Terrorismo yihadista (Continuación)

In his final days hiding out in a compound in Pakistan, Osama bin Laden was still trying to control his global terrorist enterprise, while also taking an intense interest in the welfare of his some two dozen children from his five wives.

It’s another side of the al Qaeda leader that was revealed in 49 documents released Thursday. The new material, which comprises many hundreds of pages, is the fourth group of bin Laden documents to be released by the US government since 2012. They were seized from bin Laden’s hideout in Abbottabad during the raid by US Navy SEALs that resulted in his death five years ago.…  Seguir leyendo »

For years, as an insurgency raged against the regime of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, Turkey turned a blind eye while rebels groups, including Islamic extremists, moved weapons and fighters across the Syrian-Turkish border. Jihadist groups like Islamic State established strong networks in Turkish towns to smuggle recruits and supplies into Syria.

Despite pleas from Western allies concerned about militant plots emanating from the border areas, the Turkish government felt that it could contain the jihadists and saw the toppling of Assad’s regime as its priority. But after Turkey was targeted with a series of bombings in mid-2015 linked to Islamic State, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan began cracking down along the southern border and granted the United States access to military bases that would be used for air strikes against jihadist groups in Syria.…  Seguir leyendo »

Hace siglos la Ruta de la Seda fue un vehículo de cultura y desarrollo entre Oriente y Occidente. Hoy esa ruta trae hasta Europa la acción violenta del Estado Islámico (EI), que pretende transformar un espacio de seguridad y libertad en otro de terror para ciudadanos estupefactos ante hechos tan crueles e incomprensibles.

El nuevo terrorismo del EI es un terrorismo total, universal, sin límites ni escrúpulos. Puede prescindir hasta de organización. Se manifiesta en cualquier rincón del mundo donde alguien esté dispuesto a seguir los designios de la yihad global. Al Qaeda, última organización terrorista piramidal y jerarquizada, dio paso a grupos articulados en redes horizontales seguidores de Bin Laden.…  Seguir leyendo »

Donald Trump thinks that Angela Merkel’s immigration policies have been a “catastrophic mistake” and has blamed the broader refugee crisis for Britain’s decision to leave the EU.

In a joint interview for German newspaper Bild and the Times newspaper in London, the President-elect said: “I have great respect for her, I felt she was a great leader, I think she made one very catastrophic mistake and that was taking all these illegals and taking all these people where ever they come from and nobody really knows where they come from.”

However, I believe that Germany’s open-door refugee policy will, in the long run, help protect Germans from terrorism.…  Seguir leyendo »

Lo que sabemos, y lo que decepciona justo a inicios del 2017, indica que la guerra civil de Siria ha provocado una destrucción cultural que trae a la memoria el desastre ocurrido en Irak durante 2003. Según Naciones Unidas, la observación satelital confirma que hay 24 templos devastados, algunos con 7 milenios en su promedio de antigüedad. El daño varía desde un 75% hasta un 100% de acuerdo al caso, y los informes más rigurosos han determinado que al menos otros 150 monumentos corren total riesgo de desaparición.

La destrucción es alarmante. Las ruinas de Palmira, un símbolo venerado por todos los amantes del arte, fue minado y convertido en un campo de batalla que acabó con décadas de restauración y provocó la explosión de varios santuarios.…  Seguir leyendo »

Like many Americans, the two of us have strong reasons to hope that 2017 is better than recent years. On Nov. 13, 2015, Beatriz’s daughter, Nohemi, was killed in the Paris terror attacks by an Islamic State cell operating out of Brussels. On March 22, 2016, Cameron’s husband, Alexander, and her sister-in-law, Sascha, were murdered at the Brussels Airport by terrorists from the same cell. One hundred and fifty-nine others also died in those attacks, and more than 600 people were injured.

The months since have been anguishing for us, and it is tempting to assign blame — to authorities who failed to heed warnings about suspected terrorists, to government policies that prevented effective surveillance and interdiction of the planners, and of course to the Islamic State terrorists who murdered our loved ones.…  Seguir leyendo »

Dans son roman autobiographique qui oscille entre tragédie et espoir, l’auteur Primo Levi décrit la libération du camp de concentration d’Auschwitz en 1945 par les troupes russes et l’errance d’un groupe de survivants italiens à travers l’Europe centrale vers l’Italie.

