Sistemas de armas autónomos

Ukrainian servicemen fly an unmanned aerial vehicle, Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine, February 2024. Stringer / Reuters

Last year, the Ukrainian drone company Saker claimed it had fielded a fully autonomous weapon, the Saker Scout, which uses artificial intelligence to make its own decisions about who to kill on the battlefield. The drone, Saker officials declared, had carried out autonomous attacks on a small scale. Although this has not been independently verified, the technology necessary to create such a weapon certainly exists. It is a small technical step—but a consequential moral, legal, and ethical one—to then produce fully autonomous weapons that are capable of searching out and selecting targets on their own.

The deployment of Saker’s drone shows that the window to regulate autonomous weapons is closing fast.…  Seguir leyendo »

An autonomous robotic system at a live-fire training demonstration in Huntsville, Alabama, March 2023. Cheney Orr / Reuters

On March 14, a U.S. surveillance drone was on a routine mission in international airspace over the Black Sea when it was intercepted by two Russian fighter jets. For nearly half an hour, the jets harassed the American system, an MQ-9 Reaper drone, buzzing past and dumping fuel over its wings and sensors. One of the jets clipped the Reaper’s propeller, rendering it inoperable and forcing its American handlers to crash the drone into the sea. Not long after, Moscow awarded medals to the two Russian pilots involved in the incident.

The Reaper’s every move—including its self-destruction after the collision—was overseen and directed by U.S.…  Seguir leyendo »

People take part in a demonstration as part of the “Stop Killer Robots” campaign in front of the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin on March 21, 2019. Wolfgang Kumm/DPA/AFP via Getty Images

Swarms of robots with the ability to kill humans are no longer only the stuff of science fiction. Lethal autonomous weapons systems (LAWS) are here. In Ukraine, Moscow has allegedly deployed an artificial intelligence (AI)-enabled Kalashnikov ZALA Aero KUB-BLA loitering munition, while Kyiv has used Turkish-made Bayraktar TB2 drones, which have some  autonomous capabilities. Although it’s always hard to determine whether a weapon’s autonomous mode is used, these technologies have reportedly been employed in at least one conflict: Last year, a United Nations report suggested Turkey used autonomous firing by its Kargu-2 drones to hunt fleeing soldiers in Libya’s civil war (though the CEO of the Turkish company that produced the drone denies it is capable of this).…  Seguir leyendo »

La automatización del trabajo es imparable: abarata costes de producción, dispara la productividad y aumenta la seguridad laboral. Gracias a la tecnología, los trabajadores se liberarán de las ocupaciones más peligrosas o pesadas y las que se realizan bajo presión o en condiciones extremas. Las máquinas, y no las personas, serán las que se expongan a las sustancias químicas, la radiación, los agentes cancerígenos y las altas temperaturas. De hecho, personajes como Bill Gates y Elon Musk defienden que la era de los robots provocará un desarrollo humanista de la sociedad, en el que el trabajo de las máquinas permitirá que las personas se dediquen a las actividades más interesantes y a las que exijan empatía y comprensión humanas, como la enseñanza o la atención a los más necesitados.…  Seguir leyendo »