Seguridad privada

Some unlikely names are beginning to appear in Syria, Egypt, Libya and countries which lie south of the Sahel belt of Africa. Wagner Group, a Russian private military company (PMC) which won its spurs in the Donbass region of eastern Ukraine and in Syria where it guards oil facilities, has spread its wings to the Central African Republic, where a hundred of its men are training the army which is being rebooted after free elections brought a new man, Faustin-Archange Touadéra, to the presidency two years ago. Russia had already agreed to sell weapons to the country despite a UN embargo which followed severe rioting in 2013, to the consternation of the United States and France.…  Seguir leyendo » “Russia & Ukraine Gain a Foothold in Africa”

Tema

El Parlamento Europeo ha aprobado un Informe sobre Empresas Militares y de Seguridad Privadas (EMSP) que insta a regular su concepto, actividades y proyección exterior. Una regulación necesaria para superar la indefinición, complejidad y vacío legal en el que se encuentran.

Resumen

El Informe es un primer paso hacia la regulación de las Empresas Militares y de Seguridad Privadas (EMSP) que apoyan a las Fuerzas Armadas regulares en sus actividades, término bajo el que se conoce en español las Private Security Companies o Private Military Companies (PSC o PMC, en sus siglas inglesas) y más comúnmente conocidos como contratistas privados.…  Seguir leyendo » “Las empresas militares y de seguridad privadas en la UE”

The publication of the draft investigatory powers bill on Wednesday was a golden opportunity for the UK government to draft legislation that would provide security and privacy for the law-abiding citizens of the UK, and then by influence, for the world as a whole. That, however, is not what we have been handed.

What is on the table is a proposal for greater access to greater levels of data with nothing more substantial than a process of judicial review.

Digesting these proposals will take time, but at first glance this is a blueprint for the agencies and police to weaken the security and privacy of the masses in the name of national security.…  Seguir leyendo » “Why UK’s draconian surveillance plan won’t protect us”

Ten years ago, I found myself in Burundi, sipping a Coke with the country’s president, the American ambassador and the president’s 8-year-old daughter. The president’s life was in danger, and the American government sent me in to keep him alive.

The Rwandan genocide had begun in 1994 after the presidents of Burundi and Rwanda were assassinated. In 2004, an extremist Hutu group planned on assassinating the new president of Burundi to reignite it. My job was to prevent this from happening.

I wasn’t a member of the C.I.A. or a covert military unit. I was a “contractor” (“mercenary” to some), working for a company called DynCorp International.…  Seguir leyendo » “Reining In Soldiers of Fortune”

I live my life in the open: I’m easily googleable, emailable, and you can figure out from my Twitter and Instagram accounts what I’ve been doing. For a while my phone number was posted publicly on my Facebook profile.

I’m aware that these sites and services are tracking me. I know they’re collecting my data, crunching it and selling it to advertisers, who in turn try to sell me things, and I am OK with this.

It’s the cost of admission. These services help me stay connected with my friends and interact with strangers, and in turn I grant them permission to analyze my tweets and profile my Facebook interests for profit.…  Seguir leyendo » “Privacy is not dead”

In recent months, the issue of privacy has come to the forefront in a number of cases, including the latest revelation that the U.S. government has been secretly collecting Verizon customers’ phone records. Here’s a selection of CNN.com op-eds on related issues.

We’re losing control of our digital privacy

The erosion of privacy rights under the Fourth Amendment, written to protect us against unreasonable search and seizure, began in earnest under President George W. Bush. The Patriot Act, passed overwhelmingly but hastily after 9/11, allows the FBI to obtain telecommunication, financial, and credit records without a court order. Moreover, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act’s 2008 amendment act grants U.S.…  Seguir leyendo » “The great privacy debate”

On Oct. 12, 2010, Jimmy Mubenga was deported from Britain. The 46-year-old Angolan had come to the country as a refugee 16 years earlier. But after his involvement in a pub brawl and a subsequent criminal conviction, the government ordered his deportation. Three private security guards escorted him through Heathrow Airport and onto British Airways Flight 77 to Luanda, Angola. The exact details of what followed are still unclear and currently subject to criminal investigation.

Several passengers onboard the plane reported that Mr. Mubenga repeatedly complained that he could not breathe and that he was being held down with his head between his knees by security guards.…  Seguir leyendo » “Can Privatization Kill?”

It’s one of the most contentious but least understood issues now before Congress. It’s one that does not align neatly along party lines and has split the business community.

The issue is online piracy – the illegal sale of copyrighted and trademarked products on rogue pirate websites. Proposals aimed at putting these rogue websites out of business, now pending in the House and Senate, would strengthen restrictions on foreign-based rogue websites, while imposing new obligations on U.S.-based firms that facilitate their operation.