Le choix du titre, la Trève, amène à penser que la fin de la seconde guerre mondiale ne serait, aux yeux de l’auteur, qu’une pause entre deux barbaries, celle générée par les nazis ainsi qu’une autre, qu’il ne nomme pas. Cette pause a d’ailleurs failli être de courte durée, puisque le continent européen aurait pu être le théâtre d’un conflit atomique résultant de la guerre froide et que le sceptre d’une telle guerre continue à roder.…  Seguir leyendo »

Armed jihadist groups have developed a dangerous new strategy after being chased out of most major towns they once held in Africa’s Sahel, the vast expanse of arid, sparsely populated brushland that crosses the continent along the southern edge of the Sahara desert.

Rather than trying to hold towns or urban districts, these groups – which include al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), Boko Haram, the Macina Liberation Front (FLM) and al-Murabitoun – are using bases in the countryside to strike at provincial and district centres, often forcing national armies to retreat and local state authorities to abandon immense rural areas to jihadist control.…  Seguir leyendo »

El sitio de Alepo o el atentado de Berlín son dos expresiones de terrorismo que acaban teniendo consecuencias complementarias. En el primer caso, se trata de terrorismo de Estado, el más destructivo. El segundo representa la modalidad que en estos momentos amenaza de forma directa a las sociedades europeas. Toda forma de terrorismo actúa con crueldad programada basada en una concepción que relativiza del valor de la vida humana ante causas de supuesto valor absoluto. En el cálculo estratégico del terrorista, la dimensión comunicativa y psicológica es central. Y ahora mismo da toda la impresión de que el terrorismo yihadista está consiguiendo sus objetivos comunicativos.…  Seguir leyendo »

Sometimes a tragedy can unite a family — or a nation. Across Europe, the citizens of various countries that have been hit by Islamic State terrorism displayed a heartfelt solidarity in their moment of national grief. There were candlelight vigils, outpourings of sorrow on social media, a general sense of “We are in this together” across the political spectrum.

This is not happening here in Turkey. Each and every terrorist attack over the past year — and there have been at least a dozen — pulled us further apart as a country, threatening identities and lifestyles, triggering dormant fault lines and getting us at each others’ throats.…  Seguir leyendo »

La caída de Alepo el mes pasado bajo las fuerzas del presidente sirio Bashar al-Assad (con apoyo de Rusia), reanimó la discusión sobre si será posible poner fin a la guerra civil. Pese al reciente armisticio general entre las fuerzas de Assad y la mayoría de los grupos rebeldes (del que Turquía y Rusia son garantes), casi todos coinciden en que el fin del conflicto aún está lejos. Después de todo, Estado Islámico (ISIS) no acordó nada y no va a hacerlo.

Que la guerra en Siria no terminará hasta que ISIS sea derrotado es totalmente cierto. Pero la creencia (que muchos sostienen) en que la caída de Raqqa (autoproclamada capital del califato) bastará para lograr ese objetivo es un error.…  Seguir leyendo »

The carnage in Iraq continues. Yet another terrorist attack took place today in Baghdad, the latest in a series of such atrocities that have hit the capital and other parts of the country over the past week. Isis is undergoing a losing battle in Mosul, its last remaining stronghold in Iraq, and it is expected to lose control of the city in the coming months. However, it still has a deadly capacity to carry out terrorist acts. Even without its so-called caliphate, Isis will continue to undermine stability in the country.

The bombings over the past week have barely registered in the international media and the conscience of the international community.…  Seguir leyendo »

The heinous terror attack in the heart of Istanbul, targeting more than 500 guests celebrating New Year’s Eve in a popular nightclub on the Bosphorus, marked the peak of a series of massacres that has shaken Turkey to its core over the past year. These have partly been attacks against security forces claimed by offshoots of the Kurdistan Workers’ party (PKK); and partly attacks by jihadi groups, imported from Syria.

The bloodbath has now been claimed by Islamic State. But – and it is a big but – there was a particular significance to the target. Jihadi terror has previously targeted Kurds, Alevis and leftists in Turkey, leaving hundreds dead.…  Seguir leyendo »

Last year was one of incessant tension and sorrow for Turkey. A series of deadly terror attacks left the entire country fearful, traumatised. There were public funerals in almost every town, but even grief can’t unite a society as polarised as ours.

