights in China, such as its treatment of political dissidents and the arrest of civil rights lawyers.…  Seguir leyendo »

Russian Prime Minister Dmitri Medvedev serves at the pleasure of President Vladimir Putin. And Putin may not be pleased any longer.

Last weekend, protestors in cities all over Russia, overwhelmingly young, demanded that Medvedev resign. The organizer was Alexei Navalny, a 40-year-old lawyer who has dedicated his life to opposing the Putin regime. He had swung through European Russia and Siberia in recent weeks, gathering support. In early March he released a film that featured a detailed report on Medvedev’s corruption – an account of vast estates, palatial homes, two yachts and a vineyard in Tuscany.

Russian police detained Navalny on March 26, sentenced him to 15 days in jail for disobeying a police officer and fined him for organizing an illegal protest.…  Seguir leyendo »

As U.S. President Donald Trump proclaims “America First” and Britain hums along to the words of “Rule Britannia,” can a special relationship still exist between two states that seem to have decided to draw back within themselves?

In both of these countries, a repositioning of global roles is being undertaken by a suddenly dominant political group of populists. And they are locked in what promises to be a long war with the previously dominant political and intellectual groups that are liberal and globalist.

Because of this dynamic, Britain and the United States are bound – one might say doomed – to remain in a special relationship for one of the best of reasons: They will need each other.…  Seguir leyendo »

Who is president of the United States: the Republican Donald Trump or the anti-European populist Donald Trump? To Germany, this is an essential question. The Republican Trump is expected to stick to the close trans-Atlantic relationship that is key to Germany’s prosperity and security. The populist Trump has the potential to pull the rug right out from under us.

There’s evidence for both. Mr. Trump regularly rails against Brussels and NATO, but his surrogates in Europe have made an extra effort to dismiss it all as just talk and to emphasize the administration’s continued commitment to the Continent.

We’ll get a much better idea of which President Trump is really in charge on March 14, when Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany pays her first visit to the new administration.…  Seguir leyendo »

Pasó el vicepresidente de EEUU por Europa sin terminar de despejar las dudas que afligen a la UE desde la elección de Donald Trump, dejando claro que lo que a EEUU le interesa es la OTAN. El otrora rutilante edificio europeo sigue sin cerrar sus grietas -cada vez mayores- y teme ser declarado en ruina, con sus líderes sumidos entre la perplejidad y el miedo a los planes ocultos de Trump. Tales angustias no existirían si la UE fuera un proyecto sólido y sostenido en sus propios pilares, pero nunca ha sido así. La OTAN fue invención de EEUU en su duelo a muerte con la Unión Soviética.…  Seguir leyendo »