These proposals address a legitimate problem. But they may have unintended negative consequences on the operation of the Internet and on free speech.…  Seguir leyendo » “Mutiny over online piracy”

Todos conocemos en qué consiste el ritual del regreso del cuerpo de un soldado muerto en tierra extranjera: música solemne, bandera nacional, escoltas y saludos, recogidos con gran detalle en los medios de comunicación. Políticos y generales tienen palabras de consuelo para los apesadumbrados familiares, muchos de ellos tan jóvenes que con frecuencia tienen bebés en brazos.

Pero no fue eso lo que vivió Deely, la hermana de Robert, un exparacaidista que murió en una emboscada en Irak y cuyo cadáver fue llevado desde Kuwait al aeropuerto de Glasgow. El encargado de la funeraria explicó a Deely que en el avión habían llegado 10 cadáveres, dos de ellos imposibles de identificar.…  Seguir leyendo » “La privatización de la guerra”

In the 14th century there were two pandemics. One was the Black Death, the other was the commercialisation of warfare. Mercenaries had always existed, but under Edward III they became the mainstay of the English army for the first 20 years of what became the Hundred Years war. Then, when Edward signed the treaty of Brétigny in 1360 and told his soldiers to stop fighting and go home, many of them didn’t have any homes to go to. They were used to fighting, and that’s how they made their money. So they simply formed themselves into freelance armies, aptly called “free companies”, that proceeded around France pillaging, killing and raping.…  Seguir leyendo » “War drums are beating for Iran. But who’s playing them?”

In a 6-to-5 vote last month, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit dismissed a lawsuit against a company accused of helping the CIA carry out the “extraordinary rendition” of terrorist suspects, transporting them to other countries for interrogation and, the lawsuit alleged, torture.

The five men who sued Jeppesen DataPlan, a Boeing subsidiary that reportedly provided flight planning and logistical support, could not use even public records to make their case that the company played a key role in the rendition program. The reason? The federal government intervened and invoked the “state secrets” doctrine to assert that allowing the lawsuit to proceed would endanger national security.…  Seguir leyendo » “The state-secrets defense: A privilege too far gone”

Under orders from President Hamid Karzai, over the next four months Afghanistan will be phasing out almost all foreign private security companies, a move meant to bring the country’s vast security apparatus under tighter government control.

It’s a laudable goal. But it also means that foreign aid workers, government officials and companies will have to rely instead for security on the Afghan National Police and the Afghan National Army — arguably two of the most corrupt and incompetent organizations in the country. Without a more effective replacement for foreign security companies, Mr. Karzai’s order could make the situation in Afghanistan significantly worse.…  Seguir leyendo » “Making Afghanistan More Dangerous”

En juin 2009, l’Afghanistan comptait 74 000 contractors («mercenaires») pour 55 000 soldats américains (dont 7% sont armés, soit environ 5 200 Occidentaux, auquel il faut rajouter 2 000 ressortissants du tiers-monde et près de 20 000 employés afghans). La nouvelle politique impulsée par Obama ne va faire qu’accroître leur nombre. A mesure que le marché irakien se ralentit, les sociétés militaires privées basculent leurs activités en Afghanistan. Un phénomène de migration qui apparaît clairement à la lecture des statistiques. Si l’on s’en tient aux projections actuelles, le contingent privé pourrait atteindre un volume compris entre 120 000 et 140 000 privés pour 120 000 à 130 000 militaires réguliers (dont 100 000 Américains) d’ici à la fin 2010, soit un pic démographique analogue à celui qu’a connu l’Irak en 2007-2008, au plus fort des violences.…  Seguir leyendo » “En Afghanistan, une guerre privatisée”

Somali piracy attacks targeting shipping through the Gulf of Aden and Indian Ocean have significantly risen in quantity, sophistication and audacity. The U.S. Navy SEAL team rescue of the kidnapped crew of the U.S.-flagged Maersk Alabama last April provided a dramatic example not only of this threat, but also of the lethal force being brought to bear by states in the fight against piracy. However, this week’s attack on the Panamanian-flagged vessel Al Meezan purportedly has demonstrated the first example of another form of lethal force being used against pirates: teams of armed private security guards hired by commercial shipping companies to protect their assets en route through the Gulf of Aden and Indian Ocean.…  Seguir leyendo » “Anti-Piracy Inc.”