Failed military coup, foreign policy setbacks and a string of terrorist atrocities have left country reeling.

As a nation we now spend more time talking about death than about the joys of life. “Will it be after a football match? Or maybe when I am returning home from work? When will I become a number?” wrote one person on Twitter, reflecting the sentiments of millions of citizens.…  Seguir leyendo »

People had said this would be the Pajama New Year in Istanbul. We would stay home, hang out with friends, keep away from public spaces. I was expecting a cozy night, far away from the crowds and celebrations, and headed to a house party in the city’s Anatolian side. Public gatherings in the squares seemed lame on TV: small crowds of men smoking in front of cameras, wet and cold under never-ceasing rain.

Midnight struck, and then came the news: Two gunmen wearing Santa Claus costumes had entered a nightclub by the sea on the European side and killed at least 39 people in a few minutes.…  Seguir leyendo »

Turkey is so deeply polarized around the powerful persona of its president Recep Tayyip Erdogan that instead of asking why terror attacks are happening and how they can be stopped, the country’s pro- and anti-Erdogan blocks are blaming each other.

This leaves me deeply worried about Turkey and its ability to stymie further terror attacks through the vigor of its institutions and unity of its citizens.

Including last night’s attack on a nightclub in central Istanbul, which killed at least 39 people, by my count Turkey has suffered 33 major terror attacks since summer 2015. These attacks, which have killed more than 730 people, are connected to two terror groups: ISIS and the Kurdistan Workers Party, or PKK.…  Seguir leyendo »

Como cada domingo, aquella tarde invernal de marzo de 1881, el zar Alejandro II se dirigió a la sala de equitación de San Petersburgo para pasar revista a la Guardia Imperial. Acudió a pesar del aviso del Ministerio del Interior que advertía de un ataque terrorista. Acabada la revista, decidió volver al Palacio del Invierno no por los bulevares céntricos donde con toda probabilidad actuarían los terroristas sino por el apartado canal de Catalina. Entre los pocos transeúntes que se atrevieron a salir a las calles barridas por el vendaval y la nieve discernió a un chico con una caja de bombones.…  Seguir leyendo »

Recent terrorist attacks in Ankara, Turkey, and Berlin, Germany, add to a growing list of incidents that are becoming increasingly difficult to remember. Does one begin the list with the plane hijackings in the ‘60s and ‘70s, or the first World Trade Center bombing in 1993, or the USS Cole attack in 2000, or the second World Trade Center attack in 2001, or Ft. Hood, San Bernardino, Orlando, Paris or Nice? And that’s not all of them, nor will it be the end of them, if we don’t have a better response.

During the great wave of immigration in the early-20th century, the United States barred those afflicted with tuberculosis, venereal disease, trachoma and other serious diseases from entering the country.…  Seguir leyendo »

L’attentat de Berlin était annoncé depuis longtemps. On ne savait évidemment pas à quel endroit le ou les auteurs de l’attentat allaient frapper, ni de quelle façon cela se déroulerait. Mais en principe, tout le monde savait en Allemagne qu’il y aurait tôt ou tard un attentat. En dépit de tous les efforts que l’on peut déployer, il est impossible d’assurer une sécurité absolue dans une société ouverte. C’est ce qu’ont montré les attentats en France et en Belgique, et le gouvernement fédéral allemand, ministre de l’intérieur en tête, n’a pas cessé de le répéter.

Pourtant, quels furent les manquements, les erreurs, et à quel niveau ?…  Seguir leyendo »

The terrorist who hijacked a truck in Berlin, then ran over and killed 12 people, maiming and wounding 48 more, in that massacre in the Christmas market, has done more damage than he could imagine.

If the perpetrator is the jihadist from Tunisia who had no right to be in Germany, and had been under surveillance, the bell could begin to toll not only for Angela Merkel but for the European Union.

That German lassitude, and the naivete behind it, allowed this outrage validates the grim verdict of geostrategist James Burnham in ”Suicide of the West”: ”Liberalism is the ideology of Western suicide.”

Both the transnational elite and populist right sense the stakes involved here.…  Seguir leyendo »