L’aide américaine à l’Afrique a des aspects préoccupants. En effet, les Etats-Unis ont besoin d’étrangers sans lesquels leurs guerres ne seraient pas possibles à ce niveau de déploiement de forces militaires. Le journal East African rapporte que des milliers d’Ougandais et de Kényans travaillent pour le compte d’entreprises de sécurité américaines payés par l’armée américaine, dont les soldats, rappelons-le, sont des volontaires. Ces entreprises auraient recruté, depuis la «guerre contre le terrorisme» initiée par George W. Bush, 1 million d’étrangers pour l’Irak et 1,5 million pour l’Afghanistan, qui travaillent comme gardes du corps, chauffeurs, mécaniciens, cuisiniers, et même gestionnaires. Officiellement, ils ne combattent pas.…  Seguir leyendo » “Mercenaires africains en Irak, un business lucratif”

The mercenary firm Blackwater has become a symbol of the utter lawlessness and criminality that permeates the privatised wing of the US war machine. The company’s operatives have shot dead scores of Iraqi and Afghan civilians, while former employees allege in sworn statements that Blackwater’s owner Erik Prince “views himself as a Christian crusader tasked with eliminating Muslims and the Islamic faith from the globe”, and that Prince’s companies “encouraged and rewarded the destruction of Iraqi life”. Five Blackwater employees will stand trial in federal court in the US on charges that they slaughtered 14 innocent Iraqis, while a sixth Blackwater operative has already pleaded guilty.…  Seguir leyendo » “The Blackwater plot deepens”

La résurrection de la piraterie dans le golfe d’Aden pourrait-elle, par un effet de ricochet, convoquer celle des corsaires ? L’hypothèse, improbable au premier abord pour le néophyte, est plus que jamais d’actualité alors que le marché de la lutte antipiraterie est en train de connaître un véritable boom économique.

Etant donné l’incapacité pour les marines occidentales et les bâtiments de guerre d’assurer une présence globale et permanente aux côtés des navires de plaisance ou de pêche, l’idée de recourir à une néoflibusterie gagne inexorablement en crédibilité. Au niveau du droit international, l’idée d’armer ces néocorsaires rencontre nombre de problèmes techniques et légaux : l’opposition de l’ONU qui redoute une dérive anarchique, la réticence de certains armateurs qui craignent à juste titre de voir éclater des fusillades à bord de tankers ou de chimiquiers, nonobstant la variété des cadres juridiques régulant le recours aux mercenaires.…  Seguir leyendo » “Golfe d’Aden : le retour des corsaires ?”

By Eugene Robinson (THE WASHINGTON POST, 09/12/08):

The federal manslaughter indictment of five Blackwater Worldwide security guards in the horrific massacre of more than a dozen Iraqi civilians in Baghdad may look like an exercise in accountability, but it’s probably the exact opposite — a whitewash that absolves the government and corporate officials who should bear ultimate responsibility.

If what Justice Department prosecutors allege is true, the five guards — Donald Ball, Dustin Heard, Evan Liberty, Nicholas Slatten and Paul Slough — should have to answer for what happened on Sept. 16, 2007. The men, working under Blackwater’s contract to protect State Department personnel in Iraq, are charged with spraying a busy intersection with machine-gun fire and grenades, killing at least 14 unarmed civilians and wounding 20 others.…  Seguir leyendo » “A Whitewash for Blackwater?”

Por Mariano Aguirre, coordinador del área de paz, seguridad y derechos humanos en Fride, Madrid (LA VANGUARDIA, 09/10/07):

Una serie de incidentes protagonizados por la empresa privada de seguridad Blackwater han costado la vida a cerca de 20 personas en los últimos meses en Iraq. El Gobierno iraquí desea suspender las actividades de esta empresa, contratada por el Pentágono, y abrir una causa criminal. Pero el Gobierno de Estados Unidos quiere que Blackwater y otras empresas similares que operan en Iraq, y que ocupan aproximadamente a 50.000 profesionales de la seguridad, continúen sus operaciones sin constricciones legales, especialmente ahora que necesita disminuir el número de tropas debido a la presión del Partido Demócrata.…  Seguir leyendo » “Mercenarios, soldados premodernos”

By Robert D. Novak (THE WASHINGTON POST, 08/10/07):

A month after voters last year gave Democrats the control that would elevate Nancy Pelosi to speaker of the House, Pelosi received a letter from a trial lawyer in Santa Ana, Calif., named Daniel J. Callahan. “We look forward,” he wrote, “to the New Direction of America, and to your dedication to putting an end to the fleecing of the American taxpayers and death to its citizens in the name of war profiteers such as Blackwater.” That plea was answered last week with House hearings.

Callahan did not disguise his political orientation, requesting a full-scale investigation of an “extremely Republican” company: Blackwater Security Consulting, which provides security guards in Iraq.…  Seguir leyendo » “Playing Politics With Blackwater”